On April 14, 1492, the Spanish received word that the Portuguese had finally arrived in India, which prompted monarchs to authorize Christopher Columbus to sail to Asia and start trading. The main goals of the monarchy were mostly finding spices and money, spreading Christianity, and utilizing some of their new technologies like the caravel. In return for allowing him to go, Columbus would get one-tenth of all profits generated.
On October 11, 1492, Christopher Columbus and his crew arrived on an island in the Bahamas inhabited by the Arawak Indians. When Columbus and his sailors stepped onto land, the Arawaks ran to greet them with food and presents (World History Encycophilia p. 335-338). In other words, people already lived there before Columbus ever set foot on America, therefore he wasn’t the first one to discover it; because he wasn’t the first one to discover it, there is no such thing as a day called “Columbus Discovered America Day.”
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The conquest of the New World has been studied by many. In this book, I’ll try to find out why they went where Columbus sailed and what discoveries they made there, as well as how they felt about their new homeland. Another important subject is that of the indigenous people who greeted Columbus’ expedition with songs and dances. It was a journey for both pleasure and profit: he wanted glory and money throughout it all. Why would I say such a thing? The reality is that I didn’t; historians claim it this way.
It was said that “Columbus would get one-tenth of all profits, and the monarchs and Columbus would share governance of the new territories.” (Encycophilia World History, p334) I believe he wasn’t interested in going at first when the monarchs proposed it to him. He altered his mind after learning of the riches he’d receive as a result of their announcement. Because to the money he thought he’d make from it, he accepted the position. Despite being made in such a way, he still agreed to do it.
Columbus didn’t discover America, though. Native Americans lived in the region prior to his arrival. When they arrived, the natives gave them food and greeted them with parties. How can Columbus claim to have discovered America in that manner? He should have recognized that his initial sight of the Indians did not entitle him to call himself its discoverer; rather, it was the Indians who discovered America.
Columbus did not discover the world, but he did reveal it to the Europeans and his country. He never stated that he had discovered a new region nowadays known as the United States; one should not be credited for things they didn’t accomplish. Indias quickly demonstrated that Columbus was not the first person to “discover” America. Furthermore, because he did not discover America, his birthday should not be celebrated.
If we’re not going to commemorate “Columbus’ Discovery of America Day,” then we should commemorate the “Indian’s Discovery of America Day.” We might have parades like those on Thanksgiving. People may dress up as Indians and one as Columbus to enact the moment when Columbus “discovered” America. This can be both instructive and entertaining for children. They’ll learn about what Columbus day is truly about.
Some individuals may claim to be heroes of Columbus, either directly or indirectly. I’m certainly not one of them. He has a very distinct perspective on himself. What was said above was only part of the story. It’s “insulting” to Columbus, yet those are still my thoughts on him. Besides, there is freedom of speech in the United States! I have the right to express my viewpoints and beliefs.
Every year, on October 2nd, the people of America commemorate a national holiday in memory of Christopher Columbus, the explorer who discovered North America. Many people opposed Columbus’ celebrations, however, because he brought calamities to Native Americans.
They began to consider whether Columbus Day should be designated as a national holiday in the United States. Columbus Day should not be a national holiday in the United States, for sure. First and foremost, it was clear that Christopher Columbus triggered Europe’s colonization of the Americas and indigenous people’s decimation.
His dishonesty erased his contribution. People should not commemorate a perp whose hands are stained with blood. Columbus’ endeavours were far from fortunate, despite the fact that some of the consequences were not anticipated. During Columbus’ second trip, his vicious intentions were completely unveiled. The indigenous people finally recognized Columbus’s goal as theft of their riches.
When Columbus’s fleet reached the island of Guadeloupe, they were met by the warlike Caribs, who attacked them. The Spaniards finally vanquished the Caribs and enslaved them. Because of European diseases, these slaves died out quickly. A few months later, the tragedy of the Caribs had happened again on Hispaniola’s Arawaks (“Across the Ocean,” Konstam). These people originally inhabited those regions.
It was completely reasonable for these explorers to drive away any intruders that were discovered. The disasters, on the other hand, began to be brought to the Native Americans as Columbus stepped onto North American soil.
Such a scoundrel should not be regarded as a hero. Columbus was a villain who was unworthy to be remembered. Another factor is that the United States government should be respectful of Native Americans living in the United States. They are also U.S. citizens. From the European perspective, Columbus was a hero, but he was a villain from the Indians’ viewpoint.
The fact that the government still celebrates Columbus Day as a national holiday is extremely disrespectful to both its citizens and a group of individuals. The native people were enslaved and compelled to gather gold in their homeland after Columbus’s discovery of the Americas. Wars also broke out between the Spaniards and Indians, with tens of thousands dying in a few years (“Columbus Day” by Solomon).
As a result, the indigenous people of America despise Columbus. The government officials should take into account these historical events while still treating everyone fairly as members of the administration. If the authorities continue to treat him as a hero, it is tantamount to implying that they approve of Columbus’s actions.
This is a terrible affront to the indigenous people. It’s highly in bad taste to celebrate Columbus Day (“Goodbye Columbus. ”) Many people believe that Columbus was amazing because to his discovery of the Americas. However, Columbus’ historical impact was not unrivaled. Christopher Columbus was just another average European explorer in history. If Christopher Columbus never existed, another Columbus would eventually find the New World regardless of when he lived in history. He became famous because he lived during an appropriate period in history.
The Vikings had already traveled to the Northeast of North America and established settlements there before Columbus’ journey (“Leif Erikson.”) As a result, Columbus was not the first European to discover the Americas. Furthermore, Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer in 1501, discovered that what Columbus discovered was a new continent rather than Asia’s eastern extremity.
As a result, the new continent was named after Amerigo (“Christopher Columbus.”) Columbus was not the first to discover North America or realize the existence of a new continent. As with later conquistadors who sailed across the Atlantic in search of riches, he was simply an ordinary explorer. It is not necessary to commemorate someone who made few constructive contributions rather than an individual like Cortés who made several beneficial discoveries.
Columbus, a scoundrel with evil intentions, inflicted terrible memories on the Native Americans but became famous across the world. The arrival of his voyage was the beginning of the demise of the Native Americans. To honor someone like this is depraved, discourteous, and insulting to Indians. As a result, it’s wrong for the United States to celebrate Columbus Day as a national holiday.
Example #3 – The Controversy of Columbus Day
The debate surrounding whether or not Christopher Columbus should be remembered on a federal holiday demonstrates that his influence has not escaped historical examination. The pros and cons of the issue are rooted in issues such as genocide, racism, multiculturalism, territorial land rights, and the valuation of various cultures over others.
According to Michael Berliner, Ph.D., in The Christopher Columbus Controversy: Western Civilization vs. Primitivism, the celebration of Columbus Day is well-deserved since Western civilization is superior to all other civilizations and Columbus symbolizes this truth.
On the other hand, Jack Weatherford’s Examining the Reputation of Christopher Columbus compares Columbus’ reputed finding with brutal genocide and the destruction of ancient sophisticated civilizations. These articles show two opposing viewpoints in a way that illustrates each author’s objectives, prompting readers to question issues of author bias, motivation, and information validity.
A German scholar’s essay in Capitalism Magazine makes his pro-Columbus stance evident with the headline of the piece: “Western Civilization vs. Primitivism,” implying that primitivism is the only alternative to Western civilization and that all non-western civilizations are primitive. He accuses the “politically correct” of attempting to “intimidate schools across the country into replacing Columbus Day observances with ‘ethnic diversity’ days,’” alleging that the true target for anti-Columbus Day attacks is Western culture (par. 2).
According to Berlin, Western civilization (a term he considers synonymous with the federal holiday) is “objectively superior” (par. 5). Any effort to dispute this is dangerous because it might contribute to the racism that supposedly emerges from ethnic identity and appreciation of cultural diversity.
The antithesis to Berliner’s statement is presented by Weatherford. He starts by noting that Columbus never stepped foot on North America or opened it to European trade: “Vikings from Scandinavia already lived in the region in the 11th century, and British boatmen most likely fished the waters of Canada for decades” (Weatherford par. 2).
Weatherford also disapproves of apologists like Berliner, who he feels are “celebrating” Columbus’s discovery as a great “cultural encounter.” He blames Columbus for the numerous horrid human rights abuses that he introduced to the new world. “Under [the apologist] reading,” Weatherford claims, “Columbus is revealed as a sensitive genius driven by passion for knowledge and understanding in his passionate search for knowledge and understanding”(par. 3), when in reality he was responsible for the first wave of North American genocide, slavery, and European-style fighting.
Berliner’s essay was published for the Ayn Rand Institute, a group that promotes objectivism and individualism as its guiding principles. It was reprinted in Capitalism Magazine, which bills itself as a defender of personal rights. It is clear that Berliner is addressing his pro-capitalist readership, because his flattering comments on Western civilization are exaggerated significantly.
Readers who are well-informed recognize that Berliner’s historical data are grossly misused to support his far-right opinions on Western civilization. He claims that the people living in what is now the United States were “wandering across the land, living from hand-to-mouth and from day-to-day,” had “no written language, no division of labor, little agriculture and scarce permanent settlement,” and were thus not capable of sustaining a large population (para. 4).
Berliner makes no use of historical data or facts to back up his claims, for good reason: historical fact rejects them. The Native Americans’ early agricultural methods are said to have been sophisticated, and while nomadic tribes did exist, several fixed settlements appeared over time preceding Columbus’s arrival. Berliner does refer to “endless, bloodthirsty battles” among Native American societies, although the idea of total war or violent fighting was not introduced in the New World until English and French invasion.
When Columbus and Cortez conquered a previously independent people, they started a long line of public bloodshed and death. Berliner overlooks this because it goes against his claim that Western civilization is the objectively superior culture, providing a “salvation” to previously “nasty” and “brutish” civilizations under its rule.
The article was written by Dr. John Weatherford of Macalaster College in St. Paul, Minnesota for the Baltimore Evening Sun. His audience is both the general public and academic specialists. Weatherford’s contentions are directed at popular mythology that has been exaggerated to the point that it almost totally eliminates historical reality.
Westerners recall Columbus as a pioneer for the integration of Western virtues and values into “underdeveloped” American Indian communities, whereas academics and the ancestors of Columbus’ victims recall the horror and devastation he brought to the New World. “The Taino people were almost exterminated after Columbus kidnapped them as slaves, hunted them for sport and profit, ‘beating, raping, torturing, killing,’ and then using the Indian bodies as food for their hunting dogs,’” Weatherford recalls (par. 7).
Weatherford, on the other hand, employs special cases of torture, devastation, and terror to emphasize his position. “Whatever the problems it brought,” Berliner claims of Western incursion into North and South America, “the maligned Western culture also delivered enormous benefits that most Indians would be vastly poorer without today.” (par 4) Weatherford takes a more focused approach by using specific instances of anguish.
Weatherford’s information may be readily absorbed as genuine, despite his frequent use of words, but Berliner’s appears to be more of a “yay, America!” shout. Weatherford clearly attempts to promote the hidden American viewpoint that “West is Best,” whereas Berliner provides his audience with a contrasting view from the other end of the spectrum. A reader who examines the contrast between these views, including author bias and information validity, is better prepared to come to his or her own conclusion regarding Columbus Day Controversy.
Example #4 – The Argumentation Against Columbus Day Celebration
In recent years, the circumstances of our own American colonization have been a subject of much debate. The Columbian Exchange’s mistreatment, capture, and murder of Native Americans has prompted many people to see it as a lesser catastrophe than previously known. Some states have discontinued observing Columbus Day as a holiday completely.
Columbus was a scoundrel who should be despised for his role in the mass murders of Native Americans. However, the holiday must still be observed, as the Columbian Exchange was an important element of our history. Columbus Day should be observed only because it had a significant influence on our lives and modern world. According to Crosby’s “The Columbian Exchange,” by exchanging plants, animals, and other items that were previously divided, the continental drift that separated the Old and New Worlds was reversed.
Without it, Europe’s crops like wheat would not have made it to America, and America’s crops like maize would not have been seen in Europe. This exchange is one of the most important events in American and European history, and ignoring it would be a blot on our nation’s narrative.
The major concern against the holiday is that the consequences of the Exchange with Native Americans are too terrible to bear. This argument is incorrect because it overlooks two factors: (1) our history is full of bloodshed; and (2) other parts of American history include far more deaths. “A Patriot’s History” by Schweikart and Allen states, “The number [of Native Americans killed] was closer to 800,000,” which is a terrifying amount. In comparison to other aspects of American history, it’s a tiny number – but it’s still terrible enough.
Over 60 million people died in WWII, yet no one is proposing that we should ignore the war or be ashamed of our efforts. Columbus wasn’t a nice guy, but neither is the holiday. It’s about what he started for the rest of humanity.
The second argument against the Native American position is that even if globalization caused the Columbian Exchange, the consequences were unavoidable. According to “Columbian Exchange,” “The history of the United States begins with epidemics of unidentified disease.” In terms of fatalities, the Native Americans’ deaths as a result of sickness were uncontrollable, outweighing any other loss in the exchange.
It was therefore essential for us to connect Europeans to America in order for the Native Americans to succumb to diseases as they would have otherwise. The consequences were unavoidable; why should we ignore the holiday?
Columbus Day should be kept as a joyful holiday, and Columbus himself should not be looked upon with reverence. On the day, we celebrate our history rather than anything else. The ultimate goal is to be celebrated in our country’s advancements, rather than the means used to achieve them. Of course, Columbus and his fellow colonists didn’t accomplish much individually. They were selfish and deceptive in order to acquire what they desired. However, the benefits of his voyage are too significant to be overlooked or neglected. Let us rejoice in this day while remembering Columbus with disdain.
Columbus Day is a federal holiday observed in many areas of the United States by several people, yet should it even exist? Should Columbus Day be discontinued as a National Holiday? Do you know what you’re celebrating when you celebrate Columbus Day? Christopher Columbus, they believe, is the founder of America.
Is it true that Christopher Columbus really discovered America? You were incorrect if you thought Christopher Columbus discovered America! He did not discover America, in fact! Because of the fact that Christopher Columbus did not discover America and inflicted enormous harms on people, we should get rid of Columbus Day as a National Holiday! It’s like celebrating The Holocaust to observe Columbus Day.
We should not be pleased about this terrible occurrence! We shouldn’t rejoice Columbus Day since he wasn’t the first to discover America, enslaved and massacred Native Americans, and took advantage of others. Christopher Columbus committed all of these atrocities on innocent people. Should we remember Christopher Columbus because he did terrible things to peaceful individuals?
Christopher Columbus was originally credited and rewarded for being the first to discover America. Even though he did not find America, Columbus was acknowledged as the discoverer of North America. Is this correct? Should Christopher Columbus be remembered for a task that he failed to complete? When sailing across uncharted seas, Christopher Columbus arrived in North America. However, he needed Queen Isabella’s financial assistance to go on his journey.
It took Christopher Columbus seven years to persuade Queen Isabella to finance his journey. The Vikings and Native Americans had already arrived in America before Columbus departed on his trip. So, since the Vikings and Native Americans were already there, he was unable to discover America. As a result, Columbus Day should be omitted from the calendar of National Days.
In addition, did you know that Christopher Columbus was a deplorable and ruthless individual who murdered and enslaved innocent indigenous people? That’s correct, Christopher Columbus murdered a large number of Native Americans. Not only did he murder a large number of Native Americans, but he also enslaved them. From 1494 to 1508, over 3 million individuals died in battle, the mines, and most importantly slavery. Shouldn’t Columbus Day be a national day given that so many individuals perished as a result of him? Columbus Day should not be observed as a holiday.
Finally, Christopher Columbus utilized Native Americans in a variety of ways. Columbus would steal gold from the natives and offer them beads instead. He threatened to take the moon away and induce a lunar eclipse if they did not feed him and his men.
Christopher Columbus was a horrible individual, and he does not deserve to have his own National Holiday. In conclusion, do you believe that Columbus Day should be removed as a National Holiday after all of Christopher Columbus’s atrocities? Yes! Columbus Day should be discontinued as a National Holiday.Christopher Columbus murdered and enslaved millions of Native Americans, took advantage of others, and did not discover America.
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