Alcohol is the most used and abused drug in the world, for this reason, there is no wonder why we have alcohol problems. The most common problem is alcoholism. Alcoholism is a chronic usually progressive disease that includes both a psychological and physical addiction to alcohol. Alcoholics know what will happen to them when they drink but they are so addicted they can’t stop drinking.
Alcohol becomes the most important part of a person’s life. It totally consumes them, all their thoughts and actions have to do are somehow associated with alcohol. Alcoholism like other illnesses will become worse without treatment and remain life-threatening as long as it is left untreated. The psychological dependence an alcoholic has is when they think alcohol is necessary and life will not be good without it.
The physical dependence an alcoholic has is when their body becomes so used to the drug that it now needs alcohol to function without pain. Alcoholism is not a disease experienced only by adults. Alcoholism, like any illness, can strike at any age. Ten percent of the adult drinkers in the U.S are considered alcoholics or at least experience drinking problems to some degree. Surveys have shown that more than one out of three Americans have a personal friend or relative who has had a drinking problem for ten years or longer.
Almost two out of three Americans report that they know someone who drinks too much. It is estimated that there are 18 million alcoholic or problem drinkers in the U.S. For every alcoholic, there are at least four other people who are affected by the alcoholic. This means that in the U.S. there are at least seventy-two million other people dealing with the disease somehow. Many people believe that alcoholics are people that are the skid row winos and bums.
This is a common misconception, actually, ninety-four percent of alcoholics live at home, while only six percent is the skid row type. Ninety percent of all alcoholics are employed, and many work for years before their alcoholism becomes so bad that they cannot perform their job.
Federal officials estimate that the abuse of alcohol costs the economy well over one-hundred billion dollars every year. Alcohol does this by making people less productive at work, taking more sick days, sustaining on the job injuries, collecting more workmen’s compensation, and increasing health insurance premiums.
Physical Effects. Prolonged alcohol use like that of an alcoholic can lead to permanent damage to your body. The liver is the organ of the body most vulnerable to damage by alcohol because the liver is where the alcohol is broken down. The liver may become worn out from the daily task of removing alcohol from the blood, this may cause the liver to be unable to perform as well in removing other harmful substances.
One of the most dangerous diseases of the liver caused by long-term alcohol use is cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis causes the liver to become inflamed and scarred, which eventually kills the liver and the person. Over fourteen thousand deaths a year from cirrhosis are directly related to alcohol. Alcohol causes an increase in blood pressure, this makes the heart pump harder to move blood around the body.
Alcohol can cause an increase in heart rate while at the same time reducing the ability of the heart muscle to pump, it can also cause abnormal heart rhythms. Long-term and heavy use of alcohol can cause a condition of the heart called alcoholic cardiomyopathy, this impairs the heart muscles’ ability to contract and eventually fail.
Alcohol’s action on the brain is what causes people to feel intoxicated. A sudden intake of large amounts of alcohol may result in death, this is because nerve impulses to the brain are dangerously blocked. There are over two hundred deaths a year from this kind of accidental alcohol poisoning. Alcohol also has an increasing effect on our brain chemistry this is what causes a change in behavior.
This can make people do things that they would not do when they are sober, this is a common sign of an alcoholic. Test have shown that long-term drinking like that of an alcoholic can lead to a measurable loss of thinking ability. Over time heavy drinking can also cause permanent damage to the central nervous system. Research has shown that there seems to be an association between alcohol and cancer, with heavy drinkers having the highest risk.
Drinkers seem to get cancer more frequently than non-drinkers. Scientists believe that alcohol weakens body tissue and makes them more susceptible to cancer-causing substances. Alcohol is considered a factor in over seven thousand cases of cancer a year. Alcohol hurts heavy drinkers’ health in general, consuming large amounts of alcohol over a long period of time harms their bodies and shortens their life. On average, heavy drinkers are taking twelve to fifteen years off their lives.
How People Become Alcoholics
It is believed that there are many different ways a person can become an alcoholic. Alcohol alone does not cause alcoholism, if it did everyone who drank would be an alcoholic. There are a number of factors that lead to alcoholism. The way most scientists think you become an alcoholic is through genetics. Because of genetics, people tend to inherit an inability to handle alcohol, just like other people inherit other diseases from their parents.
This is the reason that alcoholism seems to run in families from generation to generation. This is why some people become alcoholics from the first time they drink, because of genetics they become hooked from the start. Experiments testing the genetic factor have been conducted by taking children of alcoholics at birth and placing them in non-alcoholic families, despite having no exposure to the alcoholic parents the children had a four times higher risk of becoming an alcoholic than children of non-alcoholic parents.
Another reason people become alcoholics is the environment they grow up in. If children are exposed to drinking as an activity in which drinkers are careful and moderate they are more likely to become responsible drinkers. If the children grow up seeing heavy alcohol use and abuse they are more likely to use alcohol in that way. Also, if the children are exposed to large amounts of peer pressure from the kids around them they are more likely to drink.
Alcoholism is also a disease that can be acquired over a long period of time. Alcoholics may start out as social drinkers who are able to control their drinking, but they may lose this control and be carried into the alcoholic class. Some people may drink daily just out of habit on a controlled level. But they may become careless about their habits and the step across the line to alcohol dependence is a short one.
Once they are dependent on the alcohol they will build a tolerance to it, this will cause them to drink more and more to get the same effects. Drinking more only makes their dependence worse and eventually, they will develop into a full-blown alcoholic.
Women Alcoholics. Alcoholism is a disease people see as mostly a male problem. But this is incorrect, as many as half of the nation’s alcoholics are women. The reason it seems there are not as many female alcoholics is those female alcoholics are usually closet drinkers. You rarely see a woman alcoholic publicly show alcoholic behavior, while with men it is very common. It is easier for a woman alcoholic to damage her body than it is for a man.
The physical damage is worse than men’s because women wait longer to seek help because society places a greater stigma on o woman who drinks too much. Women’s livers don’t process alcohol as well as men’s. This makes women alcoholics susceptible to developing cirrhosis and other liver problems with lower levels of alcohol in their bodies and after shorter periods of drinking.
Large amounts of alcohol in women may interfere with fertility by upsetting the hormones in their body and it can increase the chance of a miscarriage. Women alcoholics who become pregnant can cause great damage to their babies, this damage is called fetal alcohol syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome can cause physical deformities and mental retardation. Women alcoholics also have a higher rate of relapse than males.
Violence and Alcoholism. Being an alcoholic probably means you will be under the influence of alcohol quite a bit, which increases your chances of doing something stupid or illegal more than the regular person. Alcohol causes a change in brain chemistry which results in changed behavior such as increased aggression and reduced fear which may lead us to take needless risks.
Alcohol can cause people to be rude, verbally abusive, and physically threatening. These factors almost always lead to trouble, such as fights with family, friends, or even complete strangers. Some people use alcohol to express hostile feelings that they wouldn’t express when sober. Alcohol is a major factor in committing crimes. Two out of three murders, one out of three rapes, and two out of five results are connected to the use of alcohol.
This comes as no surprise to me because it is almost every day you hear of someone committing a crime while under the influence. Traffic deaths caused by alcohol are very common in the U.S. This shows that alcohol not only hurts people drinking but also innocent people. One out of two traffic deaths are caused by alcohol and nearly twenty-five thousand Americans die each year as a result of the eight hundred thousand car accidents caused by alcohol.
Alcoholics are seven times more likely to be involved in fatal accidents than non-alcoholics. Alcohol is also related to three out of five cases of child abuse, up to one out of two incidents of domestic violence, one out of three suicides, and up to seven out of ten deaths by drowning. What I’m trying to point out here is that when people use alcohol, especially frequently and heavily like alcoholics do, they are just setting themselves up to get hurt or hurt someone else.
Getting Help. Early identification and treatment of alcoholism is the best way to prevent alcohol from ruining your life. The first and most important thing an alcoholic can do is admit that they have a problem. It is unlikely that the alcoholic will be the first to admit it, usually, they will deny they have a problem, first, they will deny their problem to others and then to themselves. But once the alcoholic admits they have a problem, they are on the road to victory.
After they admit they have a problem they have to decide for themselves that they want to stop drinking for good. Another very crutial part of recovery is recognizing alcoholism itself as the problem needing attention, rather than saying it is just secondary to another underlying problem. There are many places an alcoholic can get help from like: family, friends, health-care workers, Alcoholics Anonymous, and alcoholism counselors.
They can provide the moral support the alcoholic needs to get well. Alcoholics may need to check into a detox center if really bad because the withdrawals can be very painful and could possibly cause death. Withdrawal reactions can include any or all of these: high fever, loss of appetite, nausea, uncontrollable shaking, hallucinations, and possible coma or death. Alcoholism is a disease that cannot be totally cured but people can recover and return to a normal way of life.
Recovering depends on total abstinence from alcohol. Recovering alcohol can never touch alcohol again because their addiction is too strong. Alcoholism is a very serious disease that affects a large number of people. I think if we educate children at an early age to use alcohol in moderation and within a reasonable limit, we would have fewer cases of alcoholism.
We also now have the ability, through technology, to detect which people will most likely develop into alcoholics. I think with this information we should get these people help right away, the sooner the better. There is still hope for today’s and tomorrow’s alcoholics because they are able to recover from alcoholism. It will only get easier to recover from it if more people get involved in the fight against alcoholism.
Alcohol plays too significant a role in society today and should be an afterthought as opposed to the most essential addition to any social event. Alcohol creates numerous social, economic, and health problems that could very easily be stopped if it played a less influential role in everyday events. The use of alcohol is prominent in, but not limited to three social circles that include students, family groups, and religious gatherings.
Experts have much to say about alcohol use and abuse in these three categories, including all of the negative aspects of drinking. Social drinking is a common occurrence around America. Whether it is after work or after a football game, white-collar or blue, two-thirds of the American population sit down at least once a week to enjoy an alcoholic beverage. Many of these people do not realize that drinking is what leads to uncontrolled behavior, drunk driving, and in the long run, addiction.
They are thinking only of the short-term effects, not the negative long-term consequences. People who regularly turn to alcohol eventually begin to neglect their families and other responsibilities, consequently wrecking the lives of loved ones and their own as well. While the lasting negative effects of alcohol use are spewed daily through the media, the problems will not stop until society completely understands how alcohol can indeed pose a serious threat to the nation’s social welfare.
Alcohol has an adverse effect on the economy. The consequences of alcohol abuse and dependence cost the nation an estimated $99 billion each year (Gordis, 209). It is tax money that pays for alcoholics who both live on the street and are barely getting by or who are in government-funded hospitals and institutions. The United States should either find an alternative way to take care of these people or perhaps raise liquor taxes. Either one of these options would conceivably minimize the economical problems caused by alcoholic beverages.
It is not the responsibility of the people as a whole to take care of the homeless people who have fallen prey to the lure of alcohol-related problems. As of 1991, about 14 million Americans met medical diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse or alcoholism. There are numerous health problems that are linked to drinking. For instance, if alcohol is consumed during pregnancy, birth defects may result, worse, the baby could be born addicted to alcohol (Kellam, 30).
High doses of alcohol have also been found to delay puberty in females and slow bone growth and result in weaker bones (Windle, 179). One of the main risks of drinking alcoholic beverages is having a stroke. A review of epidemiological evidence concludes that moderate alcohol consumption increases the potential risk of strokes caused by bleeding (Camargo, 1620). Another medical problem that involves alcohol is the use of prescription medications.
Alcohol may interact harmfully with more than 100 medications, including some sold over the counter. The effects of alcohol are especially augmented by medications that depress the function of the central nervous system, such as sleeping pills, sedatives, and antidepressants, and certain painkillers (Thomas, 336). Upon understanding the risks of drinking, some people would surely stop. Better health is a good reason to do so.
One of the main groups of alcohol users is high school and college students. Despite a legal drinking age of 21, many young people in the United States consume alcohol. There are several factors that put youth at risk for drinking and for alcohol-related problems and also several consequences of their drinking. Thirteen- to fourteen-year-olds are at high risk to begin drinking.
This is a confusing stage in their life and they are easily pressured into doing things they would not normally do. Also at high risk are twins and adopted children. Studies of these two groups demonstrate that genetic factors influence an individual’s vulnerability to alcoholism. Children of alcoholics are more likely than children of nonalcoholics to imitate drinking during adolescence and develop alcoholism, but the relative influence of environment and genetics have not been determined and vary among people (Chassin, 453).
Advertising has also been found to play an influencing role in adolescents’ decisions to drink. Research has assessed the effects of alcohol advertising awareness on intentions to drink. In a study of fifth- and sixth-graders’ awareness measured by the ability to identify products in commercials with the product name blocked out awareness had a small but statistically significant relationship to positive expectancies about alcohol and intention to drink as adults (Grube, 257).
Although there are many risk factors inviting youths to drink, one of the most prevalent is peer drinking and acceptance of drinking. If one minor sees another drinking he would most likely find it acceptable and join his friend. If all of these risk factors were reduced, say, less advertising of alcohol where children will likely be influenced, children would not find it as acceptable to drink and would probably not start off so young or abstain wholly.
Though the prevalence of binge drinking varies among campuses, the overall statistics are alarming. A 1993 survey by 18,000 students at 140 colleges in 40 states found that 44% of the students drank heavily (med.unc.edu). In an effort to curb students’ thirst for alcoholic beverages, many schools are trying to come up with alternatives to promoting social events that involve alcohol. Colby University has come up with a new program that offers students an alternative to getting ‘sloshed.’ Faculty and students there have formed a committee that will recommend a reorganization of social functions.
One of their recommendations was that the student association spend at least 50% of their funds exclusively on alcohol-free events. The other 50% of the funds may be used for entertainment, decorations, or refreshments, but may not be used for the purchase of alcohol (colby.edu). More schools should take part in this kind of rehabilitation, not only does it give the school a positive reputation, but it gives the student s more time to concentrate on the reason that they are there which is to learn.
Serving food, non- alcoholic drinks, offering activities and entertainment such as games and music, and ceasing to give alcohol two hours before the end of the party are all ideas that will promote safe social scenes and responsible parties. One way to deter younger drinkers from becoming addicts is to step up the punishment for law-breakers who have a blood alcohol concentration indicating public intoxication.
Whether it is as minor as carrying a fake identification card or as major as a drunk driving accident, offenders who break the law while legally intoxicated should be punished to the full extent of the law. Alcohol abusers, these risk-takers and lawbreakers, may realize after being punished once or twice that this is not the path they should take.
Sobriety is a great thing, and the choice to be sober is one that should have positive connotations as opposed to the negative ones that go with drinking and being drunk. Learning at a young age that alcohol is not the great thing that everyone makes it out to be is a step in the right direction.
We really should start now on a program that gives every child from kindergarten to college factual, unbiased training about alcohol. Then in a couple of generations, we’d see fewer problems. Most people would have learned to drink responsibly. (Weiner, 93) The earlier people learn the best it will be for them and society in general.
Alcohol is one of the most used and misused drugs known to man. One reason alcohol is misused is that it is accepted in society. People drink to be sociable. Many restaurants offer some form of alcohol on their menus. Alcohol is usually included at celebrations or family and social gatherings. Alcohol affects the nervous system by slowing the body’s functions.
The effects that alcohol has on the body depends on the age, body weight, and the amount a person drinks. The effects range from poor judgment to memory loss, slurred speech, and slow reflexes to unconsciousness or even death. The feeling of being high is one of the immediate results of alcohol and probably the reason most people get addicted to it.
One of the risks of alcohol abuse is health problems. The leading cause of death in America is cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis is a result of liver disease from chronic alcohol abuse. Alcohol also causes damage to the brain, heart, kidneys, and digestive system. Cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, liver, and stomach becomes a threat as well.
Another risk of alcohol abuse is societal problems. Alcohol is a depressant. It depresses the nervous system and causes a loss of coordination which makes a person more prone to accidents. Many traffic accidents and fatalities are alcohol-related. Family violence is often a result of excessive drinking.
Alcohol is a mind-altering drug. It can cause many health problems as well as accidental injuries and death. In Georgia, it is an illegal drug for anyone under 21 years old. The best way to avoid these problems with alcohol is not to drink.
There are some 14 million people in the United States and 1 out of every 13 adults are considered alcoholics or at least experience drinking problems to some degree. Most people just don’t understand the consequences of drinking. Alcoholism is a disease and unless something is done, more and more will be affected by this dangerous drug. A bad withdraw from this drug can lead to death, not even heroin results in death as many times as alcohol.
The majority of people see alcohol as a social outlet and do not consider it to be as dangerous as it may really be. Alcoholism is an often-progressive disease with symptoms that include a strong need to drink despite negative consequences, such as serious job and health problems. The thing about alcohol is that a person does not need to be an alcoholic to experience problems with alcohol.
Just a couple of drinks for anyone can result in irresponsible behavior, clumsiness, slurred speech, loss of balance, even unconsciousness. If you are diagnosed as an alcoholic you can not just try to cut down on drinking and think that this will help. Studies show that nearly all alcoholics who try to merely cut down on drinking are unable to do so indefinitely. Instead, cutting out alcohol is nearly necessary for a successful recovery.
Alcohol has direct toxic as well as sedative effects on the body, and failure to take care of nutritional and other physical needs during prolonged periods of excessive drinking may further complicate matters. Some cases even require hospitalization. The effects on major organ systems can be dramatic. A wide range of digestive-systems can be affected, such as ulcers, inflammation of the pancreas, and cirrhosis of the liver.
The central and peripheral nervous systems can be permanently damaged. In advanced cases, abstinence from alcohol may result in a serious withdrawal syndrome, commonly known as delirium tremens, characterized by symptoms ranging from shaking limbs to hallucinations and blackouts. This condition can prove to be deadly even with prompt treatment.
There are some good things about moderate drinking. Several studies have reported that people that drink one or two drinks per day are less likely to develop heart disease than people who do not drink any alcohol or who drink larger amounts. Small amounts of alcohol may help protect against coronary heart disease by raising levels of “good” HDL cholesterol and by reducing the risk of blood clots in the coronary arteries.
Most people just don’t understand the health risks heavy drinking can cause. They think of alcohol as a way to relax and forget about problems, but in fact, it creates more problems. The earlier and better treatment has led to high recovery rates. Despite these encouraging signs, estimates of the annual number of deaths related to excessive drinking exceed 100,000 in the United States alone. Economic costs related to alcoholism are nearly $150 billion a year.
Alcohol is one of the most used and misused drugs known to man. One reason alcohol is misused is that it is accepted in society. People drink to be sociable. Many restaurants offer some form of alcohol on their menus. Alcohol is usually included at celebrations or family and alcohol affects the nervous system by slowing the body’s functions.
The effects that alcohol has on the body depends on the age, body weight, and the amount a person drinks. The effects range from poor judgment to memory loss, slurred speech, and slow reflexes to unconsciousness or even death. The feeling of being high is one of the immediate results of alcohol and probably the reason most people get One of the risks of alcohol abuse is health problems.
The leading cause of death in America is cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis is a result of liver disease from chronic alcohol abuse. Alcohol also causes damage to the brain, heart, kidneys, and digestive system. Cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, liver, and stomach becomes a threat as well. Another risk of alcohol abuse is societal problems. Alcohol is a depressant.
It depresses the nervous system and causes a loss of coordination which makes a person more prone to accidents. Many traffic accidents and fatalities are alcohol-related. Family violence is often a result of excessive drinking. Alcohol is a mind-altering drug. It can cause many health problems as well as accidental injuries and death. In Georgia, it is an illegal drug for anyone under 21 years old.
Alcohol can and does kill millions of people. It can effect your brain and make you shake, lose all your senses, and kill off your brain cells. It also can cause your liver to deteriorate and not function properly. Liver transplants are hard to come by and do not happen often, if your liver goes out you do not have many chances of living much longer. You could also choke on your puke and die.
Drinking too much alcohol can kill you, but millions of people consume mass amounts daily. College students drink and party a great amount. The average student drinks at least three nights a week and that is the weekend. Most sororities and fraternities encourage drinking.
I do not know how those kids do it, but hopefully, they will realize it someday. In my experience in college, I have realized that alcohol has had a very bad impact on my choices and academics. Although my grades this semester have improved from last semester, I have not picked up a book in two weeks. I went to Arizona to visit this guy that I know from high school and all I did was drink when I was there.
Once I returned, I had to work and I have also had a lot of stupid things to deal with ever since. Somehow I managed to drink Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. Each night I did not get home until around four or five in the morning. I do not know how I did it, but I made it to class on Friday.
I do not feel as if I have a drinking problem because I know I do not need it to have a good time. I am shy and when I drink I do not feel shy anymore and just walk up to random people and talk to them. It is really hard for me to make friends when I am sober because I choke up and can not think of anything to say.
Also, I can not dance but when I am drunk I have so much fun dancing and laughing with my friends and the people I meet. Somehow the alcohol is easily available and people want to drink with me so that is how it usually starts. There are many bad situations where I feel could have been avoided if I had not been drunk.
Example #7 – A Study on the Effects of Alcohol on Human Health
Alcohol consumption is a common practice at various gatherings and parties in different parts of the world. Nonetheless, alcohol consumption can have a different impact on human health and can lead to negative social consequences due to addictive, toxic, and addictive properties. So we will talk about drinking in this essay, and its main purpose is to discuss its causes and consequences.
When we discuss the causes of drinking, we can say that society is the main engine in this process. Alcohol is generally accepted as an “integral part” of any company. People think alcohol makes you excited, energized, improves mood and health, makes the conversation more vivid and fun, but it’s just a temporary effect. Some use it as a sort of solution to the problem, but can not solve it and cause depression. By observing the effects of alcohol on human health, it can be said that alcohol can cause health effects such as mental illness as well as social illnesses.
Today, alcohol abuse is a major problem in modern society because it affects all human organs and alcohol intake causes skin dehydration. This is because skin cells lose essential moisture and valuable minerals. In addition to the chronic illnesses that occur according to the age of the person consuming large quantities of alcohol, drinking is associated with an increased risk of acute health conditions such as trauma, including injuries from road traffic accidents.
So, to summarize the previous statement, we can say that the need for alcohol is not part of the natural life of human needs, such as oxygen, the need for food and water, and that alcohol itself is not motivated by humans. Young people are beginning to use alcohol as an obvious attempt to follow fashion, but the situation has changed dramatically and does not stop. I think society should fight this phenomenon and popularize a healthy lifestyle, but if everyone wants to control drinking and stop it, the problem will eventually disappear.
Social media typically options celebrities drinking cocktails drunken how-to posts and party photos. this can be the atmosphere in u. s. teens are immersed in on a daily basis with seventy-one of teens using quite one social media website payment a median of 9 hours each day using media. despite the recognition of social media and alcohol-filled posts very little is understood about the influence social media activity will wear teenage and young adult and drinking behaviors.
We have a tendency to had people that were in recovery telling us however exhausting it had been to truly get this alcohol-related content off their feeds. that they had likable such a lot of it antecedently that the social media algorithms had determined this was the type of content they wished to move with. it had been what rose to the highest for them phytologist says.
That’s particularly dangerous for those in recovery who try their best to induce faraway from those constant reminders of drinking. Social media is social life for today’s youth. the bulk of all social networking platform users are between the ages of 18-29 years previous with ninety-two teens aged 13-17 going surfing on a daily basis. today being online suggests that exposure to non-regulated alcohol advertising pro-alcohol messages and pictures of drinking behavior that reach underage online social media users. Teenage influence on social media the results of this study are regarding.
Social media campaigns to market alcohol are reaching an interesting giant number of underage teens, and are joined to riskier behavior and drinking at a young age. there’s a requirement to judge methods utilized by social media moderators and alcohol regulation bodies to scale back the exposure to and potential impact of alcohol selling pages on adolescents and young adults and guarantee these pages don’t seem to be accessible to or targeting underage social media users.
But we use will profit adolescents still. additionally, to serving with preparation, studies have found online activities facilitate teens to maintain ties with friends. And one study found people who failed to pay time online were conjointly at a raised risk for depression.
Nowadays, it is very amusing that not only adults are into drinking but surprisingly, teenagers or youngsters are already exposed to it and unfortunately become alcoholics at a very young age. There are about 74% of youngsters who try alcohol drinking more often (see Facts about underage drinking and statistics on teen drinking). Drinking alcoholic beverages in moderation is advisable but excessive drinking is not. When you say alcoholism, it is a compulsive habitual excessive use of alcohol drinks.
It is not the same as drunkenness, which may be habitual but is not compulsive (Leigh 2002). Alcoholism becomes a chronic condition; it should not be confused with acute alcoholic poisoning, which is the sudden poisoning of the body by alcohol. Underage drinking is one of the major dilemmas which our society is presently facing. Drinking at an early age can possibly make the youngsters become alcoholic in the future and become addicted to drinking.
On the other hand, many crimes and accidents happen because of excessive alcohol drinking. However, not all crimes are the result of alcohol intake but most likely, crimes happened because of excessive drinking of alcohol. True or false? In large amounts, alcohol is a depressant; in small amounts, it is a stimulant.
False. Small doses of “spirits” may indeed, enliven a drinker, but they do so by slowing activity in brain centers that control judgment and inhibitions. Alcohol facilitates urges that the individual might otherwise resist by focusing attention on the immediate situation and away from future consequences (Steele & Josephs 2000).
If provoked, people under alcohol’s influence respond more aggressively than usual. If asked to help, people under alcohol’s influence respond more helpfully than usual. In everyday life, alcohol disinhibits both harmful tendencies, as when sexually coercive college men try to disinhibit their dates by getting them to drink (Mosher & Anderson 1999), and helpful tendencies, as when restaurant patrons tip more when tipsy (Lynn1999).
Thus, alcohol makes us more aggressive or helpful—or self-disclosing or sexually daring—when such tendencies are present. Whatever urges you feel when sober, you are more likely to act upon if intoxicated. Low doses of alcohol relax the drinker by slowing the sympathetic nervous system activity. With larger doses, alcohol can become a staggering problem: Reactions slow, speech slurs, and skilled performance deteriorates.
These physical effects, combined with the lowering of inhibitions, contribute to alcohol’s worst consequences—in America, more than 100, 000 lives claimed annually in alcohol-related car accidents and violent crime (Lord 2001). Thesis Statement: This paper scrutinizes alcohol drinking and who is involved in it; thus, be aware of the effects of alcohol on our health and on our society.
Drinking alcoholic beverages moderately can stimulate our system however too much and excessive intake might incur deterioration of our memory. Alcohol has an intriguing effect on memory. It impairs neither short-term recall for what just happened nor existing long-term memories. Rather, it disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memories.
Thus, the day after being intoxicated, heavy drinkers may not recall who they met or what they said or did the night before. This memory blackout stems partly from an inability to transfer memories from the intoxicated to the sober state (Eich, 2000). Blackouts after drinking may also result from alcohol’s suppression of REM sleep.
Alcohol has another intriguing effect on consciousness: It reduces self-awareness. Compared with people who feel good about themselves, those who want to suppress their awareness of failures or shortcomings are more likely to drink. The Nazi doctors who selected “unfit” inmates for the gas chambers often did so while drunk, or got drunk afterward (Lifton 1999).
As with other psychoactive drugs, alcohol’s behavioral effects stem not only from its alteration of brain chemistry but also from the user’s expectations. Many studies have found that when people believe that alcohol affects social behavior in certain ways, and believe, rightly or wrongly, that they have been drinking alcohol; they will behave accordingly (Leigh 2002).
For example, alcohol per se has some effect on sexual arousal, by decreasing cognitive inhibitions (Crow & George 1999). But people become even more responsive to sexual stimuli if they believe alcohol promotes arousal and believe they have been drinking. From their view of research, Jay Hull and Charles Bond concluded (2001) that for some people alcohol serves “as an excuse to become sexually aroused.”
Consider one such experiment by David Abrams and Terence Wilson. They gave Rutgers University men who volunteered for a study on “alcohol and sexual stimuli” either an alcoholic or a nonalcoholic drink. (Both drinks had a strong taste that masked any alcohol.) In each group, half the subjects thought they were drinking alcohol and half thought they were not.
Regardless of what they drank, after being shown an erotic movie clip, the men who thought they had consumed alcohol were more likely to report having strong sexual fantasies and feeling guilt-free. Thus, being able to attribute their sexual responses to alcohol released their inhibitions—whether they actually had drunk alcohol or not. This illustrates an important principle: A drug’s psychological effects are powerfully influenced by the user’s psychological state.
2. Serves as a depressant
The most widely used drug in the depressant class is alcohol. You may be surprised to see alcohol listed as a depressant because you probably have heard someone say that “a few beers loosen me up and make me have a good time.”
Depressants are drugs that have a general sedative effect on the central nervous system, and alcohol clearly has the effect. Initially, alcohol reduces a person’s inhibitions through action on the brain stem. Continued drinking, however, affects higher brain centers in the cortex and leads to reduced alertness. Impaired motor functioning, and slowed reaction times. Higher doses can produce unconsciousness and even death.
Alcohol abuse is a major problem for society, costing billions of dollars annually in medical care, insurance costs, job loss, tax loss, and welfare costs, as well as the loss of priceless human life and other human miseries it produces. For example, one-half of fatal automobile accidents involve a driver who is intoxicated (World Health Organization 2001).
People drink alcohol for a variety of reasons, but principal goals are to achieve another state of consciousness, to relax, to forget one’s worries, to enjoy the high that alcohol initially provides. As tolerance develops, the individual must drink more to achieve the same effect. Thus, it is easy to progress from use to abuse. Dependency on the drug is known as alcoholism, a condition that affects an estimated 12 to 15 million Americans.
For many years, alcoholism has been viewed in the context of a disease model, emphasizing the effects of the drug on physiological processes. Recently, the pendulum has swung toward psychological theories that emphasize processes such as learning, motivation, and self-awareness to explain how drinking problems are initiated and how they are maintained.
Current research also recognizes that there is more than one kind of alcoholic, and studies are underway to differentiate these groups by cause (Conrad 2001). Obviously, such differentiation would have an important impact on the development of more effective treatment.
2. My Analysis
Based on my understanding, experience, and personal research, alcoholism is a serious public health problem. It afflicts millions of people, including adults and teenagers from all types of social groups. Why people become alcoholics is not clearly understood; alcoholism can stem from emotional immaturity, insecurity, nervous tension, loneliness, or depression. Physiological causes of alcoholism, if any, have not been determined. Physicians generally consider alcoholism an addiction.
Personally, I occasionally take alcoholic beverages and it usually happens when I attend parties or any special occasions but I drink moderately because I don’t want alcohol to rule my life but I want to be the ruler of myself. The way I see it, too much drinking can affect many organs and systems of the body.
It irritates the lining of the stomach and pancreas, causing inflammation, tenderness, and ulcer-like lesions. I have read some articles too that heavy consumption of alcohol inhibits the absorption of proteins, nutrients, and vitamins from the small intestine and this can cause chronic malnutrition. I do not want these things to happen to me.
In conclusion, our government should pay attention to this increasing and alarming dilemma which the teenagers are facing. One result of continued, excessive drinking is the development of tolerance. The cells of the nervous system become more tolerant of alcohol, and larger quantities must be consumed to produce intoxication.
When consumption is discontinued, a severe physical reaction, called alcohol withdrawal syndrome, may occur. Twelve to 48 hours after the last drink, the person may experience nausea, vomiting, profuse sweating, tremors, insomnia, and hallucinations. Forty-eight to 96 hours later, the person may experience delirium tremens, a disorder of the nervous system.
Example #10 – interesting ideas
Im writing an essay on drugs and alcohol and why I say no to them. I don’t know how to start off my introduction does anyone have some ideas?
You could start off by writing about the effects on your body drugs and alcohol has. Also, you could write statics on how many people die a year from drug and alcohol-related incidences. Also, you could start your essay off by writing exactly why you say no to them and what you personally feel are about drugs and alcohol.
Alcohol is a drug, a very popular drug. Alcohol has been around for a long time, and people have always enjoyed its effects. Many people have passions for alcohol, some people have refrigerators filled with beer, many others are wine connoisseurs. Alcohol always seems to liven up the party. But no madder what your preference is, alcohol can be very dangerous when combined with the operation of an automobile.
If you can remember only a few things from this report remember this: driving drunk is unsafe to you, and everyone else around you. The drivers of other cars, pedestrians, etc. Driving drunk can also be very, very costly: insurance surcharges, insurance rates, tickets, fines.
Start by doing some research on Native Americans and the Irish. Both of these peoples have a similar reaction to alcohol that you will be able to write about. Also, do some research into the family relationships that alcoholics have; these relationships are typically abusive, with family members being the victims.
Finally, research the role alcohol abuse plays in crime & accidents (particularly car accidents caused by drunk driving). For conclusion, it is clear that the assignment wants you to condemn all alcohol use, not just alcohol abuse. If you’re feeling rebellious, try adding a line that explains that alcohol is not dangerous for the majority of users, who typically enjoy alcohol responsibly and in moderation.