Example #1 – The Positive Effects of the Internet
The Internet has come a very long way in the past 50 years. New innovations such as integrated software and hardware have changed the way that people view and obtain information today. Millions of people worldwide are using the Internet to share information, make new associations, and communicate. Individuals and businesses, from students and journalists, to consultants, programmers, and corporate giants are all harnessing the power of the Internet. For many businesses, the Internet is becoming an integral part of their operations.
Perhaps, the most important facts about the Internet are that it contains a wealth of information, that can be sent across the world almost instantly, and that it can unite people in wildly different locations as if they were next to each other. The Information available is vast and varied
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The Internet makes the world smaller. The ability to communicate and exchange information instantaneously and across vast distances has enabled more individuals and businesses to participate in the economy, regardless of their location. Businesses are discovering the Internet as the most powerful and cost-effective tool in history. The Net provides a faster, more efficient way to work with colleagues, customers, vendors, and business partners- irrespective of location or operating system.
Harnessing this powerful resource gives companies strategic advantages by leveraging information into essential business assets. The “technology of the future” here today. This is a fact. Businesses making the transition will, and are prospering; however, those that do not will most certainly suffer the consequences.
The Internet brings people together. People of like minds and interests can share information with one another through electronic mail and chat rooms. E-mail is enabling radically new forms of worldwide human collaboration. Approximately 225 million people can send and receive it and they all represent a network of potentially cooperating individuals dwarfing anything that even the mightiest corporation or government can muster. Mailing-list discussion groups and online conferencing allow us to gather together to work on a multitude of projects that are interesting or helpful to us.
Of major importance is the fact that the Internet supports online education. Online education introduces unprecedented options for teaching, learning, and knowledge building. Today access to a microcomputer, modem, telephone line, and communication program offers learners and teachers the possibility of interactions that transcended the boundaries of time and space.
Even from an economic standpoint, the costs of establishing a brand new educational program for a few thousand students are far less than the cost of a building to house the same number of students.
New social and intellectual connectivity is proliferating as educational institutions adopt computer-mediated communication for educational interactions. There are many school-based networks that link learners to discuss, share and examine specific subjects such as environmental concerns, science, local and global issues, or to enhance written communication skills in first or second language proficiency activities.
The Internet gives consumers the ability to shop smarter, to find the best products at the right prices. All this at the click of a mouse, without having to even leave the house. In fact, it empowers the consumers in ways that were once available only to large companies, enabling them to join with others to buy products at lower prices, and bid competitively around the world.
One of the many great aspects of the Internet is that each user has the option of remaining anonymous. Doing so would diminish the number of prejudiced remarks said to one another. Therefore there could be no prejudices against a person who is using the Internet.
The Internet is a way for many different religions, societies, and races to meld together and share views, experiences, and new inventions across thousands of miles. Once you enter the Cyber-world, everybody is equal, deserves the same respect, and the same rules apply to all users.
Scholars still question the positive and negative effects of the Internet on society today. The Internet had always been a great help to the present generation. The population assumes it is the most notable invention man ever created. With innovation, people all over the world can share relevant information and opinions with others with ease. Adolescents today claimed they could not live without the Internet. A study conducted by Al-Hariri and Al-Hattami (2017) claimed that out of the 231 students surveyed, their most-used devices are laptops (50%) and phones (42%).
Medical practitioners are concerned about the matter regarding their excessive use of the system known as Internet Addiction Disorder. Internet Addiction is one of the multiple effects of misusing the Internet. The question involves whether or not it is beneficial to society, which becomes the root of debates between scholars presently.
History According to the Encyclopedia of questions and answers (2011), “the system was invented during the Cold War when it was feared that an attack might disrupt connections with any central point (p. 84).” Computers were once connected to each other with one link, according to TechnoHTML5, History of the Internet (2016, p. 5). If one is damaged, the other computers cannot share information.
During the 1960s, the United States Department of Defense established the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) as a military project to help armed forces share their information with each other (“TechnoHTML5”, 2016, p. 5; Su & Lee, 2010). With the ARPANET, people can communicate with others even if a computer is disturbed. Soon, people all over the world started connecting to the network. Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, invented the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1989 after realizing the ARPANET made it challenging for people to connect “due to a range of different network protocols and a range of workstation types” (“TechnoHTML5”, 2016, p. 5; Su & Lee, 2010).
The term ‘Internet’ was coined because other countries started cultivating it, therefore making an International Network of computers (“TechnoHTML5”, 2016, p. 5). Positive Effects There is no doubt that the Internet progressively contributes to society. The majority of the population today is connected to the network. Scholars, technologists, and social critics assumed it was altering the society’s economic and social state. As stated by Su and Lee (2010), people are more in contact with others even if there are distances between them. Some meet new people based on their interests.
They also gain more knowledge regarding their environment. The Internet dispensed all the information they needed. Several users reported that they are more involved with their community than those who rarely use it (Su & Lee, 2010). For extroverts, using the web’s features decreases loneliness and time pressure. It also increases their self-esteem.
Extroverts join chatrooms and forums to satisfy their social need. They get to witness other people’s point of view, therefore making them more open-minded and reasonable (Su & Lee, 2010). For medical students, however, Al-Hariri and Al-Hattami’s research (2017) concluded there is a “significant relationship between students’ use of technology and their achievements in health colleges”. Those who are unemployed may now begin a business in the comfort of their homes. “While many technologies have taken jobs away from the public,” as said by Su and Lee (2010), “the Internet has opened up a wealth of opportunities and heralded an age where anyone can be published and anyone can be an entrepreneur.” The Internet can also facilitate the elimination of poverty according to Su and Lee (2010). With the ‘One Child, One Laptop’ scheme in Africa, it will give access to their education; help them climb out of poverty, and aid in the development of their country.
Negative Effects The Internet may still hold the title of being extremely addictive even though it had helped societies both economically and socially. According to Su and Lee (2010), “The Internet cuts out the social interactions of [their] lives.” People get preoccupied with games and social media. Based on Wallace’s report, a young baby girl died because of her parents’ willingness to care for a virtual online daughter instead (2014). People who use the Internet too often become lazy and bored. “The Internet’s social effects might resemble those of television;” as said by Su and Lee (2010), “television watching reduces social involvement, physical activity, and diminished health (mental and physical).” The Internet, as per Wallace (2014), also helps increase their narcissism and social anxiety.
Every 15 minutes, they check their social media to see how many likes their latest post earned. “For people with a narcissistic bent, Facebook and Twitter may become cavernous time sinks as they are constantly expanding their site with ‘selfie’ photos and comments, and actively seeking to expand their growing audience” (Wallace, 2014).
Heavy Internet users were the least likely to seek medical help even though they are more prone to health problems since they rarely have the time to satisfy their needs (Su & Lee, 2010). These effects do not only occur in adults. According to Wallace (2014), they are “more widespread than just on university campuses where laptops and computer labs are within easy reach; it is also being seen in high school and middle school students.” Scholars and social critics were aroused by the fact that one significant effect, Internet Addiction Disorder, is no longer alarming in the 21st century.
Internet Addiction Internet Addiction appears more like a routine rather than a concern. It is an impulse control disorder, which is similar to pathological gambling without the involvement of drugs that “causes neurological complications, psychological disturbances, and social problems” (Cash, Rae, Steel & Winkler, 2012). It is more common in males rather than females.
Some classified the disorder as “a symptom of another disorder […] rather than a separate entity” according to Cash, Rae, Steel and Winkler (2012). Based on Illinois Institute for Addiction Recovery (n.d.), there are several warning signs of Internet addiction:
- the person is always preoccupied with the Internet;
- he or she needs to use the Internet with increased amounts of time in order to achieve satisfaction;
- he or she has made unsuccessful efforts to control, reduce, or impede Internet use;
- he or she is restless, moody, depressed, or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop Internet use;
- they had stayed online longer than originally intended;
- he or she has risked the loss of a significant relationship, job, educational or career opportunity because of the Internet;
- they have lied to family members, therapist, or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the Internet;
- they use the Internet as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving a dysphoric mood. Medical practitioners have developed surveys, like the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), to certify that their patients have indeed had Internet addiction disorder.
Internet Addiction Disorder affects the patient’s real-life relationships due to arguments. They desire solitary seclusion and are viewed as socially awkward. People with IAD create online personas to hide their real identity from others due to their low-esteem and fear of disapproval. According to Wallace (2014), “compulsive Internet users show different activity patterns in regions of the brain that have been implicated in reward and emotion processing.
They also show decreased grey matter volume in several regions.” This may affect their brain functional connectivity. Those who have tried cutting down their use may experience anger, relief, mood swings, fear, irritability, sadness, loneliness, boredom, restlessness, procrastination, and upset stomach.
Internet Addiction can either be the cause or the effect of depression. As per Misky and Holk (2002), depression is “associated with poor scholastic performance, fear of school, eating disorders, panic attacks, increased anxiety, delinquency, and other conduct disorders.” Depression is not well recognized by parents for their teenage children due to the fact that adolescents experience mood swings more often than adults. It is best that parents should be with their children more if they suspect a significant change in their mood, interest, attitude, and their physical body (Misky & Holk, 2002). The negative outcomes of using the Internet excessively are unfavorable. IAD and several other effects may miserably affect a person’s life.
There are various treatment strategies to treat IAD and reduce the probabilities of obtaining it based on Cash, Rae, Steel, and Winkler’s report (2012):
- specialists may first discover the patient’s patterns of Internet use and disrupt these patterns by suggesting new schedules;
- the patient may attend social and active activities to encourage them to log off;
- the patient can write their goals on paper, with regard to the amount of time they have to accomplish them;
- specialists may aid the patient attempt to disregard certain applications they could not control;
- specialists may create cue cards to remind the patient of the costs of IAD and the benefits of breaking it;
- specialists may help the patient develop a personal inventory that shows all the activities that the patient used to engage in;
- the patient may join support groups if the patient displays a lack of confidence;
- the patient may participate in family therapy sessions with their specialists.
The 21st century may have lost significant values and practices. Their way of living depends on technology today. This issue was always feared by the elderly, who lived during the modest eras. They assumed the Internet is always a constant risk to the millennials by explicitly sharing their private or confidential information. Children, on the other hand, receive inappropriate materials online. One solution, based on Reader’s Digest books, “1001 Computer Hints and Tips” (2001), is installing filtering tools on devices. Children today are ought to learn by using the Internet due to its convenience.
As for security, it is best to check if the site is free from unauthorized access (“1001 Computer Hints and Tips,” 2001). Although some may have used the Internet for dubious motives, computer experts and technologists are always there to assist those in need. The Internet was made to unite all the people in this world, providing them with all the necessary information. Internet Addiction would not exist if people learned how to limit themselves.
Social problems, such as cyber-bullying, would not exist if people learned how to respect one another. Narcissism would not exist if people learned how to be humble. Too much of anything is harmful to a person’s mental and physical health.
The Internet itself is not detrimental to society. If people used it negatively, then maybe the Internet tempted them to do so; but, if people used it positively, then maybe the Internet helped them even more. It is not the object’s responsibility but the people’s. As the saying goes, “a self-absorbed person only can see the faults of others. But, they are often color blind to their own.”
The internet can positively affect someone’s life by giving them access to entertainment and news, job opportunities, and family and friend connections. There are so many great things about the internet that can help with your life. The internet is one of the best ways to stay up to date on the latest breaking news and celebrity gossip.
Facebook and Twitter are great ways to keep up with your favorite celebrities and gossip. Most celebrities have twitter accounts and update frequently. Those websites also provide you with some of the latest breaking news as well. If it’s important, I guarantee you; someone will be posting or tweeting about it. There are also many websites, other than Facebook and Twitter that you can find all the hottest news and gossip. These days you don’t even really need a TV
All you need is a computer with internet and you’re all set. Finding a job isn’t the easiest thing, but the internet has made it much more convenient. Many businesses have Facebook pages to give updates and news to their customers. These pages provide links to fill out an application. People also update their status’s letting people know that their job is hiring. They post when they’re looking for a job so that maybe some friends can help out.
Having the internet to find a job really helps because it’s much simpler. Many businesses have their applications online so, you don’t have to drive around, get out and fill out the application and do it all again. Keeping in touch with your family and friends can sometimes be tough, but the internet really helps in doing so. There are many social networking sites to help with talking to friends and family; for example, Facebook, Twitter, Myspace, Tumblr, LiveJournal, and many others.
When your friends go away to college, one of the most convenient ways to keep in touch is online. You can still chat with them and keep up with their lives that way as well.
It is very difficult to differentiate between the good and bad aspects of the internet. There are good and bad things about every service on the internet.
If you chat you can meet many interesting people who come from all over the world. Distance is not important anymore. You can meet people who are not able to find friends in reality because of their appearance. In cyberspace there is no appearance – the character of a person counts. But you also can meet people, who cheat on you and fool you.
That can be funny, but it is not if you want to meet “real”, divine friends. Sometimes, if you meet your online friends it can be very thrilling. You make your own picture of your chat-partner in your mind. And what about your friends in reality? There will be less time left for them if you sit in front of the PC all day. But there is also the possibility to make your real friends your online-friends.
Searching for information you will find a huge amount of it on every topic you are searching for. This can be very comfortable. You only have to type in a word and you will find everything about it. But be careful! There is also false information. Sometimes it is hard to distinguish between true and false information.
Often you have the possibility to listen to music on the internet. You may also download it for free. That is very cheap because you only have to pay for the telephone-costs and the music is free. What does that mean for the musicians? They will not get all the money they would normally receive. That is not too dangerous for the well-known musicians but it can become dangerous to the little ones who cannot afford to lose a part of their income.
What about communicating with an online-friend? You will send him/her an email. It is faster than a letter, cheaper than a telephone call and easier to use than a radio set. But: Is the encryption-code secure enough? Many hackers will try to read the message you send to your friends. This leads to the next problem of the internet: How can you provide privacy in a non- private world? Everybody wants to know everything about everyone. How can you say: “This is my private zone, nobody can get into it.” A few minutes later someone will try to get into the privacy-zone.
Why? Everyone thinks there must be something very interesting and secret inside this zone. Nothing is more interesting than a forbidden place. There is some special anonymity about the internet. You may tell anything about yourself and everyone will believe you – if nobody checks the information. You also may swap your gender and nobody will recognize it.
What will happen, if you are ill and cannot leave the house? No problem! You can do everything on the internet without leaving the house. You can do shopping, meet friends and so on. The only problem is the way of paying. It is very easy, you only have to type in your credit card number and the goods will be paid.
But some transmission techniques are not very safe and so someone could read your credit card number and use it to buy things himself. You always have to inform yourself about the transmission- techniques to be sure about security. Otherwise, you may pay for being uninformed later on.
This leads to the costs of the internet. The only good about it is that the surf-cost are low (depending on the provider). But anything else is very cost-intensive. You have to buy anti-virus-programs, software, computer, … And that is not enough! The Internet is developing very fast for this you have to update the programs regularly. You will also not abandon the option to get a faster computer.
Which are the points we have agreed on?
- Information is difficult to divide into true and false. It is too much information to be able to view everything.
- It is a strong positive argument that the internet does not care about time or distance. Everyone can be online every time and communicate with everyone everywhere.
- Though you have the possibility to meet many people on the internet frequent use of this will cause loneliness because you won’t have real friends anymore.
- It is very difficult to give children access to the internet. There are many things which are not suitable for children. Either you sit next to them during surfing or you believe in the internet that it will not show harmful things and in the children that they will not try to find harmful things.
Clicking on the Internet-Button is getting more and more thrilling nowadays. Sometimes it is a real adventure not being sure if you have downloaded a virus or if it is only a hoax. You even cannot be sure to be alone if you are alone. Is there someone else working on my computer or is it only me? To have more security you have to install a firewall, buy anti-virus-programs, and update them regularly. So you have to spend much money only for preventing a virus-caused breakdown or hacker-attacks.
It is annoying not to be sure if the money you have spent will prevent all those things or if there is already a new virus and a new way of hacking into computers. This is no more investment into security it is a steady consumption that will not end. Some people even have to take up a loan to buy a computer.
They are forced to buy one. Otherwise, they maybe would not be able to stay in their job. What will poor people do? They will be rarely informed about news and the space between rich and poor will become bigger and bigger.
Having downloaded the latest anti-virus-program it will not prevent meeting bad people on the internet. If you chat with someone you cannot be sure about the truth of his/her words. Most people cheat emotions, cheat about their appearance, age, job. That can be fun but if you want to meet someone talking to each other seriously it can be hard to do so.
Is it a man, is it a woman or is it someone I already know? You never can be sure. Is that something on the other side already hacking into my computer reading personal information? If you get to a web site of a bank – is it a real bank or only a faked one? There have to be some signs which identify an original website reliably. How can I be sure if I want to buy something on the web and send my credit card-number that nobody will read it?
Imagine the following scene: You are surfing through the internet and suddenly – you are just downloading the latest screensaver of Verona Feldbusch – the whole internet breaks down. What would you do? Trying to build your own internet? Worrying about the lack of Verona? Sitting in front of the computer waiting for hours and looking into a black screen?
Seriously, what would happen? I think most people would wait an hour or longer. Some people would stop existing because they have no real life. They only exist on the internet with their avatars in the chat rooms. They have given up reality for cyberspace. It is more practical for them because they do not need to ask someone to meet someone. The other one is just on the other end. Seriously speaking, I think people would not be glad about having to get out of their rooms.
They feel uncomfortable about leaving their beloved computer. They do not know what to do. I think many even do not know anymore how a book looks like or a typewriter. Besides losing our social abilities we are also losing our every-day-abilities. The computer is a nanny, a dictionary, an information center, a job, a shopping center. Nobody has to know anything about everyday business because the computer does it for us.
Internet users are becoming younger and younger. For children, it is no problem to work with a computer. They just accept “him” as a partner. But what do the older people do? Some even do not know how to switch the computer on. I know some people who are afraid of the computer. They think everything they do is wrong and the computer is breaking down on purpose.
For these people, the computer is already too complex. There has to be something like a computer for beginners. Otherwise, there will always be some people who do not want to know how to use the computer because there is too much to know about it.
There are people who do not read the paper in the morning anymore. They are reading the e-paper. Even in the morning, they are sitting in front of the computer and not talking to each other while drinking a cup of tea. In the future there will be more and more e-papers and the newspapers will disappear. Some are beginning to talk to their computer (Come on, let’s work!) but they are not anymore able to talk to each other. While chatting on the internet you are frequently using abbreviations, uncompleted sentences, and so on. This leads to speaking disabilities in everyday life.
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