There are thousands of children, men, and women being forced into human trafficking in the world today. To the majority of society, human slavery is a concept that occurred many years ago and was abolished, but in reality, it has turned into a horrendous financial market that rids children of the purity and security of adolescence.
People who travel through the human trafficking system are tortured, beaten, and then passed to the next person as if they were mere objects, Humans forced into the trafficking ‘ring’ do not just occur sexual abuse, but are also physically abused and then sold to the next buyer to receive the same treatment. The constant presence of this ‘ring’ is a problem in countries all around the world.
Many countries choose to ignore the problem, but the business of selling human flesh still remains a problem that many governments refuse to invest time and money into. Although human trafficking covers very extreme topics and ranges from lack of intervention from government to poverty, the political, economical, and sociological factors must be considered to truly understand how the business works.
One of the best ways to explain human trafficking and the steps that can be taken to achieve a solution is sociology. Sociology helps to represent not only the facts and numbers that lie behind human trafficking but also the raw data and demographics to better understand it. Sociology as a whole allows for human trafficking to be analyzed by the influence of historical analysis, as well as helps to explain the pattern of social change (Rose). Sociology in regards to human trafficking plays an outstanding role because it can be used to look at both the victims and the perpetrators who are committing the crime.
The majority of modern society develops an image in their mind that the average criminals responsible for the majority of human smuggling belong to mafia or gang or are thugs, but this stereotype does not always hold true (Malek). One of the most important attributes to human trafficking is the fact that the people organizing the system might fit the description of the next-door-neighbor, rather than the more popular mobster image.
Due to the way human trafficking corresponds with society and people, it is natural to have sociology demonstrate a better understanding of the issue. The next development requires to truly understand human trafficking is political science. Political science can be used to examine and analyze how political behavior, political systems, and public policies play influential roles in the presence of human trafficking (Rienow).
Political science demonstrates the tendency of an absence of government interventions in important criminal actions, as well as how countries around the world handle the dilemma of human trafficking. There is a necessity to have more interaction between countries that deal with this threat, even the ones that put human smuggling high on their list of worst crimes, to successfully abolish human trafficking (Gramegna & Laczko).
For example, a few foreign countries have refugee camps for women attempting to escape the smuggling ‘ring’ and retreat to safety, but there needs to be a greater amount of these ventures implemented to truly make a difference in the human trafficking system. Political science helps law enforcement and ordinary people to understand the influence human trafficking has on society and the severity of it, as well as to explain and understand the influence of government interaction.
The final way to demonstrate the view on human trafficking is economics. It would become incredibly easier to understand why women and children are sold into human smuggling ‘rings’ once there is an understanding of the dynamics of poverty and the extent a human would go to acquire wealth (Fels).
Economics also focuses on how land, money, and labor affect how many humans choose to use their basic resources. In many instances, families are forced to sell their children, and women have to make a living through this industry due to the lack of basic human resources provided by most foreign countries. In Vietnam, many women use the trafficking ‘ring’ to make a living, as well as a way to earn independence from even worse situations.
In even morally worse situations, families are forced to sell some of their children into the ‘ring’ just to be able to make enough money to feed the rest of their family the next month (Penh). As a slowly increasing abundance of poverty makes itself more apparent, there is an importance to economics in regard to human trafficking to clarify why the shortage of resources exists in countries where there is a prominence of human trafficking. As the threat of human trafficking travels around the world, it becomes increasingly important to educate the public on this ‘modern slavery’.
The steps required to begin to eliminate this crime cannot begin overnight, and they require the participation not only on a governmental level but also on the part of humans all over the globe. With such a dangerous threat looming, humankind must make an apparent shift in our behavior towards this crime, even though events throughout history have shown that a shift as monuments to make is difficult to make. A possible solution to this great problem can be made with the integration of these developments, and human trafficking may eventually join Old Age slavery where it rightfully belongs – the past.
Human trafficking is a worldwide problem that affects people, girls, and boys, of all ages. “It is estimated that approximately 1,000,000 people are trafficked each year globally and that between 20,000 and 50,000 are trafficked into the United States” (EncyclopediaBritannica2017) which is a lot more American people being trafficked than a lot of people think.
Human trafficking is a criminal activity, which is the third most profitable business for organized crime. After drugs and arms trades, it is an estimated 32 billion dollars per year. The most common form of human trafficking is the transportation of people into the sex industry. It consists of different types of slavery, including forced prostitution, pornography, child sex rings, and sex-related jobs such as nude dancing and modeling, which are some things that some people would not think to be human trafficking.
Most people believe that human trafficking only involves women or girls, but, “Polaris reported 7,572 cases involving 6,340 females and 978 males… a total of 4,890 reported cases involved adults and 2,387 involved minors” (Cone2017). The history of human trafficking began in the 1400s when European slave trading in Africa with the Portuguese started to transfer people from Africa to Portugal and using them as slaves. In 1562 the British joined in on the slave trading in Africa, and more countries like Spain, North America, Holland, France, Sweden, and Denmark joined in the 1600s.
Later on, in the years, there was a Chinese gang called the “Tongs” which trafficked about 6,000 women between 1852 and 1873. The Tongs brought Chinese women to San Francisco and auctioned them for as much as $1,000 which is $18,780 in today’s dollar amount. “During WWI, Japan had set up a system where women all across Asia were forced into sexual slavery. The women were housed in what was known as “comfort stations”. Each woman detained in a small cubicle, received beatings and other tortures if they were defiant. Many women died of disease, malnutrition, exhaustion, and suicide.
The stations were also surrounded by barbed wire, making the escape impossible” (RutgersUniversity2011). The “ugly” women were sent to these bad places where they either lived in the alleyways of Chinatown or they were sent to the mining towns. After the African slave trade, “white slavery” became a thing where white women or girls were forced into prostitution.
“As white slavery gained attention, governments began to cooperate to fight it. In 1899 and then in 1902, international conferences against white slavery were organized in Paris. In 1904, the International Agreement for the Suppression of “White Slave Traffic” the first international agreement on human trafficking, was signed” (Oster2015) making it a criminal act to participate in the human trafficking of a white person. The League of Nations was founded after WWI (1914) and focused on the issue of human trafficking.
The end of white slave trafficking was changed to “trafficking in women and children” so that everybody was included without discrimination to race. People of both genders were considered and recognized as victims of trafficking. “Awareness of the traffic in women and girls was revived by the second wave of the women’s movement in the mid-1960s.
Many feminists, particularly those who focused on violence against women, took up the fight by defining sex trafficking as the previous activists did: They included all commercial use of women and girls in prostitution and the production of pornography. By the mid-1980s, a second international movement against sex trafficking was underway”.
Human trafficking has been recognized as one of the most expansive and challenging human rights issues affecting today’s global community. Began in the 1960s and 1970s, as global travel became more affordable and more accessible to the general population, there was an explosion in international travel and tourism.
Many countries began relying on revenues from tourism as an important addition to the national economy. Governments began developing national tourism policies and programs in hopes of promoting continued growth. This new source of income was especially important to many third world countries that, at the time, were in the beginning stages of economic development.
In conjunction with the growth of traditional tourism, many countries also experienced the growth of another industry, sex tourism.“Sex tourism” is defined as specific planned travel for the purpose of sex.4 In this context, these travelers are referred to as “sex tourists”.
The World Tourism Organization defines sex tourism as “trips organized from within the tourism sector, or from outside the sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a commercial-sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination”.6 In addition, thus far, it has been assumed that the terms “sex tourism” and “prostitute” or “sex worker” are self-evident, but it has also been shown that many different situations and interpretations exist.7
Sexual tourists have varied characteristics and motivations. They include persons of any gender traveling abroad or domestically for the purposes of sex. While the majority of sex tourists are men, women do account for a small proportion of offenders. Many sexual tourists are “situational abusers”, meaning that they may not consistently engage in the practice but will take advantage of the opportunity when it arises. They can be any type of traveler, including tourists, volunteers, or persons who travel for work.5 Related to female sex tourists, there are four types of female sex tourist identified, namely
- the first-timers – the “neophytes”;
- the situational sex tourists, who do not travel with the specific intention of buying sex, but avail themselves of the opportunity when it arises;
- the “veterans” who travel explicitly for anonymous sex and usually find multiple partners;
- the “returnee” who visits to be specific with one man whom she has met on a previous visit.
Those tourists can do various forms of sexual interaction. Sexual tourism allows these individuals to feel free from the social restraints governing their behavior at home. They discard their moral values abroad and think they can escape the consequences by taking advantage of weak legal systems and the anonymity afforded by travel.
Humanity has known since the dawn of history, multiple forms of slavery and it varies from society to another. As long as people thought that slavery ended, never to return, they go back and sneak into our communities in severe forms by human trafficking crimes. When humanity eliminated the phenomenon of human slavery, it returned in different pictures and forms, combining them enslaving people, through the recruitment, transportation, transfer of people by force and threat, and using and exploiting them in different ways.
Among the victims of human trafficking crimes, there are those who are subjected to sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, and removal of organs. These crimes also include the recruitment of children, forced and early marriage, and forced marriage. Trafficking in persons is a national, global, and international phenomenon, at the same time, where they are moving across the border between the states by organized crime gangs.
Human trafficking ranks in third place, after drugs and arms trade, in terms of the amounts of money involved. It is a form of slavery, a violation of human rights, and constitutes a crime against the individual and the state together, and the crime that affects human security and is the security of the state alike. It also represents a threat to the sovereignty and security of nations and a serious violation of the global economy.
Human Smuggling and trafficking continue to be a worldwide plague that has been, thus far been largely ignored by the international community. The paramount reason human trafficking and smuggling has festered and grown roots and spread globally. It started as a grassroots effort on the local level where women and girls (it affects boys as well) would be used and sold for sex.
Eventually, greed and corruption tagged along for the ride and at that point, the crimes became an organized enterprise. At that point, the crimes grew exponentially and spread worldwide and infested every crevice and nook on earth, no matter how small and insignificant it may. A stellar example of this the systematic rape, torture, and killing of women of Yazidi Christian women in Iraq and the other region of the Middle East.
The ideology behind ISIS would be jihad and anti-Western propaganda, however, whether the motivation is money, drugs, or as in human smuggling, illegal immigration, the world at large must annihilate it. Human smuggling and human trafficking are two distinct crimes that the further down the food chain each go, the lines do get murky and tend to melt together.
Law enforcement from around the world has often thrown up their hands at the crimes because of the web of complexities involved. The law enforcement community at times have plum run out of resources and manpower to devote to the crimes.
Human trafficking is one of the most challenging and acute assignment topics. Students should strive to convey a strong message in their human trafficking essays.
They should discuss the existing problems in today’s world and the ways to solve them. It means that essays on human trafficking require significant dedication and research. But do not worry, we are here to help you write an outstanding essay.
Find the issue you want to discuss in your paper. There are many titles to choose from, as you can analyze the problem from various perspectives. The examples of human trafficking essay topics include:
- The problem of child trafficking in today’s world
- The causes of human trafficking
- Human trafficking: The problem of ethics and values
- The role of today’s society in fostering human trafficking
- Human trafficking as a barrier to human development
- The rate of human trafficking victims in the world’s countries
- How to prevent and stop human trafficking
Remember that you can select other human trafficking essay titles if you want. Search for them online or ask your professor for advice. Now that you are ready to start working on your paper, you can use these key points for writing an outstanding essay:
- Study the issue you have selected and done preliminary research. Look for news articles, scholarly papers, and information from reputable websites. Do not rely on Wikipedia or related sources.
- Work on the outline for your paper. A well-developed outline is a key feature of an outstanding essay. Include an introductory and concluding paragraph along with at least three body paragraphs. Make sure that each of your arguments is presented in a separate paragraph or section.
- Check out human trafficking essay examples online to see how they are organized. This step can also help you to evaluate the relevance of the topic you have selected. Only use online sources for reference and do not copy the information you will find.
- Your introductory paragraph should start with a human trafficking essay hook. The hooking sentence or a phrase should grab the reader’s attention. An interesting fact or a question can be a good hook. Hint: make sure that the hooking sentence does not make your paper look overly informal.
- Do not forget to include a thesis statement at the end of your introductory section. Your paper should support your thesis.
- Define human trafficking and make sure to answer related questions. Is it common in today’s world? What are human trafficking rates? Help the reader to understand the problem clearly.
- Discuss the causes and consequences of human trafficking. Think of possible questions your reader would ask and try to answer all of them.
- Be specific. Provide examples and support your arguments with evidence. Include in-text citations if you refer to information from outside sources. Remember to use an appropriate citation style and consult your professor about it.
- Discuss the legal implications of human trafficking in different countries or states. What are the penalties for offenders?
- Address the ethical implications of the problem as well. How does human trafficking affect individuals and their families?
- A concluding paragraph should be a summary of your arguments and main ideas of the paper. Discuss the findings of your research as well.
Example #7 – interesting ideas
Human trafficking affects every country around the world, regardless of socio-economic status, history, or political structure. Human traffickers have created an international market for the trade in human beings based on high profits and demand for commercial sex and cheap labor. Trafficking is estimated to be a $32 billion industry, affecting 161 countries worldwide.
An estimated 12.3 million men, women, and children are trafficked for commercial sex or forced labor around the world today. Victims are trafficked both within and across international borders. Migrants as well as internally displaced persons are particularly vulnerable, as evidenced by the aftermath of the earthquake in Haiti.
Examples of human trafficking cases span sex trafficking in India and Latin America, the shrimp industry in Thailand, child soldiers in Burma, cotton in Uzbekistan, fishing on Lake Volta in Ghana, and forced labor in Florida’s citrus fields.
There is a growing recognition of the links between labor trafficking, regulation of supply chains, and the power of the consumer to end widespread exploitation by choosing goods that aren’t tainted by forced or child labor. The US Department of Labor has identified 122 goods produced with forced labor, child labor, or both, in 58 countries.
Trafficking in human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons for the purpose of exploitation. Trafficking involves a process of using illicit means such as threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power, or of a position of vulnerability.
Exploitation includes persons forced into forced prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs. For children, exploitation may include also, illicit international adoption, trafficking for early marriage, recruitment as child soldiers, for begging, or for sports (such as child camel jockeys or football players).
In the case of children, such practices are considered child trafficking even if none of the illicit means previously described is used. Human trafficking differs from people smuggling. In the latter, people voluntarily request smuggler’s service for fees and there may be no deception involved in the (illegal) agreement.
On arrival at their destination, the smuggled person is either free or is required to work under a job arranged by the smuggler until the debt is repaid. On the other hand, the trafficking victim is enslaved, or the terms of their debt bondage are fraudulent or highly exploitative.
The trafficker takes away the basic human rights of the victim. Victims are sometimes tricked and lured by false promises or physically forced. Some traffickers use coercive and manipulative tactics including deception, intimidation, feigned love, isolation, threat and use of physical force, debt bondage, other abuse, or even force-feeding with drugs to control their victims.
Many women are forced into the sex trade after answering false advertisements, and others are simply kidnapped. Thousands of children are sold into the global sex trade every year. Often they are kidnapped or orphaned, and sometimes they are actually sold by their own families.
Human Trafficking in the US comprises several factors:
- Many people from South American countries are voluntarily trafficked into the US so that the people could find employment in better-paying jobs.
- Others are trafficked into the US as sex slaves. Girls are often kidnapped or sold to “prostitution rings” by parents/relatives (because of poverty) and some may be as young as 8. Often these girls are then trafficked into the US (usually when they are around 9-10) and forced to have vaginal sex with up to 40 men a day, sometimes in open farm fields in the bordering states. Later they are transferred to brothels and having sex with 20+ men a day.
- There are girls who have run away from home (usually around 12 and older) who get tricked into prostitution with some becoming sex slaves who are trafficked from one brothel to another. A much smaller number are kidnapped and forced to be sex slaves and sold regularly.
I suggest that you google “Sex Trade Trafficking in the US” or “Child Prostitution” and you will find many sites to look at and gather statistics and first-hand accounts.