Pollution is a problem that has existed since the industrial revolution. It is an issue that affects everything from pollution to pollution, and it can be difficult to understand how pollution effects each aspect of our lives. This essay will examine pollution in relation to cars for example, and point out some ways we can help reduce pollution in this area.
The earth has a number of climatic systems that ensure heat is dispersed across the globe. Global warming is caused by the retention of heat in the planet’s atmosphere, which was originally radiated from the sun owing to human-made gases such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). “The greenhouse effect is a natural atmospheric process that is vital for life as we know it, and it does not need to be a major worry unless emissions levels change dramatically,” points out Cunningham and Cunningham (2008).
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Humanity, by burning fossil fuels and clearing vegetation, has tipped the scale of emissions to levels that many experts consider unsustainable. Human beings are the primary causes of global warming, according to Cunningham and Cunningham (2008). Too high emissions may result in adverse environmental change, according to Cunningham and Cunningham (2008). The effects of global warming are worrisome; they are varied and widespread. Global warming puts all aspects of human existence in terrible peril. Indeed, climate change threatens the continuity of human civilization as we know it.
Global food security is at risk as a result of climate change. Climate patterns are being altered by the changes it brings about in climatic patterns, with growing seasons becoming more prone to flooding and drought. It has also resulted in greater disease prevention and control as pests and parasites move into new areas, which can allow their life processes to survive as the climate around them shifts. “Biologists claim that many species are breeding earlier or migrating farther afield as a result of global warming.” (Cunningham & Cunningham, 2008)
The citizens of tiny island nation Tuvalu have announced their plan to migrate to higher ground, most likely to New Zealand, in the face of anticipated sea level rises that they believe will submerge their home in the years ahead. Their story is typical of how climate change will affect coastal cities all around the world owing to rising seas produced by melting glaciers.
The effects of climate change will result in a new type of refugee, known as “climate change refugees” by Cunningham and Cunningham (2008), as people seek refuge from the elements. The other consequences of global warming are increased frequency and intensity of hurricanes, El Nino and La Nina cycles, severe heat waves, and drought. Fresh water will become even more limited, potentially leading to armed conflict in many countries.
The earth’s biodiversity is directly dependent on air quality in the atmosphere, thus any cost is irrelevant. Climate change has become a problem today that will determine mankind’s survival. A single technique will not be enough to stop climate change.
This is particularly true in the developing world, where people are still breathing dirty air for many years. However, acting now to prevent the problem from getting worse may be more cost-effective in the long run because similar measures will become more expensive over time. If countries do not act quickly to counter the changes in air quality, dire consequences will result, including strain on their economic muscles and a lack of resources to fight it.
Humanity’s primary goal is to survive and do so as many species as possible, therefore there is enough cause for an all-out effort to improve air quality in the atmosphere. At the policy level, Mendelsohn (2008) claims that “climate policy should also include a compensation package for low-income countries.”
The last two centuries have been marked by several major technological advancements that have had a significant influence on mankind and his environment. One of these innovations has been human industrialization, which has caused undesirable activities such as deforestation and air and water contamination. Industrialization has brought about negative practices like as degradation of forests, smog in the atmosphere, and water pollution, all of which have threatened the delicate equilibrium between man and nature. The effects of ignoring environmental conservation have now become a reality for humanity as a whole.
Many environmental challenges have risen to the surface in recent years, forcing them to take a prominent position in human existence as nations have joined together and put forth a substantial effort to restabilize, maintain, and manage their respective eco systems. This paper will provide a succinct yet informative study on pollution. A definition of pollution will be included, as well as an explanation of the major sources of pollution. Various mitigation strategies will be discussed, with the best options selected.
What is Pollution?
Pollution is defined by the United Nations Environmental Programme as “the undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful materials as a result of human activities.” Pollution in nature can occur naturally, but man-made pollution is most often degenerative in nature. Air, soil, and water are polluted by substances that are toxic being emitted into them.
Causes of pollution
The dumping of waste has been linked to one of the primary ways in which water bodies are damaged. The majority of people throw their waste and filth into waterways and drainage systems assuming that it will be carried away to a better location. This generates garbage mounds that are not only unsightly, but they also pollute the air and soil.
Fishermen and other members of the shipping business pollute the seas by releasing cargo waste, as well as noise and pollution from their vessels and equipment. Because some of the disposed compounds are poisonous, such pollutants have significant environmental consequences.
Running industries and cities have been powered with nuclear energy. However, this power generation results in the creation of radioactive waste that must be disposed of. If left to seep into the water table or an ocean, radioactive waste may pollute the soil or sea if it is not properly disposed of (Harrison 45).Microwave oven waste may be hazardous to both people and other animals, fish, and aquatic life. When radioactivity pollutes a body of water, the fish are harmed and subsequently die, resulting in lesser numbers of fish in the water body.
Excessive chemicals that are utilized in agriculture and homes are other sources of soil pollution. The weed killers used by individuals to maintain their gardens pollute the soil, according to Mooney et al (23). This contamination, however, does not stop there for the pollutants frequently seep into the ground, contaminating groundwater. While this form of pollution is not obvious, it nevertheless poses a significant risk to people’s lives. Pollution also extends to rivers where underground waters flow into.
Pollution is caused by the burning of fossil fuels, which produce greenhouse gases. Fossil fuels are essential for many industries, so Harrison believes that rapid population growth, which prompted industrialization, globalization, and a demand for additional space to expand are to blame for most of the pollution events (23). Green house gas air pollution is especially harmful since it has been linked to global warming.
Gas emissions from vehicles are also a major source of acid rain. Because the chain reaction that follows cannot be stopped or prevented unless it is first stopped at the source, this sort of pollution is widespread and extremely damaging. Acid rain corrodes soil, making it acidic and make it nonproductive, polluting both land and water.
Solutions to pollution problems
The government has taken numerous steps to reduce pollution levels. Various strategies have been implemented to decrease pollution in order to encourage the adoption of eco-friendly methods. The tax rebates policy is one of the most important because it provides incentives for all sectors that adopt green practices. Because industrial pollutants are two of the main contributors to air pollution, this move by the government will cut industrial emissions dramatically while also lowering the amount of harmful waste entering our waterways by a significant amount (UNEP).
Furthermore, all industries should be required by law to establish trees as carbon sinks, which help to reduce pollution levels. An increase in vehicle taxation that targets “gas guzzlers” might also assist in the fight against greenhouse gas emissions. As a result, the harmful consequences of industrial air and water pollution on our environment will be significantly reduced.
It has been claimed that new architectural designs can assist slow global warming over time. As a result, the government must enforce the established rules, which demand that new industrial, commercial, and residential buildings be constructed using materials compliant with the new environmental standards.
The use of more effective and efficient water and waste treatment methods has also been made, so they must be installed before beginning any business. Citizens are likewise recommended to employ the 3R’s (reduce, reuse, recycle) approach as part of their overall environmental contribution.
Individuals can make a lot of changes on their own to decrease their carbon impact. The amount of electricity used each day is growing every day all over the world (UNEP). As a result, if they wish to meet the specified boundaries, they must change their lifestyle. This may be accomplished by utilizing less energy-consuming light bulbs, using public transportation rather than personal automobiles, switching back to fans instead of air conditioners, and replacing conventional tube televisions with LCD and plasma screens.
Dishwashers may be used instead of hand washing to minimize water waste. Using the shower rather than the bathtub has been shown to lower Co2 emissions. As a consequence, pollution levels will have fallen significantly, and the environmental effects of these chemicals will have been reduced.
The industrial sector is responsible for the greatest proportion of pollution in most countries. As a result, any shift in this area, no matter how little, can have a significant influence on carbon emissions throughout the board. One of the most effective methods for industries to contribute to lowering CO2 levels is to switch to more environmentally friendly equipment that use less fuel.
Boilers are used in numerous industries, but most of them do not have smoke density meters to ensure that harmful emissions are kept at manageable levels. Smoke density meters are used to measure the quantity of smoke released into the air, therefore providing a way for these dangerous pollutants to be controlled (Mooney et al 89). Implementation of a decentralization plan may also aid greatly in lowering both vehicle and industrial pollution. This is because decentralization entails industry dispersal rather than concentration.
Most suitable Solution
Knowledge-based solutions are thus far the most effective approach to address pollution issues that persist. This is due to the fact that an informed society will be more likely to recognize the consequences of its behaviors and, as a result, use this information to resolve its day-to-day problems.
As a result, people must increase their level of interest in environmental issues to a higher degree than it is presently. The truth is that very few individuals are aware of several types of pollution, let alone their harmful consequences on our lives and the planet. If individuals were informed, they would certainly cease activities that contribute to global pollution such as the use of pesticides. Education and awareness are therefore the greatest methods for keeping the environment safe for future generations.
This paper attempted to offer an informative study on pollution, its primary causes and solutions, in order to assist decrease pollution. To this end, the major types of pollution have been outlined. The main methods by which air pollution develops have then been discussed.
Most of the hazardous wastes that pollute our environment are produced by humans. The study also found that while there is no one-size-fits-all solution to pollution, there are several measures that may be taken to reduce pollution. If implemented, even modest changes, if made, will have a significant impact on many people’s lives as well as the ecological balance that supports their existence.
One should take action to limit or stop pollution as soon as possible once he or she understands the harmful effects of pollution. People should start using public transportation such as buses, autorickshaws, and pool-cabs to reduce air pollution produced by cars in order to beat air pollution. Try avoiding fireworks since they produce a substantial amount of toxic smog in the air.
Avoiding crackers is another good idea. We must promote the practice of recycling. Foremost, we need to encourage people to recycle. The seas and land are inundated with used plastic materials, which results in pollution. As a result, we should not dispose of potentially dangerous substances simply because they are used up.
We must also push everyone to plant more trees that will absorb the noxious gases and disinfect the air. On a broader scale, while discussing at a higher level, the government should limit fertilizers usage in order to manage soil fertility. Additionally, businesses must be prevented from releasing their waste into bodies of water, which results in water pollution. Pollution of all kinds is hazardous and has significant consequences.
Everyone must move forward, from individuals to industries. Because this problem necessitates a collaborative effort, we must collaborate and work for it. Furthermore, as a result of people’s behavior, innocent animals are being harmed. So all of us must come together and speak up so that we may become a voice for the unheard and help make this world free of pollution.
The earth has a variety of climatic systems that ensure heat is spread throughout the planet’s surface. Because of the presence of green house gases released through many natural and manmade processes, global warming is due to the retention of heat by the earth’s atmosphere originally from the sun.
According to Cunningham and Cunningham (2008), “The greenhouse effect is a natural atmospheric process that is vital for life as we know it,” and it does not require significant attention so long as the fluctuation in emissions levels remain within acceptable limits. Humans, on the other hand, have tipped the balance of emissions to levels that many scientists regard as untenable, and humans are the major causes of global warming. Cunningham and Cunningham (2008) caution that excessive emissions might result in severe environmental change.
The consequences of global warming are catastrophic, varied, and widespread. The ramifications of global warming appear to be tragically linked in all areas of human life. Global warming is already causing serious problems for humanity as we know it. Warming up the world’s food supply is a serious concern. The modifications in weather patterns it produces have a negative impact on growing seasons, with some regions receiving too much rain and others going without water for prolonged periods of time.
As a result, it has made combating disease more difficult by transporting pests and parasites to new locations, which can help their life systems as the climate in their old habitats change. “Biologists say that many animals are breeding earlier or expanding their range into new territory as a result of global warming.” (Cunningham & Cunningham, 2008)
The inhabitants of the island of Tuvalu have announced plans to migrate to higher ground, most likely New Zealand, as a consequence of rising sea levels, which they anticipate will submerge their homeland in the years ahead. Their tale is a vivid illustration of how climate change will affect coastal cities all over the world owing to retreating glaciers.
The effects of climate change will create a new breed of refugees known as “climate change refugees” according to Cunningham and Cunningham (2008). The other consequences of climate change include frequent and stronger hurricanes, El Nino and La Nina events, and severe heat waves and droughts. Fresh water will grow even more difficult to come by, posing a significant risk in many nations.
The earth’s biodiversity relies on the air quality in the atmosphere for its propagation, thus no amount is too high when it comes to improving air quality. Climate change has become a problem today that will determine humanity’s survival. There is no single technique that will be able to reverse climate change.
However, it is more cost-effective to start taking precautions now rather than waiting until later because the same measures will be far more expensive in the future. If air quality levels are not remedied on time, negative effects will occur, necessitating a large investment of money to remedy and straining governments’ economic resources.
The ultimate goal of mankind is to survive and do so with as many species as possible, providing sufficient cause for an all-out effort to improve air quality in the atmosphere. At the policy level, Mendelsohn (2008) states that “climate policy should also include a compensation package for low-income nations.”