The Cold War was a conflict that went on between mainly America and Russia; beginning in 1945 and ending in 1991. The USA had dropped the A-bomb on Japan, at the end of WW2, this created huge fear and tension between the two. The USSR on the other hand had promoted the political regime of communism, among many eastern European countries, by rigging elections and invading countries. Tensions had grown massively between each side with one another’s actions. In this essay, I will be balancing up the factors of each side to create a precious answer to who was to blame for the cold war.
The USA had proved to be a major threat to the USSR. The USA’s president had changed from an experienced Roosevelt to an inexperienced Truman in 1945. At the end of WW2, the Americans had suspensions with Stalin, over the spread of communism; the Americans were scared of this political regime. In dropping the A-bomb, at the end of WW2, Japan was not only used to end the war but to create a strong military presence among the world, especially Russia.
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The occurrence of Nuclear weapons was thought to stop the growing suspicious Stalin on his ongoing competition with the USA although the opposite had occurred, leaving Russia with Nuclear weapons. The Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine created by the US secretary of state, General George Marshall, in June 1947 had caused even more tensions between the two leaders. Russia wanted to spread communism although the USA did not, the Americans had thought that where misery and pain were found communism would follow, the Marshal plan was the solution; offering loans to these vulnerable countries.
This had angered Stalin along with the American taxpayers. In restoring European countries had eradicated the need for communism, preventing the spread of it along with Stalin’s plans. The Marshall Plan was funded by the American taxpayers; people in America wanted their tax spent on their country, not others. The Russians objected to the American plan by producing strong propaganda against it. The military alliance between North America and European countries, NATO, had led Stalin to many conclusions with actions that may follow. Through this paranoia, decisions may have been made by Stalin, foolish naive ones.
The USSR was just as guilty with some of their actions, which created huge fear among the USA. The Conform was found in the presence of the Marshall plan, the Americans would have seen this as another attempt to spread communism. In competing with the Marshall plan had shown that it wanted European influence, like America. It wanted this to alter the political regime of these countries and to gain economic and territorial gains. Invading other European countries had caused strong tensions and created fear among America with the spread of Communism; this fear creating knock-on effects towards American plans and views. The Council for Mutual Economic aid had emphasized Russian ambitions to America and the attitude they had upon them. Increasing the actions Russia would take may influence other major factors towards American decisions. The Berlin Blockade, created by Stalin, was used to get the western Allies out of Berlin although this did not happen; it had created strong interpretations on the rest of the world upon Stalin.
These actions by the USSR may have been used as an excuse to proceed with certain actions against Russia. Tensions had grown massively at this point due to drastic measures Russia had taken to get what they had wanted. Soviet scientists had developed the atomic bomb, this was alerting the Americans that Russia was a force to be reckoned with; without the creation of the A-bomb, by the USSR, tensions would have not been as big, Certain views and actions would have not been put in place by America.
Overall in my opinion America was to blame for the Cold War. The USA introducing Nuclear weapons had introduced Russia to having possession of them and creating the possibility of nuclear warfare. Without the introduction of these weapons, the fear and tension between the two countries would have not escalated to what it was. Russia had created the Berlin Blockade which had been a major occurrence to how far Russia would go with America although this event was caused due to the weapons America had demonstrated to them.
The occurrence of nuclear weapons had created strong tensions along with the iron curtain which was the main reason for the Cold war. Other factors such as the change in political leaders from WW2 may have proven to have equal importance to the start of the Cold war. The relationship of previous leaders was strong with Stalin compared to Truman and Attlee; with a good relationship with the USSR, the cold war may not of occurred. The inexperience from WW2 had left the UK and USA unaware of Stalin; he was able to manipulate decisions due to their lack of knowledge. Certain agreements may have been pushed through causing the Cold War.
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