Over time, civilizations faced many changes, while retaining common traditions. From 1492 to 1750, the Atlantic World experienced continuity of slave labour and the change of population due to the deathly diseases, all caused in the Triangular Trade. While shifting socially, the social hierarchy had its share while it remained constant in the upper classes and changed classes degreased. As Europe came to economically dominate trans-Atlantic trade, their influence over social customs also expanded. global
The implication of the Triangular Trade reached massive proportions and changes in the economic society. Portuguese explorers reconnoitred the West African coast, as they were the earlier European traders. In Europe, African slaves were known to work as miners, porters, or domestic servants, because peasants and serfs cultivated the land. As the sugar industry grew in Brazil, it called for the high demand for slaves. 7.5 million slaves were transported to the Americas and forty percent of them went to Brazil. The profit from the slave trade allowed Europe to build stronger empires. The demand for labour stimulated the Triangular Trade, where the outward passage grew from Europe to Africa, which carried European manufactured goods (i.e. cloth and metalware) for the African slaves. The middle passage took enslaved Africans and goods to the Americas or Caribbean, where European and African elites based their partnership. Here, merchants sold their slaves to plantation owners for two to three times their original cost in Africa. Sometimes, they paid in cash but in regions where sugar plantations occurred, as did bartering (for sugar and molasses). Roughly 800,000 Africans were transported in the Atlantic slave trade, during the first 150 years after the European discovery of the Americas. The homeward passage travelled from the Americas back to Europe, carrying sugar, tobacco, rum, rice, and cotton to Europe, which completed the Triangular Trade. From 1680, the Triangular Trade was put into play and throughout 1950, continued and carried the same purpose.
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The Americas were producing and needed slaves to increase production, as Europe wanted the American products and because the enslaved Africans were much closer to the Europeans than the Americans, the Europeans enslaved the Africans for the Americans, in return for their wanted products. As a result of the interactions between the Triangular Trade, morality on the Atlantic slave ships was high. Abuse, suicide, execution, and disease were all involved, but diseases were the highest rate of the morality of them all. It grew within the three continents and caused major population loss. Many diseases were transmitted through each trade route, but Smallpox is the deadliest of them all, as it ended up in the Americas and back. First, the Spanish sailors brought the disease through shipment and the Africans carried the other end of diseases directly from Africa to the Americas. As Europe was the central point of the Triangular Trade, the Europeans gained far more wealth than the Africans. The spread of diseases among the native Americans motivated Europeans to find an alternative labour source, which they satisfied with the introduction of the African slave trade.
As slave trade grew in the Triangular Trade, as did the social effects in each country. In the Americas, the act of class separation had its affects. The Europeans wanted to maintain power in their colonies but they were able to create new social groups in South America, such as the Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, and other classes. Social Structure also changed in Africa because its people were slaves. For example, most of the men in some societies were not present. The sex ratio changed as women had to adapt to fill in the men’s roles. But what did remain constant were the Spanish settlers who often married the locals because they brought no women on the trip with them, while, looking for a more permanent move, the Europeans brought their wives, as well as the French, did. However some Europeans and French did marry the natives.
Solely, during 1492-1750, other global events were happening. While the Triangular Trade was occurring in the Atlantic World, the Ottoman Empire was in reign in what is nowadays Turkey. At the height of their power, Suleiman the Magnificent was in reign and was the most powerful states in the world. The Ottoman Empire then grew from the southern borders of the Holy Roman Empire and to the outskirts of Vienna, Royal Hungary (modern-day Slovakia) and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The more powerful the Ottoman Empire grew, they decided to conquer the Janissaries, Christian soldiers who were captives from conquered territories. The janissaries were forced to provide annual tribute in the form of military service and quickly became one of the most important administrative offices of the Ottoman Empire.
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