I picked Automobiles of the 1920s as my Submission Topic just by chance. I was on lycos.com and I typed in 1920s and automobiles came up so I thought it would be a good idea to click that so I just went with it.
I also thought it would be a good topic to find lots of research material . Especially since I already knew a little about the Henry Fords model -T . I will need to find out the effects of the car on America and when the car really started taking off.
I think the invention of the automobile was one of the greatest inventions to ever be introduced to the public , and it did and still is improve economy and transportation in America. And was use for just about every thing like delivering mail , milk , lumber , and to take people to the hospital .
There was no greater symbol of the 1920’s than the automobile. The impressive leather coaching and customized interiors . The ease of operation and reliability meant freedom. Beneeth their hoods many of the cars large engines delivering speed and excitement were found.
The automobile was arguably the most important for social change in the 1920s liberating Americans from often restrictive home or neighborhood situations. Many women used the cars to save time in their daily domestic chores — in turn giving them more free time, in which they could educate themselves, or find a job. The younger generations loved the car as an escape from the chaperones.
A juvenile court judge criticized the auto as a “house of prostitution on wheels,” due to the relatively large quantity of “inappropriate” sex occurring in the car. Businessmen, possessing a faster, more personal form of transportation, could live further from the city and subway stops. Consequently the suburb lifestyle began in places like Queens and the Bronx.
Rural Americans loved the car as a ride to town and the social circles. Automobiles were around before the 1920s, but were expensive unreliable and generally only for the rich. What made the auto so influential in the 1920s was the increased availability and dependability. Scientific management and the assembly line increased factory productivity and decreased cost making the auto more affordable.
By 1930 every 1.3 households owned a car, versus 44 households in 1910. Henry Ford was largely responsible for this movement, pioneering efficient production methods and striving to produce a reliable and practical car for the masses. His legendary Model-T aka “The Tin Lizzie” produced between 1913 and 1927, was sold as low as $290 . It’s successor the Model-A, sold for as little as $460 . There was a movement in America to make Henry Ford president.
However, there was also a large high-priced auto market. The Coolige Prosperity fueled the prices of such monsters as the Locomobile Model 48, for $13,000, and the 1929 Rolls-Royce Phantom, selling between $17-18,000. These luxurious cars undoubtfully functioned as symbols, transporting the occupants in a style that cannot be found today .
But the automobile was more than just a practical mean of transportation . It struck roots deep in the national psyche , became part of the American dream. “George F. Babbitt,” wrote Sinclair Lewis in 1922, “as to most prosperous and tragedy, love and heroism.” The manual laborer on the south side of the tracks felt the same way . Asked what the men were working for, a trade union official replied: ?25% arefighting to keep their homes;65% are working to pay for cars.” A working-class wife , interveiwed by sociologists Robert and Helen Lynd for their book, Middletown, commented: “I’d rather go without food than give up the car.
Meanwhile the obesstion with the car grew even more desirable wuth hydraulic brakes in 1920, and balloon tires in 1922. It looked more attractive, with sweeping, rakish fenders and fast-drying colored lacquers, and more comfortable, too. In 1919, 90% of auto bodies were open; while 10 years later they were closed. While the makers reached for new goals 5.3 million cars in 1929 , a few companies were providing with both the rich and near-rich with cars that were individual and distinct.
Here is a picture of the 1928 Ford Model-A (Arabian Sand)
The release of this car in December of ‘27 rivaled the excitement of the Sacco Vanzetti trial and execution. Ford closed his factories for 7 months after stopping Model-T production, in order to develop the Model-A.
The unnecessary halt translated into a large loss for the Ford Company, despite the mammoth demand for the Model-A. Henry Ford was convinced, obviously, to try adding a little style and comfort to the Model-A, differing largely from the utilitarian Model-T, or “Tin Lizzy.”
While writing this report I had some trouble finding things on the internet so I had to go to the books . But I didn’t need to find to much information since I already knew quiet a bit about automobiles in the 1920s from history class , so I just used my history book as my main research material . And the Encyclopedia as my other research reference. The only thing I had trouble with really was the spelling and all the typing because I really suck at both of them.
Automobiles are among the most prominent innovations ever created. The vehicle market rapidly grew through the 1920’s. Henry Ford’s creation of the Model-T in 1903 increased the popularity of the vehicle. Ford’s innovation of the assembly line enabled the production of vehicles to increase rapidly. The assembly line permitted the car to be inexpensive for each American. Autos changed the way people took a trip and lived. Without vehicles we would not have drive-ins, drive-thru, or quick food dining establishments.
Individuals have actually pertained to depend upon their cars for earning a living, or traveling to their dream trip spot.
Cars ended up being affordable, and very easy to make. In the 1920’s, the automobile industry started a transformation that we continue to see today. In 1913 Henry Ford invented and set up the very first conveyor– belt assembly line in his vehicle plant in Michigan. The assembly line minimized the cost of production for automobiles by decreasing the assembly time.
Henry Ford’s objective was a low priced car that lots of people in all strolls of life could pay for. The assembly line could produce a cars and truck in an hour and half. The expense of an automobile reduced to 400$ the most affordable price of any care ever sold.
He sold over 15 million automobiles and the race in between Ford and GM began. General Motors Business was formed and established by William C. Durant in 1908. GM was the significant rival for Ford. The President of GM Alfred Sloan started realizing that they had and benefit over Ford Motor Business. Ford just had one body style vehicle. GM had numerous various varieties of cars and trucks. GM started making four, six, and 8 cylinder automobiles. GM started doing inventory control, and stopped any line vehicles that were not popular with customers. GM started making yearly model modifications and started marketing.
GM was able to defeat Ford Motor company due to the changes that Sloan had made. In 1921 General Motors sold over 457,000 cars and profited over 61 million. A group of companies that merged into what is now known as Chrysler became the next competitor.
Chrysler Corporation new that they did not have the manufacturing resources to build a low priced car, and did not have the financial resourses to build a new plant. The solution came when Dodge Brothers Manufacturing Company was put on the market. The Dodge Brothers had become victims of the Influenza epidemic. The heirs decided to sell the company.
Chrysler purchased the company which had the resources they needed. The Dodge sales organization was considered to be one of the best in the country. With all the resources that Chrysler acquired they were able to develop the Plymouth in 1928. Chrysler then became the developing structure in America . GM and Ford began establishing manufacturing plants in Europe and throughout the world. Automobile manufacturing was the largest in the country. The employment in automobile factories was 250 million in 1922 and in excess of 400 million in 1929; the amount of paid wages doubled from 400 million to 800 million.
Before automobiles we had horses. Horses travel on dirt and grass. Automobiles travel on highways. The automobile also led to highway construction, gas services, and repair. These industries employed about the 1,2 million people.
In The motor vehicle also increased the sale of rubber, steel, glass, and petroleum products. The total effect of the invention of the Motor Vehicle on American life has yet to be measured. The invention of the automobile gave America superiority. Today 41 million vehicles are produced every year. Gasoline shortages, and car wrecks will always be a factor.
The automobile industry improved social status, and increased your financial status. Americans were given the means to travel farther, faster, and more freely. Americans can travel to their favorite fast food restaurant, favorite park, favorite beach, and still have time to go to work.
“In the first hundred years of active life, it has been described as a menace ands a blessing, a blight and a godsend, as a savior of our countryside and cities, and as their curse, as socially divisive and the greatest social leveler. It has been worshipped and reviled, celebrated and scorned.” The automobile is an invention that has had a tremendous impact on society.
The automobile has taken diverse segments of the American population; farmers, small town residents and urban dwellers and given them access to the same opportunities and experiences. Autos have given us motels, shopping plazas, drive-thru?s, vacations, commuting, and, certainly not the least, suburbia. The genesis of the automobile is one of the most profound and important chapters in the development of American culture.
Before the automobile, people traveled by means of bicycles, trains, street cars and horse-drawn carriages. These methods of transportation were slow, limited and not private. Up until the about 1880, inventors experimented with building a “horseless carriage.” These experiments were powered mainly by steam, and were not practical. They traveled at slow speeds (six miles an hour), were very noisy, frightened horses, smelled awful and polluted the air. Sometimes the coals (used to make steam) would fall off the auto, and burn wooden bridges down.
Railroads and stage coach lines hated the automobiles because they did not want competition. Autos were scarce and ridiculed by most of the population. “The car began life as a rich man?s toy, rather than a means of transport or as an instrument of social change.” They were displayed in circuses because they were considered a wacky idea with no future. The development and acceptance of the automobile in America took place around the turn of the century, from 1895 to 1910.
The most successful steam car was the Stanley Steamer, invented in Newton, Massachusetts in 1897 by Francis and Freelan Stanley. It was produced until 1924. The steam car did not fare well because it was not suited for long distance travel, was too hard to start and posed the hazard of an open fire. In the late 1890?s and early 1900?s the electric car was the most popular type of automobile. William Morrison was the creator of this type of car. People liked the electric car because it was easy to operate, ran quietly and did not give off fumes. Unfortunately for modern society, the electric cars could not go faster than 20 miles an hour, and the battery had to be recharged every fifty miles. The electric car lost popularity because of these two problems which were overcome with the invention of the gas powered engine in 1879, by George B. Selden of Rochester, New York.
“The first gasoline powered vehicle, an experimental model, was not built until the 1860?s, and gasoline automobiles were not produced commercially in this country until a few years before the start of the twentieth century.” The patent on Selden?s internal combustion engine was not granted until 1895, and it was this patent that had a profound revolutionary effect on the fledgling automobile industry.
Charles and J. Frank Duryea were the most notable of the pioneers of the gasoline automobile. The Duryea Motor Company produced the first gas powered car in 1893 – 1894. In 1896, they produced thirteen identical cars, the beginning of mass automobile production in the United States. Only one of these cars remains today, in the Smithsonian institution. Autos in Europe were touted as being superior to the American car. A slightly different model of the Duryea won a road race in England proving that American automobile development was on a par with European efforts.
The work of Henry Ford, Elwood Haynes, Stephen Balzer, Charles Brady King, and Ransom Olds in experimenting with gasoline engines, was beginning to change the perception of the car by the American people. They built many test automobiles during the 1890?s. Haynes invented the carburetor and muffler, which improved the automobile. He also invented a cobalt metal alloy named Stellite which was important in metal working tools. Ransom Olds developed the first US car to be sold abroad. He founded the Olds Motor Works in Detroit in 1899. He pioneered the development of a light weight, one cylinder, inexpensive car called the “Curved Dash.” Many thousands of these cars were sold by 1906. In 1904 Olds left the Olds Motor Works and formed the Reo Motor Company. Many people consider him to be the founder of the American auto industry.
Two developments spurred the growth of the automobile industry in 1901. Gasoline prices were reduced as a result of oil fields discovered in Texas. The supply of gasoline was greatly increased so that automobiles could be operated inexpensively. The other development was the advent of mass production and the use of assembly lines.
Ransom Olds built the first factory specifically for manufacturing cars. Unfortunately, it burned down in 1900. Olds arranged for outside machine shops to manufacture the engines and transmissions for his cars. The parts were brought to the factory and were wheeled from one worker to another to be assembled. In 1901, 425 cars were produced, in 1902, 3750 cars were made and in 1903, 5000 cars were produced. Other manufacturers began to use mass production techniques.
A important enhancement to mass production came when Henry M. Leland, the president of Cadillac Automobile Company, came up with the idea for interchangeable parts. Interchangeable parts can be used in any car of the same model. Up to this point, parts were made to fit only one car so that repairing or replacing a part was very difficult. Leland proved the value of his theory by sending three cars of the same type to England. Mechanics took the cars apart, jumbled the parts together and then reassembled the cars successfully.
The “horseless carriage” era of automobile manufacturing came to an end in 1906. That year the United States took over world leadership of the automobile industry. The Oldsmobile, Cadillac and Buick plants set records for motor car production. Production increased by 25%, and the plants turned out 32,200 cars. Automobile production increased by 25% again in 1907. Cadillac and Buick began producing large powerful cars which were accepted by the public. The Ford Motor Company slipped unnoticed into the growing automotive industry. While steam and electric cars were still manufactured, the gas powered automobile was clearly the future of the automotive industry.
Henry Ford became a prominent figure in the automotive industry in 1905. Ford had experimented for years with cars. Before establishing the Ford Motor Company, he had little commercial success in the motor car industry. He founded the Detroit Automobile Company in 1899, but it went out of business in 1902. The Henry Ford Company lasted for one year, from 1901 to 1902.
He formed the Ford Motor Company in 1903, when the market for motor cars was bountiful. Cadillac and Buick could not keep up with the demand for cars, so Ford stepped right in.. “With twenty-eight thousand dollars in cash, the Ford Motor Company was founded, and only one month later the bank balance showed just two hundred twenty-three dollars and sixty-five cents. At about this time, they sold their very first car at the full price of eight hundred and fifty dollars…within a year, the directors shared nearly one hundred thousand dollars in dividends.”
Ford believed that producing an affordable car was the key to success in the growing automotive market. Ford produced the Model T in 1908. The car was originally sold for $850.00. The price was reduced to as low as $400.00 in 1916. Ford was able to produce the inexpensive high quality cars because he used and improved on the modern manufacturing techniques, pioneered by Olds and Leland.
A little known fact is that the Dodge Brothers, who later formed the Dodge Motor Company in 1915, ran a machine shop in Detroit. Ford contracted with them to build engines and transmissions for his Model T. The Dodger brothers built the insides of more than 500,000 Model Ts. Ford introduced the moving assembly line, where parts were put on conveyor belts and moved from work station to work station. He sold more than 15,000,000 Model T?s from 1908 to 1927. More than half the cars in America during this time period were Model T?s.
“The appearance of the Model T is generally regarded as the milestone in the transition of the car from its role as a ?toy of the rich? to a ?tool of the people.?” The advent of the Model T allowed new levels of society to buy and experience the benefits of owning a car. The Model T or “Tin Lizzie ” as it was otherwise known was the culmination of all earlier efforts to, in effect, build the perfect car. Unlike in Europe, where the auto remained a luxury, the Model T became ?everyman?s car?, and changed the American cultural landscape. The Model T first appeared in 1908, and was produced with almost no change until 1927. About 15,000,000 Model Ts were sold in this time period.
The engine of the Model T was a four cylinder, four cycle, water cooled L-head unit. It had 22.5 horsepower. The transmission provided two forward speeds and reverse. The driver controlled the forward speeds with the left pedal, the reverse with the center pedal and the transmission brake with the right pedal. There was a lever to operate the rear wheel brakes. By combining the use of the pedals and the lever the driver could control the speed of the car.
The car weighed a little more than 1,200 pounds. The wheels were wooden spoke wheels mounted on clincher tires. The body was made of wood and metal and the seats were upholstered in tufted black leather. The car had three doors, two in the back, and one in the front opposite the driver. There was a folding windshield, a collapsible top, a horn and kerosene tail and side lamps. There was no spare tire. The gas tank was beneath the front seat.
The advertising campaign for the Model T read as follows: “The same old Ford Company has been manufacturing Ford cars designed by Henry Ford, since the very earliest days of the industry. The first automobile ever seen in Detroit was a Ford. One of the first half dozen built in America was designed and built by Ford; 40,000 Ford cars have since been built and all have made good. There never was a Ford failure – there never was an unfulfilled Ford promise and the years have built up a reputation for Ford that it would be folly to risk at this late date.” The mass production techniques of the Model T were applied to other industries to manufacture their products more efficiently. An example of this is the production of gas powered farm equipment, such as the tractor. The whole concept of manufacturing was turned on its ear. Assembly lines and mass production became the norm.
Another major event with far reaching consequences occurred in the car industry in 1908. William G. Durant, a former carriage maker, formed General Motors, combining Oldsmobile, Buick, Cadillac, Oakland and seven other companies. The rise of the company was slow but steady. One of the biggest contributions of General Motors to the development of the car was the invention of the electric starter in 1912. This made the starting and operation of a car much easier and much safer. General Motors achieved success in the 1920?s, when the popularity of the Model T waned. Today General Motors is the nation?s largest auto manufacturer.
By 1908 the automobile industry was a success. Modern manufacturing techniques, the gasoline powered engine, affordable fuel and acceptance by the American people all combined to make the automobile part of our world. There were many people in addition to those mentioned in the report who contributed to the success of the automobile. Listed below are some of these people with a brief description of their contributions:
David Buick – developed the original Buick, the first car to demonstrate and popularize the valve-in-head engine, now used in all American cars.
Louis Chevrolet – chief engineer of the first Chevrolet motor cars. These were six cylinder, heavy, beautiful and expensive cars. Chevrolet has made more transportation vehicles than any other manufacturer.
Walter Chrysler – founder and first president of the Chrysler Corporation. He added Dodge to the Chrysler Corporation. He was president of Buick and vice president of GM.
James Couzens – early business manager of Ford Motor Company. He held Ford?s respect, was pivotal in the financial dealings of the company. He helped hold together the company during the manufacture of the Model T.
John and Horace Dodge – produced parts for Oldsmobile and Ford. Developed the Dodge motorcar, the motor cars used by the United States Army.
Charles F. Kettering – developed the first electrical self starter now used in all cars. A force in demanding the establishment of automotive research as equally important as manufacturing and marketing cars.
Henry Leland – developed the Cadillac and the Lincoln. His machine shop produced motorcar parts with excellent precision. Introduced the concept of interchangeable parts. He invented the electrical system of the motorcar.
Charles W. Nash – executive of Durant-Dort Carriage Company, became president of Buick and General Motors. Established the Nash Motor Company.
James W. Packard – designed and introduced the Packard in 1899 in Warren, Ohio. The Packard became the American luxury car between the two World Wars. It was sold for 59 years from 1899 to 1958
C. Harold Wills – engineer and designer who worked with Henry Ford to develop the Model T. He urged the use of lighter steel alloys in making cars. He created the Willis-St. Clair car, one of the luxury cars of the 1920?s.
John N. Willys – founded and ran the Willys Overland Company for twenty years. He sold more cars in competition with the Model T than any other company.
Alexander Winton – designed and produced the third successful internal combustion motor car . The Winton was the first luxury car to be produced in the US before World War I. It was produced from 1896 to 1925.
From Horse to Horsepower is an appropriate name for this era. In 1865, the common method of transportation was the horse and buggy. By 1908, it was apparent that the automobile was the transportation of the future. The automobile had radically changed America, and has become a symbol of modern times. Today over seven million automobiles are produced in the U.S. as well as over three million trucks and buses. The automobile industry is the leading manufacturing industry in the Unites States and is the primary customer of many other industries.
For instance the auto industry buys 15% of all steel, 62% of all lead, and 65% of all the rubber manufactured and processed in the United States. About thirteen million Americans are employed by the auto industry and related businesses. The automobile has a spawned many other industries and created millions of other jobs. Examples are the Federal Highway Systems, state and local road systems and the workers who care for these roads.
A familiar example of a small business developed because of the automobile is snow plowing, a very lucrative part time occupation in this part of the United States. All this is the result of the ingenuity and creativity of the turn of the century automotive pioneers.
Arguably, the 1920’s came up with tremendous changes and freedoms. The inventions and innovations that took place during these era opened doors for various activities. The inventions of the automobile in the 1920’s changed the world; this is because people wanted more freedom. One of the wanted freedoms achieved during this era was the freedom of transportation. One of the advancement of human beings during this time was the invention of automobiles. This was not only an advanced technological invention, but also a social state. This is because invention of automobile influenced and changed the way of living. Automobiles changed the lifestyle of people in the world.
Nowadays, people cannot imagine the entire world living without automobile technology. The automobile industry began to be popular, as it influences the entire transport industry. Ford motor company, under the invention of Henry Ford, made the huge and ever growing automobile industry. In the early 20s century, Henry Ford came up with the model-T, of which his first ultimate goal was to bring in this car in the entire United States region; this invention became a big invention in the history of automobiles for many reasons. The invention of automobile changed the entire world in negative and positive ways,.
Model-t manufactured during this era changed the lives of people. It was a personal form of transportation. Therefore, the invention of automobiles reduced the time of travelling and cost. In fact, the Model-t was very cheap in price. Moreover, automobile industry changed the life of society such as, economy, family life and the also the environment. Automobile provided families with a means of travelling from one region to another, using the minimum time possible. Furthermore, the automobile changed the world in a positive and negative ways.
The automobile made life more easy in various way, especially positively. For example, the automobile helped individual and the countries transportation; this is because in the 20th century, travelling was the hardest thing to do. In addition, 2oth century had the most dubious and traditional, means of transportation, for example using animals and animal carts( Banting 12).
The automobile improved the socialization process; this is because people and families could visit each other regardless of the distance. In fact, people had a chance to meet with other people and experience new environs. Perhaps, people could get what they wanted from the markets so easily. Automobile inventions during 1920s improved the economy of various nations. It opened the financial economies; the automobiles helped in transportation of raw materials and products to and from the industry (Banting 34).
Also, this invention came up with entertainment goodies; it gave the young people more freedom to travel and have fun with friends. Moreover, the automobile helped the economy of the countries because it opened new jobs for the society. Those who worked in the city could now move to the rural areas and farm, on the other hand those who lived in rural area could enjoy the city life. In terms of gender, automobile changed the status of women.
On the other hand, automobile invention in 1920s influenced the society negatively. The traditional way of live among people was tremendously changed; this implied that the old days way of life and unity was forgotten. Individual in society began to be independent, in that someone could just go away at anytime to undertake own activities. Another negative influence of automobiles in society is that it led to parking and congestion.
Additionally, the environment began to be polluted, leading to health issues. Furthermore, invention of automobile weakened the interest of family, as well as increasing crime rate. Many people who could not afford the automobiles used other bad means to own it. Moreover, those who stole could drive easily and escape (Banting 56). Apart from, improving the status in society, it led to class discrimination between those who afforded to buy and the poor. During this era, many people did not know how to drive, the anxiety to drive led to many deaths through accidents. Teenagers also enjoyed having fun with the automobiles, leading to many accidents.
Undeniably, there are many beneficial effects for attending a college for everyone. In the 21st century, a lot of changes has taken place because of college education. In fact, college education has brought people from different regions to share in language, culture, personalities and knowledge. In the society we live in, college education is tremendously important for everyone. I believe that going to college school in my life will instill a sense of constancy of focusing in my goals as well as achieving them. In life, people who have attended college education and earned a degree are successful in life.
College education may be very hard to many students in the beginning, but in the long-run it becomes enjoyable; hence, its ultimate goal pays off. For example, when times come after college to apply for a job, college education will make the person competitive. In the job market, not only personal attributes matters but also college education. Those who have not attended college education have very low chance of getting a job (Barefoot & Gardner 18).
One of the most important effects of the college educations is that a person could learn more about how to communicate with the people because the college student will meet many kinds of different people and that can give the student more confidence to can make better judge decisions on people. In simple, way education exposes has to various cultures and diversity. It is in college education that I had a chance to meet very many people from the world, as well as learn more on their way of life.
Moreover, on issues with diversity, college educations presents a chance to learn about diverse issues of other people which include, communication, dress code, traditional and religious beliefs, language, as well as learn various ways of socialization.
Certainly, I learned the skill of communicating various people who were around me in college; in fact, some of the greeting I learned included “Hi” as well as shaking hands. As come from different culture, these were new and interesting lessons. Within our college, some students would never shake hands, while others always shook hands. However, these differences presented an opportunity for me to empress culture and value diversity in the world. Repeatedly, my friends from other cultures could teach me various ways of greetings that should be used among different age group (Barefoot & Gardner 25).
For example, some greeting words were used on the youth, children, parents, elders, and to respected people. Actually, on a personal level college has presented to me a good and joyous experience. In addition, I learned how to communicate with my teachers and my classmates and how to explain my ideas in a behave way.
Another benefit of college education is that getting a higher education after the high school gives you more confident to accomplish that goal. For example, in the future when the student want to apply for a job, the one that have better degree makes him more qualified for that job. In fact, the person that has a college degree is more respected than the one who does not have a degree. Another benefit for college education is that college education is a valuable thing because it can help to make our society better. In this case, it is believed that education is an important factor of development. When individuals graduate from college they can they are in a position to get a job and earn money.
The salary earned will develop individuals, society, family, and the entire nation. Scholars assert that there is direct relationship between development in society and the level of education of the residence in that community. For example, at the college we can discuss and negotiate our ideas and important issues that will make us go for the best goal, so that can help us to build a better society. People can read, argue and listen for a better idea for our society. Also, I believe that the future depends on young people, of which most of them are in college; hence, when we attend college education we will improve the economic, social and political arena of the nation (Barefoot & Gardner pp28-35).
Globally, there are various minor inventions that have changed the world. In cat, most inventions that are well known today just began as a minor invention. But, with time improvements, innovations, and new discoveries change the existing invention from simple to complex. One of the minor inventions is the invention of television. In the past, the invention began as a simple thing became up to influence the entire world. Its effects are many, not only in the life of people but also in the inventions of other technological products.
Basically, the invention of television took place under the docked of many people. Many people worked jointly to the invention and evolution of television. In 1831, Michael Faradays and Joseph Henrys began the journey to invention of television. Thereafter, other inventions such as image transfer, light and selium, Cathode rays, as well as electric current shaped the television invention process. In the year 1921, Philo realized that electron bean had the potential of scanning picture and picture could be seen (Sterlling & Abramson 40).
Since its invention, television has had various uses. Television make s people see what happens in the entire world in a more realistic manner. Within the doorstep, we can watch all the events happening within our nation and other nations. Additionally, television is an educative device, where many programmes that carry information are aired. In fact, individuals can observe and learn on how inventions take place in the world. As a matter of fact, television is among the cheapest means of entertainment. Moreover, television can be used for business purposes.
Undeniably, television has changed the world in tremendous ways since it was invented. It has actually affected social, political and economic issues in human life. Television has since been the agent of socialization. Before the invention of internet and its social networks, global socialization depended greatly on television. The way people dress and communicate are mostly copied from the television (Sterlling & Abramson pp45-67).
Additionally, the cultural norms, values and traditions are shaped and hindered by what we see in television. In fact, some scholars believe that television has done more harm, through portrayal of violence, sexual attitudes, and vulgarity.
Economically, television is used for various reasons. One of the know impact of television is in the business arena. Advertisements improve businesses through increasing sales. Additionally, it has influenced the entertainment industry, whereby, people can enjoy movies, music, and other entertaining programmes. Television also Has become a campaigning tool for politicians. Furthermore, the public have a chance to learn more about political candidates and choose them based on facts.
In 1920s, the basic foundation of American civilization transformed into a new society. It was famously known as “The Jazz Age,” or “The roaring Twenties.” the booming economy, most of the Americans income rose, which resulted in higher standard of living, along with the escalation of consumer expenditure. The automobile industry was the backbone of 1920s economy, Henry Ford implication of mass production, and standardization boost the industry, making all the car basically similar with mass production.
This innovation made cars more affordable for most of the Americans, in fact, “Annual automobile production tripled during the 1920s, from 1.2 to 4.8 million”(GML, 820). Growth of automobile industry engendered magnification of ” steel, rubber, and oil production, road construction, and other sectors of the economy. It promoted tourism and the growth of suburbs and helped reduced rural isolation”(GML,820).
During the 1920s, consumption of goods started producing in mass, from automobiles to household appliances, with the advancement in marketing strategies and advertisement, they were able to sell goods in mass.” Frequency purchased in credit through new installment buying plans, they rapidly altered daily life. Telephones made communication easier. Vacuum cleaners, washing machine, and refrigerators transformed work in the home and reduced the demand for domestic servants”(GML,821). Increase in the household income, Americans started going on vacation, movies. “By 1929…
Example #6 – Interesting Ideas
Cars of the 1920s. Most had to be cranked by hand. They could not go up a steep hill forwards, they had no fuel pump. No radio, air conditioning. No automatic transmission, power steering or power brakes. The ride was rough. A Model T was the cheapest to buy, costing around $420.00.
Only the very wealthy.could afford luxurious cars. Many were imported at a very high cost, some as high as $5,000.00 or more. Many cars from the 1920 era bring top dollar at actions today, $5,000,000.00 is not unheard of. This type of car was hand built and was limited production, and are very rare today.. .
Automobiles really changed the culture a lot more in the 1940s and 50s. In the 20s, only the wealthy had automobiles. But it did let them live further away out of the (then) very dirty cities, thus keeping the wealthy a distance away from the poor. Innovations in communication technology also helped with that, especially the telegraph.
Also, the automobile was very important in making Prohibition ineffective. Smugglers would have never been so efficient and successful without the automobile to quickly run rum across the borders and deep into the country. In the winter, bootleggers would actually drive across the frozen river to Canada from Detroit.