In this hamlet analysis essay, I will be discussing hamlet’s characterisation and the role that hamlet plays in the play. Hamlet is a prince who has been sent away to Denmark for safety reasons when his father was murdered by Claudius. Hamlets mother wants her son to seek revenge against the murderer of his father, but hamlet does not want to kill an innocent man.
The tragedy of Hamlet, a young man named Hamlet, is the work of William Shakespeare. His cherished optimism destroyed by his father’s death, he loses faith in humanity. When his late father’s ghost visits him, Hamlet urges him to seek vengeance against Claudius, the true murderer of his father. In order to feign madness, Hamlet pretends to be insane and devises a plan for revenge. The deaths of several characters occur throughout the play. Although most people perish as a result of their own self-centered wrongdoing, there are a few whose death is brought about by trickery and deception.
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In this instance, we have the Family of Polonius. The tragedy of Hamlet is not about Hamlet or his family, contrary to popular belief. However, Polonius’ family became victims as a result of their involvement in Claudius and Hamlet’s deceptions (even though some people may argue that polonius deserved to be killed because of his covert method). Even if all he was really doing was following the king’s wishes, polonius was murdered by Hamlet after being mistaken for the king. After being mistaken for the king, Polonixus was murdered by Hamlet.
The next to perish is Ophelia, who is entirely controlled by Hamlet and the king for their own selfish objectives. She committed suicide after learning of her father’s death. Last to die was Laertes; it is clear that laertes, in the midst of his fury, may conspire to murder hamlet, though he kills hamlet as an act of vengeance for his father’s death, during a moral climate like that of the 1600s. As a result, it is permissible. In trying to kill hamlet, laERTES loses his life as a result of the very poison that was intended to kill him.
Hamlet is killed by a poisoned sword, but not until he has murdered Claudius and rid Elsinore of its calamity. Shakespeare employs character, plot, and setting to create a feeling of nausea and the subject of proper vengeance. These components are used by him as brush strokes to create a compelling picture. To portray a squalid and melancholy place where ant murder is a regular occurrence, he utilizes the castle of Elsinore and its vicinity. Shakespeare employs other subplots in this play, which is unusual because it’s a drama. We’d simply have a gloomy play without these side plots, and the conclusion, while necessary, would be pointless.
This location was created by Shakespeare to tell us the tale of a wronged revenge. He created disgust and when we look back at the debauched lifestyle that existed in Elsinore Castle. Among the vengeful, Fortinbras takes his rightful place, and there is even some foreshadowing in Hamlet all the way back. All through Hamlet’s reign, King Claudius poisons him against Gertrude with slanderous rumors about her fidelity: there’s even a little bit of foreshadowing here.
It’s possible that Shakespeare was attempting to communicate Hamlet’s fate or the fates of Polonius, Claudius, and perhaps even Horatio. Hamlet, our hero of Elsinore. Young, attractive, daring, and witty; a passionate soul with a hot temper. He has an enigmatic duplicitous personality trait. Throughout the play he contradicts himself. He extols both the benefits of acting a part and being true to oneself.
He further demonstrates the conflict between these two endorsements by his actions. This uncertainty, according to his supposed madness that later became perfectly calm and rational. These variations are linked to the inner conflicts he confronts. He is torn between avenging his father’s death and honoring him.
Throughout the play, he is wavering on this question since he is unable to make a firm decision regarding his role playing. Hamlet is an over-thinking, pessimistic character. However, one fatal flaw leads to his downfall: procrastination. He had many chances to kill Claudius, but once his rationality returns, he loses that conviction. We have no compassion for Hamlet, though. It’s not because he lacks anything redeeming about him; it’s just that there are simply not enough sympathetic qualities for us to want to bring up two or three particular ones .
Hamlet eventually does the right thing, but it is his manner of doing the correct thing in the incorrect way that makes us despise him. Hamlet thinks too much and spends too much time pondering whether to do something rather than doing it. Hamlet is dour by nature, as are all of the characters in the play; however, only the clowns who are morticians show any joie de vivre.
It’s amusing that the two characters who enjoy life most are those who face death on a daily basis. Despite his flaws, he has a number of good qualities and is very daring and brave. There are several instances in the tale where his courageous attitude is demonstrated. The first example is when he follows the ghost.
Hamlet is unsure whether the ghost he sees is a fake or the devil himself. Despite this, he followed the transparent figure. The second major act of bravery occurs when Hamlet is sent to England and murdered. His cognitive dissonance saves his life. Throughout the play, Hamlet suffers moral devastation. In Hamlet’s view of the world, he perceives it as empty and lifeless, filthy and diseased, and his own position on it as lonely and desolate.
Denmark is the prison of the world. “One o’ th’ worst, with many confines, bars, and dungeons, being Denmark one of the most terrible.”‘(A2S2L264-266) Hamlet’s character seems really realistic to me. I believe that Hamlet identifies more with an adolescent in the 1990s than he does with his own age group. Hamlet is immature, sarcastic, and takes action in a heated emotional state, which is eerily similar to today’s youth. For his time period, Hamlet had a low level of maturity especially given his high position.
He is rude to authorities, such as Queen Gertrude. He shares traits with today’s youngsters that include an inability to love maturely, immaturity, and insolence towards authority. It is my opinion that he would have had a simpler time living during my time rather than his own. Laertes and Hamlet are natural rivals who share many characteristics. They both have quick judgments and aggressive attitudes, frequently reacting on emotion rather than logic.
Claudius is found underneath a tree, eaten with rage. He immediately extends out in an attempt to kill Leartes, his father’s assassins. Their impulsive actions are driven by fury and irritation. Sudden anger causes them to act on impulse. Leartes and Hamlet have a close relationship, as do Leartes and Ophelia. In both instances, their imprudence is incited by fury and frustration. While they loathe each other, they are both enamored with her.
The eldest son, Leartes , and Hamlet both admire their dads and seek immediate vengeance on the murderer. They both have authoritative personalities when it comes to women. Leartes is in charge of Ophelia’s opinion of Hamlet, as well as his overall attitude toward females. Hamlet may easily persuade Gertrude of his sanity and put Claudius’ reputation in jeopardy by manipulating her into thinking he is a foe. Disillusionment, sadness, and despair were tearing through young hamlets as they tried to come to terms with their father’s death and their mother’s illicit marriage.
Hamlet attempts to put the pieces of his shattered idealism back together, and he intentionally sets out on a journey to discover the truth behind Elsinore. This is stark contrast to Claudius’s frantic efforts to conceal the truth of Hamlet’s assassination. Deception versus reality, illusion vs. reality: themes such as these have been carefully developed throughout the play. The entire Danish court is caught in a web of espionage, betrayal, and deception. Not a single individual speaks his or her mind or expresses their goals.
Polonius incisively puts it: “Find a way out by indirection,” (A2, S2, L71-73) This is one of the fundamental themes of the play. Revenge is a major theme in the play. “An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.’ But vengeance isn’t always correct. When we get over our initial shock and fury, our emotions typically balance out and our grudge fades away. However, acting on impulse can have deadly consequences; time will not heal this wound. The drama is an excellent illustration of this situation. While seeking retribution, they destroyed their minds, souls, and ultimately their bodies.
Hamlet is a suspenseful tragedy that explores the notion of tragedy. Hamlet’s emotions range from anger to uncertainty and death obsession throughout the play. Despite being unaware of it, Hamlet’s sentiments are behind several incidents in the play. These sentiments, coupled with his lack of awareness, are at the heart of the tragic hero’s faults. Hamlet’s flaws lead him to be neither a villain nor a normal form of human imperfection, but rather to be an ordinary type of error that accompanies humanity. When Hamlet meets the ghost of his father, it is revealed that Claudius might have been the cause of his father’s death.
When he does act, Hamlet prefers to go all out and violently. This is a flaw that Hamlet cannot deny. He understands that it is unjust, but only cares about avenging his father’s death. Hamlet is not just upset by his father’s death, but also by his mother’s decision to marry Claudius so soon after her husband’s demise. Devastated by his mother’s choice to marry so soon after the death of her spouse, Hamlet becomes suspicious of women in general. He almost becomes a misogynist because of his mother’s choice. This hatred is expressed in his relationship with Ophelia. Rather than experience the dishonesty of sexuality, he urges Ophelia to go to a convent.
He is also mistrustful of his father’s dukedom, since he himself had been fooled by him. This prevents Hamlet from getting the love that he needs at this stage of his grief. It may be said that this is another fault on which Hamlet was unconscious. Hamlet is obsessed with the mystery of death throughout the play. He first expresses his uncertainty about where one goes after dying in the first act. Later into the drama, he makes a reference to heaven, contradicting his earlier statement.
William Shakespeare, one of the most significant authors in history, has addressed contemporary issues in society in his play Hamlet. He has been able to affect western literature due to his all-encompassing approach to creating themes. They still consider Shakespeare’s work important today in the Western modern theater.
Shakespeare thus employs a play within a play form to communicate information to the audience as well as help him develop his tale. In this case, Shakespeare has employed Hamlet, who is a character in the work, to perform this device. Hamlet, who is a character in the drama and also appears in another play within the drama that he acts in order to be able to kill Claudius, may be seen again in another play within the same drama that he acts in order to be able to kill Claudius.
Hamlet is a tragedy that chronicles the tragic and insane life of Prince Hamlet, who is also known for his ghostliness. Shakespeare employed many literary tools to construct the story of this play. In this instance, the author incorporated characters, settings, symbols, themes, characterization, and other literary components in order to develop the plot. The writer used these components in a proportional manner to build his story.
Themes are used to create characters in the play. For instance, the plot develops as a result of the writer’s use of the concept of betrayal to develop Hamlet, the primary character in the drama. The author named the main actor after a term from within his/her own work, while supporting roles in other characters assisted with development of that major theme. As a result, four important characters have made major contributions in the play. Hamlet was changed by Ophelia’s betrayal, which he is romantically involved with. Gertrude is his mother and Claudius’ wife, while Gildernstern and Rosencrantz are his classmates from the University of Wittenberg.
Hamlet’s relationship with his mother begins at the start of the scene and lingers on for a long time, before gradually fading away as Gertrude remarries his uncle Claudius two months after Hamlet’s father died. This confirmed the distrust in women since his mother was far and away the most significant female in his life.
He uses derisive words such as “such finesse to incestuous bedding,” and “your name is frailty,” implying that his mother and women in general, as well as how alienated he was when young. The theme of madness has played a significant part in the story’s evolution. In the Shakespearean first revenge tragedy Titus Andronicus, insanity was utilized as a weapon. In contrast to Hamlet, whose madness is debatable, other revenge tragedies have been clear.
In the source of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, the primary protagonist feigns insanity in order to be able to avenge himself without being discovered by the king (Claudius) he plans to murder. Hamlet’s madness, as depicted on stage, tends to divert him from executing his goal, which is shown in the play as being with limited enthusiasm for completing the task assigned by the ghost even after proving Claudius’ guilt (act 4 scene 2).
Hamlet, therefore, appears to be a lunatic in the play since he is aware in an unusual way that he must act as a madman to portray revenge in Hamlet. He understands the part that he is supposed to perform even though he does not entirely succeed at it. Hamlet was built as a character who longed for revenge as a result of all of this. Ophelia is another character who acts the part of a lunatic, however she is actually innocent. Ophelia goes insane as a result of her lack of self-awareness and control.
Another recurring theme in Shakespeare’s works is suicide. Hamlet has played an important part in the formation of this play. Ophelia has also had a significant impact on the development of this drama. Hamlet’s soliloquies are used to shape the play, as well as Ophelia. He considers whether or not he should commit suicide because to his social and religious standards. In society’s perspective, he considered suicide a crime, and before God who gives life, he regarded it as a sin.
Hamlet’s fear of death was not only due to his own mortality; he also had a phobia of what would happen to the person who died after leaving this world and moving on to the realm of death. Ophelia’s death has generated numerous issues, with some people claiming that she died a natural death and others suggesting that she committed suicide. Hamlet’s mother claims that Ophelia’s demise was an accident since she drowned while the priest and gravediggers state very clearly that she killed herself. The public was also dissatisfied with Gertrude’s narration because it appeared to be a cover-up for the issue of murder, which was perceived as an unethical act in the culture (act 5).
Women have played significant roles in Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Women are shown to have minor parts in the play, yet they are crucial to the plot’s development. Gertrude and Ophelia are two of the women who have a direct link with the protagonist. The topic of love is explored throughout the play using Gertrude, Hamlet’s mother. This is evident when Gertrude tries to stop her son from dying since he never loved her as a mother before.
Claudius thought that his mother was responsible for the death of his father, and thus he avoided her. She is concerned about her son’s safety, which shows why Claudius was unable to tell Ophelia about the conspiracy to murder her stepson. Ophelia is portrayed as loving since after the demise of her father she went insane. This is clear when she begins using foul language in public without fear, displaying a change in behavior from before when Hamlet could abuse and she couldn’t retaliate due to worry over being a female who was under male control.
The theme of patriarchal oppression is used to illustrate how the two women were not allowed to make decisions on their own, as depicted by the men. For example, Ophelia is forced by her father (Claudius) and brother Laertes not to love Hamlet because he believes that Hamlet is playing with her emotions.
Hamlet attempts to fulfill his father’s and brother’s wants by blaming her and even insulting her, but since Ophelia lacks the ability to convey to him what was going on behind the scenes, she suffers as a result. The husband, on the other hand, considers Gertrude a less repressed woman, but Claudius married her in order for him to be able to step into Hamlet’s shoes after death and pretend that he is good just like the previous ruler by remarrying his wife.
The play’s style of symbolism is used to develop the plot in Hamlet. The language of Ophelia has been employed to build up the stylistic device of symbolism in the drama toward the development of the plot. The meaning range depicted in Hamlet is extended by Ophelia’s language being symbolic. For instance, after hearing about her father’s death, she becomes emotional and throws flowers around her as a sign of purity (act 4 scene 4). This, on the other hand, symbolizes her debasement as a person during another scene of her madness.
Finally, the two characters have helped write the plot and contributed to the drama’s depiction of its hero’s fate. Hamlet’s distaste for his mother’s remarriage taints all women’s reputations, making him an alienated male. The madness death of Ophelia endorses her brother Laertes’ resolve to avenge on Hamlet, which ultimately leads to the play’s conclusion. Gertrude loved Hamlet but was unable to prevent his death.
The author has employed Hamlet, the protagonist of the play, to develop other themes as a result of this. After learning that Claudius murdered his father, Hamlet plots how to kill him. However, in the play, Hamlet exacts revenge on Claudius. “… I do this same filthy villain send to heaven for hire and remuneration; nay, not even because it is done in retaliation” (Act 3 scene 3 78-84). Another theme that may be seen in Hamlet is respect. This idea is best represented by Hamlet’s obedience to the ghost, who tells him to avenge Claudius as if it were from God. “… With wings as quick as meditation or love’s thoughts might carry me to my revenge” (1.v.35-37).
The writer employs Claudius, Hamlet’s brother the king who later marries Gertrude his brother’s wife, to construct the plot. He is Hamlet’s significant avenger in the play, portrayed as lustful because he took his brother’s wife, Shrewd. He usurps the throne that does not belong to him and allows his son revenge on Hamlet. Due to these individuals, he stands out as a guy with contrasting personalities from other characters in the drama. The concepts of Hamlet are true, honest, and full of vengeance, whereas Claudius maintains his power.
In conclusion, the play’s setting was also utilized by the author to convey the message in Hamlet. So Shakespeare does not treat distinct elements of literature as separate things in the play; rather, he employs his idea of unity to express them as a single entity. As a result, he utilizes characters from the play to develop themes and stylistic devices as well as utilize themes to create his characters, resulting in an obvious progression of the story.