Criminals are born with a different psychological scheme that persuades them to commit crimes. Scientists believe that criminals develop such a complex from either a biological, however not genetic, chemicals in their body. These differences allow a psychological failure that leads the person not to develop a conscience. However, there are two types of criminals those who feel absolutely no remorse for what they had committed, and those who feel sympathy and guilt for the act they had done.
This complex thought maybe from their experiences s explained by psychiatrist Dorothy Otnow Lewis and neurologist Jonathan Pincus: “Virtually all vicious criminals have some combination of 1) an abusive, or neglected childhood, 2) brain injuries (through accident or abuse), and 3) psychotic symptoms, especially paranoia.”
Although mental instability will not always lead to crime, the fact is that those who do have this complex are more likely to become criminals. Through examining a criminal’s individual psychological and biological conditions and the environment that the person lives in, one can determine if that person will eventually become a threat to society as a criminal.
The psychological complexity of the person is the main cause of a person’s inability to perceive what is right and wrong. This enables them to perform immoral duties without any guilt in their mind. These instabilities could be due to the fact that the environment in which a person had lived was unnatural and also an abusive situation. These situations may cause one to leave a permanent memory of a disrupted family and a disadvantaged home which may lead a person to a complete mental breakdown. This may lead to a violent display.
Also, the complex is a biological circumstance, however, it is not a genetic one. Scientists have yet to prove that there is in existence an evil or criminal’ gene. As of present, a criminal’s qualities will not pass to his/her offspring. The biological defect comes from their own psyche where their fantasies are forced to become their realities.
They are caught in between fantasy and reality, and they feel compelled to act out these fantasies to become part of their regular lives. Thus, the fantasy which revolves around their psyche becomes a reality and as a result, that person becomes a psychopath. The psychological complexity of the person and the environment in which he/she grew up in, strongly influence crime into their lives.
A person does not need to have a craving to commit a crime instead one just needs that fantasy world provided by the deepest outreaches of one’s imagination. This fantasy allows the person to feel as though they were an authority figure and this feeds their need to commit crimes. Crimes have often been viewed as beyond the criminal’s control.
It was thought to be an urge of some kind that forces the person to react to certain things that will provoke them to do criminal acts. In this theory, crime is viewed as a symptom of some problem – fear, or perhaps anger – that has led to mental illness. Criminals are of a different psychological state than that of the norm. However, they do not receive this from an evil’ gene. Crime does not determine a person’s ability to commit a crime but a person’s thoughts of committing a crime.
The world is not the way it was. At one time people could sleep with their windows up and doors unlocked. In today’s society, people have to lock their doors and close their windows. Crime is at an ultimate high, and the world is slowly falling apart. This is not the work of the older generations, it is strictly the work of generation X.
Teenagers are not what they use to be. A long time ago teenagers were loyal, respectful, and helpful to their parents, but not anymore. Today’s teens live their own lives. They do what they want when they want, and they don’t listen to anyone much less than their parents. These teens drink, do drugs, steal, and murder. They also feel the need to be accepted by their own kinds. This is how gangs are formed.
A gang is a group of criminals or hoodlums who band together for mutual protection and profit. These gangs are the greatest cause of crime in the world today because they participate in frivolous acts in order to survive. To become a gang member one must go through an initiation that could consist of anything from shoplifting to murder.
One initiation includes riding around in a car at night with the headlights off. When another car flashes their lights at the potential gang member, he must chase down the car and kill the occupants. Another gang initiation involves hiding in a woman’s car and raping and killing her when she enters the vehicle.
Members of gangs are devoted to their gangs and fellow members. The only way one can leave the gang is through death. These comrades sell drugs and steal in order to survive. And no matter what, they must fight for other members who are in trouble. Gangs establish a certain territory for them to roam and deal on.
When another gang enters or challenges their territory, it’s time to rumble. Rumble means to engage in a gang fight. The two opposing gangs will fight till death or until one gang forfeits. These fights can be with weapons or skin to skin, but it is usually decided beforehand if weapons will be involved.
Love and hate are both a part of gangs. Members have to love only for other members of the gang. Hate stands for anyone outside of the gang. There is a thin line between love and hate for another member. The love for a member can expire instantly if the member betrays the gang. That’s when it turns to hate and then murder.
Gangs are the greatest cause of crime today. They cause the greatest number of murders, thefts, and burglary. Generation X provides most of the young hoodlums who align themselves with gangs. This is a sad yet true fact. The word is not the way it uses to be. Instead of the safe, loving place, it was at one point, it is now a dangerous hateful place to live.
I feel that one of the biggest problems that the United States is faced within the present day is juvenile crime. Juvenile crime does not only affect the individuals who commit the crime, it also affects the victim of the crime. This also affects the juvenile in their adult lives as the crime can be on their record as long as they live. Experts still have not found the main reason why juvenile?s commit crimes. However, they have come up with a number of reasons why juveniles commit crimes, which I will be discussing in this paper.
The largest and most common risk factor is the demise of family life and the increase in family violence. Many say that how you are raised will make you the person that you are as you grow up. So, doesn’t it make sense to say that if you are raised poorly, you would be more prone to run into problems such as crime as you grow up Between the 1970s and early 1990s, the number of juveniles living in poverty has grown largely for a number of reasons.
This factor alone has caused a noticeable increase in crimes by juveniles. Many of these juvenile criminals also said to have been abused or neglected. For the majority, they also grew up in a single-parent household. Research has found that the majority of these children are more likely to be arrested, and are much more likely to commit a violent crime as an adult, than their counterparts who did not suffer such abuse. The reasoning for this is that psychologists have determined that the symptoms of child abuse are high levels of aggression and antisocial behavior?
Another factor that has greatly attributed to juvenile crime is something that the children have no control over. This is improper parental care. Mothers who drink alcohol, take drugs, smoke cigarettes, and do other such things while they are pregnant are putting their children at high risk for problems. These drugs keep the babies from getting the nutrients they need, which in turn causes disorders in the babies. This problem is not as large now as it was twenty or thirty years ago when there was not as much known about these potential problems, but it still is a major concern when linked to the effects of using these chemicals while pregnant.
The use of the products I mentioned has been linked to delinquency as the babies grow up with learning disorders. Certain parts of the juvenile’s brain won’t fully develop. This could impair their ability to know things such as the difference between right and wrong, good and bad, and so on. This is a problem that leads them to be juvenile criminals.
Also, drug use among juveniles themselves leads to higher crime. Alcohol use is widely known to cause certain people to become violent and change their personalities, which leads to crimes. Drug use can cause the same effects, but also violence can occur as the juvenile needs to support their habit with money.
One factor that hasn’t been recognized up until the past five or ten years as a reason for juvenile crime is media violence. In America, the average child will witness over 200,000 acts of violence on television, including 16,000 murders before the age of 18. It is pretty convincing that heavy exposure to televised violence is one of the causes of aggressive behavior, crime, and violence in our society today.
I remember reading a story a few years ago in a newspaper that involved a stabbing because of a movie. In a Philadelphia movie theater, when the movie Scream 2 first came out, a teenager stabbed another teenager while watching it. That movie was based on a serial killer who would stab his victims to death. That is pretty convincing evidence that media causes violence among people. Another example involves shooting a police officer in Texas about seven years ago.
When asked in court why the teen shot the officer he replied something like Tupac’s music made me want to kill somebody?. Tupac Shakur was a rap artist whose music frequently involved profanity and killing. Television violence affects youngsters of all ages, of both genders, at all economic levels, and all levels of intelligence. I know from experience that this is true.
I can remember when I was younger, I would see a movie with violence and then want to imitate and do the things that the star in the movie did. Long-term childhood exposure to television is a causal factor behind the one-half of the homicides committed by juveniles in the United States.
While there is no doubt that all of these things can cause juveniles to become delinquent, and the effect being that they go on to commit crimes, there are ways to deter this type of behavior. Many doctors and other experts say that focusing on early intervention and prevention as the key to reducing juvenile crime.
Also, giving the offender the appropriate punishment along with the rehabilitation services needed to encourage former criminals can help lead productive lives. The problem ahead now is getting the court to enforce the laws and use the centers available to help out these problem juveniles.
For centuries, the one plague that human civilization faces is a disease that has no evident cure – crime. Before one can even try to find solutions for it, one must understand what a crime is and the nature of the crime. The crime itself is defined as any offense harmful against society.
The nature of crime however deals with the motives and causes of crime, which has no one clear-cut explanation. There are several different theories on the cause of crime such as heredity, gender, and mental defects, but each one is not substantial enough to explain crime and why it takes place.
First of all, the world in which we live depends a lot on financial standards. This includes poverty, social classes, and the simple fact that money makes the world go around. However, it is not fair enough to say all criminals come from a poor background, but evidently, a majority of crime does exist among “the projects”: “…postcode areas with high levels of poverty tended to have significantly higher levels of parenting deficient such as childe neglect; there is a strong relationship between the level of child neglect/abuse in a postcode area and the level of juvenile participation in crime in that area,” Obviously it is implicated that children raised in the ghetto are more susceptible to crime.
Youth crime is probably the most direct link since such poor living conditions, as mentioned above, can cause a youth to find comfort in stealing or protection and affection from gangs. The quotation also mentions neglect and abuse through childhood, which correlates with mental defects. Since it is an economical situation in childhood that can lead to mental defect or youth crime itself, the theory of mental imbalance is not really needed as its own branch. Also, organized crime and their leaders usually have poor beginnings.
Social causes of crime represent the sum of social factors that determine, induce, and cause crimes in society. It consults the social causes of crimes and all kinds of specific social phenomena that cause crimes. The cause of crime refers to the things and phenomena that cause or affect crime. The social cause of crime is committed as part of the basic problems of criminology.
The social cause of crime is related to the emergence and existence of crime, which is universal and inevitable, and it is also prevalent and necessary for the actor, the subject, or the members of the society. It is also necessary for a crime to rise in some or some particular person.
The social reason is one of the causes of crime, but not according to the penalty, as a punishable crime does not pay attention to social causes, and pay attention to personal reasons, criminal law is the crime for individuals with the same social reasons, not all crime.
The phenomenon of crime often appears around us, and many new crimes and crimes have also occurred. From a sociological point of view, it is the political, economic, cultural, educational, and other reasons.
Political factors Some of the abuses of the political system have reduced the function of crime prevention. Bureaucracy, power generation, and generation of the political, legal mechanism are not harmonious. These disadvantages reduce the function of fighting crime and crime prevention and objectively leave an opportunity for various crimes to provide conditions for the breeding of crimes. Social and political factors mainly include the social-political system and the legal system.
Because the political system and the legal system are its basic components, the protection of freedom and democracy will affect the increase and decrease of crime. If a society of democracy and freedom of the will of the people, freedom of expression, social discontent can be a reasonable way to vent, will crime on the community to decrease deep hostility. What’s more, the legal system is imperfect, the judicial system cannot operate effectively, the legal consciousness of the people is indifferent, and it is also prone to crime.
There has been a lot of talk from many individuals about wiping out crime, but many times efforts are forfeited to rationalize that crime can never be stopped. There has always been crime, and there will always be a crime as long as the causes of these crimes are not dealt with in a suitable manner.
In preventing these causes, much of the crime that exists today can be stopped before it starts. Many factors can be involved when considering the causes of crime. Of these factors poverty, lack of education, and peer pressure are among the leading causes.
The first contributing element to crime is poverty. Many of the people in poverty are desperate to do something about their situation so they turn to crime as a means of doing so. In many cases, people see the money that can come out of crime. Such things as robbing banks and convenience stores offer a good source of income as long as they are not caught.
When comparing the crime rates of states to the poverty levels, one can see there is a great correlation between the two. States like New Hampshire, where the poverty level is relatively low, have very low crime rates. On the other hand, places such as Washington D.C., where the poverty level is very high, have very high crime rates. On the website www.justice4youth.com, it has many stories of the lives children in poverty face.
All of the stories included crime as a result of poverty. The website also tells of the cycle that poverty and crime have with each other. It states that the reasons people in poverty commit crimes are to fulfill needs that are not met on low incomes, lack of love and respect from people close to you, and for the rush and excitement for it all. The main idea linking these reasons for crime is the lack of self-respect the people in poverty have.
Example #7 – interesting ideas
Crimes are regarded as either offense against the public or against the state. There are many different causes and correlates of crime. They include socioeconomic, psychological, biological, and behavioral factors.
Crimes in international law are usually prosecuted by International courts. They include; crimes against peace, crimes of apartheid, forced disappearance, genocide, piracy, sexual slavery, slavery, waging a war of aggression, and war crimes.
Some causes and correlates:
- Non-enforcement of laws and punishment
- Lack of social control
- Religious sentiment
- Psychological traits
- Personality traits
- Alcohol and illegal drugs
- Sex – rape, prostitution, trafficking, etc
- Lack of education
- Income inequality
- Overpopulation or high population
- Poorly maintained neighborhoods
- The concentration of taverns, alcohol stores, gambling, and tourist establishments
- Hottest months of the year, heat waves
- Living nearer to the equator
- Fear of being a crime victim
- Unwanted children
Differential association theory says individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior through the interaction with others, e.g. gangs Strain theory says social structures in society encourage citizens to commit crimes. Labeling theory holds that majority negatively labeling minorities causes more crime.
Criminal triad theory looks at the interplay of three psychosocial developmental processes (attachment, moral development, and identiry formation) in the development of a person’s internal deterrence system during adolescence.
Thug culture. Here close to Philly, we’re neighbors to a gross culture were co-operating with the police can be a death sentence. “I ain’t seen nothing.” “Snitches get stitches”. Also, a lot of stupid pride. Walking down a street, somebody yells profanities at you just because you’re there… You SHOULD keep walking and pay no mind to them, but not everyone does that…
Also, poverty. Luckily I reside in a quiet middle-end suburb far from crime and poverty… But I still went to a pretty bad school. The re-occurring theme seems to be that impoverished people grow frustrated and resort to dealing drugs… First light things like Marijuana, but then moving up to the more hardcore junk, and either they get busted and then go through the vicious cycle of not being able to get a job because of their record and resort to selling drugs again until they get busted AGAIN… or by the stress of their life, they start doing hard drugs themselves, get washed up, and need to resort to theft and violence to keep up the habit.
Finally, and I feel most importantly, is family. A child risen in a suburb with 2 happily married parents and taught self-respect, respect for others, and other elements of being a law-abiding citizen is less likely to resort to criminal activities. A child rises bouncing between 2 divorced parents that don’t care about him, without the foundations of self-respect, or even with criminal activities going on in that house… it would not be surprising if the child fell to the level of committing a crime.
One last thing I want to mention… Gun crime is not caused by guns. Gun crime is caused by crime. A gun is simply a tool. It’s used by good guys and bad guys alike. Can you stop gun crime through gun control? Maybe a little… But does that mean you actually did anything? Death by gunshot and death by knife wound is irrelevant… they’re both dead. The UK, with its boastfully low gun crime rate and the disturbingly high knife crime rate, is learning that now.