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Employee Confidentiality Laws Essay

Confidentiality laws are in place to protect employee’s private information. These laws vary from state to state, but they all have the same goal: to keep employee personal information private. Employee confidentiality is an important issue for companies because it impacts employee morale and productivity if their privacy is compromised. This essay will cover current employee confidentiality law trends as well as suggestions on how employers can create a productive work environment without violating employee rights or breaking any laws.

Essay 1


Confidentiality is still a major problem in the workplace. All data in a company must be handled with care by employees and employers. Employees must be careful with all sensitive and confidential information in their organization. As a result, no third parties should have access to workers’ or an organization’s sensitive and confidential information.

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Employees must obtain permission from their bosses before handing over such information to a third party. Employees should also avoid disclosing sensitive and personal data with others at the company. When employees safeguard personal data, they demonstrate professionalism in the workplace.

Personal Information

Employers should protect the privacy of all data submitted by candidates during job application procedures and subsequent specification information. Job applications need workers to provide sensitive personal data, financial information, credit history, educational history, and prior employment records.

Private medical data is prohibited from being supplied to third parties by the Data Protection Act and similar rules or regulations that apply in workplaces. Because it is a criminal offense to transmit personal information without permission, employees must give their consents before their data can be shared with third parties (Bible and McWhirter, 1990).

Violation of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)

Employers and workers should respect the entire ban on discussing personnel and sensitive information about coworkers. Data that pertain to employees’ pay, benefits, and other incentives may be covered by this term (Decker, 1987). In some jurisdictions, employees are required to disclose their salaries.

On the other hand, nondisclosure might be in breach of the NLRA’s rules. Employees should “engage in ‘concerted activity’ and discuss their salaries and other terms of employment openly” under the NLRA (Decker, 1987). Any workplace policies that prevent workers from discussing such matters may be considered unlawful.


The right to reasonable privacy at work has been recognized by organizations and several jurisdictions. Codes and standards that regulate the usage of personal information in the workplace might include a right to privacy. Employers and employees have seen numerous civil litigation filed as a result of infractions to certain privacy polices.

Employers have a duty of monitoring employees in order for their organizations to function properly. However, they must not jeopardize employees’ privacy rights in the process.

For instance, business may have security cameras to prevent employee theft, but they are unable to monitor employees’ privacy by putting them in restrooms. Surveillance equipment in the restroom is a violation of the employee’s right to privacy at work. It is critical for employers to inform staff that they are being observed in specific parts of the workplace.

Employees and employers who misuse private information may face legal action. This might cover instances where organizations have been granted access to personal information without the consent of a worker. Slander and libel are two examples of potential legal claims, especially when workers or bosses have given confidential information about others without their permission. Claims might be made as a result of negligence or violations of the basic right to privacy, as well as defamation. As a result, employers and staff must safeguard their personal information and avoid defamation and slander at workplaces due to potential legal consequences.

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Medical Information

Employees submit their medical records to their employers. Such information is beneficial for determining employee work suitability and medical claims. Employers, however, are not permitted to share it with any other employee or outsider without employees’ consent. The Federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act protects the use of workers’ health information by companies (Decker, 1987). As a result, an infringement may be considered a legal claim.


When employers misuse personal and sensitive data on employees’ political leanings, affiliations, religious beliefs, associations, sexual orientations, criminal records, disabilities, and other beliefs, it can result in damages. Employees have a cause of action for these sorts of injuries. Employer negligence when handling protected information may lead to the loss of employment as well as emotional anguish and social isolation.

Realities and challenges to uphold those laws or guidelines on workplace confidentiality
A lack of clearly laid down confidentiality rules is one of the most serious barriers to employers and employees keeping confidences. Many businesses do not precisely state their policies on obtaining access to personal and sensitive information, maintaining privacy of data, and controlling systems and procedures that use employee private data.

Additionally, employers fail to make clear who has permission to access specific information. Employers should think about all possible methods for maintaining confidentiality through a variety of confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements that employees must sign.

Employers face several challenges in maintaining workplace privacy, owing to the ambiguous nature of business privacy. Because of a lack of clear communication, these difficulties have emerged. Furthermore, due to a lack of precise definition on what is confidential in an organization, privacy problems may overlap. These rules or standards may also be altered at any time. As a result, employers should keep up with current versions of confidentiality laws based on relevant state legislation.

Essay 2

Privacy is a major concern in the workplace. With the development of new technology, many workers are concerned about their privacy in the workplace. Employees have a right to work in peace knowing that their employer will not invade their privacy. Workers only enjoy limited protection against monitoring and unauthorized access to personal information under employee rights to privacy in the workplace.

According to the National Work Rights Institute, “Under the federal electronic communication privacy act of 1986, employees’ limited protection has been reduced owing to statute being out-of-date.” In recent years, electronic monitoring has grown in popularity in the workplace. As a result, employers are employing tactics such as monitoring to ensure productivity.

An employer may “ensure adequate job performance and supervise customer contacts” under the Electronic Communication Privacy Act of 1986, which reads, “an employer can monitor their employee to ensure proper job performance.” Email is the most frequent type of invasions on employee privacy rights. In today’s business environment, email has become the most important form of communication for employees.

The issue of employers has grown increasingly significant as a result of the use of email in the workplace. Employers are concerned that employees may waste time sending and receiving personal emails, and they might offer easy access to hackers. To guarantee productivity in the workplace, employers may track an employee’s computer usage.

“Unfortunately, if an employee uses a business computer for email usage, the employer has the right to inspect his or her emails,” according to The Freedom of Information Act (2000).

Employers are discovering that employee emails and phone calls are having an impact on their company. As a result, employers are attempting to secure their investment by monitoring employees’ email without being invasive. Employers may employ computer software to track how long staff spend on their email accounts.

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Essay 3

For many years, there has been a dispute between employers and employees regarding workers’ rights. The major issue they’ve battled about is computer and email surveillance. Many employees appear to be ignorant of the ways in which employers do it.

Employers monitor their employees’ email accounts and computers for two primary reasons. The first is that they don’t want their workers to squander company time on personal matters. Because it is seen as a acceptable reason in most places, because if an employee uses corporate time for personal items, then productivity will be lost. Then it becomes difficult for everyone involved.

Others feel that employers have no excuse to monitor since they may force their Internet Service Provider (ISP) to install automatic web filters before employees get access.

Another significant problem that many employees and employers face is employee health issues in the workplace. It has reached the point where many businesses are now telling staff that if they are not healthy, they will be fired or unable to work for their firm. What’s the major health issue? Smoking, of course.

Employees are being threatened with losing their jobs if they don’t quit smoking. They’ve even tested workers to confirm that they’re free of tobacco derivatives. Why? Because health insurance premiums go up as a result of excessive smokers. The more smokers an employer has, the more he or she will pay for insurance. In some cases, certain employers don’t like smokers or are health nuts, therefore they want their worksites to be smoke-free.

Employees, needless to say, are furious, and many believe it should be prohibited. “Your employer has no business telling you what to do in your own home.” (Maltby, L. 2005) And employees do have a valid argument.

Essay 4

Today, as technology advances, the employee right of privacy in the workplace is becoming more polarized. Even if a protection legislation exists, many workers are concerned about their privacy at work. It is then up to human resource management to ensure that those people are treated with discretion. Workers will not be able to focus on increasing organizational production if they do not have privacy.

What is right to privacy?

Employee privacy rights are defined by their conduct in the workplace, as well as their personal information. The majority of businesses in the private sector have a policy that specifies employee privacy rights. Individual information held by government agencies is protected by current legislation, but not information collected in the private sector. Employers are responsible for acting honestly with data regarding their employees. Information may only be released under court order (Privacy rights clearinghouse, 2014).


For many years, one of the most popular ways to monitor employees has been through electronic monitoring. It is a simple and rapid method of removing personnel information from public view. Employers can check out workers’ media sites, email accounts, and any other data that is online or over the phone by monitoring them. Monitoring someone without their consent to access their private materials is allowed.

Employers can inspect their employees at any time of day (Privacy rights clearinghouse, 2014). As a result, workers are very concerned about their right to privacy. Every employee, on the other hand, agrees to allow monitoring if it is linked to the business. Employers have legal responsibilities to check and watch their employees under these circumstances.

Employers are increasingly relying on electronic monitoring devices in order to check and regulate their workers’ activities. They utilize the approach to watch and monitor their employees’ electronic communications. Employee advocates claim that using electronic surveillance negatively impacts employee privacy. There are a number of reasons why monitoring is acceptable, and it’s important to understand them.

According to the privacy rights clearinghouse, monitoring is approved on a company and national level (2014). Employers, on the other hand, say that they do it for valid reasons in the workplace. The following are some of the organization’s justifications: Keeping track of employee productivity at work. keeping track of workplace rules as they pertain to internet connection, email communication systems, and computer system usage.

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An application that allows you to research employee misconduct, workplace discrimination and harassment claims. For example, if a person reports about sexual harassment, the HR manager may check their email account or listen to a telephone conversation in order to discover any proof. It can make a significant impact on the investigation of any allegations within the company.

To minimize the leaking of business secrets and other important data. To prevent workers from obtaining unauthorized access to sensitive computer systems with valuable business or organizational information.

Monitoring is also necessary for national security. There are state laws that demand the monitoring of a variety of activities undertaken by individuals (Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, 2014). It can be quite beneficial in some cases. In order to guarantee safety, another incentive to invade someone’s privacy is available.

If one is suspicious of a terrorist attack, the government has the authority to block it. It’s a vital consideration because keeping national security must be at the top of everyone’s list. Although ethical concerns have been raised regarding monitoring citizens’ activities and personal communication, such monitoring continues to take place by the state as a security precaution in order to prevent security breaches like terrorism.

However, depending on one’s age, religion, race, gender, or sexual orientation, they cannot be watched electronically (Privacy rights clearinghouse, 2014). As a result, electronic monitoring must be based on evidence or a problem that is connected to the employee.

HR role in the workplace. Effective monitoring

It is the responsibility of the HR manager to ensure that both employers and employees are aware of their workplace rights. The duties of the HR department vary from one company to another. The success of a business is largely dependent on its HR department’s performance. Each employee must be given and explained written code (Jackson, 2008).

Selection/ recruiting

HR professionals are on hand to provide a solid foundation for your team. They design, analyze, and attend to staff requirements to ensure that your personnel have the tools they need to do their jobs well. To ensure that your workforce has the tools it needs to do its work effectively, they administer employee planning activities such as talent retention programs (Jackson, 2008).

Individual searches

Because private companies are not subject to the same rules as public organizations, it is critical to have a policy in place that regulates the search for personnel’s workstation or home. Employers who conduct illegal personal searches on their workers might be subjected to legal action. When performing bodily inspections, apply no force; otherwise, the examination would be considered unlawful (Haris, Niki 2011).

Health testing

In a privately owned business, the HR may be required to conduct alcohol and other drug testing on behalf of the company. According to legal terms, test results are not supposed to be shared. The law, nevertheless, does not implement testing policies that give the reason for testing employees and when screening should take place. To avoid litigation, a firm or organization should develop a well-known and explicit drug testing policy (Haris, Niki 2011).

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Employee Confidentiality Laws Essay. (2021, Oct 28). Retrieved December 9, 2022, from