The poem I chose to write about is “Ulysses”, by Alfred Lord Tennyson. It is a poem based on Homer?s Odyssey, which is the story of Odysseus (Ulysses) and his journeys. Odysseus was King of Ithaca and the leader of the Greek army. The Greeks sailed into Troy to fight what turned out to be a lengthy battle. After ten years at war, Odysseus and the Greek army conquered Troy and set out on their voyage home. On their journey, they encountered a series of adventures. I plan to discuss the poem “Ulysses” is about, why it was written, and what it means.
“Ulysses” is a speech Odysseus gives to his sailors, rebelling against his life and conformity after he reclaimed the throne in Ithaca. According to Dante, Ulysses never returned to Ithaca because of his love for adventure. Does Tennyson combine Dante’s ending with Homer’s to show Ulysses? rebellious nature. In his speech, Ulysses explains why he wants to leave Ithaca forever.
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He says that he has returned home and found his wife is old and his duties as King are only to make sure the laws are kept. He does not want to live a life of conformity, instead he wants to “drink/Life to the lees” (283). Lees are the sediments left at the bottom of the wine when it is made. Ulysses is saying that he wants to live life to the fullest and that he is leaving because he has become a part of the world that he created through his journeys. Does Tennyson show this in the statement,?I am part of all that I have met? (283).
Ulysses feels that if he stays in Ithaca he will be wasting his life. He says that he does not want to feel like a set of armor left to rust. Telemachus, Ulysses? son is left in charge as King of Ithaca. Ulysses believes that his son is better for Ithaca than he would be. He also feels the ocean and his boat calling him for one more adventure. Does Tennyson write, “There lies the port; the vessel puffs her sail” (284). He calls his friends and tries to inspire them to join him on his new journey.
He says that together they have moved mountains and though they are not as strong as they once were, they still have a strong will. According to Tennyson, Ulysses tries to encourage his men by saying, “Come, my friends, “is not too late to seek a newer world”(284).
The speech is ended by Ulysses telling his men “not to yield”, but to rebel and never conform to society. This poem was Ulysses? rebellion against conformity. He was a man who traveled the seas and had new adventures every day. Ulysses feels that if he were to give that up, his life would have no point. He could not live a life that he felt was meaningless. Does Tennyson show that Ulysses does not want his life to end this way when he states, “My purpose holds to sail beyond the sunset, and the baths of all the western stars until I die” (284).
The reason I chose the poem “Ulysses”, is because I have read and enjoyed Homer?s Odyssey. The fact that this poem is based on the Odyssey and about Ulysses’ speech really caught my attention. Tennyson creates a very powerful character of Ulysses through the words of this poem.
While I read it, I could picture Ulysses standing in front of his men pleading and trying to persuade them to join him on one last journey. According to Tennyson, Ulysses? the reasoning was that “Some work of noble note, may yet be done” (284). I could also picture myself among Ulysses? men, getting excited and energized as if he was a coach giving a prep talk before a big game.
The poem “Ulysses” is very different from most poems in that it is the speech of one man, written by another. I feel this approach by Tennyson, was very successful in creating a powerful image of Ulysses? speech. The poem emphasized Ulysses’ rebellion against conformity. At the end of the poem, Ulysses placed his son in charge of Ithaca and set his sails west to an untold adventure.
A Japanese proverb says The nail that sticks out will be hammered down. Society tries to place many regulations on us as individuals as to what is admissible and what is not. We must decide for ourselves whether to conform to such a social decorum. We are taught as soon as we are old enough to grasp the idea that it is undesirable to be unique and to avoid being different.
At some point, however, we must decide within ourselves whether to spend every day trying to be like everyone else because society says we should or living each day true to ourselves. Our strength as a person is proven through what we decide. E. E. Cummings once said, To be nobody but yourself in a world which is doing its best night and day to make you like everyone else-means to fight the hardest battle which any human being can fight, and never stop fighting. The benefits of being true to ourselves greatly outweigh any negative aspects of choosing that path.
I think that there are times when it is best to try to conform, but most of the time you stand to gain the most by being yourself. When we do not conform we are seen for who we really are, we learn to think for ourselves, we are aspiring to be great, and we may perchance discover what God would have us do with our lives. By deciding to be ourselves no matter the cost, we stand to gain much more from life than we could ever lose.
What is rebellion? That is a question that, in many ways can be answered and in some ways can t be completely answered at all. The literature illustrates the diversity that rebellion can provide to the reader. The interpretation of what rebellion is can be a comprehensive one. As a reader or observer, if that is the case, one automatically forms his own opinion or personal definition of rebellion.
While there is a definition of rebellion in the dictionary, finding out the spirit or real meaning of the word can only be done by reading. To me, rebellion is a quest by one or more people to free their spirit or to take on oppression for a good cause and/or to make a statement and/or to change society s ideals.
As I read different selections of literature, I have my own set of ideals, morals, or perspectives to which I can compare to those within the pieces of literature whether they are of the opinion of the author, or simply a portrayal of that of some other culture or society. Even though I do not expect to change my perspective, I can gain insights as to why I do have the viewpoints that I do and why others may have a very different one.
I can discover many ways to respect the positions that others have, as contrary to mine as they may be. Rebellion is not always an adverse thing simply because one does not adhere to the modus operandi of fashionable society; in fact, it may lead to its own way of conformity.
Conformity and rebellion are evil twins that humanity has been nourishing since the beginning of civilization. As we conform to the social norms that surround us every day, we are trapped inside of this overwhelming system where we easily lose ourselves as individuals. On the other hand, the urges of rebellion that live in our ego compel us to break from the state of our bondages. Yet, our superegos are trying to keep us in a reasonable threshold and enable us to stay in the system.
As a result, people are fighting a constant internal battle of conformity versus rebellion. As Herman Melville describes in his story “Bartleby the Scrivener,” humanity is hopelessly struggling between conformity and rebellion. He presents us with images of entrapment and death to address his concerns for the issues of conformity and rebellion.
The images of entrapment are evident throughout the story. From the “lofty brick wall” outside of the office window to the sound-dividing prison walls which Bartleby died within, the narrator traps the readers in his dark replica of reality.
Looking out the office windows, “the light came down from far above, between two lofty buildings, as from a very small opening in a dome.” The physical confinement of their dark and depressing office space is apparent through the images of the dim lighting and restricted view. For Bartleby, the confinement is no longer physical but psychological. “From his long-continued motionlessness, that behind his screen he must be standing in one of those dead-wall reveries of his.” This unusual behavior is a common act of such character.
It is not the act of boredom but desperation and hopelessness that disintegrates from within and disables him from engaging in any productive activates. As the narrator takes the readers to the final resting place of Bartleby, he portrays the ultimate human confinement, the prison. The extreme thickness of the prison walls “kept off all sound behind them.” The images of entrapment are clear, that the inescapable prison walls trap any living souls inside of their boundaries.
However, to Bartleby it is just another empty place, for his soul has already died long ago. The walls only keep off the outside world from him rather than restricting the already seized motions of Bartleby’s. It is the place where Bartleby chooses to escape from all, and rest for an eternity “with kings and counselors.”
Images of death come as a natural companion of entrapment. The character of Bartleby appears ghostly and lifeless. He is “a motionless young man,” who works quietly like a machine in his dark and confined space. Unlike the way the narrator describes the other three employees of his, Bartleby has no anger, no ambition, and almost nothing human about him at all. The “idly cadaverous” response, “I would prefer not to” from Bartleby, implies that this man’s spirit has died long before his physical death. There is nothing in this world excites him or motivates him, leaving him only dreaded depression.
This emotional emptiness must drive Bartleby to insanity, to the extent that he gives up all life burdens including basic biological functions such as eating and sleeping. Later in the story, Bartleby is sent to the “Tombs,” because of the uncooperative nature of this man. The name of the jail “Tombs” carries a symbolic meaning of death. In the narrator’s description of the interior of the jail: “the Egyptian character of the masonry weighed upon me with its gloom,” he reinforces the indestructible and inevitable power of death with these chilling images.
The images of entrapment and death are excellent representations of the concept of conformity and rebellion, whereas Bartleby lives with the entrapment of his unfulfilling life and finally chooses death as his ultimate rebellion. The narrator, Herman Melville, constructs the abstract character, Bartleby, to extract and speak for his desperation and hopelessness feeling towards the fate of humanity as a whole.
Quite like the dilemma, Melville brought to our attention a half-century ago, societies today are still struggling with issues of conformity and rebellion. We are so driven by the “errands of life,” and rarely stop and think about the reasons for our very existence. As the train of life speeds us to the final destination, we realize that we have traveled the exact same track as everyone else did.
Literature work mostly revolves around specific themes such as violence, love, poverty, revolution, and issues that practically affect the characters. The latter are often members of the society, who the authors choose to relay certain social and other messages in society. The works are often a depiction of the way of life of the people in the society at that particular period of time
In this essay, the author uses the works of chosen authors to analyze the benefits and costs of conforming to the norms of the society or rebelling against them by choosing to follow personal principles by individual characters or communities.
A Dolls House by Henrik Ibsen
This work by Henrik Ibsen is seen as a depiction of rebellion against societal norms that do not conform to the humane aspects of life. These are aspects such as autocracy and dictatorship. The author illustrates rebellion using a female protagonist in the writing. The character is searching for her individuality via realizations and hurdles she encounters. This society had created a niche for the woman as a housewife and social partner to her husband (Ibsen 184).
Ibsen’s story is controversial. The female protagonist represents the entire womenfolk who feel that the norms dictating that the woman should be the comforter, helper, and supporter of men are oppressive to the woman. The title of the book is symbolic because the protagonist, Nora, “refuses to be A Doll” to be played with by her husband and other male folk in the society (Ibsen 185).
The play introduces the woman as having her defined purpose and goal, contrary to the social norms in which her subscribed subordinate role in a relationship is to be loving and respectful to her husband, as well as been submissive to him.
The aspect of rebellion in the story helps the reader to realize the importance of deviance from the norms of society. The costs of the same appear to be elusive. This is evidenced through the comparison of the characters of Nora and Mrs. Linden. They were both friends since their childhood, but there was a great difference in how each character handled their life (Ibsen 183).
Mrs. Linden chose to marry a rich man to support her family and helpless mother. On the contrary, Nora, who was treated like a doll all her life, never had the chance to express herself. This is obviated in this quote,” look, Nora, in lots of things, you are still a child. I am older than you in many ways and I have had a little more experience” (Ibsen 184).
This treatment, which she was subjected to during her childhood and through eight years of marriage, disabled her to enjoy any kind of experience. She was neither exposed to life nor to the outer society. She found herself married to a selfish husband who loves her because she is amusing to him and makes him happy. This results in Nora rebelling at the end of the play, and she develops a different character from the one she was at the beginning (Cummings par. 15).
Mrs. Linden is portrayed to be a practical woman since after her husband passes on, she embarks on some projects. One of them was a school and another was opening a small shop. At the same time, she knew that Helmer, Nora’s husband, became a bank manager and can help her find a suitable job. She never gives up on searching for a job. These are the results of conforming to the societal norms, which resulted to Nora being a Doll and never having the chance to express herself.
As earlier stated, she did not have any substantial external interactions (Cummings par. 13). The effects of this are well captured when Henrik writes, “Because an atmosphere of lies infects and poisons the whole life of a home…… In a house like that, every breath that the children take is filled with the germs of evil” (Ibsen 179).
The benefit of rebellion is portrayed when Nora decides to leave the house, desert her family and start a new life. Conformity had served to her disadvantage because she was merely a Doll which made her live a lie (Cummings par. 11).
The Lottery by Shirley Jackson
In another exciting work of Shirley Jackson, “The Lottery“, a story is told of a community that has roots in a culture that they cannot tell when and how it started, but blindly follows it. The society has not changed as it still embraces the culture which segregates women from men. Women are inferior to men. This particular story is about conforming to traditions that appease the gods so they could bless them with enough rain (Jackson 268).
Unfortunately in the story, it is Tessie who is stoned as a sacrifice. In the process of the sacrifice rebellion is displayed by Tessie in different instances. The lottery is run by Mr. Summers. Women are supposed to act as mere spectators. The author tries to portray women’s inferiority by describing their clothes. This is portrayed in this quotation, “wearing faded house dresses and sweaters and walking shortly after their men folk” (Jackson 268).
Tessie arrives late, and it is presumed this is an act of rebellion to the values of the lottery. Her explanation to Mr. Summers is viewed as indecent. “Wouldn’t have me leave m’dishes in the sink, now would you Joe?” (Jackson 295).
Women are mere housewives and do not contribute to income generating activities. Tessie inverts responsibility on her husband when their family name is mentioned by Mr. Summers. “Get up there, Bill” she tells her man (Jackson 297). This is an example of Tessie attempts to overturn the roles of men and women, which is rebellion (Kosenko par. 20).
She raises doubt about the rules of the game, claiming that Mr. Summers is not fair. This is a taboo, and she emerges as the one who is trying to fight for the women’s cause from being repressed by culture. Tessie faces death for the rebellion, which is a clear indication that conforming to the societal norms has no escape; the cost of rebellion is death (Kosenko par. 22).
Two Kinds by Amy Tan
The story “Two Kinds” by Amy Tan is a story of the conflicting relationships between a mother and a daughter. The plot of the story shows how a Chinese mother tries to make her daughter an ‘All-American’ girl. But the daughter, Jing-mei, does not want to be anything that her mother tries to force her to be. The daughter refuses to conform to her mother’s wishes of becoming a prodigy. “‘Of course you can be prodigy, too,’ my mother told me when I was nine,”(Amy 95).
Jing-mei, in her mind, wants to be herself, more than anything. She is strong-willed and eventually shows her mother that she does not want to try to be anything that she is not. A good example of this is found on page 97: “I will not let her change me, I promised myself. I will not be what I am not” (Amy 97). This strains the mother-daughter relationship, and because of this, the daughter is termed rebellious (Elton 198).
In this book, Amy Tan explores the clash of cultures between a first-generation Chinese-American daughter, Jing-mei, and her mother, Suyan, a Chinese immigrant.
“And after I played them both a few times, I realized they were two halves of the same song” (Amy 42). It is obvious that by conforming to her mother’s wishes, the daughter would have had a nice relationship with the mother. But she would not have achieved her dream. She struggled to pursue what she believed in, and it brought conflict (Caravaggio par. 7)
Conformity is when we do something because of the ‘pressures’ of society to do so. For example, you force yourself to stay up late at night because your friends wanted to go out to a bar and drink; or you take illegal drugs because your roommates made you think and believe that you will forget all about your problems in school or at home if you use it; or you smoke because most of the individuals in your group do so; or from school, you proceed to the mall and watch a movie, instead of going home immediately, even if you promised your parents you will be home immediately after class and you do this because all your friends wanted to go; etc.
Rebellion, on the other hand, especially the one related to teenagers, is when we refuse to carry out something or refuse to follow someone. For example, there are some teenagers who would want to be detached from their families as they believe this is the only way of developing their own personality or values (Iyer, 2002).
They think this is a way to achieve the feeling of a “sense of individuality & independence (Iyer, 2002). There are also some teenagers who do not follow their parent’s advice and instead mocks them, creates conflicts, and confronts them because they believe such action will establish their individuality (Iyer, 2002).
Conformity Versus Rebellion
Comparing the two though, I believe that conformity is the force that is stronger than rebellion currently. For instance in my case, during my first year in college, my parents wanted very much to see me off to a good school that they actually wanted to bring me to my dormitory. Of course, initially, I did not like it at all. I felt that they were treating me like a baby and that my I’m losing “my sense of individuality”. My parents would often come over at the dormitory and I really felt belittled when they check on me, if I ate already, if I lack clothes, money etc.
I noticed that I became rebellious because of this. I became so irritated that I get so sensitive and I lash out at my parents. I also yell at other individuals that annoy me even if it’s just a very small issue as if he or she bumps into me. I burst into inappropriate laughter when somebody trips or when somebody’s wearing an “unfashionable” outfit etc. Even my grades decreased because of my “engagement in rebellion” just because my parents wanted to check on me regularly.
However, when I came to realize, there’s really nothing wrong with what they’re doing I stopped with that craziness and focused on my studies. This is the time that I conformed to almost everyone around me. After school, we relax, go to the movies with partners or dates, then we visit the bar for a couple of drinks. I even smoked at one point in my life simply because all my roommates were doing so and I never really had the courage to turn down their offers.
What’s good about my experience is that I did not only conform to actions which are more likely to bring about negative consequences, I also obliged myself to conform to those which bring about positive effects. For example, if my friends decide to proceed to the library and silently and seriously study there, I am also compelled to do so. If my roommates say they are not up to drinking for the night then I also would not go out and sleep early as well. If my friends audition for a varsity team or a particular role in an interesting play, I also get excited and I audition as well.
Another reason why I believe that conformity is the force that is stronger than rebellion currently is because if you notice, the reasons for conformity are: fear of being labeled “different/weird”; fear of feeling non-belongingness; fear of getting no support from other etc; fear of not having friends (Social.., n.d.). Meanwhile, some of the reasons for rebellion are: confusion/refusal of growing up; wanted to feel “sense of autonomy”; hormonal changes including sensitivity, and hot-temperedness etc (Social.., n.d.).
There are more teenagers who are more concerned with the reasons for conformity as compared with teenagers who are hooked with the reasons for rebellion. This is why generally, conformity is the stronger force.
Last but not least, there are more teenagers who conform than rebel nowadays because of the fact that they would rather feel they belong, rather than keep their individuality and end up being alone. It is far more important to them because they would rather be with people rather than being different by becoming a rebel and fighting with someone.
Besides, since rebellion among teenagers is largely influenced by hormonal change, then this is only a “passing phase” while conformity is not since it goes hand in hand with the teenage years. They would have to conform as long as they are surrounded by society.
Conforming to societal norms can have many benefits. There are 3 different types of conformity; the first Is compliance; this Is the act of conforming to the larger majority In public while privately retaining one’s personal beliefs. This can be seen In George Rowel’s “Shooting an Elephant”: “The crowd would laugh at me… L did not want to shoot the elephant. ” In this short story, Orwell is pressured by his society to shoot the elephant. Orwell did not want to shoot the elephant it was no longer causing any harm but to not shoot the elephant Orwell old be seen as a bad individual to his society.
In this case, one’s personal beliefs must be taken back, if not the group of Indians would see Orwell as an evil person. This variety is often seen amongst adults complying with the rules and regulations of a job when they do not necessarily agree with its policies.
This allows for the individual to maintain his or her own sense of individuality while still gaining whatever needs are afforded to them by adhering to the norms expected of them. The second form of conforming is called identification. This is the act of informing someone admired or dollied by the individual. This can be done to mimic that of a celebrity or other iconic figure.
Teenagers often conform as a way to make friends. By wearing a certain brand of clothing they are choosing to identify themselves with any others who wear that style or brand. This variety is most often seen amongst groups of a similar age. The third type is called initialization.
This Is the act of fully adhering and believing in certain norms both publicly In a society as well as individually to themselves. Initialization can be seen is Faulkner “A Rose or Emily: “l have received a paper, yes… ‘ has no taxes In Jefferson. ” In the town of Jefferson Emily never had to pay taxes until the town had changed Its norms.
This variety Is most often seen amongst groups of similar religious beliefs or ethnic background. This allows for an Individual’s full acceptance Into their chosen group. Conforming to the crowd Is actually physiologically programmed Into our brains.
Studies show that the anterior Insularly cortex; the part of the human brain that controls social emotions and self-awareness as well as anterior Cingular cortex; the art of the brain that helps In error detection, have both been shown to Increase Inactivity when a subject’s answer to a question is correct but dissenting from those of his or her peers.
Though conforming to societal norms may grant individuals such things as social acceptance and inclusion, it also sometimes robs adhering persons of their feeling of individuality and private freedom. As sun tanner is also tense won seek to Aviva compliance Walt skeletal norms or to rebel against them.
Societal rebellion is the act of rebelling against the norms expected. This is very often seen in younger generations. Rebelling from societal norms is a way of giving up the privileges and acceptance associated with complying with them in order to fully maintain one’s independence and individuality from society.
Societal rebellion is a double-edged sword, whereas it can be used passively as a way to move towards a noble cause. For example the peaceful protests by Mahatma Gandhi as well as the sass Montgomery bus boycott. Both of these rebellions were against societal norms yet both were peaceful and nonviolent. Conversely, societal rebellion can also be any act of violence or anarchy. Murders and all other acts of Eileen crimes can be perceived as social rebellion because obeying the law is also seen as a societal norm.
Therefore by committing a crime, you are in turn disobeying a societal norm. Conformity and rebellion are both tools humans use to interact with society, whether it is conforming to initiate and maintain friendships, or it is rebelling in order to maintain one’s individuality or even to try to change the structure of society itself. Conforming or rebelling is two sides of the same coin, but both are needed to establish one’s presence and function in society.
SEA Synthesis Argument: Conformity and Rebellion Without idiosyncrasies in today’s society, the world would be brimming with a myriad amount of followers with very few luminaries. Because of society’s growing population of diversity, more and more people are becoming mentors, dignitaries, and pioneers of the world. However, the mass influx of multiplicity is not the result of population growth, but rather, the result of individuals knowing that it is their obligation to rebel and to help improve society. From his Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, Martin Luther King states, “l live that even amid today’s motor bursts and whining bullets, there is still hope for a brighter tomorrow.
” (10) This quote simply states that there are always opportunities for society to develop. The truth is that most individuals are just merely afraid to rebel and contribute their ideas due to the possible chagrin and harassment they could receive. The poem, ‘Eve Wear the Mask” by Paul Lawrence Dunbar, reveals that people hide their thoughts to avoid being tortured by others.
However, in the book Fahrenheit 451 when the main character, Guy Montage, desperately tries to resolve his own marital robbers and figure out how his dystrophy society came to be, he discovers that by rebelling and breaking the law, he understands how he can help rebuild and fix his society after a devastating nuclear bomb decimates the city he used to live in.
Therefore, individuals are justified in breaking societal laws and norms if they are bettering the lives of others and benefiting society. To begin with, the necessity to rebel has resided within the human being since the beginning of mankind. People are born curious, wanting to know how things work, why things work, and what causes these things to work.
For instance, as Captain Beauty of the fire department in Fahrenheit 451 states, “At least once in his career, every fireman gets an itch. ” (59) The significance of this statement truly undermines the characteristic of curiosity. By being curious, people are laying the foundation of rebellion. As this underlying curiosity builds into a burning interest, there is no way to stop the raging inferno of desire from growing until one discovers the answer. Even though, Captain Beauty tells Montage, ‘the books say nothing! (59) Montage refuses to believe Beauty until he reads a book for himself.
Without discovering things for themselves, people will never be able to feel happy or sad, which is why the speaker in “We Wear the Mask” says, “It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes” because naturally even though people are born with a necessity to rebel, the reason why many people don’t rebel is that they are simply afraid of being judged by others. The speaker says people hide their cheeks so that others cannot tell if they are smiling or not and people shade their eyes often seen as the soul.
Without this willingness to question ideas and actions, society cannot be improved. In addition, the role that rebellion plays does not have to be vital. Often, people are inclined to believe that rebellion is an attempt to revolutionize the customs and lifestyles that are familiar and safe. However, they are unaware of the importance of variety in society. The beauty, richness, and color all contribute to defiance. On more than one occasion, Montage neighbor, Claires McClellan, is a huge symbol of rebellion. Often doing strange things out of the ordinary in Montage society, Ms.
McClellan “[hikes] around in the forests and [watches] the birds and [collects] butterflies. (20) Although she does not ensure a citywide manhunt, she is the main reason behind Montage’s intellectual change. When she tells him “[she’s] still crazy. The rain feels good. [She] loves to walk in it. Rain even tastes good” (1 9), her pristine personality completely alters the manner of how Montage observes his surroundings solely due to the fact of her trying to get him to taste the rain (which he does). This elementary and delicate action is not a full-scale change in the world rebellion.
Clavicle’s actions are purely candid ways of getting others to view the world differently. Completely different from there, Claries doesn’t break any societal laws to make a difference, but instead, helps others acknowledge the auxiliary sides of life through her anything but conforming actions. Moreover, the words of Martin Luther King Jar. Also, describe how rebellion is not always major.
He says, “Most people will never make the headlines and their names will not appear in Who’s Who, yet men and women will know and children will be taught that we have a finer land, a better people, and a more noble civilization” (14) The connotation of the quote is that people do not have to be superheroes to make a positive life hang. Most people won’t even be recognized for what they have done, but if everyone makes an independent choice in life, then society will become finer as a whole. The simplicity of rebellion can make a difference in society.
Lastly, the essence of rebellion is the pivotal characteristic element to continue humanity. Without any variety or mixture of diversity, there is no way a society can become improved. Evidently in ‘We Wear the Mask,” the speaker states, “We wear the mask that grins and lies, – this debt we pay to human guile; With torn and bleeding hearts we smile” (1) The speaker shows that every one of us conforms one way or another, and it is because we conform that we smile and grin with “torn and bleeding hearts. ” By escaping shame and embarrassment through conforming, we pay for escape through “human guile” or the deception of human life.
Without having the mindset to rebel and to see the daylight of the social and literal crimes that take part in everyday life, individuals will not be able to save themselves from their own people. For example, during the Montage journey as a fugitive, he notices that after almost being run over “For no reason at all in the world [the people in the car] would have killed [him]. ” (122) In addition, because everyone in Montage’s dystrophy society just wants to have Montage found and killed, they are tricked into believing that a normal everyday citizen walking during the late-night was Montage.
Although the government may see this as a clever way to fool society, the action Of killing the man was unjust. Instead Of giving the supposed “Montage’ a trial, he was brutally killed by the Hound. Without any kind of opposition, these innocent individuals are killed simply because the citizens failed to even question why “Montage” is killed and fails to criticize their win actions. Without having the curiosity or ability to disagree with others, then there is no way a society can continue.
Thus, the continuation of society ultimately depends on how individuals choose to contribute, maintain, or preserve their knowledge of a perpetually growing culture. Without the intelligence and righteousness to continue the human civilization, the societal collapse in Fahrenheit 451 is eerily accurate as to how the world would end. If individuals are willing to “refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight that the bright daybreak of peace ND brotherhood can never become a reality,” (9), then the future of mankind is looking up.
In other words, if individuals are willing to give everything they can to society, and not give up on fellow citizens of the earth despite the hopelessness or hostility of authority, then they still have a chance in salvaging humanity. People are born to rebel, discover new ideas, and reach new heights. Yet it is only through the work of those who can understand the rectitude of their conformity-defying actions that can help maintain the balance of justice and virtue.
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