Most American mothers work. They work because they need to and also because they like to. Earning money and guaranteeing their family’s security is an essential part of their lives, a component of modern motherhood. “Women work because the economy demands it,” says Donna Lenhoff, general counsel for the National Partnership for Women and Families. “And because they get personal satisfaction from contributing to the economy and to society.”
The perception endures that, in two-income households, women choose to work for fancy second cars, sumptuous vacations, and better haircuts. Or that they work to fulfill “selfish” individual ambition, as though their working lives were a luxury, like a gym membership, that could easily be shelved to meet the time constraints of child-rearing.
For the vast majority of women, nothing could be further from the truth. Life is expensive these days: For all but the wealthiest families, a second income is not a luxury; it’s a necessity. And work, for most women, is not a lifestyle accessory; it’s part of who they are.
The child-rearing years correspond precisely to the time when many women’s careers are coming together and these careers represent a lifetime of effort. For them, giving up work would amount to nothing less than being stripped of an integral part of their selfhood.
The issue of being a working mother is associated with numerous benefits and drawbacks at the same time. If you are trying to figure out what would be better for you and your child, it is high time to weigh all pros and cons of being a working mother on the one hand and staying at home with a child on the other. It is an important decision in the life of every woman.
There are some factors that might influence the decision of a woman in favor of or against doing many things all at once working and taking care of a child. So here are the pros and cons of being a working mother.
Among the major advantages of going back to work after giving birth to a child is the fact that having a job will help to ensure the well-being of the whole family. It has been recently found out by some researchers that women who went back to work after giving birth to a child had much better physical and emotional health than women who did not choose a job over family duties.
Furthermore, a working woman is always able to hold a conversation with another adult, as her intellectual skills are constantly improved with the help of work. Besides, a working woman has a chance to have a real face-to-face conversation rather than sitting with her child all the time.
It has also been proved that kids of working mothers show better results at school. It has been found that children study better if their mother goes to work rather than stays at home all day long. It is a significant benefit of being a working mother.
Furthermore, if a woman spends some time at work during the day, she will start to appreciate every moment that is spent with her children. Working mothers tend to appreciate such moments more than those who stay at home. If a woman does not see her precious baby for at least eight hours, she will have a chance to value every moment that she spends with them.
Finally, the most significant benefit of being a working mother is that you have more opportunities to spend holidays with your children better, simply because you will not have any financial constraints. A working mother gets satisfaction from both a highly successful job and her own beloved family.
Nevertheless, there are also certain cons of being a working mother. First, despite the fact that a woman starts valuing every moment spent with her child after a long day of work, it is pretty hard to spend the whole day without seeing the child. Sometimes a woman might feel that something is missing as it is hard to leave a child at home and spend the whole day without cuddling him/her. Much of the wonderful experience of being a mother is missed if a woman goes to work.
If you are a working mother, it is easy to miss the first word or first achievement of a child simply because you have to be at work all the time. Instead, the first word of a child might be heard by the babysitter, so that a woman will feel regret and guilt for not being close to her child at such a precious moment. Furthermore, working mothers suffer from a constant feeling of tiredness.
They wake up in the morning being tired and spend all day being accompanied by a feeling of tiredness. This is a significant drawback of being a working mother. Stay-at-home mothers do not have such a problem and feel much better.
The above are the major pros and cons of being a working mother, but it is up to you to decide whether you want to stay at home with your baby or go back to work and experience the benefits and shortcomings of being a working mother on your own example.
Women have the right to be involved in the work environment just as men are. In the past mothers just stayed at home and taking care of the family, raising their children and they were not allowed to work.
We do care and appreciate her efforts to create a family however, being a mother is not mean losing one sense of individuality because all women have the right to represent a different aspect besides being a mother.
Work helping mothers to build their identities away from their families and it gives her confidence, stability, and a chance to communicate with society. Nowadays, the percentage of working mothers is increasing very fast which has caused them some difficulties to balance or manage their time between their career and family responsibilities. The U.S. Bureau of Labor points out that the percentage of working mothers in 2012 had increased in Sweden by 76%, in Norway 73%, and in Denmark 74% (Working mother statistics, 2012).
In addition, Wladi(1998) mentioned that in 1940 the percentage of working mothers was 8.6%, However, by 1959 this figure had increased rapidly to 27.5% and by 1996 the percentage was 70%. These statistics were taken when their child under 18 years old, This essay will argue that working mothers should be supported by their families and governments by setting some laws or suggestions to support and help them to make their career and family life easier and more flexible. Working mothers are the most influential group in society, and by being employer they affect their children positively, themselves, and relationships with their families. Working mothers benefit their children
In recent years working mothers have a good effect on their children in many ways. Firstly, children of employment mothers are better in their education than children of mothers who’s stay at home. The kids whose mothers worked when they were younger than 3 were later good in school and have a few problems with depression, however, the working mothers with full- time job their child between 1 or 2 years old will have an academic score problem than kids whose their mothers part-time (Luscombe, 2010).
Working mothers who in part-time employees reflect a positive effect on children’s academic performance because they have more experience and resources to spend on their children’s education. In addition, there are beneficial effects on children.
When working mothers have five years’ experience in work, teenagers who get higher grades with working mothers will improve the mental well-being of the mothers who work (Children of working mums do better at school, 2013). Working mothers who work part-time have more space in a day to spend with children and focus on their education which led to good scores in school.
Also working in a part-time job helps mothers to get some rest and not feel stress. According to Meikle, (2011) there are a lot of positive sides for young children if their mothers work especially girls. Daughters of working mothers are more independent than others.
They represent an important example and role model for their daughters’ success, which builds their confidence and that will help them in their future career and lifestyle. Meikle said there are no damaging effects on children’s social and emotional feelings if their mothers work during their early years. On the other hand, boys whose mother was responsible for the household had more difficulties at the age of five than those living with two working parents (Meikle, 2011). However, young children will exhibit more bad behavior if someone else taking care of them instead of their parents likes baby sitter or nanny. Working mothers benefit themselves
In addition, working mothers benefit themselves. According to Bindley, (2011) working moms are happier than home moms because working mothers are healthier and less prone to depression. In other words, Larowe, (n.d.) points out that working benefit moms, and mentioned seven reasons that make mothers stop feeling guilty and hang on to their career.
The first one of the most two important reasons is the job grants mothers the chance to live out their ambition because if their purpose of motherhood is unfulfilled, mothers may feel unsatisfied and even resentful. Secondly, through work mothers can have financial control which makes them feel confident and gives her the right to make financial choices for her family. In addition, the job helps her to create a good social connection and less feeling lonely. Labor force mothers are more independent and confident, happier, healthier, aware, and have more chances to communicate with society.
On the other hand, Ruth,(1988) also showed statistics about the rapid growth in the number of young working mothers, in 1950 only 12 percent of a married woman with their baby under the age of six were worked outside the home and by 1987 this percentage grew to more than 50 percent. In addition, by 1976, 31 percent of mothers return to their job and their child did not complete a year after birth and in 1985 this figure increased to 48 percent.
He points out that needing self-esteem, higher living costs, and lower wages and provides education for children are the cause of this huge increase. Larowe, (n.d.) says that employed mothers are less sad and have more strength at the age of 40 than mothers who stayed at home. Staying at home for mothers led them to have more stress, pressure, unhappiness, and anger. By being an employee they became away from daily rotten that is because they meet different people every day and go to different places and that is helping them to change their mood. Working mothers benefit from the relationship with family
Working for mothers tend to create a good relationship with family members and husband. Fathers should spend more time with their children because they spend most of their time at work. For this reason, working mothers who have the same salary as their husband can share the work time with them to allow their husbands to have more time with their children (Gentleman, 2009).
Working mothers help to reduce the financial pressure on husbands. On the other, hand husbands can help their wives, such as taking care of the children when they are at work. This connection helps to lower the burden on both because it creating cooperation which leads to solving problems and raising their children more effectively. When both of them work, it helps them to share responsibilities and understand each other.
It is often people who thought that working mothers have a negative impact on their children, children who have a worker’s mothers are badly educated when their mothers are absent (Doughty, 2013). Children will be less successful at their school because they will have intellectual problems.
These may impact on the child education and in mothers in the future (Doughty, 2013). This view seems convincing at first but, new studies have shown the opposite. Workers’ mothers have more knowledge and experience to help their children reach a higher level in their education.
There is a survey that showed how the period of working mothers being in work can affect the academic performance of their children and the results showed that most children whose mothers worked for long periods get better grades in schools (Children of working mums, 2013). Many people believe that mothers who work have much stress that leads to divorce because they will face pressure to find the right balance between their family responsibilities and work requirements, which might create disputed with their husbands and that might lead to problems for the whole family.
This argument looks true. However, governments should support working mothers to decrease their pressure by creating a nursery in their workplace to reduce their worry about the children. In addition, companies may reduce the hours of work for mothers which allows mothers time to get some rest at home and to care for the children. It would be easy to argue that some families do not want or need financial aid from mothers.
They think that being mothers at home is more worthy than money. Also, the salary of working mothers is less than their husbands so it will not affect the family income. This argument fails to consider that life is becoming a laborious and prices of everything have increased; also the outlay of the family has increased so one income is often not.
Furthermore, it does not matter if the working mothers’ salary is lower, it will assist in covering the needs of the family. In conclusion, the time has changed from the past to now and the mother’s position has changed. Nowadays mothers work to be part of society and to be part of developing the country economically, and most mothers choose to work to build their identity and confidence and additionally to help their family.
Governments should support working mothers to encourage them to work and join the workforce and give them a chance to achieve their individual goals. Working mothers should be supported by their families and governments for several reasons, working mothers have more knowledge and experience than mothers at home which impacts positively on their children’s future and their education. Aside from the benefits to children, working mothers otherwise benefit themselves because work gives them more ability to have a financial choice and achieve self-esteem.
Governments contribute by encouraging working mothers and supporting them. They must provide organizations to prepare mothers who stay at home for job environments. This institutes may help mothers to be influential in the community and be a part to increase the production and economy of the country. Education and work in the origins not added for damages or corruption, but for building the society and to righteousness people. Workers’ mothers better in education than ignorant mothers and the reality confirms this.
Many women today are facing choices that their mothers never had to face. One of these choices is whether or not to go back to work after having a child. This was practically unheard of in the 1950s. In the 1990’s it is not whether the mother will or will not go back to work, rather a question of when. When did the choice become set in stone? Why do the mothers of today have to work outside the home versus working in the home, much as their mothers did?
When one thinks of the subject of working mothers, many differing opinions come to mind. What will happen to the child, will the mother have sufficient time to bond with the baby, how will household chores be divided, and so on? When thinking of working women, two models come to mind. One of which is paid employment that has a protective and beneficial mediating effect.
Employment protects women against certain negative aspects of being full-time homemakers and mothers, such as monotonous housework, dependence on the male partner for financial and emotional support, increases self-esteem because they are contributing to the world they live in.
These women receive a renewed interest in life because they are in the thick of it. They are living life to the fullest. This model is the one that is constantly referred to as “bad” because it paints the woman as someone who does not really care about the effect of working will have on the baby. In fact, most of these mothers have made this choice with painstaking care. They are constantly feeling what everyone is thinking, and this in turn causes undue stress on these mothers.
The other model of the working mom is the one most people think of when discussing working mothers. This model is one of a woman having too many demands of her –housewife, mother, and paid employee – which may lead to role strain due to fatigue and role overload.
The competing demands of such roles may also lead to conflict and psychological stress. Both of these models can be seen in the working mother at any given time. They are simply a fact of life, a by-product of the world in which we live. Mothers are constantly jumping back and forth in these roles, striving to find a sense of balance. But is there such a thing? Most of the time the scales are tipped one way or another, there is never a true sense of balance. I believe this is how mothers survive.
If the scales were balanced, it would seem that they would either be cruel heartless women, simply concerned with their jobs and caring less about their children. This is simply not the case. It seems that the ideal situation is when the father helps around the house, as to alleviate some of the stress the mother feels from working and the ability for the mother to have a flexible schedule.
Role decisions within the family unit need to increase when the mother returns to work. In order for both partners to be happy and feel fulfilled, there needs to be a clear definition of roles within the family unit. This is something that should be discussed and decided well before the mother returns to work.
In making role decisions, the parents must somehow combine their perceptions of the rewards and costs associated with each role in order to determine which combination of roles will provide them with the best role position. In other words, they need to figure out what they can do best for the family when both parents work. If this is accomplished, the family will function better as a unit, and stress will be alleviated for all.
Another set back that is constantly facing working mothers is that their work is looked upon as optional, it is also viewed as less important than their partner’s. When these attitudes are confronted, it makes the transition for the working mother all the more difficult. The constant backlash from the public makes these mothers feel so guilty that some may even quit just to alleviate the stress. In order for working mothers to feel needed, and to have their work mean something, others need to look upon their work as something substantial, something important, not simply an option. When workplaces provide flexible scheduling and childcare services, these are the first steps in getting working mothers into the workforce and alleviate their feelings of guilt.
Many working mothers today are facing the reality of the “second shift”. This is where they put in a full day of work at the office only to come home to start their “second shift”, the one that entails all the housework and the raising of the family. Mothers feel that they have no choice in the matter, in order to be the “perfect” mother, they need to put in this shift because it is their responsibility. But why is it their responsibility?
Why does the father feel it is his right to come home and relax when the mother is busy fixing dinner and disciplining children. In order for the working mother to keep her sanity, the father needs to jump in and help with the chores that were previously held by the homemaker. In this day and age, the ideal homemaker is a thing of the past. Many women today want and desire careers and a place in this world. They want to stand on their own two feet, to become a self-sustaining individual, free of dependence on another individual.
When the mother considers the idea of working and raising a family, many things need to be considered. The responsibilities need to be divided evenly so as to alleviate the stress that will evolve due to all the changes. For the working mothers, understanding is first and foremost needed in order for the psychological well being.
They need to feel that their work is important and necessary and that they are not sacrificing their child’s well being in order to benefit themselves. The danger involved is that the mothers could feel so guilty in working that they feel that they are abandoning their child to the caregivers that they are in contact with daily. The mothers need a support system in order to survive the roller coaster involved when they go back to work. If all these factors are taken into consideration, the transition to working mom will be that much easier for the entire family and the child will not suffer.
Well, I am a working mom and I had a working mom as a child and it was fine for me. She stayed at home with me till I was 2, then I went to preschool. She was a high school teacher so we had similar hours and holidays off, plus she could easily get a sub if I was sick. My dad was a realtor so his hours were flexible too if she was stuck he could always get me in a pinch.
I felt fine about her working, in fact, I loved helping her grade papers and go with her to classes when I was out of school for one reason or another. I loved that she had her own friends and her own life and I loved the way teenagers would sidle up to her and say, “Hey Missus X…” when we were out somewhere. I can’t imagine her sitting home all day waiting for me to get home. She still had plenty of time to cook and clean and of course as a teacher was great at homework.
I felt it was important to stay home the first two years also, at least the first year but I start sending mine to preschool when they turn three (two days a week) then at four (three days a week) and it has worked out great for my two girls, I’m looking forward to my son starting preschool next year because he is a terror.
I don’t think it’s so great to have small children and work a job that requires you to work 60 hour weeks and take your work home with you. Part-time or flexible jobs like nursing or teaching, or set your own hour jobs like a hairstylist, manicurist, massage therapy, real estate, etc. are really great for moms with young kids too.
I went to the school when I was pregnant with my last two and it worked out ok because I had odd hours (something like Mon 10-3, Tues 8-11, Wed 8-11, Thurs 10-4) and my husband worked just minutes away from our home and my mom, now retired, was around and a huge help with the kids. It was manageable and I’m glad I did it. I never really had a babysitter for my kids other than the preschool starting at 3, it usually worked my husband, mom and I could juggle the childcare so that was nice.
The person who has influenced my life the most is my Mother. I chose to write about her simply because she has been everything in my life. She is an educated loving Mother, who has basically been a single parent to me and my three siblings for most of our lives.
My Mother graduated from Tantasqua Regional High School and further extended her education in college. She holds a degree in Business and a nursing license. She married my Father at the age of twenty-one and had me at the age of twenty-two. My parents divorced when I was three years old at this time I had a sister who was 1 1/2 years old and a brother 6 months old as well.
After the divorce, there was never once a moment when she didn’t express her love for me or the importance of doing well in school, being involved, and seizing opportunities. My Mother is the reason I have achieved so many of my goals in my life so far, such as doing well in school, class president, joining sports teams, and success in music. As I continue to grow up more things are added to my already busy schedule. Without my Mother, I wouldn’t be the person I am now.
Without her sacrifices of things she wanted or needed I wouldn’t have been able to seize so many opportunities. In order to be present in our lives, my mother would often take lower-paying nursing jobs with more flexible schedules.
She always made sure she was available whenever we needed her. Whether we needed a ride or just her support and attention she is always there. Now that I am older it is easier for me to see all that she has really done and how it has affected my life. She has taken the time to teach me that the only person responsible for my happiness and success in life is me. She told me that if I truly want something then to go after it. I was told not to let anything or anyone hold me back.
I grew up knowing that I could become anything I wanted. Not only did she tell me all of this, but she also followed through with it. She supports my dream to graduate from High school, go to college, studying medicine, become a doctor, and helping people. No matter what my goal is she is always there supplying support, from the smallest goal of getting a role in a play to the greatest goal of becoming a doctor.
Besides all of the facts I mentioned, there is something greater than my Mother has taught me. My Mother has and continues to teach me how to love. Every day of my life I learn something new about being a mother or loving someone. Without my Mother, I wouldn’t know what love really is. I do not think I will ever be able to thank her enough for all the support and love she has shown me over the years, and all the years to come. I love her and she is without a doubt the biggest influence in my life.
This is a good question. I had the same one 12 years ago. I went to work for 4 or 5 months and went back to being a full-time mother. It doesn’t matter what age the children are, they still need a full-time parent. As you know, it is the most rewarding job there is but if it’s only part-time the kids suffer. They need their mother to be able to grow and develop. Their emotional side is dependent upon you to show, guide, and teach them. I would rather be poor and be able to raise my children.
When dads working they need love and caring, priceless. Kids who are young don’t understand extras. They understand hugs, kisses, learning how to walk or ride a bike, play, etc. It’s the greatest gift in life. I couldn’t believe how much my kids changed in a short amount of time when I was working. They depended on me and I was not there for them. I have spent the past 12 years making it up and it has been the most rewarding job in the world!!