Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia, in January 1929. His father, Martin Luther King, was minister of the Ebenezer Baptist Church. Martin Luther s mother s name was Alberta King. She was a teacher. He also had an older sister Christine, and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel. When Martin was little, he used to sing in his father s church in front of hundreds of people. When he was small, he got hurt a lot. When he was five, he fell off the stairs and 20 feet and landed on his head. Twice when he was riding his bike, he got hit by cars. Once when he was playing baseball, his brother swung the bat slipped and hit him in the head. When Martin was a teenager, he wrote speeches and organized marches for black rights. On August 28, 1963, he marched into the Lincoln Memorial with 250,000 people following him.
And that was when he gave his most famous speech: “I am happy to join with you today and what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation. Five score years ago, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity. But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free; one hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination; one hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity; one hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land.
So we come here today, to dramatize a shameful condition. In a sense, we have come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was the promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It is obvious that America has defaulted on this promissory note as far as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check; a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds”. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great volts of the opportunity of this Nation.
Prices start at $12
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And so we’ve come to cash this check, a check that will give upon you demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy; Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice; now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid of rock of brotherhood; now is the time to make justice a reality for all god s children. It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. 1963 is not an end, but a beginning.
And those who hope that Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content, will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquillity in America till the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of the revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges. But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline.
We must not allow our creative protest to generate into physical violence, again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force; and the marvelous new militancy, which has engulfed the Negro community, must not lead us to a distrust of all white people. For many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We can not walk alone. And as we talk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. And we can not turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights when will be satisfied?
We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of brutality; we can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities; we cannot be satisfied as long as the negro s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one; we cannot be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating “for whites only”; we cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro is Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No! no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until “justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.
I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi. Go back to Alabama. Go back to South Carolina. Go back to Georgia. Go back to Louisiana. Go back to the slums and ghettos of your Northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair.
I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, sons of former slaves and sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today! I have a dream that one day down in Alabama-with it s victorious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification one day right here in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today! I have a dream that one day “every valley shall be exalted in every hill and mountain shall be made low. The ruff places will be made plain and the crooked places will be made straight when the glory of the Lord shall revel, and all flesh shall see it together.”
This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South. With this faith, we shall be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. And this day will be the day. This day will be the day when all of the god s children will be able to sing with new meaning “My country tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring.” And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.
So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire; let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York; let freedom ring from the heightening ellegenies of Pennsylvania; let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado; let freedom ring from the stone mountain of Georgia; let freedom ring from lookout mountain of Tennessee; let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring. And when this happens, and when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day wen all god s children, black men and white men, Jews, and gentiles, Protestants, and Catholics will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual; “Free at last. Free at last. Thank God All Mighty, we are free at last.”
This extended essay is about ‚‘‘ Is Martin Luther King‘s speech, ‘I have a dream’ as relevant today as it was in 1963?‘‘. Comparison of the similarities between Martin Luther King’s speech, August 1963 and Barrack Obama’s victory speech, June 8th, 2008, the similarities took place to be described. The emotions that Martin Luther King and Barrack Obama evoked, by touching the sensible hearts of humanity dreams, wishes, and hopes that built up after many years. The key aspects of both ‘I have a dream’ and ‘yes we can’, it is what everybody wishes and dreams about the American dream is a soul that lives in everybody, it is the share of basic human needs to live safe and non-ignorant life.
How have the socio-economic, political values, education, employment, housing changed in Black America between 1963 and 2008? Why have these changes come only now? The aim is to analyze looking at the facts from the past and today, to see the wide range of connected dreams and how they were achieved. Is Martin Luther King‘s speech, ‘I have a dream’ as relevant today as it was in 1963? Who are we, we ask sometimes ourselves. We are the characters of the communities and families. We have a list of things to do. If we proceed according to the plan, a sense of proportion, even dreams and wishes can come true. Belief and understanding are more essential to us today than it was before.
What we want to see is changes and evolvement over time in society, how does it differ today than before and what were the right decisions made to overcome problems that laid the roots long ago in the U.S and global societies. Why only now have these changes occurred? Martin Luther King was one of the greatest fighters of human rights, and injustices, towards the black community and other races. Barrack Obama was a candidate for the president of the United States. He spoke his speech to make changes that related to what Martin Luther King started in 1963. A comparison of key elements in Martin Luther King’s dreams and Barrack Obama’s changes, and the improvement is measured in statistics by race, is a key focus of this research. After years these changes can be related to both men and their visions of America, being less discriminative, positive, and free.
The key elements of the dreams and changes in both speeches are related to statistics of socio-economic and political values, education, employment rates, and housing in black America today. Martin Luther King’s dream is full of emotion which was and still is supreme. These emotions were picked up by America‘s hip hop music artists and used as inspiration to support Barrack Obama, who has influenced younger generations to separate bad from good, to follow their dream with crates of hope and bravery, by simply repeating ‘yes we can’, like Martin Luther King did, repeating ‘I have a dream’.
How far did Martin Luther King’s dreams go through over the years? Martin Luther King was born on the 15th of January, 1929, and died on the 4th of April, 19681. Martin Luther King was a man with a dream, which has lasted even after his death. He is an example for people and he spoke the words of his dream in front of millions of people and the message was delivered across the world as a result, because discrimination is not only in America, it’s found all over the world and today there are more and more people who live in one country with many different races in peace, demonstrating that Martin Luther King’s dream is moving down the path to reality. In 1963, Martin Luther King shared his dream with us, his dream was so big and powerful that it exploded from his mouth that day on August 28th 2 into something beautiful and heart touching.
Racism was inside people and no matter that the law said that everyone must be equal in every way. Since industrialization, other races that have come to live in, or were living in the U.S. and looking for a better future were competing with US citizens, being cheaper labor, willing to work more hours were achieved with less pay in return. Poor living conditions were the people’s concerns reaching financial stability, raising children, and giving them education. This never happened, because some white Americans, were without jobs, blamed other races for their fate, and turned to a form of hate, physical violence as well as mental abuse. New gangs were introduced in society that worshiped Nazis. The ‘Ku Klux Klan’, is very famous across the U.S. and the globe for its actions and rituals against other races.
The burning cross symbolizes a black man burning on it as a sacrifice, white robes also tell us that the members think they are in a war where blacks go against whites. The American dream was far away. The American dream is simply what it says, a dream. It’s about hope, the goals that you want for yourself and everyone around you, and if everyone is happy around you, then you are satisfied too. The things you want for yourself, your children, and further generations, will be sustained through progress, not repeating the past, but progressing to the materialistic and equal prosperity.
Identification of: Martin Luther King dreams. ´When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence´. Martin Luther King meant the significance of signing a promissory, or in other words, the American dream. Every American has their rights. Every person who lives in the U.S. is the same human that creates economic wealth by filling the workplace. Every one of them must be treated the same. The same in a way that people’s salaries are not taken down just because of their skin color or the way they look. Every human is working for himself with emotions, the right to speak, and express ideas freely. The word ‘No’ can be taken as a right decision but only when the conditions do not allow for something to happen. To improve the condition of the state and human rights for everyone, we have to say yes, to ‘I have a dream’.
‘Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all God’s children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood’. Martin Luther King was not only taking a good look in the U.S. at the time, in his words he mentioned God’s children, which means every single one of us on this planet has to step out of the quicksand of racial injustice. Does it look like a formula, for having a better understanding of life, for having a need to live for something; to love everyone around you; to see every day happy smiling faces without hatred?: it is a formula that is attempted but never fully fulfilled for the complete result, is the solid rock of brotherhood.
There is the word, ‘believer’. Martin Luther King believed with all his heart that he could make a change. He was a man who had a lot of emotions that been held in his chest for a long time. A Black man with a dream, who rose up and gave a piece of intelligence and poetry to everyone revealed that he is the same person who does not discriminate but asked to collaborate without racial ranking. ‘Little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers’. The dream is a union. Martin Luther King played with faith to look at the blind truth that was buried under discrimination.
Together he played a beautiful symphony of brotherhood, turned hatred to hope to recreate things that could be sorted out without fear of harassment, living in a world full of melody, where songs are played by an orchestra that relies on the unification of many different personalities. And the conductor who leads the song should be a man, who never fail to unite the sounds and personalities that map the continuous melody of brotherhood. The past is still difficult to look back at; black Americans have been discriminated against and for the worse, enslaved.
History proved to us that Blacks couldn‘t do many things including work, use services, eat or even live where ever they wanted to. Discrimination also included political issues, for example, voting. Studying generations who had different features were not allowed or even forced out of universities. Poverty was everywhere in black society. Today is a different story. The black race is offered more for professional jobs. Many Blacks enter universities and pass to get a degree; there are many Black politicians’ and participants in elections. All of this sounds way better. House Purchase Power. Home buying power by race ranking in the U.S.A. Race 1994yr – 2007yr % change in buying power since ’94
- White (non-Hispanic) 70.0 – 75.2 5.2%
- Asian American 51.3 – 60.0 8.7%
- Native American 51.7 – 56.9 5.2%
- African American 42.3 – 47.2 4.9%
- Hispanic or Latino 41.2 – 49.7 8.5%
It can be seen white Americans have had the most opportunities to buy houses. Asians and Native Americans do not differ a lot, it is 4.9 percent and they are in the second and third places of house-buying power. Fourth and fifth place in homeownership goes to African Americans, followed by Hispanics. Over 13 years, Hispanics and Latinos had the lowest number of homeowners together with African Americans. The majority of other races, not whites, were zigzagging or slowly growing on the scale of homeownership. Looking at the house purchase power we can see that everything takes time. Patience is what makes you think of many ways how to make a real statement or in this case, Martin Luther King’s dreams are slowly becoming reality. A dream is when real issues collide with dreams and the manner of accepting the changes.
Something that Martin Luther King spoke about was a realistic dream that continues up till today and further into our future, a never-ending emotion. ‘With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day’. The land of opportunities a great nation, this must become true not only on paper but also in human actions, behavior, and acceptance to change together to become newborn fresh minded people who can thrive together so as to be united and wealthy. One person is somewhere, very close in the shape of the problem solver and in the shape of a true black American who has the same rights to speak but has a different rank. Miracle and fantasy, many are starting to think of how simple it could be to migrate to a location with a purpose, where the creation of a good atmosphere is implied in every human characteristic, with no racial injustice or prejudices.
If we had known how to make it all bright at the beginning of the start, then in what way would we now understand the differences in life? If we had only one way of thinking or only one culture, maybe we would not have to fight for riches or dreams. And what our governments want can be expressed in many different ways. Resources, wealth, mental and physical control of society, use of the workforce, or fulfillment of citizen needs are the factors that our governments have the power to create. Can we think that maybe we are the figures on a chessboard and we can only be moved when it’s time for the good move, well planned for us by someone who has ‘the right’ to think he is no better than everyone? Martin Luther King woke up these chess figures, gave those eyes and told them to look around, gave them emotions so they think about the past, gave these figures faith that they would be free one day to move along their own life’s path.
Key elements: Barack Obama and Martin Luther King’s dreams.
Martin Luther King 9 (I have a dream)
- I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.”
- I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
- I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
- I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
- I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream, the one that was shared among the crowds and nation hearts and emotions, hope that traveled through great Mississippi river and valleys and mountains of America spread traveled like billions of spears infected with emotion crossing our hearts and crippling us for a moment to think about how to heal the old scars. Martin Luther King gives us confident belief in truth, a stick has two ends, although some belief in karma that better days will come, bad influences will get their part as being in hell or treated for their actions, where good influence stays as positive and inviting energy that seeks for truth will have its turn and among the other states which will transform.
Barrack Obama 10 (Yes we can)
- Change is a foreign policy that doesn’t begin and end with a war that should’ve never been authorized and never been waged.
- Change is realizing that meeting today’s threats requires not just our firepower, but the power of our diplomacy – tough, direct diplomacy where the President of the United States isn’t afraid to let any petty dictator know where America stands and what we stand for.
- Change is building an economy that rewards not just wealth, but the work and workers who created it. It’s understanding that fiscal responsibility and shared prosperity can go hand-in-hand.
Barrack Obama described the changes in a simple manner that everyone could understand, what can be changed. The need for transformation leads to people who feel for it and proudly say ‘yes we can’ with a power of diplomacy that comes together with equal decisions, justice, and pride in the brotherhood of U.S citizens and all over the world. Including truth, that we all are humans, with less discrimination and injustice we shall learn to work hand in hand and be trustworthy in accepting new ideas from any source, in peace and with attention. An answer to the threat should be not thinking about tactics to overpower but to think about how to think diplomatically.
Emotions. Barack Obama. Barack Obama has steadily moved his political career towards the presidents’ chair of the United States of America. He‘s a great man who loves his family and his friends. He respects his country as well as its citizens who live in the U.S. or abroad. His victory speech was somewhat related to Martin Luther King’s speech ‘I have a dream‘. Barack Obama used a powerful emotion to enter people’s hearts projecting truth and causing emotions to go over the sides.’ Yes, we can’ is a strong force of power that is hidden in these three simple words, and reminds of Martin Luther King’s ‘I have a dream’ which is a metaphor for ‘time for a change’ a dream that is meant to come true.
However, Barack Obama had a lot of support from a hip hop idol, the richest hip hop artist Jay – Z, who wrote a song called ‘History’11. The song was about the American history timeline of injustice, racism, prejudice, those who fought the barriers of injustice. Jay-Z’s song relates to Martin Luther King and Barack Obama’s speeches in the shape of support and truth that one man can make a change together in a bond of hope and time which is kept as a key to the American dream. They are remembered and today used in Obama’s campaign for elections as inspiration. How Barrack Obama was accepted to number one ‘A success is like lust, which is good for the touch Which is good for the moment, but she`s never enough’
Barack Obama and his staff invested time and money for their plans and deep thoughts to come up with a great victory plan, they were very simple and effective. There were plenty of advertisements, getting his message to sparkle and shine, and the use of common technology (internet websites; e.g. Facebook, Blackberries) that everybody uses nowadays. Music writers supported his positive ambitions. Jay-Z helped a lot with his ‘History’ song and supported Barack Obama. It all sounds like a good plan. Maybe it’s only the cherry on the top of the cakes, making it all believable that he is the man who can bring changes to society and the economy. He is someone who understands in which century he is living.
People joined him, inspired by their connection to him because he showed a direction everyone wanted to see their nation heading towards. Well everybody loves truth, but is that all? Barack Obama’s great speech resulted in a massive number of votes not determined by race or age. Martin Luther King’s dream has been re-awakened. President Barack Obama’s speech to the crowds of people on his primary election night on June 3rd, 2008, said: ‘And, because all the million people, you believed that this year must be different than all the rest’. Can Barrack Obama change voter opinions? They only listen, but can they also tell that Martin Luther King’s dream of equality is being awoken again? President Obama’s success brought many hopes and dreams that were re-awakened from deep down of our memories to continue what we like and think is positive.
The ideas behind great speech will have to be completed gradually if the President wants to lead America, to be a good leader he must continue to be the one who awakens the dreams in all of us. Votes for President Barrack Obama by race and age: White Americans voted between fifty-four percent and forty percent, African Americans voted between ninety-six percent and ninety-four percent. Do we still face racism? Martin Luther King’s dream is relevant today and the country is going in a positive direction more and more when we look at the graph. People don‘t know what‘s going to happen now or later, they have an idea, but maybe Barrack Obama will run out of time to complete his promises and will increase the skepticism amongst Americans. We should never wish for any quick fix. Americans wished for quick changes in socio-economic-issues politics from a person they believed had the power to say everything Americans wanted to hear.
‘As the crowd screams, for the other team I practice so hard for this moment victory don`t lead I know what this means, I`m stuck in this routine Whole new different day, but the same old things All I got is dreams, but nobody else could see Nobody else believe, nobody else but me Where are you victory, I need you desperately Not just for the moment, to make history′. Jay-Z gives a perfect description of a man who has determined himself to make a change. In the election Barack Obama fought with his heart and brain; the same routine every day, but he knew that when he won, the change wouldn’t come as fast as many people hope. He’s eager to make difference and wants to be recorded in history with his actions as change.
Not too young, not too old, he has lived in the same conditions as every American, he is smart enough to hold the weight of all the states in the U.S. on his shoulders, to be proven only in the four-year future. The next four years are the imprint for Barack Obama, it’s time to change the history and sort out the good from the bad. Martin Luther King had a problem, himself, that he was black and in 1963 there was way more racism and race/religious crimes. Today we look at another black man Barack Obama and we do not turn our backs on him; character is the key point of human identification and so we follow the brotherhood.
Socio-economic indicators in America. The unemployment rate of black and white Americans comparison. Between 1990 and 2000 the unemployment rate for black Americans declined by 0.4 percent, and at the same time between 1990 and 2000 white Americans’ unemployment rate declined by 0.1 percent. By the year 2000, the unemployment rate had increased for both, black and white races. Factually referring to the statistics black Americans had doubled their unemployment rate up to 8.3 percent and white Americans also have doubled their unemployment rate up to 4.2 percent, half less unemployment than Blacks. As mentioned before we can see that U.S citizens have differentiated unemployment rates, thus we can say that this data is telling us that black Americans were more likely to be unemployed. However, whites were too, but not that much.
The decline in the unemployment rate. The statistics tell us again that it takes time for the wishes to be achieved, and be attained. Martin Luther King spoke about ‘slaves and owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood’18 and that relies on the recovery of economic growth which Barack Obama explained as everything comes ‘in fits and starts’19. It takes time to create jobs and in 2008 the amount of money that was given 787 billion dollars into the U.S economy has saved and created one million employments this year in 2009 20. It is clear that Martin Luther King’s speech, ‘’I have a dream” is in the hands of Barack Obama. We are still fighting for equality, but we can’t push the development time forward.
Changes: Poverty, racism, and alienation have blossomed in America in the past. Hate overwhelms society when it creates victims. Issues like race, religion, sexual orientation, or other, have come to be related to crimes. The Black community has been hated till the last breath in the past. At last, all these negativities made about other races are starting to go away. Generally, Black Americans have had a big influence on American history, even though society forced them to live together in the shadows. Today Blacks are offered more professional jobs. Many of them enter universities and pass to get a degree; many are politicians’ and there is no better evidence than Barack Obama.
The Black middle class is much more accepted today in America and their success has shown changes in many ways. Multiracial celebrities many poets, writers, and intelligentsia are highly visible. The changes from 1963 to 2009 are different. In 1963 when Martin Luther King gave his speech, American people were less knowledgeable about the spiritual side of humans, thus relied on simply surviving. Taking the journey to the year 2009, emotions are put in the first place there is a serious tone to issues and there is an effort to find a solution by talking.
Conclusion. People trust what they see these days more than before. Money and power are what we see and hold clear our hands. But one person who was seen and heard by many of us, Martin Luther King, was not about money or power, he was about giving hope and changing the hearts of people. Barack Obama is a person who respects Martin Luther King’s issues that appear to be with us today. Both society characters were acting for America’s sake to make a difference in emotions, political values, education accessibility, unemployment rates, and housing. All these issues were related to both of their characters and, who knows, maybe Martin Luther King’s speech will be needed again to touch our hearts. We can see the truth, over in time if Barack Obama fulfills his great ideas that have blossomed with joy and celebration from the American people.
Truly united, and there shall be equality. Not only about racial justice, but for there to be equality there must be materialistic support and education for every person. This should be the prime assistance for a country’s development. We choose the way we want to live and Martin Luther King was a man who thought of a way of living inequality, to create no boundaries for his fellow US citizens and humanity worldwide. The spread of the connected dreams takes time to collect and fulfill, but we are going in the right direction with the right amount of listeners today compared to before. Think of what we have, what we miss, and what can be done to fight the barriers of insecurity or uncertainty in life.
Barack Obama has chosen his words greatly to reunite the country and its citizens. Being a President with the ability to talk to crowds of deserved people who have every piece of expression in that speech, is amazingly unifying. Barrack Obama made people believe in what he believes, introducing people to nonignorant life and uncovering those pathways that Martin Luther King took really carefully. Barack Obama is relevant to continue Martin Luther King’s dream and the spirit living in the lines of the speech can never be destroyed or be irrelevant in the future, it is a treasure that was shared with us for generations.
Commentary on Martin Luther King, Jr.: “I Have a Dream” Speech (1963) On August 28, 1963, nearly a quarter of a million people arrived in the District of Columbia for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. In the midst of the day’s various events and speeches, one stood out: Martin Luther King, Jr’s speech “ I Have a Dream”. It is a political text in which he called for racial equality and an end to discrimination. His oration eclipsed the remarks of all other speakers that day and it is among the most quoted American public addresses.
Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice”.
He exclaims that now is the time for America to rid itself of racial injustice and segregation and uses the citation“ we can never be satisfied “ as exemplification to explain how African Americans are not experiencing what America is supposed to be all about, stating very loudly in the next statements: “We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote.” The second half of the speech paints the dream of a better, impartial future of racial harmony.
The most famous declaration “I have a dream” is repeated constantly in this part and stresses the most important concept that Dr. King wanted to transmit to all people gathered there: it is not impossible to reach and bring to fulfillment men’s aspirations and so on he alluded to: “I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream”. Throughout the whole text, Dr. King delivers his “preaching” using several metaphors and an extensive vocabulary.
“I have a dream that one day my four little children will live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but the content of the character,” (Martin Luther King Jr,1963) Martin Luther King Jr. was a smart child and had a good childhood. He learned values from his parents, and Martin Luther King Jr was a man of much wisdom during his time. He was a major contributor to the civil rights movement, and those contributions have a profound effect even today. Michael Luther King was Martin Luther King Jr’s name when was born. His parents changed his name to Martin Luther King when he was just a young boy.
They changed his name because it was his father’s way of claiming he was his son. He was born on March 15, 1929, and Coretta Scott got married. Daddy King (Martin Luther King Sr.) pronounced them a married couple. Although they had a lack of privacy and long periods of separation, they managed to keep their marriage strong and healthy. Not to say that they didn’t fight like a normal couple, because they did. They fought, but it wasn’t about money, they fought about Martin’s decisions. They went through rough times as do most couples. Coretta Scott learned that MLK was helping his country, and she needed to accept the fact that that’s what he was going to do. Later, she got more involved with the Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King, Jr. learned many lessons from a lecture given by Mohandas Gandhi.
He learned about nonviolent protests from Gandhi. Mohandas was born in India, and he moved to South Africa later. He was able to gain equal rights for South Africa’s Indians by protesting discrimination through general strikes and marches planned in a peaceful, nonviolent way,(Fleming 1-119). He was also involved in civil disobedience. Civil Disobedience is a refusal to obey the law because a person believes the law is immoral. Before the civil rights movement, civil disobedience was not acceptable, and Martin Luther King believed in peaceful protest. Mohandas was jailed because of his beliefs. MLK was also influenced by Henry David Thoreau, and achieve social change. While learning more about the civil rights movement, and Gandhi, Martin became a pastor.
One of the finest explanations of the American dream is the powerful speech of Martin Luther King, Jr. He delivered the speech at the Lincoln Memorial on August 28, 1963, in Washington D.C. The speech is mainly centered on racial equality and the stoppage of discrimination. At that time, racial segregation ruled in almost all places: be it schools, neighborhoods, and even in social places. With violence and riots so often, it was a disturbing moment for America although the U.S government was doing nothing to change the situation. Through the speech, Dr. King was educating inspiring, and informing both the civil supporters and the unborn generation in the world to reach out to their dreams and giving his audience hope for a better future.
Up to the time when he was delivering the speech, African Americans were still under slavery from the white people as indicated in the below excerpt. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination…….One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land (Luther, 1963, para. 2). The speech depicts the idea that someone can actually be anything that he dreams of becoming. Dr. King suggested that America is a land full of opportunities and that Americans should maximize on them. Before transforming the world, he saw the need to begin in America.
Dr. King began the speech with a rhetorical phrase, ’Now is the time’, a tool that he used throughout the speech. In the sixth paragraph of his speech, he used the phrase six times. He was echoing to his audience to get hold of the moment. More so he used the phrase, ‘I have a dream eight times. By so doing he was echoing future hope for the people that will make them forget about all the slavery sufferings and injustices that they had faced while under slavery. This is a sign of hope for the future too. He brought in the idea of slavery to suggest that it is still operational in today’s world. By using the word ‘slave-owners’, Dr. King was referring to the white, however, to calm any tension between the black and the white people, he reunites them by saying, “… will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood” (Luther, 1963, para.12).
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.” I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave-owners ………, a desert state, sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice…. I have a dream today (Luther, 1963, para.12). The dream in the above context symbolizes the aspirations that Dr. King had of America setting the stage for the rest of the world. He also says that ‘this nation will rise up’ meaning that he had fathomed a revolution time when the Americans will be accepted as right persons in the States (Luther, 1963, para.12). There was established racial discrimination that is why he sent such a strong message to the whites. More importantly, is the fact that his words were advocating for peace hence providing the vision that anyone would buy it. There above discussion hence shows that Martin Luther King, Jr was really, an effective public speaker.
Example #6 – Rhetorical Analysis
One of the most well-known pieces of oratory of all time is Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech. This speech was written with the intention to persuade all Americans that all people are created equal under God and the law. The use of allusion and exposition aid in the overall effectiveness of his piece. King’s use of allusion to the Bible, a patriotic song, and the Declaration of Independence are used to appeal to each person’s sense of moral obligation to uphold equality. By using biblical references like “and the crooked place will be made straight” he appeals to a Christian audience. No Christian wants to be seen as a sinner so by telling them that it is God’s will for people to live with equality he adds validity to his point. In the same manner, King uses a patriotic song “My Country Tis’ of Thee”. He urges one to listen to the sense of nationalism felt by the majority of Americans.
By referencing the commonly accepted patriotic song he makes an undeniable case for acceptance of integration policy and universal equality. He also appeals to members of Congress and Americans who are tied to their roots by quoting the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence was the beginning of the American Revolution, which is a heroic moment in American history. By comparing that event to that which was being experienced when he made the speech, King made his audience have a tangible understanding. By using sources that are commonly accepted by the majority of the population, King made each person feel a moral obligation to his cause through Christianity and nationalism.
The other technique that Martin Luther King Jr. uses to enhance the effectiveness of the oratory is exposition. He uses examples from his own life and the lives of others to make his piece more accessible to the average person. King uses his own children as an example of racial injustice. He says that his children should be judged upon their moral character and not upon their skin color. This statement is powerful to anyone who is a parent. For King to talk about his own children adds an element of emotion and makes his writing all the more effective in its purpose of persuasion. He also lists different mountains from which freedom should ring.
This is in reference to his quote from “My Country Tis of Thee”. He lists the names of these mountains so that a listener might feel a personal connection as well. Examples heighten personal response and cause people to act on their emotions. King uses persuasive techniques like exemplifying and allusion to appeal to the broad audience that is the American public. He also uses techniques like repetition, specifically of the words “I Have a Dream” to emphasize the importance of his work and make sure that everyone understands that the outcome of this situation affects them no matter their race.
Example #7 – A Reaction on I Have a Dream Speech
On August 28, 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered a public speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. This speech would go on to be known as the most famous speech in history, the “I Have a Dream” speech. In this speech, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. recited his perspective on segregation at one of the most significant civil rights rallies in history. King’s intentions were to let people know that racism must come to an end and African Americans must gain civil and economic rights. The way King initiated his message through the use of rhetorical devices, pathos, ethos, and logos, allowed his audience to hear and connect with his message sufficiently.
The use of pathos in this speech leaves the audience with a sense of compassion and empowerment. This speech is clearly delivered with great passion that allows the audience to feel determined. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. appeals to his audience by using a verse from the book of Isaiah to stress that faithfulness and unity are vital to seek equality. Furthermore, he uses his own desire for the American Dream to enable the audience to correlate with his message. Incorporating the American Dream permits his audience to relate to something that everyone longs for and expresses that we all deserve freedom. King’s use of repetition with the phrase “Now is the time…” allows his audience to feel empowered to take action. In this speech, King uses his personal reference for being a father to emphasize that he wants nothing but the best for his children. People who are parents like King will associate with him as a father and the dreams parents have for their children.
When giving such an important speech at such a big event, it is important to be an expert on the topic you are speaking about. Martin Luther King uses ethos in the “I Have a Dream” speech numerous times to show his knowledgeability and credibility. Throughout the speech, King refers to a credible source, Abraham Lincoln. He goes on to declare that he is grateful for the remarkable abolishment of slavery and acknowledges his signing of the Emancipation Proclamation. He also continuously refers to the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He states that time and time again they refuse to stand by their promises to the people. Using these references enables his audience to trust and respect what he is delivering to them.
Martin Luther King uses logos to persuade his audience to fight for equality. King refers to the Emancipation Proclamation which freed all slaves. However, the Negro is still not free. He proves this with reference to segregation and police brutality towards African Americans. Another use of logos is when King emphasizes that not all white people are against African Americans. Therefore, they should not be stereotyped because some realize that justice should be for everyone no matter their color and will stand with you to fight against segregation.
Throughout the speech, King also logically alludes to discrimination and segregation and how nothing will be rectified till it’s been put to an end. The “ I Have a Dream” speech was a climax for American history. Martin Luther King achieved his goal all with one speech. This speech helped solidify African Americans and white people to stand for equal rights. By King standing up and speaking out for what he believed in, today we are able to be unified. Although he passed away before things were acted upon, with this speech he was able to help save everyone’s freedom and individualism. The usage of rhetorical devices, pathos, ethos, and logos, is what made this speech indelibly and influential.
Example #8 – interesting ideas
The type of essay it is is a descriptive essay. I need to describe at least three accomplishments of dr. Martin Luther King junior. I really need hellppp!!! Thanks!
Answer. First of all, please do read what your other responder linked to, as it clearly DEBUNKS the idea that King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech was plagiarized. It is evidently true that some of his doctoral dissertations were plagiarized. I think we can all agree that this is wrong. I think we can also agree that it has little bearing on his other accomplishments in life, which were many.
King was involved in, among other things, the Montgomery bus boycott, the organizing of other major protests throughout the south, and the push for civil rights legislation. King’s speeches seemed to have two goals. One was that people should be able to view their fellow citizens as exactly that, regardless of their skin color. The other is that the law should do likewise–that discrimination based on skin color should have no place in the laws of a so-called free country. The second of these came to pass with the civil rights laws. The first, well, we have some distance to go on that one.
What do you guys think about Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I have a dream” speech? I’m supposed to write an essay about how I feel/ think about his speech without using ‘I, or me’. Anyone know how to write an essay without using I or me?? and of course how you think about the speech. Thanks!
Answer. To answer your first question, I would say his speech was very inspiring and moving( and that is also probably what your teacher wants to hear). You can extol him as being a freedom fighter and further emphasize the importance of his actions. Your second question is fairly simple. To write an essay without using “I” or “me” means this is not casual writing. In other words, you shouldn’t even need an ” I” or ” me”. Here’s a tiny example piece: According to mine and many other’s opinions, Martin Luther King Jr is a…
I want to do my extended essay in English B: the topic is Martin Luther King Jr.; mostly because I feel comfortable with that topic, and I really do think I could do it very well because it is something that interests me. So my question is what do you think I should include, do you think there is some specific topic or event I should write about, besides his speech? Thank you…
Answer. He gave a lot of speeches. Because he was a pastor of a church for most of his adult life, he gave at least one every week — a sermon. And of course, he gave a lot of speeches in public venues beyond his own church as well. You could read several of his political speeches and some of his sermons, and look at the kinds of topics he covered and the kinds of arguments he used. Or you could compare his speeches to President Obama’s speech at the memorial service for the victims of the Charleston church shooting last year — which was Obama’s most explicitly Christian religious speech as President — and compare how the two men applied religion to political/social issues. Or you could compare King’s speeches to the speeches of some right-wing religious politicians, like Mike Huckabee, and see how they use religious texts differently to support diametrically opposite political viewpoints.
I need information on martin Luther king…a lot im doing an essay of +300 words? Please help me with this info on him…
- Paragraph 1: intro about who he/she is, why he/she is your role model.
- Paragraph 2: early childhood of your person (family, schools, growing up)
- Paragraph 3: major life achievements, explain how he/she changed our world for the better
- Paragraph 4: Conclusion/restate your intro. What can you do to follow in his/her footsteps? How has this person made life better for all of us? p.s I already finished paragraph 1 and 2
Answer. Well, you can choose what you need from this…very informative and should be all you would need to comply with the above paragraphs that you need to do the essay on… Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated.
After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston, he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family. In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation.
He was ready, then, early in December 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time, he emerged as a leader of the first rank. In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi.
In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was an injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile, he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. And inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson.
He was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963, and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure. At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement. On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.
I have a dream is a speech delivered by Martin Luther King on 3 August 1963 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. During a time of great struggle for the Black race, King’s speech came as a call for equality across America. With such widespread media interest and over twenty thousand in attendance, King’s style of spoken language and the non-verbal aspects of his speech were obviously greatly polished and perfected. The speech has gone down as one of the most significant in history and is a great example for many other orators and politicians today.
One of King’s great skills was his ability to create a positive rapport with his audience. He did this in many spoken and non-spoken ways. Immediately in the speech he begins with ‘I am happy to join with you today, this is King’s way of greeting the audience and making a connection between the ‘audience’ and ‘speaker.’ King’s speech contains many other ways of creating a ‘connection’ with the audience referring to America as ‘our nation’ and saying; ‘we refuse to believe…’ and ‘we must never…’, here King is using personal pronouns to establish a bond with his audience, ensuring their confidence in him.
King then ends his speech ‘we are free at last’ this shows to the audience that it is not only them fighting for freedom but King also. The speed of speech in this address also connects the audience as King deliberately talks very slowly and clearly making it easy for his audience to hear and understand. King does not only use speech to create rapport, he uses many non-verbal techniques to keep a strong connection with the audience. Making sure he keeps eye connection with the audience at all times and rarely checking the prepared speech he approaches the audience with confidence. King’s hand actions also play a great part in his connection with the audience, raising his hand at the end of the speech brings great courage and hope to the audience.
The opening of King’s speech also masters many other elements of the English language including archaic language and sibilance. The archaic language helps emphasis the importance of the date, creating a sense of historical importance in the audience. The sibilance also helps to stress the importance of the previous declaration of America’s freedom. An example of the archaic language King uses is ‘what will go down in history, ‘in the history of our nation’. The technique of using sibilance and alliteration is carried throughout the whole speech, emphasizing important points, ‘land of the pilgrim’s pride’ and ‘mighty mountains’ are both examples of the alliteration used in the passage to move his audience.
Martin Luther King alludes to the historical events throughout his speech, an important technique in stressing the importance of both the occasion and the issue at hand. In the third paragraph of his prepared notes, he alludes to the important speech made by Abraham Lincoln, this shows to everyone that King’s speech is alongside one of the most important addresses in the world. King then goes on to refer to the Declaration of Independence, this is an important feature in his speech as it was signed to bring freedom and justice to all Americans, Black and White. King refers to it as ‘magnificent’ and hails it as America’s promissory’ note of freedom, highlighting the fact that Black Americans have yet to receive these promises of freedom. During the speech King also Alludes to the Bible, being a Baptist Minister it is no surprise that King does this, he refers to Isaiah 40:4-5 when he says “Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight”
Another one of King’s very effective techniques was the antithesis. It helped to evoke powerful emotions in the audience as it sometimes created outrage. ‘It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity, here King is contrasting day and night with freedom and captivity, emphasizing that the darkness of slavery is overcome with the light of freedom. King then goes on to use many other examples of antithesis in his speech; ‘With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope’ this shows there is a very small amount of hope with lots of despair, but does that mean there is no hope? The Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of prosperecey’ here King again is showing that the black race has a very small amount of money compared to the white person. This is intended to stir the audience into action and emphasize the injustice that prevails.
Metaphors are also commonly used in King’s speech. It is a great way of creating rapport as it helps the audience to understand what King is saying. In the fifth paragraph of King’s prepared speech he uses a metaphor directly comparing freedom to a cheque; ‘America has given the Negro people a bad cheque, a cheque which has come back marked insufficient’. This refers to the Black people of America do not have freedom, and hints that they are missing out on a basic American right, does this mean Black people were not real Americans? Other examples of metaphors in King’s speech are; ‘the whirlwinds of revolt,’ ‘thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred’ and sweltering with the heat of injustice’. These metaphors all refer to the discontent of slavery and the hope for freedom creating outrage and infuriation from his audience.
Anaphora is also greatly used in Kings speech. He uses this often when he stops reading from his prepared speech and starts to preach he starts his sentences with; ‘I have a dream he repeats this ten times, this also can create rapport as it gives the audience confidence and shows that the speaker believes and has hope in what he is saying. Another anaphoric part of King’s speech is when he ‘commands’ there to be freedom. He repeats ‘let freedom ring..’. This shows the strength of King, he raises his voice so that it sounds stronger.
Repetition is a great way of emphasizing a point. King uses this technique of speech making brilliantly, he creates urgency by saying ‘we can not be satisfied’ three times but then changing the tense to say ‘we are not satisfied’. Explain the effect here. King also repeats ‘I have a dream’ this is when King is preaching to his audience, it emphasizes main goals and shows to the audience that he is not making the speech for the them but for himself as well again creating a bond. Tripling is also used in Kings speech when he says ‘black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics’ saying things in groups of three is an extremely powerful technique used in speeches as it is easily remembered.
The use of emotive language is one of the most outstanding techniques used in Kings speech. He uses words that create a strong emotional response from the audience; ‘chains’ and ‘manacles’ are examples of these, they relate to slavery making the audience outraged at the injustice, slavery was supposed to be abolished. King also uses emotive language to encourage positive behaviour, he tells his audience not to ‘seek to satisfy’ their ‘thrust for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred’.
Beyond the spoken aspects of King’s speech, he uses non-verbal methods to increase the effectiveness of his speech. Long pauses allow for emotional involvement and give time for the audience to reflect, an example of this is when he pauses after ‘… greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation’. King’s deliberate lack of movement is an obvious demonstration of how serious he is about the topic at hand. It also shows us his modesty letting his audience focus on the speech and not what he is doing on stage. King raises his head for emphasizes at some points in the speech, he does while speaking the words ‘it is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
As King ends his speech he speaks with a very strong voice, raising it for every line he quotes in the ‘Old Negro Spiritual’ ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God almighty, we are free at last! The exclamation marks emphasize that it is going to happen. While King speaks these last words he raises his voice and raises his arm, this creates an uproar of applause from the audience. This is the climax of his speech, his voice is strongest and he speaks with passion. This creates a sense of brotherhood between the king and the audience and builds up emotion in the audience.
In conclusion, I think it is not only King’s many powerful and emotive words that make his speech a historical wonder but his actions, his hand movements and his connection with the audience. King proves to everyone that he is not only a magnificent public speaker but an inspirational figure who is passionate about what he believes in. Today Martin Luther King is not only an example to public speakers, but to everyone in how to stand up for one another and in how to live life.
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