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Compare and Contrast Articles of Confederation and Constitution Essay

Essay 1

The Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution contain several similarities, yet they also have some differences. To begin with, these two were created by the same people with different points of view. They’ve been regarded as the official government of the United States for a long time because they functioned as the legislation to be obeyed.

In both cases, the country has been labeled as the United States of America. In both, the legislation is created by the legislature, with just one chamber referred to as Congress and a two-chambered constitution. The terms “Senate” and “House of Representatives” are used to refer to these two houses together, but they are divided into two separate bodies: the Senate and House of Representatives.

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The Articles of Confederation Congress is made up of representatives from different states, ranging from two to seven per state. The constitution has two senators for each state who represent it, however this depends on the size of the population. In the Articles of Confederation, each state had one vote in Congress, while under the Constitution every congressman has one vote.

The system for selecting members is similar to that of electing representatives by popular vote in the constitution. Members are chosen by state legislatures under the articles of confederation.

The legislative office in the constitution is meant to be served for two years and six years in the Senate. The term is one year under articles of confederation. The term limit for the legislative branch is three years out of six permitted by articles of confederation, but there is no such limitation in the constitution.

The articles of confederation make no mention of any executive, but the constitution specifies the president as the executive. The amendments to legislation may be made through a unanimous agreement among all states under the articles of confederation, as well as three-quarters of all states in the constitution.

A confederation was a necessary step toward drafting a new constitution since it had more flaws than benefits. One of its advantages was that it made greater efforts to bring the states together and develop a powerful congress.

Many would have supported this because it gave them the opportunity to participate in government activity. The colonists had also come up with a proposal for a land ordinance that would create new states and pay off the national debt, according to the text. Its major flaw was that it failed to give powers to the federal government; as a result, it was judged as insufficient.

In the articles of confederation, the federal government had no power to regulate trade and taxes. The constitution gave the federal government some strength by empowering it to tax, supply a national army, create a common currency, and choose a common head.

The most important benefit of all is that it has continued to be successful and unchanged up to the present, serving as the foundation for rules and standards in the United States. The US constitution, on the other hand, has some critics. Because of its concept of having indirect presidential elections and muddling up senators’ elections, many people think this document is undemocratic. It’s been labeled undemocratic because of its suggestion that senators be elected indirectly.

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Finally, the constitution replaced the articles of the federation as a result of its superior qualities outweighing its faults, unlike the article that had more flaws than benefits.

Essay 2

The primary distinction between the Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution is that the articles were not powerful enough to keep our young nation together. The articles ran the United States as separate states. It was difficult to pass legislation under the articles since a majority vote from 9 out of 13 members was required for ratification.

The Articles of Confederation, which went into effect in 1781, formed a weak central government and a loose confederation of sovereign states, giving most of the authority to the state governments. The desire for a more powerful Federal government became apparent quickly after its inception, culminating with the Constitutional Convention in 1787.

The Articles of Confederation, on the other hand, limited Congress’s ability to create taxes, regulate interstate commerce, and enforce laws. As a result, in order for the federal government to operate and raise military forces, it had to seek funds from the states. The states attempted to limit the national government’s power because they were afraid that it would become a monarchy. To restrict the national government’s authority, Congress established one that was insufficiently powerful to govern effectively, which resulted in significant domestic and international difficulties.

State delegations met first on May 24 and then again, without success, in the middle of July. Delegates from eleven out of the thirteen states gathered in Philadelphia for a national constitutional convention that began on September 26 and ended on October 16 (shortened to November 27-December 2). The representatives were instructed by Washington to make quick revisions to the Articles as part of his plans for a peace treaty with Great Britain after the war was won. The President would be chosen by electors who pledged allegiance under an electoral college system. The government would be divided into three branches: legislative (Congress), executive (the President), and judicial (Supreme Court).

The three branches of government were established in order to establish balance and prevent tyranny in the nation. The Great Compromise resolved the problem that arose between the delegates when they thought that separating powers into three separate branches would guarantee that the United States would not turn into another monarchy. The Great Compromise resolved the representation problem by creating today’s two houses by combining the concept of a two-house legislature to satisfy both sides.

Essay 3

“Let our government be like that of the solar system. Let the general government be like the sun, with the states representing the planets repelled but attracted, and the whole moving uniformly in a number of orbits.” said John Dickinson, a Delaware delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 (constitutionfacts.com). The United States has a government that works well most of the time. However, our governing documents have not always been so peaceful.

The Articles of Confederation, which were ratified in 1781 during the Revolutionary War, was the first legal document outlining the United States’ national government. This was a weak set of rules that became The United States Constitution after several modifications. Despite this, there were several distinctions between them.

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Three of these are distinctions in capabilities, aims, and consequences. In contrast to the Constitution, the Articles of Confederation deprived Congress of critical powers. Congress may maintain an army, manage international relations, declare a war, create money, and establish post offices. However on the other hand ,Congress was unable to tax individuals or choose a president for the central government.

They proved that the Articles were not the finest governing document for our nation to be founded on. To avoid confusion and perhaps dictatorship, powers in our government must be divided. The purpose of a document is critical to the document’s ultimate impact, as demonstrated by the Articles of Confederation. Finally, there are significant differences between the actions of the Articles of Confederation and those of the Constitution. They have demonstrated to us as United States citizens that every nation goes through changes and that no country is perfect from its inception.

Essay 4

The Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution are two documents that served as a basis for the formation of the new federal government in the United States. They’re both significant papers, but they have several similarities and distinctions. The Articles of Confederation and U.S. Constitution addressed the demands of their respective groups.

Both of these Documents were intended to provide the basis for a consolidated, centralized government. Even though the confederation only lasted from 1781 to 1789, it was seen to be beneficial because sovereignty resided with every state. After the Confederation came to an end in 1789, the United States Constitution was written and established bringing the states together as a whole. While these two documents seek to meet the demands of the nation, they are nonetheless quite different.

The Articles of Confederation was the first type of government created by the Continental Congress, which sought to establish an alliance between the thirteen states. Congress was a one-chamber legislative body with identical amounts of power for each state, regardless of size.

Article 2, Section 2 of the Constitution reads that the president is considered the commander and chief of the military, with the authority to negotiate deals and treaties with consultation from the Senate and under the Constitution, Congress has been given permission to raise and support armies, which was not true before when there was a Confederation. When more power was transferred to government by means of legislation, they were able to wield greater control over its constituents.

Essay 5

Following the Revolution, in the mid-1780s, our new nation was hit with a recession. The question of American democracy’s durability arose when faced with such financial difficulties. There was a strong desire for reform, and many believed it should start by changing the government. The opponents felt that having a powerful centralized government would produce the same oppression and tyranny that America had fought to end. To be fully unified as a powerful nation, states must agree on a set of regulations that everyone must obey.

The Articles of Confederation was the first formal constitution in America, and it had a weak government with limited power to effect change (Swindler, 1981). The war proved that America was independent, and the radicals did not want to cede power. Although the articles reassured individuals, they were insufficient for the country as a whole.

The army suffered from a lack of resources, but the Articles of Confederation prevented Washington’s generals from calling on Congress for aid. As a result, he had to rely solely on state volunteers, money and weapons. The absence of a national court system and an executive branch left any laws passed by Congress without force.

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Essay 6

In comparing the Articles of Confederation with the U.S constitution, which was created by the federal convention in 1787, it’s vital to note that both systems were used by the United States. The Articles of Confederacy went into force on March 1, 1781, when they were ratified by Maryland. However, as soon as it was passed on June 21, 1788 by New Hampshire, the U.S constitution took precedence over the Articles of Confederation.

The most significant distinction between the Articles of Confederations and the U.S. Constitution is that the constitution did not force laws but rather stated why the document was formed. It obligated farmers to work toward a government that was superior to the Articles of Confederations in order to justify its existence.

The United States of America is made up of thirteen distinct sovereign states, each with its own set of rules. Some of the states may have been conquered, triggering a conflict among them. The government would be able to do anything it wanted without facing any consequences if the constitution had not been established.

I am certain that if we had not written a constitution, our nation would have been in big difficulty. With no constitution, several states would have had the opportunity to establish what is now known as the United States. Each state would be able to create its own rules regarding how laws should be interpreted and approached without the power of the constitution.

This implies that each state would have to create its own money, which we all recognize is the cause of all evil. Each state would also need to establish systems for patents, copyrights, piracy, and declaring war on other nations without a constitution. Simply put, the United States as we know it today would not exist if there was no constitution. Our nation would become weak and eventually fail to meet many bad regulations and laws.

To answer the second component of this question, if the Articles of Confederation were in force, our country’s legal system would not be better. Given all of the elements that led to its failure, the Articles of Confederation would make our nation extremely delicate.

There would be no source of energy available to Congress or the federal government, which would lead to major difficulties. This would cause additional difficulties in collecting taxes and regulating trade throughout the United States. Enforcing rules under the Articles of Confederation would be challenging and difficult to handle without a source of power.

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Compare and Contrast Articles of Confederation and Constitution Essay. (2021, Oct 29). Retrieved December 8, 2021, from https://essayscollector.com/examples/compare-and-contrast-articles-of-confederation-and-constitution-essay/