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Chapter 6

Based on the information-processing theory, the _____ would be an accurate example of hardware whereas _____ strategy would be an accurate example of software.
the hippocampus; a learned memory
According to the model of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin, the components of memory are
sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory
Which of the following occurs when someone’s short-term memory is filled to capacity?
Displacement can occur at that point.
_____ is a memory strategy that involves an individual repeating something over and over whereas _____ is a memory strategy that involves connecting new information to something already stored in memory.
Maintenance rehearsal; elaborative rehearsal
Declarative memory includes
semantic memory and episodic memory.
Conditioned responses you have learned by association are located in your _____ memory; knowing how to ride a bike, though you cannot actively recall learning it, is located within your _____ memory.
implicit; nondeclarative
Multiple choice exams are to _____ as essay exams are to _____.
recognition; recall
Adam studies his psychology using note cards. He writes questions on the front of the card and the answers on the back of the card. After he has a stack of note cards completed, he studies them one by one, over and over again. Based on memory research, which of the following statements should NOT be made to Adam to help him maximize his studying?
“Adam, this is not such a great study technique. You’ll be better off just reading over your notes.”
Kumo always studies at night in her bedroom. When she is taking an exam and cannot remember a particular answer, she often imagines herself in her bedroom. Sometimes that technique helps her to remember the material she studied. Which of the following is Kumo using to assist her memory?
the context effect
_____ occurs when a person remembers the major portions of an event and then fills in the gaps with what he/she generally believes to be true.
Reconstruction