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Writing Workshop: The Purpose of Government

The Constitution regulates government powers by
providing guides and limits to the government’s power.
When the Supreme Court declares a law that was created by Congress unconstitutional, it is an example of
checks and balances.
The idea that government is not above the law is an example of
limited government.
. . . [A]nd secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity.

According to this excerpt of the preamble, who were freedoms and rights established for?

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framers of the Constitution and future generations
Why did the Constitution create a separation of powers for the national government?
to prevent the government from being controlled by one branch
Which power does the federal government share with state governments?
collecting taxes
The president vetoes a bill proposed to become law by Congress. In this situation, what is the purpose of this power?
to limit the power of the legislative branch
. . . [I]nsure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare.

What is the goal of government according to the above excerpt of the preamble?

The government is responsible for protecting and supporting its citizens.
Which term defines a power equally shared by state and federal governments?
concurrent
Which powers are given directly to the people?
reserved
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved for the States respectively, or to the people.

Which type of powers is this describing?

Powers held by the states alone.
When an issue creates disagreement among the states, how does federalism solve the problem?
Since federal powers are superior, the Constitution makes the decision.
The Supremacy Clause forms the root of what aspect of the country’s government system?
the concept of federalism
Congress shall have power . . . [t]o make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers.

Which part of this quote is the basis for implied powers?

necessary and proper
Which of these is considered a concurrent power?
collecting taxes
What is the best definition of federalism?
a government in which power is divided between state and national levels
The sources of state power are specifically outlined in
the Tenth Amendment.
What is the primary purpose of the Supremacy Clause?
to describe the relationship between federal and state powers
Which statement about Congress is accurate?
It is based on the Constitution’s bicameral legislature.
Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution describes what kind of congressional powers?
expressed
Which of these steps is second in the bill process?
The bill is reviewed by a committee.
Which statement applies to both senators and representatives?
They can be expelled for breaking rules.
Congress has the express financial power to
create and collect new taxes.
What is the focus of Article I of the Constitution?
describing the powers of the legislative branch
Which of these actions is forbidden by the Constitution?
creating a law ex post facto
After a bill has been introduced, what happens next?
It is reviewed in committee.
Which statement about the bill process is accurate?
A bill can have a second chance after a veto.
The Necessary and Proper Clause in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution gives Congress powers.
implied
The president signing a trade agreement with China is an example of
making a treaty.
What does the executive branch do?
carry out laws
Which is an example of a presidential power that has no clear limitation?
granting pardons
What does the president do together with the State Department?
limit the judicial branch
According to the Constitution, the amount of time the president and vice president serve in office together for one term is
four years.
Article II of the Constitution states that the president is also
commander in chief.
Which best explains how the president selects a justice for the Supreme Court?
The president selects a judge whom he considers the most qualified and will most likely support his agenda.
The State of the Union address requires the president to update the on what is going on in the country.
congress
A general limitation on the power of the president is
the possibility of impeachment.
A limitation on the president’s power to appoint ambassadors is that
the Senate must approve them.
The Constitution gives Congress the power to create federal courts
lower than the Supreme Court.
In terms of jurisdiction, the Supreme Court has
original and appellate.
The final authority on legal questions in the United States is
the Supreme Court
Which would most likely fall under the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
a case between two states
Appellate jurisdiction refers to
the Supreme Court’s authority to hear a case from a lower court.
People who make judgments in lower federal courts are called
judges.
During criminal cases, which are guaranteed by the Constitution?
trials and juries
The selection of federal judges by the executive branch is an example of
checks and balances.
Which best defines the term jurisdiction?
the authority given to the judicial branch
The diagram shows one way that cases reach the Supreme Court.
appellate jurisdiction.
Which best explains how the Supremacy Clause is connected to federalism?
The Supremacy Clause establishes that the federal government has more power than state governments.
The House and Senate can only pass amendments to the Constitution if
the amendment receives a two-thirds vote.
The most important benefit of having a difficult amendment process is that it.
number 3
How many states must approve an amendment before it can be added to the Constitution?
Three-fourths
Based on the Supremacy Clause, which must US judges support?
the Constitution
The process of approving the Constitution is best described as
difficult.
A result of the amendment process is that
it requires Congress and the states to work together.
How many states had to vote for the Constitution to approve it?
nine of thirteen
Which best explains why the Privileges and Immunities Clause forbids states from discriminating against citizens from other states?
The Constitution intended for all Americans, regardless of location, to have the same rights.
Ratification is best defined as
the process of approving the Constitution.
Unlike the Anti-Federalists, the Federalists believed
the president should have enough power to lead.
A faction is a group that
strongly disagrees with another group.
Anti-Federalists argued that
it was impossible to separate government into equal branches.
According to Anti-Federalists, the Constitution
could give the president too much influence.
Why did Anti-Federalists favor a bill of rights?
It would protect individual citizens’ freedoms.
Which best describes Patrick Henry?
He was an Anti-Federalist and opposed the Constitution.
How were Samuel Adams and Thomas Jefferson alike in their position on ratifying the Constitution?
They both opposed a strong federal government.
Federalists believed a strong government would
encourage states to work together.
By ruling in James McCulloch’s favor in McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court agreed that
Congress had the power to create a federal bank.
[Congress shall have power] to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States.

This excerpt reinforces the idea of

federal supremacy.
How did Gibbons v. Ogden expand the idea of federal supremacy?
It said that Congress has power to regulate trade between states.
Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to court, the state of Maryland
passed a law that required federal banks to pay state taxes.
What was the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1789?
It created a federal court system.
Why did William Marbury support the Judiciary Act of 1789?
It allowed Marbury to take his case to the Supreme Court.
In McCulloch v. Maryland, what did the State of Maryland argue?
Banks cannot be created by Congress.
What was a result of Gibbons v. Ogden?
Thomas Gibbons was allowed to operate his steamboats in New York.
What is the definition of “interstate commerce”?
commerce between states
What was the most significant result of the ruling in Marbury v. Madison?
The ruling expanded the powers of the federal government.
An effective system of government protects its citizens. The purpose of government is to ensure the safety of the nation and its residents. While other concerns such as economic growth are important, a government’s primary duty is to keep its people safe. Without the concern of defense or self-protection, individuals are able to live in security.

Which sentence states the main argument of the essay?

the second sentence
During the revision phase for an argumentative essay, a writer should
check the style and tone.
To create the proper tone for an argumentative essay, writers should
focus on the evidence.
The proper style for an argumentative essay is
academic.
What is the last step to creating an argumentative essay?
revising
To create the proper style for an argumentative essay, writers should
delete personal “I” statements.
How does a counterclaim help support a position in an argumentative essay?
The counterclaim shows how the opposing opinion is incorrect.
While revising an argumentative essay, a writer should
make sure each paragraph has a clearly stated point.
What is the first step in the prewriting process for an argumentative essay?
Develop an opinion.
Which is a true statement about James McCulloch of McCulloch v. Maryland?
He ran a federal bank in Maryland.
An inference that can be drawn from the Supremacy Clause is that
federal laws are superior to state laws.
Why is the Supremacy Clause considered to be “the root of federalism”?
It describes the relationship between federal and state power.
Writing a state constitution is an example of
a reserved power.
A state refusing to follow a federal law would be guilty of
violating the Supremacy Clause.
The Constitution limits the executive branch from declaring war by giving that power to
the legislative branch.
Which statement reflects Thomas Gibbons’s view of interstate commerce?
The federal government should have power over interstate commerce.
An essay stating and supporting an opinion or position is
an argumentative essay.
Supreme Court justices are approved by
the Senate.
Jefferson makes a valid point when he argues for a limited government. Lincoln, on the other hand, does not recognize these limitations.

The excerpt has an effective style and tone because it is

formal and direct.
Passing laws, creating courts, and collecting taxes are examples of
concurrent powers.
According to Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution, each state representative must have
reached a minimum age of twenty-five years old.
The decision in Gibbons v. Ogden most likely resulted in
fewer disputes about state monopolies.
The Judiciary Act of 1789 gave powers to the judicial branch that went beyond what the Constitution outlined. Because of this, the act
was ruled unconstitutional.
The first step in approving the Constitution involved sending it to
the states.