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Making Sacrifices and Fighting for Your Beliefs Unit Test

The speech President Kennedy’s Report to the American People uses logos, ethos, and pathos, which are
rhetorical appeals.
Review the list of ideas for an informative essay about gardening.

Benefits of Gardening:
1. Saving money
2. ________
3. Satisfaction
4. Improved health
Which best completes the list of brainstorm ideas?

Which sentence from the excerpt best explains the point of the logical appeal that President Kennedy makes?
It is better to settle these matters in the courts than on the streets, and new laws are needed at every level, but law alone cannot make men see right.
Which statement most accurately describes the issue(s) in this paragraph?
The paragraph is choppy and in need of transitions.
Which topic sentence should be added to this body paragraph?
Volunteering for local community programs enables people to establish new friendships.
Read the excerpt from “2000 Buses.”

1) A mass meeting they called it,
2) The March for Jobs and Freedom
3) Equal access, Equal justice,
4) For all, and not just some

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What most likely was the author’s purpose in using parallelism in the excerpt?

By using parallelism in line 3, the author places importance on the concept of equality.
Which is the strongest thesis for an essay about volunteering?
Volunteering in the community is beneficial because it creates friendships, boosts self-esteem, and fosters physical health.
Read the first sentences of President Kennedy’s Report to the American People.

This afternoon, following a series of threats and defiant statements, the presence of Alabama National Guardsmen was required on the University of Alabama to carry out the final and unequivocal order of the United States District Court of the Northern District of Alabama.

Which best describes how President Kennedy appeals to the audience at the beginning of his speech?

He creates a logical foundation of facts on which he can build an emotional appeal later.
Read the passage from Part 1 of “To Build a Fire.”

Once, coming around a bend, he shied abruptly, like a startled horse, curved away from the place where he had been walking, and retreated several paces back along the trail. The creek he knew was frozen clear to the bottom—no creek could contain water in that arctic winter—but he knew also that there were springs that bubbled out from the hillsides and ran along under the snow and on top the ice of the creek.

In this passage, the man’s reaction can best be described as (cautious)
Read the paragraph.

Some people think that healthy snacks lack flavor, but that is not true. Popcorn, which was first enjoyed by the people of Peru over five thousand years ago, is not only healthy but also quite delicious. The high rate of popcorn consumption among Americans supports this claim. Because popcorn is relatively high in nutritional value, is fairly inexpensive, and lends itself to a variety of cooking methods, it is one of the most popular American snack foods.

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Which sentence is the thesis in this paragraph?

Because popcorn is relatively high in nutritional value, is fairly inexpensive, and lends itself to a variety of cooking methods, it is one of the most popular American snack foods.
Read the excerpts from Roosevelt’s “Four Freedoms” speech and Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address.”


This nation has placed its destiny in the hands and heads and hearts of its millions of free men and women; and its faith in freedom under the guidance of God. Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights or keep them.


Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

Which idea is expressed in both excerpts?

Civil war is an evitable part of any nation.
Read the passage from Part 1 of “To Build a Fire.”

It made quick efforts to lick the ice off its legs, then dropped down in the snow and began to bite out the ice that had formed between the toes. This was a matter of instinct. To permit the ice to remain would mean sore feet. It did not know this. It merely obeyed the mysterious prompting that arose from the deep crypts of its being. But the man knew, having achieved a judgment on the subject, and he removed the mitten from his right hand and helped tear out the ice particles.

What does the dog’s reaction reveal about it?

It responds to natural impulses.
Read the excerpt from Abraham Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address.

This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing government, they can exercise their CONSTITUTIONAL right of amending it, or their REVOLUTIONARY right to dismember or overthrow it.

Which detail signals Lincoln’s appeal to ethos?

his explanation of the amendment process
Read the introduction of a speech given by a school principal.

Earth Day will be celebrated in over one hundred countries across the world next week. Students of Pine Grove High can show their compassion for the Earth by leaving cars at home and electronics unplugged for the day. Even small gestures can make a big difference! The attendance boundaries for our school span a fifteen-mile radius, but designated drop zones have been established for Earth Day. You can carpool to the drop zones and walk the remaining distance to reduce energy consumption. Crossing guards and town police will ensure the event runs smoothly. There will be a welcoming party to celebrate walkers, and a local berry farm will be supplying fruit smoothies.

The author’s purpose of this speech is to

persuade listeners to participate in an Earth Day event.
Read the excerpt from Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address.

With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in . . .

Which word from the excerpt creates parallel structure?

Read the paragraph.

The Huntington Library, located in San Marino, California, contains a significant collection of rare books and manuscripts. A visitor of the library will,( ) , find one of the original copies of the Gutenberg Bible, as well as first-edition copies of books by William Blake.

Which transition best completes the paragraph?

(in fact)
Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address.

For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias. No single person can train all the math and science teachers we’ll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores. Now, more than ever, we must do these things together, as one nation and one people.

How is President Obama using an appeal to reason, or logos, in this excerpt?

by explaining why working together is necessary for success
Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address.

We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship. We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else, because she is an American; she is free, and she is equal.

Read the excerpt from President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s “New Deal” speech from 1932.

What do the people of America want more than anything else? To my mind, they want two things: work, with all the moral and spiritual values that go with it; and with work, a reasonable measure of security–security for themselves and for their wives and children. Work and security–these are more than words. They are more than facts. They are the spiritual values.

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Which idea is emphasized in both speeches?

the idea that those who work hard deserve to be treated fairly
Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address.

Through blood drawn by lash and blood drawn by sword, we learned that no union founded on the principles of liberty and equality could survive half-slave and half-free. We made ourselves anew, and vowed to move forward together.

What type of rhetorical appeal does President Obama use in this section of the speech?

an appeal to emotion
Which details from “Safari Day in Kenya” help the reader visualize the setting? Check all that apply.
Tall grasses ripple, brown and reedy,
Time fades, like mist on the distant mountain
Wind bites our tents, the darkness pure,
Sunrise, gold as melted crowns, surrounds us,
Read the excerpt from “Lost.”

Kim turned away. She’d been complaining all day about this Young Naturalist hike Latoya had talked her into, moaning about bug bites and stale granola bars.

What does this excerpt tell the reader about Kim?

She does not enjoy being outdoors.
Read the excerpt from “Lost.”

“I didn’t mean that,” Latoya said, her voice softer. “They warned us about this, you know; people getting short-tempered when they’re frightened. Look, I’m going to find us an overhang, I’ll whistle when I find one. Put the berries in the empty bag from the granola bars.” She glanced at the sky again. “And hurry. We don’t have long before the rain gets bad.”

How do the setting details advance the plot at this point in the story?

by forcing Latoya and Kim to move their location
Read the excerpt from “Lost.”

“It doesn’t go any louder,” Latoya said. “Face it, the others are too far away to hear us. And we don’t have time to stand around blowing whistles.” She glanced around the darkening forest. “We have to make our preparations before it rains. And while there’s still a little daylight.”

What does this dialogue reveal about Latoya?

She is able to remain calm in difficult situations.