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Chapter 6 Memory

Question Answer
Motivated forgetting and repressed memories are usually associated with what type of memories? Traumatic memories
multiple choice exams are to _____ as essay exams are to _____ recognition/recall
People very quickly adapt to the procedures and behaviors appropriate at a birthday party. General knowledge of what to expect and how to behave at a birthday is called a(n)_____. Script
Which of the following involves memory for skills? Procedural memory
A person’s knowledge about the world is known as _____ memory. semantic
Lucy sustained a brain injury in a car accident. Although Lucy’s memories of her life before the accident are intact, she is no longer able to form new, long-term memories. Every night when she goes to bed, her memories of what she had done that day are lost. Lucy suffers from _____. anterograde amnesia
A person suffering from retrograde amnesia will _____. lose past memories but be able to make new ones
According to decay theory, why do memories fade? A neurochemical “memory trace” disintegrates over time.
Which of the following memory systems has a time frame of up to 30 seconds? sensory memory
According to Hermann Ebbinghaus, _____. most forgetting occurs soon after we originally learned something
_____ refers to auditory sensory memory, whereas _____ refers to visual sensory memory. echoic memory/iconic memory
The cerebellum and _____ play an important role in implicit memory. cerebral cortex
People very quickly adapt to the procedures and behaviors appropriate at a birthday party. General knowledge of what to expect and how to behave at a birthday is called a(n)_____. Script
Which of the following is true of the visual spatial sketchpad? The capacity of the visuo-spatial sketchpad is limited.
Lucy sustained a brain injury in a car accident. Although Lucy’s memories of her life before the accident are intact, she is no longer able to form new, long-term memories. Every night when she goes to bed, her memories of what she had done that day are lost. Lucy suffers from _____. anterograde amnesia
____ states that memory storage involves three separate systems: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Atkinson-Shiffrin theory
According to research, which of the following is an effective elaboration technique? Thinking of self-references
Sensory memory _____. cerebral cortex
Retrieval is the process of _____. bringing information to mind whenever needed
Which of the following involves memory for skills? Procedural memory
Long-term potentiation is a concept that explains _____. how memory functions at the neuron level
_____ is the ability to maintain attention to a selected stimulus for a prolonged period of time. Sustained Attention