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History 17A final

Which improvement most dramatically increased the speed and lowered the expense of commerce in the first half of the nineteenth century?
b. canals and steamboats
Which statement about the western settlements is false?
c. The government discouraged western settlement at every turn.
How did the market revolution affect the lives of artisans?
c. Gathered in factories, they faced constant supervision and the breakdown of craftsmanship into specialized tasks.
Which of the following statements related to the Second Great Awakening is false?
c. The Second Great Awakening popularized Deism.
The cult of domesticity…
d. led to a decline in birthrates
In his essay “The Laboring Classes,” Orestes Brownson argued that…
a. wealth and labor were at war.
The growth in the number of Irish immigrants led to increased anti-Catholicism in the United States. (T or F)
a. true
As the Market Revolution took on steam, some critics described wage labor as the very essence of slavery. (T or F)
a. true
The Dorr War…
d. divided Rhode Islanders over the issue of expanding voting rights for white men.
Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820…
a. the remaining Louisiana Purchase territory was divided into slave and free zones.
The Monroe Doctrine…
c. declared the Americas off- limits for further European colonization.
The practice of giving a political office to someone based on party loyalty is called…
b. the spoils system
During Jackson’s presidency, most Democrats did all of the following except…
e. speak out against presidential use of the veto
Whigs wanted the government involved in all of the following except…
d. restricting corporations
Supporters of nullification claimed that the federal government was overstepping its rights and infringing on states’ rights. (T or F)
a. true
Women enjoyed an expansion of democracy for themselves during the 1830s and 1840s, as they were welcomed into the public sphere.(T or F)
b. false
In the nineteenth century, which product was the world’s major crop produced by slave labor?
d. cotton
The internal slave trade in the United States involved the movement of hundreds of thousands of enslaved persons from…
a. older states like Virginia to the Lower South.
Free blacks in the South were allowed to…
a. own property.
Which statement about Nat Turner’s Rebellion is true?
d. Many southern whites were in a panic after the rebellion.
What did the Reverend Charles C. Jones of Georgia not do?
c. urge an end to slavery
By the late 1830s, the South’s proslavery argument…
d. claimed that slavery was essential to human economic and cultural progress.
Slavery did not affect northern merchants and manufacturers.(T or F)
b. false
Although the importation of slaves from Africa was prohibited beginning in 1808, the sale and trade of slaves within the United States flourished in later years.(T or F)
a. true
William Lloyd Garrison argued in Thoughts on African Colonization that:
c. blacks were not “strangers” in America to be shipped abroad, but should be recognized as a permanent part of American society
What did the Fourth of July represent to Frederick Douglass?
a. the hypocrisy of a nation that proclaimed liberty but sanctioned slavery
The gag rule…
b. prevented Congress from hearing antislavery petitions
Which of the following was not a reform movement in which women played a prominent role during the early to mid- nineteenth century?
c. the anti-Mexican-War movement
William Lloyd Garrison…
d. suggested that the North dissolve the Union to free itself of any connection to slavery
The colonization of freed U.S. slaves to Africa…
e. prompted the adamant opposition of most free African-Americans
The antebellum utopian communities were largely located in the South.
b. false
To members of the North’s emerging middle-class culture, reform became a badge of respectability.
a. true
“Fifty-four forty or fight” referred to demands for American control of…
b. Oregon
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848 provided for all of the following except…
d. U.S. control of all of the Oregon Country.
In 1846, Congressman David Wilmot proposed to…
a. prohibit slavery from all territory acquired from Mexico.
The Free Soil Party…
a. demonstrated that antislavery sentiment had spread far beyond abolitionist ranks.
Stephen Douglas’s motivation for introducing the Kansas-Nebraska Act was to:
a. boost efforts to build a transcontinental railroad.
What attracted voters to the Know-Nothing Party?
e. its denunciation of Roman Catholic immigrants
By 1856, the Republican Party included individuals who had been, until rather recently, members of each of the following political groups except…
e. Federalists.
The Fugitive Slave Act provided for the return of runaway slaves to their owners.(T or F)
a. true
Among the Confederacy’s advantages during the Civil War was…
b. its large size, which made it more difficult for the Union to conquer
During the early days of the war, the U.S. Congress adopted a resolution proposed by Senator John Crittenden of Kentucky that…
d. affirmed that the Union had no intention of interfering with slavery.
Beginning in 1863, what did Frederick Douglass urge northern blacks to do?
a. enlist in the Union army
With regard to civil liberties during the Civil War, President Lincoln…
b. suspended the writ of habeas corpus.
Which of the following is not true of the New York City riots of 1863?
e. They convinced Lincoln to delay issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.
“King Cotton diplomacy” led Great Britain to…
a. find new supplies of cotton outside the South.
The Thirteenth Amendment…
a. abolished slavery throughout the United States.
In the early days of the war, northern military commanders returned fugitive slaves to their owners. (T or F)
a. true
Which of the following best describes the black response to the ending of the Civil War and the coming of freedom?
c. Blacks adopted different ways of testing their freedom, including moving about, seeking kin, and rejecting older forms of deferential behavior.
During Reconstruction, the role of the church in the black community…
d. was central, as African-Americans formed their own churches.
For most former slaves, freedom first and foremost meant…
c. land ownership.
How did the Civil War affect planter families?
a. For the first time, some of them had to do physical labor.
In March 1867, Congress began Radical Reconstruction by adopting the __________, which created new state governments and provided for black male suffrage in the South.
e. Reconstruction Act
The Fifteenth Amendment…
a. sought to guarantee that one could not be denied suffrage rights based on race.
By and large, white voters in the South returned prominent Confederates and members of the old elite to power during Presidential Reconstruction.(T or F)
a. true
With the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment, all people born in the United States were automatically citizens.(T or F)
a. true