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Why Did They Build The Berlin Wall In 1961?

The Berlin Wall was built in 1961, and for twenty-eight years, it separated friends, families, and a nation. A lot of suffering began for Germany when World War II started, but Germany had a disaster waiting to happen by the end of the war. After WWII was over, Germany was divided into four parts; America, Great Britain and France all controlled the three divisions formed in the Western half, then the Eastern half was controlled by the USSR.

The Western divisions eventually united to make a federal republic, while the Eastern divisions became communist. One of the many reasons why the Berlin wall was built was the tension between America and the Soviets and the fact they both had different beliefs and ideologies. First of all, America was a capitalist country. This meant they believed that businesses could make a more significant profit and be more successful than others. On the other hand, there was the Soviet which was a communist country. This meant that they believed everyone should be equal, and the government got the profits.

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The differences caused by the beliefs were ghastly because both countries disagreed with each other, just causing more tension and most people in the Soviet disagreed with being a communist country and this made them want to leave because of this so, therefore, this may of lead to the wall being built to stop people leaving and to keep each other away because of the tension and conflict. In 1945 America dropped an atomic bomb on Japan which started the round of the war between Japan and America.

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The bomb caused a lot of consequences when it landed in Hiroshima. It caused 70,000 deaths in Hiroshima and 40,000 deaths in Nagasaki; there were also many incidents of Radiation poisoning spreading around the area. The USSR was terrified by America’s weapons and felt they had to act quickly to match the Americans. Once America dropped the first atomic bomb, the Soviets started building similar weapons; after a while, they both had mutually assured destruction, which means they both had nuclear weapons as strong as each other. They also both knew they had the weapons to wipe out the opponent.

Nuclear weapons on both sides contributed to the wall in Berlin because the two countries knew they couldn’t attack each other because they were both so close to each other and if someone made a move, the other country would do the same just as fast so therefore this may of help to lead to the building of the wall to separate the zones. In 1948 Stalin tried his best to take control of the hole in Berlin by refusing to allow access to it by road or rail from the west, hoping the allies would hand it over. The west responded using flying over supplies to the people in the west by dropping them from the sky.

Stalin never gained control of West Berlin. This contributed significantly to the wall because a significant number of things were going on between the four zones, which gave a more significant impact on the hold country. As the tension would build up between everyone, the wall would help prevent this from happening. While the cold war was happening, the country must have been terrified of the outcome. Many people were petrified about their country and what was going to happen to them and their families.

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In 1945 there was a new American president, and he was a gigantic anti-communist than Roosevelt. Also, there were lots of communist governments being set up in Europe. This worried America because they didn’t want other countries to become intimidated and scared by them. After all, that would only make them unpopular. Therefore America had to come up with an idea to help them gain popularity. They then came up with the idea called Marshall Aid. Marshall Aid was when America promised to give money to any country resisting communism.

This worried the USSR because America was gaining support from other countries. Therefore the USSR may have wanted to build the wall for some protection. In conclusion, I feel that the wall was built for many reasons, not just the one I also feel that all the reasons were as important as each other as they heaped more tension on. I feel in the end the main reason would have to be the bombing just for the fact it produced the longest and short-term affects.

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Why Did They Build The Berlin Wall In 1961?. (2021, Sep 26). Retrieved May 20, 2022, from