House of Sand and Fog is a heart-rending story about Massoud Behrani, an ex-Iranian military officer who was forced to flee the Revolution. His life’s ambition is to return home and secure his children’s future. The book also examines Kathy’s difficult lot as a drug addict whose property was taken away owing to her unpaid taxes after she lost everything else. To portray the protagonists’ mounting stress and restricted circumstances, the author utilizes descriptive language that depicts their fight as they sink deeper into an ever-tightening catastrophe.
At the end of the tale, the Colonel’s son is murdered and the colonel, overwhelmed with sorrow and irritated at his lot in life, kills his wife and himself. The author uses strong narrative to try to convey the hero’s suffering and inability to acclimate to life after war. The tragic end of the characters’ efforts to restore his family’s prosperity is predetermined by their preoccupation with material values. The loss of perspectives, therefore, has severe consequences for all the characters in the book.
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The death of a family is closely linked to the overall corruption of cultural values, as well as the loss of vital goals in life. Massoud Behrahi believes that acquiring a home may be his family’s only option for regaining their ideals, convictions, and aspirations. Despite the fact that the house itself is nothing more than a typical middle-class home, it plays an important part in the dispute over ownership.
The rivalry between a seasoned Iranian military leader and a young woman separated from her spouse has deeper significance. It’s an excellent opportunity for a colonel to expand his business and achieve the American Dream. The home is significant to drug-addicted women as it represents their link to their deceased relatives, as well as belonging to the United States. Because these aims are unavoidable, Behrani is unable to deal with his situation by learning of the death of his son. Because everything he lived for has been rendered meaningless, including the home he purchased, the grief of loss strikes him as overwhelming.
Ismail’s death is the most surprising moment in the book, as it is for all of the characters. As a result, the narrative employs strong narrative techniques to reveal the colonel’s emotional and mental state. The hero’s major concerns are revealed by his/her continual inquiries and constant hunting for people to blame.
The main causes of Berhani’s failure are found in its core theme, which is human nature. The hero’s frustration at his existence stems from an overabundance of questions that begin with the word “how.” His attempt to murder Kathy, suffocate his wife, and kill himself shows how frustrated he has become with his life. The colonel’s blind pursuit of home as a means to realize his American dream prevents him from appreciating greater ideas in life.
Kathy, like Behrani, is linked to the home as the only source of value in her life. She loses herself and becomes addicted to drugs when her husband dies. However, as soon as she understands that the property is the only link with her family, the protagonist begins fighting for it, distorting her understanding of what spiritual values truly signify. Little was said about Kathy’s motives at the end of the book. On Massoud Behrani’s part, we hear through first-person narration and are given detailed descriptions of his feelings, behaviors, and experiences.
After his son’s death, the house receives particular attention. Because all rooms are empty and there is no purpose in trying to defend this home, the author compares it to a wasteland. The story is full of an evil spirit of inevitability due on the use of short descriptive sentences. The Colonel confronts an empty house, but his strong pride prevents him from reconciling with his self-destructive, unpredictable behavior. As a result, the protagonist is willing to go to any length to restore his ambition.
To emphasize the idea of immigrants’ continual confrontation with white society, Dubus uses Persian-derived foreign words to underscore Behrani’s non-native English speaker status. As a result, the use of foreign language by the protagonist may be interpreted as an indication of the author’s respect for other cultures.
Although the former colonel is prepared to adapt to a different cultural and social context, his passion for his customs is clear, owing to his faulty vision of loyalty and dedication as goals for personal success. The hero becomes aware at the end of the book that American society has been perverted and morally debased, making it impossible for him to live by the norms and ethics that are disregarded in this world.
The dramatization of Behrani’s downfall transforms the novel into an allegory for wealthy, well-educated American white males whose careers are demolished as a result of events beyond their control. Because to his limited perspective on social services and success, the colonel’s argument becomes meaningless.
This plot device has the benefit of conveying information to viewers about why immigrants come. His engagement with material values, as well as his complete detachment from his family, prevents him from comprehending that the American dream is just an illusion. In reality, he demonstrates in his novel that there isn’t any underlying logic behind any endeavors that should be rewarded whether they are made by an immigrant or a middle-class American.
Despite the fact that the story is a dystopian view of immigrants’ future in the United States, it may have ended differently if mutual self-interest and agreement had been achieved. This novel is a conflict between the principal heroes, as well as their inability to reach a compromise. The failure of the protagonist to overcome desperate conditions leads to an tragic conclusion due to the lack of attention on specific objectives – particularly Kathy’s housekeeping and Behrani’s reliance on his family for assistance.
In conclusion, the study of an author’s narrative style and depiction of characters’ genuine ethics make it reasonable to predict the finale. Because it aids readers in predicting the heroes’ future actions, the death of the colonel’s son serves as a turning point in the tale.
The pain of loss causes Behrani’s fall to stand out. The characters are represented as completely preoccupied with their houses, which is the major material asset in American middle-class households who only desire to get closer to the American dream.When the main characters are unable to comprehend the moral worth of life, they become engaged in a struggle for possession of their home. The fight over ownership of the property is transformed into a battle of values, cultures, and customs as a result of the protagonists’ inability to grasp the value of life.
Andrew Dubus III’s novel House of Sand and Fog is about how society, past and present circumstances, and events from the past and present may influence people’s persona, anima/animus, shadow, and self, all of which have an impact on their life choices. Dubus compares the struggle between two individuals with opposing personalities.
A wealthy Iranian man, Masoud Behrani is now a struggling immigrant hoping to restore his family’s pride by any means necessary. Kathy Nicolo is a young woman who has struggled to attain her current level of security and refuses to let it go. These two individuals are brought together by their shared goal of living in the same tiny house, which they domed due to their tragic inability.
His persona is challenged when it undergoes a transformation and loses its power, since he becomes an immigrant in a nation that does not value him as much as he expects. At this time, other three aspects of his psyche begin to expose his suppressed emotions, such as fear, violence, and sadness. “…and for the thousandth time in this awful country I wished to be wearing my uniform – the perfectly fitted colonel’s uniform of an honorable general officer in the king’s Air Force….”
“But of course, my uniform was damp work clothes with blades of grass on the lower legs and dust on my back” (p. 22). Behrani’s statement demonstrates how he feels as an immigrant in America and how his persona is no longer useful to him in society. He works at a convenience store as a laborer, but when he goes home, he puts on a well-tailored suit to make him appear respectable again.
Muhammad constantly strives to keep up with his appearance, not only in society but also for his family, particularly his daughter Soraya: “Will she be embarrassed to visit? Will she bring her husband and children with her? These questions irritate me (p. 163), what should I tell my daughter?” He constantly attempts to maintain an acceptable level of appearance not just among his neighbors, but also for himself and especially for his young child.
To many individuals, the United States is more than just a country; it’s a symbol of ideals. To some, those values are freedom and liberty. The American Dream for others is democracy and global harmony. Many people, particularly newcomers, see America’s numerous possibilities as its most important ideal. Andre Dubus III’s House of Sand and Fog focuses on economic opportunity in Iran by telling the story of former Iranian Colonel Massoud Behrani.
He plans to strike it rich in the real estate sector by purchasing a property so that he may restore his family’s honor. His aspirations came to naught, and his entire family was murdered. Jamie Ford’s Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet is about social mobility in America. During World War II, a Chinese boy named Henry Lee becomes close friends with a Japanese girl named Keiko despite the fact that their countries have been foes for ages.
When Keiko and her family are forced to leave Japan, Henry is separated from perhaps his only friend. The House of Sand and Fog and Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet both examine the benefits of America and how some chances may go wrong. Most individuals regard as their goal in life being able to achieve financial success, as evidenced by Colonel Behrani.
Many individuals throughout the world have dreamed of achieving the American Dream. It has built a veneer of endless possibilities, brighter futures, and ambitious objectives for those who were born and raised in America as well as foreign immigrants. For a chance to live “the Dream,” people from all walks of life put their all into competition. The rivalry among the candidates in the “race” generates prejudiced attitudes between groups by forcing them to confront one another on a daily basis.
Because of their wealth, many individuals who pursue the American Dream are inevitably drawn into a vortex of materialism where they lose control over their lives. Although The House Of Sand And Fog depicts some advantages for immigrants who pursue the American Dream, it emphasizes the negative aspects as a cautionary tale of colossal avarice and prejudice that eventually drowns out the traditional perspective on family and moral values.
Because of the exaggerated schema created by the media based on a minor group of serendipitous immigrants, small achievements made by newcomers are magnified to a generalization for everyone else. It has given people too much confidence in their efforts to achieve the American Dream.
The Behrani family is introduced in the first two sequences, which show a prosperous immigrant family breathing new life into America’s freedom from the Iranian Revolution and celebrating with an extravagant wedding for his daughter, Soraya, who will marry an unnamed groom. His family’s financial standing was revealed: “well off.” One of their major goals was to marry Soraya to a financially stable family so that she would have a better chance at finding happiness and living the American Dream.
The Behrani family’s few victories and numerous failures provide a fresh perspective on the American Dream. The film warns about gluttony leading to an ugly connection with the goal of obtaining money. Although it may bring momentary financial pleasure, the Dream is meaningless if it drives away family while you pursue it due to your American individualistic mentality.
However, the film goes too far in linking the dark end of one immigrant family’s journey to the fate of all immigrants seeking a new life in America. The House of Sand and Fog tries to teach overly optimistic newcomers to grasp control of their avarice, which may result from pursuing the American Dream, since financial success can’t compare to family value.
It may be difficult to comprehend the notion that we are one in seven billion individuals while we go about our days. Many people, however, feel isolated from others or alienated themselves with their own actions, some others’, their society’s, or a combination of all of them.
The idea of estrangement runs throughout Andre Dubus III’s House of Sand and Fog, as we see the trials of Colonel Massoud Amir Behrani, Kathy Nicolo, and Deputy Sheriff Lester Burdon in the bungalow custody dispute.
The first novel of the three is “The Marriage Plot,” which appears on page 9. Dubus throws us into these people’s lives as they observe how they live, deal with adversity (whether of the past or present), and eventually discover a solution to the chaotic should-not-have-happened-in-the-first place scenario.
The idea of estrangement is apparent as we follow Behrani and Kathy’s stories in Dubus’ House of Sand and Fog, beginning with how they view themselves, how their families treat them, and how the society has formed them and where it places them within itself. We are alienated because of our own ideas at least half of the time; whether it lasts a fleeting second or drags on until we can no longer control it.
It is everyone’s goal to live a wonderful life filled with happiness without having to face too many difficulties. Today, there are so many people striving to meet their fundamental requirements, one of which is housing. Almost everyone is attempting to acquire or construct a home for his or her family, whether by personal savings or mortgage financing.
Unlike many fiction tales in which characters are on the sympathetic side, characters in “The House of Sand and Fog” have the opportunity to make decisions that propel the narrative forward. This is an intriguing narrative about a novel that explores a conflict between three people over an allegedly offered house and eventually some people and their relatives lose their lives.
This home was originally owned by one drug addict Kathy Nicolo, who received a business tax bill from the county office but disregarded it as she understood it had been sent in error, and later it was sold out of her obliviousness(Dubus, 4). After being auctioned, ownership passed to Massoud Behraini. Despite the fact that Kathy’s attorney filed a lawsuit against the county where the mistake occurred in the tax office, Kathy has nowhere to turn after being evicted and is now introduced to a new character named Lester, a person with great resolve and obstinacy who comes to her assistance.
She could have ended up on the street if it weren’t for him. Essentially, this thesis is concerned with three prominent characters: Kathy, an American who attempts to keep her home; an immigrant who purchases Kathy’s property at auction and becomes the protagonist; and a sheriff’s deputy.
The major topic the author wants us to comprehend is the American people’s desire for redemption, as he employs a house in the tale as a symbol of the American dream. He also incorporates the geopolitical clash between Iranian and American cultures, as well as each participant’s humane side (Dubus, 23).
The story stems from unpaid debts, as alleged by the county, in which we learn a lot about Behraini, an Iranian immigrant and former colonial air force officer who purchases Kelly’s home at a loss in order to restore it so he may sell it for a profit. During this period, Behirani is unable to find work in the United States, leaving him with only one option: the economic opportunity that opens up. It’s at this point that he sees a home on sale on the sheriff’s auction.
After buying the new house, Beirirani chooses to relocate his family from their home into the fresh dramatic mansion. As a result, Kathy is forced to live in her car and hire a room at a motel later on, but she is unable to pay for her accommodation and begins walking into leaser’s life in order to intoxicate him so that she may have an opportunity to seduce him and leave his wife and children.
It was not something Lester was expecting, as we see that during his youth, his father abandoned him and his mother, an act that tormented his life and vowed he would never do the same to his children. When Kathy completes her duty, they go through the processes and hire a lawyer to assist them investigate the case, but their ideas don’t help (44).
As the whole scenario plays out, it’s clear that when desperate times call for desperate measures, they must be taken. It was extremely difficult for Kelly to handle, especially given her thoughts that she was about to confront yet another tough issue of losing her beloved spouse, a difficulty that prompted her to attempt suicide twice before but did not succeed. The decision by the Bahraini family to acquire the property was motivated by its status as an auction item rather than because he intended to harm Kathy. He had the money and recognized it as a fantastic investment opportunity for his children (Dubus, 53).
It is a tragedy for Behrani, who loses his family in the battle. He would not have faced all of these problems if he had been able to pay for his son’s education, since his son died as a result of a county officer’s bullet. Some people might think that there was very little justice in this case. After her house is erroneously repossessed and sold, an emotionally distressed woman named Kathy suddenly finds herself homeless.
I can’t help but wonder why certain individuals would feel so at ease exploiting events like Lester’s. This guy is a real opportunist and unethical, as he rushes to the assistance of Kathy and gets personally involved in her problems. Soon, Behrani, an Iranian emigrant determined Behrani was murdered by his erstwhile employer after years of imprisonment for political reasons.
Colonel Karam’s once opulent mansion has fallen on hard times. Since the colonel knows his recent acquisition promises a profitable return and a brighter future for his adolescent son and lavishly adorned wife, he refuses to listen to Kathy’s pleas. But latent results lurk beneath Bahrain’s well-intentioned plan, as Kathy’s emotions spiral out of control and her actions start a calamitous chain of events that will affect every resident in the House of Sand and Fog.