After working with patients who had psychological difficulties, Sigmund Freud developed the psychoanalytic theory. This idea states that people go through periods in their lives and each has its own objectives. If individuals do not succeed at any of the phases, they will be anxious in the future if they do not finish them (Freud as cited in Montana, 2013). Psychologists utilize this assumption to treat adult mental illnesses.
Role of Facilitator Based on the Psychoanalytic Theory
Transference is the main tool for dealing with patient issues. It aids in the patients’ recall of past experiences (Corey, 1990). Therapists should try to create an atmosphere that is superior to the one their patients had as children. If a patient’s parents were uncaring or excessively harsh, the therapists should attempt to be polite and empathetic. They must provide a setting that helps their patients deal with difficulties better than they did when they were youngsters.
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Therapists are also responsible for encouraging their patients to participate in the treatment. Convincing the group to behave in a way that can assure the patients that they are capable of assisting them with their difficulties is essential (Montana, 2013). Therapists should not be judgmental about whether or not the patients were cooperative.
The second most important duty of the therapist is to connect the client’s past with his or her current circumstances. The history of the client is a key component of psychoanalysis. Therapists must be aware of all aspects of the client’s past that may have an impact on his or her life in order to perform their job effectively.
Techniques Supported by this Theory. Transference
The process of transference entails revisiting the client’s past. It aids the client in recalling all of his or her fears as a result of problems with solutions to disputes that occurred throughout various development phases. The therapist and the group should assist the customer in remembering events. They must then provide a suitable atmosphere for resolving conflicts quickly.
This technique is best utilized by groups that have previously explored the principles of free association. The most frequent go-round approach is used in this method. Members of a group sit on the circular table and speak out whatever comes to their mind first (Corey, 1990). This method reduces reliance on therapists.
In the study of case studies, various types of interpretation are applied. It is a technique that group members and therapists utilize to analyze cases of transference, dreams, emotions, and anxiety (Corey, 1990). It’s used by psychotherapists in free-association. In modern interpretations, interpreters don’t have to give the actual meaning behind events. They simply attempt to respond with answers that are comparable to real meanings.
In group therapy, dream analysis is a useful tool. Dreams are a method for people to communicate their emotions, pains, worries, and ideas that they don’t want to acknowledge (Freud as cited in Corey, 1990). Therapists utilize this skill to examine their patients’ anxieties, feelings, issues, and thoughts.
Insights and Working Through
The process of trying to figure out why you’re feeling sick is known as insight. It entails a deep study of the patient’s childhood experiences. Working through, on the other hand, implies repeating interpretations and attempting to overcome opposition.
Strengths of the Psychoanalytic Theory
- It explains the process of resolving conflicts caused by early development in a straightforward manner.
- It allows the organization to continue in therapy as childhood pals of the patient.
Weaknesses of the Theory
- It attributes most of the problems in patients to their mothers.
- It is a significant financial burden for those on low wages.
- It is not a long-term solution to the difficulties that customers confront.
I would put this concept into practice because it aids in determining the true source of the patient’s issues. It also allows the group to address the concerns.
The goal of psychoanalytic therapy is to examine and break down defenses. Many clinicians believe that psychoanalysis is the most effective approach for detecting and addressing internal conflicts and emotions that lead to harmful behavior. The drawback with the above material is that this illness must be diagnosed before it can be treated.
Due to the threat of retaliation from the suspect, many people fail to report stalker problems. There are several flaws in psychoanalytic thought, but it also has a lot of advantages. The majority of psychoanalytic theories are difficult to quantify and tend to be overstated when it comes to the unconscious mind, sex, and aggressiveness.
The laws against stalking are well-known, but their application by authorities may be lacking. Although the status of stalking as a criminal offense is relatively recent, the behaviors described date back decades. Stalking is prevalent and has a serious impact on women, particularly those who are in relationships.
There’s always the possibility that stalking might progress to serious physical violence, such as murder. Stalking is a difficult crime to address, therefore generalizations about stalkers are hazardous. It is extremely difficult to predict what stalkers will do next. Applying the various “stalker types” discovered in research to real-world situations isn’t simple.
Law enforcement officials must also be aware of other legal options, such as protection orders, that may assist protectees. They must also document the stalker’s actions and behavior, assess the risks faced by the victim, come up with effective safety precautions, and engage in proactive problem-solving and early intervention.
The study of human behavior and mental processes is known as psychology. There are many interpretations and viewpoints in this field, two of which are Psychoanalysis and Humanism.
The technique of treating a patient’s mental disorder using psychoanalysis is to examine the mind’s observable and hidden components, also known as the conscious and unconscious minds, and humanism is the study of the whole person in addition to his or her behavior from several perspectives. This essay will focus on important ideas and figures, as well as key issues in human behaviour, including its causes.
The project was said to have generated hypotheses that were hard to quantify and define, as well as making unrealistically high expectations about human nature and a failure to provide additional proof (Weiten, 2015).
It is true that while the practice of psychoanalysis has become popular, there are still many people who believe in its “healing energies,” and see it as an effective treatment for mental illness. (However), While some may be critical of this system because of their religious or spiritual beliefs, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.
The Humanism school of thought has several benefits. It establishes a trustworthy connection with the client by collaborating with them individually and intimately, using Maslow’s hierarchy of needs as a guide. Because psychologists now know what human beings require in order for them to be happy, it will lead to less uncertainty and quicker treatment. As a result, both of these theories may be used in the field of psychology because they each have their own way of treating mental ailments.
Freud developed the psychodynamic approach. This mindset towards personalty is based on the idea of subterranean factors such as the id, ego, and super-ego, which are either present from birth or develop throughout childhood, influencing our behavior and personality.
According to Freud, childhood experiences are supposed to be the source of human personality. As a result, Psychodynamic theory holds that some imbalances between the id and superego may lead to the development of ego defense mechanisms, which might account for individual differences in behavior.
The psychodynamic perspective has been adapted by neo-Freudians, although while psychodynamic theories and treatments are still frequently utilized and well-known across the world, other personality theories have distinct ways of seeing human uniqueness and offering holes for Psychodynamic theory.
To begin with, a succinct explanation of psychodynamic theory. Freud believed that there are three important components to a person’s personality; the id, ego, and superego. The initial is the pleasure principle, which is represented by the id from birth.
The super-ego is the part of our personality that maintains our internalized moral standards, which usually develops through experiences and instruction from parents, society, and peers. Humans have a sense of right and wrong thanks to the superego. Finally, the ego negotiates and searches for reality – represents the reality principle.
The ego enables the irrepressible desires of the id to be expressed in a civil manner, while also balancing the id and superego. The psychosexual stages of development propose that as children become more interested in erogenous zones, their egos and superegos develop alongside them.
This essay will attempt to highlight and assess the strengths and limitations of the three most popular counseling theories taught in this term’s module. The three approaches under consideration are psychodynamics, cognitive behavioral therapy, and humanistic psychology.
The psychodynamic theory was created by Sigmund Freud, a medical doctor and philosopher (1856-1939) who began his career in the 1900s. Freud formulated his concepts while working as a psychiatrist in Vienna, obtaining data from his patients such as emotions, ideas, and early childhood experiences.
The psychodynamic perspective focuses on the unconscious mind. According to Freud, various mental forces exist in the mind. The unconscious mind can be likened to an iceberg. The conscious portion of the mind is likened to the tip of the iceberg. Thoughts and information that may be readily recovered are symbolized by the iceberg below the water’s surface.
Finally, the underbelly of the iceberg is the unconscious portion of the mind, where apprehensions, traumas, and negative experiences are kept. According to Freud, slips of the tongue are unintentional admissions that come from deep within. A Freudian slip is a phrase used to describe this phenomenon.
According to Freud, early childhood experiences have an impact on adult personality development, with five stages of childhood development: oral, anal. The phallic stage is the most critical one, containing the Oedipus complex. This is when a child (4-6 years old) takes the place of the opposite-sex parent and seeks to get rid of the same-sex parent.
We are thus pre-determined by our inbuilt desires. This is regarded as a shortcoming because therapies like cognitive behavioural therapy and humanistic therapy demonstrate that we may alter our actions. Another factor overlooked by the psychodynamic perspective on behavior is biochemistry and genetics, which are also factors.
Another flaw in Freud’s ideas was his prejudiced, sexist male perspective on women’s inferiority, such as “penis envy.” Despite the fact that Jung introduced the Electra complex, in which girls acknowledge sexual desires for their fathers. As a result of this resentment. According to Freud, this idea is deceptive because it implies that both gender’s problems are comparable. The Oedipus has yet to be demonstrated with real evidence.