People can’t live without the herb man, / If not they’d be drinking? and driving? and swerving? / But thanks to Dr. Greenthumb, weed grow / In the backyard or inside with hydro,? chants B-Real of Cypress Hill in their hit song, ?Dr. Greenthumb,? which glorifies the cultivation of marijuana. Cypress Hill, a Los Angeles based rap group, has long championed the legalization of recreational and medical marijuana, which has recently become a pressing issue in this day of alternative medicine, civil liberties, and humane treatment for the terminally ill.
As an increasing number of states pass laws allowing medical marijuana and authoritative studies legitimizing both recreational and medicinal use of marijuana continue to appear the arguments against it begin to break down.
When one considers the medical benefits, both recently discovered and traditionally practiced, along with the high costs of prohibition, the legalization of marijuana shows itself to be a possible solution. Marijuana should be legalized in the United States for medical and responsible recreational use in order to cut the immense expenditure spent on its prohibition and allows its medicinal benefits to be available to those who need them.
Medicinal marijuana is very beneficial to those suffering from terminal illnesses and those requiring therapeutic measures. Recent research done by the National Institute of Mental Health has found that compounds in marijuana are strong antioxidants, which would help to protect the brain cells during a stroke. In fact, the compounds outperformed vitamins C and E, conventional antioxidants (Armentano). Marijuana has been found to have a therapeutic effect for victims of multiple sclerosis, paraplegia, epilepsy, and quadriplegia (Peters Interview, Thompson Interview, Armentano).
Through a series of animal and human studies, researchers have determined that marijuana does have to ability to suppress convulsions. A recent National Academy of Sciences report, commissioned by the federal government, found that marijuana is effective in treating AIDS wasting syndrome and chemotherapy patients who have been unresponsive to other medications.
Even though it is illegal, many oncologists are prescribing cannabis to these patients (Armentano). Marijuana may also provide a more reasonable alternative to euthanasia for terminally ill patients (Thompson Interview). Marijuana may be successfully substituted for many conventional medicines while remaining less toxic and significantly cheaper.
Georgia quadriplegic, Louis Covar, claims that he smokes marijuana to provide relief from painful muscle spasms, as the doctor-prescribed narcotics make him drowsy and make it hard for him to communicate. Covar was paralyzed from the neck down as a result of a July 4, 1967 driving accident (Hodson).
It is ridiculous to deny the seriously ill the safest, most effective treatment to ease their suffering (Armentano). The new research done on medical marijuana has helped to strengthen arguments for the legalization of marijuana for responsible recreational use. Recreational marijuana, when used prudently, is not as harmful as it is often made out to be; numerous studies have declared that smoking marijuana is not detrimental to one?s health.
Recently, Kaiser Permanente released a report stating that there is no link between regular marijuana use and mortality. Did it recommend that? medical guidelines regarding [marijuana?s] prudent use? be established, akin to common sense guidelines that apply to alcohol? (qtd. in? Still Crazy??). In 1972, President Richard Nixon appointed a blue-ribbon panel of experts, headed by former Pennsylvania Governor Raymond Shafer.
The panel concluded that marijuana prohibition was potentially more harmful to the user than used alone. Going a step further, an earlier NAS report, published in 1982, advocated the decriminalization of possession and recommended that legislators seriously consider a system of controlled distribution (?Still Crazy??).
Marijuana is really not as harmful as it has been made out to be. Oftentimes, brain damage or other severe harm is caused not by marijuana, but by impure samples (Thompson Interview). Some drug dealers pass off many other substances like marijuana, often with adverse consequences. Samples of marijuana have been found containing rat poison or household cleaners This is often the cause of many emergency room cases and deaths (Peters Interview).
The federal government should not be concerned with responsible users, for they cause no harm to society and are of no threat to the well being of the nation (?Still Crazy??). However, mere possession of marijuana is still a serious federal offense. Marijuana possession, cultivation, or distribution is a felony in the United States, and the federal government strongly enforces strict laws controlling the substance and these who use it. Marijuana was defined as? Schedule I? by the Controlled Substances Act of 1970.
This means, according to the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, NORML, that marijuana is listed as? having a high potential for abuse, no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and lack of accepted safety use under medical supervision? (?Background?). Marijuana farmers run a high risk of losing their house, farm, car, or various other possessions if they are caught (Stepzinski).
Farmers who grow 100 marijuana plants or more are subject to a prison term of five years as mandated by federal law. Trafficking and cultivation on a large scale may carry a possible death sentence. All but 8 states punish possession of any amount with imprisonment or a severe fine (?Still Crazy??). Louis Covar was imprisoned for seven years for possessing marijuana and violating his probation.
Covar may now receive an additional 10-year prison sentence after a recent indictment on charges of marijuana possession (Hodson). In January of 1997, Oklahoma medical marijuana user William Foster was sentenced to a 93-year jail term. He was growing 10 plants and 56 clones in an underground shelter. According to NORML, a clone is defined as a cutting ? from another plant planted in the soil? (?Still Crazy??). Under federal law, smoking is currently worse? crime? than murder, rape, or robbery.
A convicted marijuana cultivator may not receive federal funds and benefits; however, many other types of felons may. Even though the cultivation and possession of marijuana are not associated with violence, those convicted of such crimes often receive longer sentences than perpetrators of violent crime. If such strict federal and local laws are made to prevent violent crime, then they should be aimed at such crimes, as opposed to non-violent marijuana offenders.
What appears even more outrageous is the existence of local and federal property forfeiture laws. A person merely being investigated for drug charges can have their personal property seized, even if they are not formally charged with a crime.
NORML?s report,?Still Crazy After All These Years,? points out that any personal property, ?including cash, cars, boats, land, business equipment, and houses? maybe forfeited. In the extreme case, crooked law enforcement officers target suspected offenders with the sole intent of seizing property. In 1993, 80 percent of the seizures made by the federal government were not followed up by a formal charge of a narcotics violation.
Marijuana legislation may appear somewhat misguided and in need of reform, but one may ask how it affects the common person who may or may not smoke marijuana. Marijuana prohibition affects every citizen of the United States because of its immense cost to the government at federal and local levels. On average the federal government spends $15.7 billion on narcotics control.
Another $16 billion per year is spent by state and local governments to uphold drug laws (?Still Crazy?,? Jameson Interview). $7.5 billion to $10 billion of this is spent solely on enforcement. Approximately 600,000 people were arrested per year on marijuana possession charges between 1995 and 1998. This amounts to one arrest every 45 seconds. (?Still Crazy?? FBI:1 214, FBI:2 222, FBI:3 210).
Each arrest requires two officers and, assuming that these were all simple cases involving no extra resources, takes about two hours to process. As a result, this adds up to approximately 2,400,000 police person-hours per year.
When one factor in investigations and prosecutions the number of dollars increases to nine figures. On top of this, it costs taxpayers $23,000 annually to incarcerate a marijuana offender (?Still Crazy??). In the case of Mr. Covar, it will cost $258 a day to house him. This translates to $660,000 for the entire seven years (Hodson).
The public does not care much about prosecuting harmless marijuana users and is even less enthusiastic about spending tax dollars to do so. According to Sharon Tracy, a Georgia Southern University criminal justice professor? The public is pretty apathetic about marijuana. As long as it’s not hurting them, or they don’t think that the grower is selling it to kids, most people are pretty tolerant of it? (qtd. in Stepzinski).
Federal statistics show that marijuana generates billions of dollars annually and is the fourth largest cash crop in the nation. As of February 2000, marijuana costs about $2,400 per pound in Georgia. When this is compared to legal crops, such as tobacco, $1.67 per pound, cotton $.46 per pound, peanuts, $.26 per pound, and corn, $2.10 per pound, one can see why it is very profitable for small farmers.
The authorities destroyed 32,022 of the marijuana plants found in Georgia. They were potentially worth $77 million (Stepzinski). Apparently, the federal government has not shown any interest in attempting to accurately calculate the cost of prohibition, as it would not be able to justify these costs. Marijuana, though illegal, is a precious commodity; however, prior to its prohibition, it was used for much more than smoking.
Hemp was once the universal crop in America, as it served to produce paper, cloth, and medicine, among many other uses. After colonists in Jamestown, Virginia planted hemp in 1611, England?s King James I ordered wide-scale farming of the crop. The forefathers of this country, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew cannabis and promoted an economy centered around the plant (?Still Crazy??, Moench 108).
Colonists used hemp to make sails, bibles, clothing, and maps (?Still Crazy??). It was used by the U.S. Navy for sails and rope and the settlers of the American West for covered wagons. In fact, Levi-Strauss made his first pair of jeans from hemp. Marijuana’s medicinal benefits have been known for centuries; it was for clearing bronchial passages, relieving migraines, and treating glaucoma (Moench 108). In 1934, F. Pascal concluded that?
Indian hemp? could be used for? psychological, psychoanalytical, and psychotherapeutic research? (?Statement of Dr. William C. Woodward??). According to Doug Moench, marijuana? The finest use would be the acid-free, non-polluting production of hemp-fiber paper.? One acre of cannabis hemp could replace four acres of trees and produce higher quality paper without deforestation or acid rain. In fact, the American Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper (Moench 108-109).
This great strength, however, is what would bring about the eventual prohibition of the all-purpose weed. The sole fact that marijuana could be used to produce cheap paper led to a full-fledged conspiracy to ban any use of it in America. Hemp production was very labor-intensive, so after the Civil War, it was replaced with the cheaper wood pulp sulfide process.
By the mid-1930s, wood?s short reign as the source of paper appeared short-lived, however, for a new invention called the decorticate would make hemp production cheaper than wood. Businessman William Randolph Hearst had enormous shares of pulp timber and paper mills, and he stood to lose everything if cannabis were allowed to make a comeback.
Hearst decided to use the many newspapers he owned to mar the image of hemp He printed such headlines as? Marihuana Makes Fiends of Boys in 30 Days!? (Moench 109). It was during this time that marijuana was recognized as an intoxicant, and was renamed? marihuana? (?Still Crazy??). Using the press, Hearst was able to sway the public into thinking marijuana should be banned. Meanwhile, Dupont Corporation had created rayon and nylon, which were in direct competition with hemp clothe and rope.
Dupont inevitably took Hearst?s side of the argument. U.S Secretary of Treasury, Andrew Mellon, appointed Harry Anslinger as the Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, FBN. Mellon was also the chairman of Mellon bank, which funded Dupont, and his niece was married to Anslinger (Moench 110). Anslinger and the FBN continued Hearst?s work with newspapers and Hollywood (?Still Crazy??).
Anslinger testified before Congress on marijuana, often reading articles from Heart’s papers aloud. Did he claim that? Marijuana is the most violence-causing drug in the history of mankind? (qtd. in Moench 110). Marijuana was said to eliminate all fear in the hearts of criminals (?Still Crazy??). Hearst backed up Anslinger’s claims with? If the hideous monster Frankenstein came face to face with the monster marijuana, he would drop dead of fright? (qtd. in Moench 110).
Outrageous by the FBN was abound; one news bulletin stated that a marijuana user? Becomes a fiend with savage or? Caveman? tendencies. His sex desires are aroused and some of the most horrible crimes result. He hears sight and sees sound. To get away from it, he suddenly becomes violent and may kill? (qtd. in? Still Crazy??). The Marijuana Tax Act was introduced to Congress on April 14, 1937, by Representative Robert L. Doughton of North Carolina (?Still Crazy??).
During the Congressional hearings, Dr. William C. Woodward, Legislative Counsel for the American Medical Association, testified against the Act (?Statement of Dr. William C. Woodward?,? ?Background?). Woodward pointed out that there was no data from the Bureau of Prisons, the Children?s Bureau, or the Public Health Service?s Division of Mental Hygiene. He also questioned why most of the FBN’s arguments had been based upon newspaper statements which would not be?
Competent primary evidence? (?Statement of Dr. William C. Woodward? Still Crazy??) The chairman’s statement? If you want to advise us on legislation, you ought to come here with some constructive proposals, rather than criticism, rather than trying to throw obstacles in the way of something that the Federal Government is trying to do. It has not only an unselfish motive in this, but they have a serious responsibility?
Reflects on the committee?s lack of interest in what he had to say as well as the federal government?s predetermined position on marijuana (qtd. in? Statement of Dr. William C. Woodward?? ? Still Crazy??). The tax act glided through Congress with only a 90-second debate in the house as to whether the AMA supported the bill. House Speaker Sam Rayburn, lying, said that the AMA gave its full support and the bill was passed without a recorded vote (?Still Crazy??)
Even now, marijuana is illegal, as millions of dollars are spent on prohibition and the government continues to spew Hearst’s and Anslinger’s propaganda. Chevron, the manufacturer of Parquat, a defoliant sprayed on marijuana crops by the government, has urged that the use of Parquet be discontinued. President Reagan replied that? Marijuana is an illegal and harmful drug.
If you don’t use it, you don’t have to worry? (qtd. in Moench 111). President George Bush continued Reagan?s anti-drug policy. What he has not mentioned though, is that from 1977-1979, he was the director of, and his family holds a controlling interest in, the Eli Lilly Drug Company. The Eli Lilly Company has been trying to synthesize the active ingredients of marijuana, with no avail.
If marijuana were legalized, it would suffer greatly, as it currently holds a monopoly on such drugs that partially mimic cannabis (Moench 111). President Jimmy Carter, however, was looking in the right direction, for August 2, 1977, the 40th anniversary of prohibition, he declared? Penalties against drug use should not be more damaging to an individual than the use of the drug itself.
Nowhere is this more clear than in the laws against the possession of marijuana in private for personal use? (?Still Crazy??). This entire situation is not true in the Netherlands, where marijuana is legally available. The Netherlands provides a wonderful example of a successful legalization. The Dutch are obviously doing something right because marijuana use is almost twice as high in the United States as it is in the Netherlands (Jameson Interview).
The national average of drug use in the Netherlands is 15.6%, compared to 32.9% in the United States, as of 1997 (?Final Report of Dutch??). Hemp is easily obtainable in Dutch coffee shops. As a result, the prices are not so high, the way they are on the American black market. Low prices discourage crime, as users are not reduced to crime to get enough money just to pay for drugs (Potter Interview).
In the United States, prohibition allows dealers to charge greatly inflated prices, thus causing users to turn to crime (Jameson Interview). Another successful tactic employed in Holland is the separation of markets. Marijuana is kept away from other, more dangerous drugs, and many coffee shops strictly serve marijuana (Potter Interview). In a study on Dutch drug use, 910 of 945, or 96%, said they bought cannabis in coffee shops, while the other 35 refer to other drugs.
The goal in the United States should be to do the same, take marijuana out of the black market. Instead, the policy is to throw everything illegal together, thus marijuana serves as the? Gateway? drug. Those looking for marijuana will come into contact with others? Harder? Drugs.
This is caused by marijuana prohibition because by separating markets, the Dutch have effectively prevented marijuana from being the gateway drug (?Final Report on Dutch??). Through the Netherlands one can see how the legalization of marijuana can be more effective at accomplishing the goals of prohibition than prohibition itself.
The legalization of marijuana would be a positive step for the United States, in that it would provide medical benefits, decrease government expenditures, reduce crime, and the fact remains that the entire drug war has been a failure. Prohibition has not been successful in significantly reducing use since its introduction in 1937 (Jameson Interview).
Marijuana is still consumed in large quantities in the United States, and is only beaten by alcohol and tobacco (?Still Crazy??). If one looks at the success of Holland, one can see that if the government?s goals were sincere, legalization would be a much better path than prohibition. Does the thought remain that the government?s goals are not, in fact, sincere, for they continue to vehemently pursue prohibition.
When marijuana prohibition is compared to the alcohol prohibition of the 1920s, drug dealers take on the same role as the Mafia; marijuana cultivators become? modern-day moonshiners (qtd. in Stepzinski). The violent crime associated with the Prohibition was far more harmful than the alcohol itself.
The government obviously decided that prohibition of alcohol was a mistake and that it should never be done again; however, it continues with marijuana. The other example is tobacco. Scientists have known of the adverse effects of smoking tobacco for years, cigarettes have yet to be banned. As of yet, the government has found that education appears to be the best way to prevent use, not prohibition.
One may ask then, why is the same not done for marijuana? One more thought to leave you with, that for dealing drugs you can get four years in state prison, and for rape, you can get as little as one year.
Marijuana is the flower of the cannabis plant, and if smoked, gives the smoker a euphoric high, but really has much more to offer than just the high. Using marijuana and the growing of hemp is presently illegal in the United States, with the exception of medicinal uses in some states. The legalization of marijuana has many advantages including for simple personal enjoyment, the usage of hemp and its by-products, and medicinal purposes.
Why should marijuana be illegal when people just use it to help themselves enjoy their lives more? Tobacco and alcohol are both used, and abused for the same reasons, but with many more negative side effects than pot. “Government surveys indicate more than 70 million Americans have smoked marijuana at some point in their lives, and that 18-20 million have smoked during the last year” (Rose, 1).
Marijuana has no solid negative effects, and “the U.S National Institute of Drug Abuse’s bureau of mortality statistics report that per year there are zero deaths caused by marijuana. In comparison, tobacco causes 400,000 deaths, where alcohol causes 100,000” (Rose, 1). People generally believe that marijuana is addicting, but “marijuana is not a narcotic and is not a mentally or physically addicting drug. One can use mild cannabis preparations such as marijuana in small amounts for years without physical or mental deterioration” (Adams 1).
People who smoke marijuana feel relaxed and sociable, tend to laugh a great deal, and lose a sense of time. Those under the influence of marijuana also do show loss of coordination and have an impaired ability to perform skilled acts. As long as people don’t drive, or operate heavy machinery, these effects although maybe not positive, are certainly not negative.
It should be up to the individual if they want to enjoy marijuana. America is supposed to be a free country, where everyone has basic human rights, including privacy. What happened to the Declaration of Independence speaking of every citizen’s right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness?”
If the United States is to be persuasive in promoting freedom in other parts of the world, it must respect the privacy of its own citizens. Why is a plant that was proclaimed by Popular Mechanics magazine to have the potential to be manufactured into more than 25,000 different environmentally friendly products being systematically withheld from U.S. farmers? (Popular Mechanics Magazine, 238-239).
The reason is simply that hemp has a small tie to the feared marijuana, but in essence, is completely different containing virtually no THC (the active ingredient of marijuana.) Hemp is possibly one of the strongest crops in nature, depending on the part of the plant it can be used for clothing, textiles, paint, plastics, cosmetics, insulation, and even animal feed.
It can also be used to make paper, where one acre will equal the amount of four acres of trees. “In addition, hemp has an average growing cycle of only 100 days and leaves the soil virtually weed-free for the next planting” (NORML, 1). Also, there is the hemp seed, which some refer to as nature’s perfect food.
The oil from hemp seeds has the highest percentage of essential fatty acids and the lower percentage of saturated fats than any food, and also is second only to soy in protein content. Steps are being made to at least legalize the use of hemp, for there are really no disadvantages in growing it. “In 1996, politicians in four states introduced legislation allowing for domestic hemp cultivation and by legislative session’s end, both Hawaii and Vermont had passed measures promoting industrial hemp research.” (NORML, 1).
Marijuana is now legal for medicinal purposes due to Proposition 215 in California, and Proposition 200 in Arizona. Also, the House has introduced bill 912, “The medical use of marijuana act.” People with specified physical pains such as headaches, arthritis, and others can now legally use marijuana. If someone is really upset or depressed, marijuana could help him or her calm down and get into a better mood so they can enjoy the rest of their day.
Marijuana could be used to cure manic-depressives and would have fewer side effects than the current medication used. “Clinical and anecdotal evidence also points to the effectiveness of marijuana as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of a variety of spastic conditions such as multiple sclerosis, paraplegia, epilepsy, and quadriplegia” (NORML, 1).
The areas of cancer and AIDS studies have also been greatly benefited from the introduction of marijuana as a treatment. AIDS patients have been proven to receive benefits from smoking marijuana, “most recently, a federally commissioned report by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) determined that, ‘Marijuana’s active components are potentially effective in treating pain, nausea, the anorexia of AIDS wasting, and other symptoms’” (NORML, 1).
It has also been proven that the introduction of marijuana to an HIV patient has no effect on accelerating the virus to clinical AIDS. The NAS has also completed studies with cancer determining “short term marijuana use appears to be suitable in treating conditions like chemotherapy-induced nausea for patients who do not respond well to other medications” (NORML, 1).
One negative view of marijuana is that even though it is not addicting, it may be habituating. The individual may become psychologically rather than physically dependant on the drug. Heavy marijuana smokers might feel the need to be high before they do anything, including work, school, or play because it makes things easier to tolerate and more enjoyable.
These symptoms are very much alike with the habits that can develop with the abuse of alcohol and tobacco. So needless to say without the abuse of pot, there really is no reason to keep it from one’s life.
A major complication of marijuana use is the tendency on the part of some users to progress to more dangerous drugs. Marijuana is often called the “gateway drug.” After prolonged use of the drug, the individual might feel the need for different or more intense drugs.
The drug of choice after marijuana can depend on finances and area, for example, “Users in economically deprived areas usually go on to heroin, whereas more affluent individuals tend to move from marijuana to more potent hallucinogens such as LSD” (Adams 2).
One final negative aspect of legalizing marijuana is that many people claim there will be an increase in the number of people who use and try it. That is simply not true. There is some evidence suggesting that drug use under a relaxed system might not increase at all, for example, “Many states have removed the penalties for marijuana possession that were on the books in the 1950s and 1960s. The change occurred during a reform movement that swept the nation in the mid-1970s.
Yet in spite of the less stringent laws, studies show that the use of marijuana in the affected states has, after an initial increase, declined. Although marijuana became easier to use (from a legal standpoint), it also became less popular” (Adams 2).
With all these benefits, why is marijuana still illegal. The positive effects of legalization clearly outweigh the negative effects. Think of how many things would benefit if marijuana was legal: the economy, trees, unemployment, the national debt, and people who need that extra help to relax and have a good time. We should take advantage of what the plant has to offer, and stop trying to prevent a couple of kids getting high.
“What goes around… comes all the way back around” –Justin Timberlake. What a fitting lyric from one of today’s biggest pop stars and one that fits the X Generation perfectly. Already, we have brought “back around” old styles of fashion and music. Now, as more of our generation begins to enter the political world we are seeing a change in policies that have held firm for almost a century.
More specifically, we are seeing a change in the attitude toward marijuana and whether or not it should be legalized. During the time of illegalization of marijuana, the drug had a vastly negative feeling associated with it, which many people now believe to be inaccurate and unfair. Now that people are more informed, more connected, and more vocal.
The understanding of these terms will be key to following and understanding the paper. Cannabis is a plant that is grown in many places throughout the world. It is a fast-growing plant that requires only eight to twelve weeks to mature. It chokes out most other plants grown around it and has a resistant to all but eight out of one hundred known pests.
Cannabis is grown for two main reasons; for industrial hemp and for marijuana. Industrial hemp includes the seeds, stems, roots, and all other parts of Cannabis except for the dried leaves. It has over 50,000 different product applications including paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, construction, health food, and fuel.
Marijuana is the dried leaves of Cannabis that contains high levels of THC and can be used for many medical issues. THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), is the chemical in marijuana that is also produced naturally within the human brain and controls the influence of pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, sensory and time perception, and coordinated movement (DrugFacts: Marijuana).
A Pew poll is a major poll taken from the Pew Research Center in Washington D.C. and covers many political issues. A terminal patient is a patient with a terminal illness, meaning that the patient has a progressive disease and that death can be reasonably expected within six months. An initiative is when citizens of a state get enough signatures to put an issue on a voting ballot during an election.
Marijuana can be used and be an abused drug. But unfortunately is abused more than being used. People try to convince themselves that it makes them calm down and forget all the bad and negative things going on in their lives. Instead of trying to run away from the problems you are facing in your life, face them and try to solve them, and I know that will feel much better than taking a drug to make you feel good for a couple of hours and then going back to the negative stuff you are facing but trying to avoid and put it to the side.
They also say it’s not as bad as alcohol, but it’s actually way worse than alcohol, and it had way more side effects than alcohol to you and your body. These are only some simple reasons why Marijuana should not be legalized. I am and I will always be against the legalization of Marijuana because more people are going to do it and think its okay, just because it’s legalized, but that doesn’t mean it’s okay or it’s good to do.
Not everything available to us and around us is good for us, this is where you need to use your brain and know what’s good or bad for you and others around you, especially family and friends. This will cause lots of accidents and deaths and all the bad and negative things this drug can cause.
People are also going to think it’s okay to do it whenever they want, and when they want, just the smell is bad enough for you, and if you’re putting it into your body that’s double the negative effects on you. Now keep in mind the drug percentage will increase by a significantly big amount because so many people are going to start doing and for those who already do, are going to do it even more than before since it legalized now.
It’s going to be really hard to buy groceries, drinks, and even medicine, you’re going to have to read the ingredients on everything very carefully to make sure there isn’t any Marijuana in the product or else it’s going to harm you instead of being good for you.
Unfortunately, we have too many students that come to school with weed in their bags or that have just done it and they’re just walking into school, the worst part of this, is they sell it to each other at school, in washrooms, during lunch, and even between classes.
Before if they would get caught with this drug they would get in trouble and even get arrested, but now they won’t get in trouble and no one has the right to say anything to them or they’re the ones getting in trouble, not the dealer. Now, this makes it so much easier to access it, instead of trying to hide it and try not to get caught.
Now drug dealers would think this is a great decision for legalizing it because now they can sell it make thousands of dollars off of it, and we all know these drugs are pretty expensive, so there you go, drug dealers are going to be the new businessmen with the drugs they’re selling.
Many like to say that Marijuana helps with depression and that’s 100% not true, it actually makes it worse for you and really brings you down, and down the drain, you lose yourself, If you are depressed and the only way to make you “not depressed” is taking this drug that does nothing but harm you, and you notice that you don’t have that drug, you will lose your mind and start going crazy for the drug and you could even commit suicide if you don’t get it, and that what happens when you get addicted, it ends in a very bad and negative way.
You could harm yourself and end your life. You could even have health problems like lung cancer, and mouth cancer, and that alone is enough, it gets worse as you keep doing it. Parents that take this drug and have kids, especially young ones they are really hurting them and torturing them when they’re smoking it and blowing in their faces as a joke to play with them.
Go out to a park and push them in the swing instead of smoking that horrible stuff and putting it in your body and your kid’s bodies when you’re blowing in their faces like that. Those kids grow up and become teens and they’ll start doing it as well and their parents will have no problem with it, and that when you know it really got out of hand, when the parents are okay with their kids doing drugs.
Later on, not too long these kids will get sick and unfortunately die because of this terrible drug. Students take this drug and go into the class very confused and not know what’s going on in class because of this drug that destroys their brain so much, they don’t even know how to hold a pencil and write their name.
So ask yourself these questions before doing very immature things just to be “cool” when you really aren’t being cool and in fact, you are being very immature and not using your brain to think and asking what you’re doing to yourself. Will it have more negative effects on you than positive? First, there are no positive effects from drugs and second, yes it will have a very bad and negative effect on you. Lastly, you ask yourself will my grandma be okay with it? Absolutely not. So don’t put your life in your hands like that and live a happy and healthy life.
Drug addiction is a big issue the government deals with all over the world, every culture has a tradition of consuming narcotic substances. A person saying, “A glass of beer after a long working day is my small weakness, you know” looks normal; but an almost similar phrase, “A shot of heroin after a long working day is my small weakness, you know” will sound suspicious, to say the least, will it not?
Regardless of what you call it, narcotics are a taboo, there are several kinds of drugs that the societies turn a blind eye to. Besides, there have been talks (for a long while) that marijuana is not only a relaxing, but also a recreational drug, and that in some cases, it can be used for medicinal purposes.
The Internet is full of controversial studies, either claiming that marijuana is bliss and should be legalized everywhere, or stating directly the opposite. And although total legalization might not be the best choice, there are reasons to believe that in medicine this drug can be used rather effectively.
Marijuana is not totally illegal: many states in the USA (Colorado, California, Washington, Arizona, New Mexico, and 16 other states), as well as several countries such as the Netherlands, have made it legal to smoke weed. This was not done based on pure fun and carelessness, of course: the distribution of legalized drugs is easier to control, they are taxed, and their chemical compound can be standardized to minimize health risks and side effects.
At the same time, numerous studies prove that marijuana in its medical form can be beneficial for patients suffering from serious diseases, such as cancer. To be more precise, there are several groups of diseases with symptoms that can be cured by marijuana:
1. In the case of various inflammations, marijuana is great for treating chronic pain. Unlike opiates, which are better when there is a need to quickly alleviate acute pain, weed is safer and more effective in decreasing long-term pain.
2. The symptoms of arthritis and other autoimmune diseases can be reduced or even eliminated with the help of marijuana as well.
3. Patients with such neurological disorders as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injuries would appreciate weed for its painkilling effect, and its ability to reduce muscle spasticity caused by damaged nerves. There have been studies about the beneficial effects of medical marijuana in patients with epilepsy.
4. Patients with cancer having to undergo numerous chemotherapy sessions often suffer from severe nausea after them; marijuana can not only eliminate this nausea but also prevent the spreading of some forms of cancer.
5. HIV/AIDS patients often experience a significant loss of weight and appetite—both due to neurological factors and multiple antibiotics taken; marijuana can increase appetite and alleviate neurological symptoms (Learn. Genetics).
According to a survey conducted by an authoritative website about medicine, WebMD, American doctors of 12 different specializations approved the usage of marijuana in medicinal purposes. During the survey, more than 1,500 doctors from 48 states responded that they would advocate the legalization of medical marijuana to make it an option for patients who need it. In addition, the American Epilepsy Foundation appealed to the Drug Enforcement Administration to relax its restrictions on marijuana to conduct more proper studies on it.
Michael W. Smith, MD, WebMD Chief Medical Editor, says that “The medical community is clearly saying they support using marijuana as a potential treatment option for any number of medical problems. In fact, many doctors already prescribe it. But health professionals are still unclear as to what the long-term effects may be. The findings would indicate a strong desire to have the DEA ease the restrictions on research so that additional studies can be done to conclusively show where medical marijuana can help and where it might not” (WebMD).
Yet another positive effect that might come out of the legalization of medical marijuana is the decrease of opiate consumption and prescriptions. The problem with opioid painkillers is that they can cause addiction, and although they are extremely effective in alleviating pain, there have been cases of death due to overdose.
The usage of marijuana as a painkiller could fix this situation—at least partially; according to one NIDA-funded study, there is a connection between medical marijuana legalization and the decrease of deaths caused by opioid overdose, opioid prescribing, self-reports of opioid misuse, and treatment admissions for opioid addiction, as well as the reduction of doses of prescribed opioids (NIDA).
Although additional studies on this subject are still required, medical marijuana can be a healthier alternative to traditional opioid painkillers. Drug consumption is always connected to the risk of developing an addiction. Even such “harmless” and legalized drugs as alcohol and tobacco annually cause millions of deaths worldwide.
However, in the case of marijuana, there might be exceptions—given that it is prescribed for medicinal purposes, and under the control of a doctor. This drug can ease pain, help seriously ill people alleviate or eliminate their symptoms, and can even become an alternative to traditional opiate painkillers. Therefore, under certain conditions and regulations, marijuana can be used as a recreational drug.
Marijuana – often called pot, grass, reefer, weed, herb, mary jane, or MJ – is the Nation’s most commonly used illicit drug. More than 83 million Americans (37 percent) age 12 and older have tried marijuana at least once, according to the 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA).
The major active chemical in marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which causes the mind-altering effects of marijuana intoxication. The amount of THC (which is also the psychoactive ingredient in hashish) determines the potency and, therefore, the effects of marijuana.
In 2000, state and local law enforcement arrested 734,498 people for marijuana violations. This is an increase of 800 percent since 1980 and is the highest ever recorded by the FBI.
As has been the case throughout the 1990s, the overwhelming majority of those charged with marijuana violations in 2000– 646,042 Americans (88 %) — were for possession. The remaining 12% (88,456 Americans) were for “sale/manufacture”, an FBI category which includes marijuana grown for personal use or purely medical purposes.
These new FBI statistics indicate that one marijuana smoker is arrested every 45 seconds in America. Taken together, the total number of marijuana arrests for 2000 far exceeded the combined number of arrests for violent crimes, including murder, manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
We have two factions fighting each other; one those who are pro-marijuana and thinks that marijuana is a relatively “safe drug”, and those who are anti-marijuana. These two factions have been fighting on this issue on the halls of justice for years.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss marijuana and compare both sides of the issue of legalizing marijuana. Marijuana should be legalized. According to the proponents of marijuana legalization, it’s time to put to rest the myth that smoking marijuana is a fringe or deviant activity engaged only by those on the margins of American society.
Example #7 – interesting ideas
Reasons to legalize it:
1. It’s never been shown to be all that dangerous. We spend much more on law enforcement, imprisonment, etc. than it’s worth.
2. We could tax it and make BILLIONS! It’s not at all expensive to produce, so you could tax it 1000% and people would be happy to pay for it. It would still be cheaper than it is now! I’m not sure what you mean by counterexample. Usually, a counterexample is a case, an actual example, that disproves a rule.
Making pot legal could well lead to a big increase in its use. It could lead to a much bigger number of people driving while stoned, more people being stoned at work, perhaps more people becoming obese, perhaps a much larger number of unplanned pregnancies.
Weed was made illegal because of racism, fear, greed, corrupt legislation. There was no scientific study done to illegalize it. Weed has been around for thousands of years and there has never been a single death from it. It was mainly made illegal because of how useful the plant is. You can make clothes, paper, etc, THE CONSTITUTION WAS WRITTEN ON HEMP PAPER.
George Washington(in case you don’t know who he was, was the first President of the USA) grew weed, because at that time it was illegal if you DIDN’T grow it. Weed was a huge competition with other industries, so many people spread made-up propaganda about it so people would think it was bad. It was also commonly used among African Americans and Mexicans and we live in a racist country.
Alcohol is legal and it causes more deaths than all legal and illegal drugs to combine. Even caffeine causes hundreds of deaths per year. Weed is not a gateway drug, sure most meth or coke user probably have smoked weed, but im sure they have dranken water, eaten carrots, but that does not mean that it got them into harder stuff. It was their choice no pointed a gun to their head and said “smoke this or die.” Legalizing weed would make hard drugs less available.
Weed is only associated with harder drugs because it is illegal, if it became legal the Mexican drug cartels would lose a lot of money. They would not be able to sell hard drugs any longer causing them to go away. And if weed became legal, it’s not going to turn every single person into a pothead. Weed is illegal right now (BUT NOT FOR MUCH LONGER!) and me and pretty much everyone I know smokes weed. I am a B student and I usually only blaze on weekends, weed does not control my life, I just use it for occasional recreational purposes.
Weed is also not addictive, caffeine is much more mentally addictive than weed. If weed were legal it would improve the economy because the jobs it would create jobs and solve the overcrowded prison problems, the government could also tax it. The war on drugs would also end, the Government admitted they are losing the war on drugs and only catch less than 10% of large deals.
This means the government is getting beaten by a bunch of druggies (shows you how corrupt the system is). Police could also catch actual criminals instead of a couple of kids smoking a bowl. I could go on and on about this, but there is no reason why it should be illegal, and whether you like it or not, it will be legal one day, you’re just gonna have to STFU about it and stop telling other people how to live their lives.