A. Land exchanged for service.
C. Little trade.
F. Weak government.
Communist or Command:
(USSR, Cuba, Vietnam, North Korea)
In order to gain economic equality, government should plan and own the means of production.
A. Karl Marx
A. Natural order, harmony, good government.
B. Respect elders.
C. Strong family relationships.
D. Influenced Chinese government and education.
E. Mandate of heaven.
(China; East Asia)
A. Influenced Ancient Chinese rulers.
B. Advances in science.
C. Live simply and in harmony.
D. Dao guided the people.
E. Philosophy based on the thinking of Laozi.
Rivers deposited rich soils, farmers could grow crops.
A. Tigris/Euphrates river.
B. Hammurabi code.
C. Sumerians, Babylonians.
F. Fertile Crescent.
Egyptian River Valley:
Rivers deposited rich soils, farmers could grow crops.
A. Nile River.
C. Rosetta stone, hieroglyphics.
D. Pharaoh as god.
(Mayans and Egyptians)
A. Used as tombs.
B. Power and organization of government.
Great Wall of China:
C. Military Protection
(The Soviet Union, Cuba under Castro, China, North Korea, Vietnam)
Government controls everything.
A. Government owns land, industry, banks, natural resources and, transportation facilities.
B. Limited economic and political freedom.
A. Absolute monarch- power in the hands of one ruler- Louis XIV of France
B. Constitutional monarch-power of the monarch is constricted/ controlled by a constitution or elected body- Great Britain, Japan.
Discovery of agriculture and farming.
A. Settled- agriculture, planted crops and grains.
B. Stable food sources.
C. Rise of civilizations.
D. Domesticated animals, sheep, goats, cattle, horses.
New discoveries, new ideas, people learned about the world and universe.
A. More discoveries.
B. Scientific Method(Hypothesis, experiment, observe)
D. New ways of thinking.
E. Natural Law.
G. Revolutions and clashing of ideas.
Tienanmen Square: When students in China demanded greater political freedom in the late 1980s, Chinese Communist authorities cracked down, wounding and killing many demonstrators.
Prices start at $12
Prices start at $11
Prices start at $10
An oil cartel who’s mission is to coordinate the policies of oil production in countries.
Head quarters? Vienna, Austria.
Involved? Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
When? It came to effect in January of 1961, statute on September 10th to 14th, 1960.
Impact? OPEC has helped the areas that needed to better regulate the sales of oil in countries needing oil.
Formed for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration.
Started as a small community in 1952.
Primarily in Europe.
Impact? The economic success of the EU inspired countries in other regions to make trade governments with each other.
Systematic killing of a race.
A. Nazi Genocide.
B. 11 million killed, 6 million were Jewish.
C. Anti- Jewish decrees loss of jobs, education.
D. Nuremberg laws; loss of basic civil liberties.
E. Final Solution- killing centers in Poland to kill undesirables.
A system of segregation of black and white people used in south Africa, it was enforced by the white government to keep different races separate – Nelson Mandela rebelled against this, as did Malcolm X and Martin Luther king, so basically it was a way of separating black and white people.
It came into place in 1948 to 1994 when it was abolished.
German and Italian Unification: In the mid-1800s, both Germany and Italy experienced unification. In each case, many small states joined into one nation.
India: Ideals of western democracy, as well as devotion to traditional Hindu and Muslim culture, sustained Indian nationalism through the first half of the 1900s, leading to independence by 1948.
British in India: The British controlled India by the late 1700s. Although railroads and the British educational system benefited some Indians, local industries and Indian culture suffered, and Indians were treated as inferiors. India gained its independence in 1948.
European powers in Africa: European nations carved up the continent of Africa I the late 1880s (Scramble for Africa). Africa was a continent made up mainly of colonies until after 1945, when African peoples began to demand independence. The legacy of imperialism still affects Africa today.
Global Economy: In the 1900s, the world economy became more interdependent, a process that started during the age of imperialism. Today, the world’s economy is truly global.
Environmental Issues: The global population shares the Earth, and what occurs in one part of the world often has an impact on many other areas. Increasingly, environmental decisions are reached by many nations working together for mutual benefit.
Global Environmental Cooperation: Nations are becoming increasingly interdependent in their decisions about environmental issues, acknowledging that various peoples share one world and finite resources.
Global Migrations: the last half of the 1900s was a time of great migration, especially from Africa, Asia, and Latin America to Europe and North America. Many people migrated to improve their economic conditions.
Neolithic Revolution: Some 11,000 years ago, people first developed farming methods and lived in permanent settlements. As a result, the first civilizations emerged.
Industrial Revolution: This change began in Europe in the 1700s and gradually spread throughout the world. Power-driven machinery in factories became the dominant means of production. The results of this change have included urbanization, a higher standard of living, and pollution of the environment.
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