The French and Indian War, as it is known in America, or the Seven Years’ War, as it is known in Europe, took place between 1756 and 1763. The war was fought primarily between British America and New France colonies, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France. The Native Americans in the unsettled territories aided the French because they were afraid of the ruthless Americans. Over time, as a result of the war, the relations between the British and the Americans were altered, sensing a soon-to-be revolution. As a result, unnecessary laws and acts were put into place that angered the Americans, which, as a result, the French and Indian War altered the relationship between the British and the Americans by the abandonment of salutary neglect, the loss of respect towards each other, and the creation of imperial reorganization.
Before the British abandoned salutary neglect, the Americans could trade with whomever they pleased. This did not affect the economy of the British until after the war. The British nearly doubled their debt after the French and Indian War and needed a way to ensure that they profit from the colonies. To get their share of profit, the British Parliament decided to abolish salutary neglect. Although this angered colonists, they decided to continue their trade with the other countries by smuggling their goods to the ships. The British also added the Proclamation of 1763 after the completion of the war. This proclamation aimed to create a barrier between the Americans and the Native Americans after Pontiac’s Rebellion. This rebellion was lead by the Ottawa leader, Pontiac, for whom the rebellion was named.
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Pontiac and the other tribes were disgruntled with Britain’s post-war policies in the Great Lakes region after their victory. Other Native American tribes joined Pontiac to drive the British soldiers and the colonists out of the Great Lakes region. This caused the formation of the Proclamation of 1763 as a response to the rebellion. The proclamation stated that the Americans could not settle west of the Appalachian mountains. Although the Native Americans were pleased with this proclamation, they knew that settling the Americans was a mundane routine. The Native Americans concluded that the British had no purpose residing on their land, and they were not welcomed onto their land (Document B). The proclamation didn’t let the American expansion to the west, which angered the inland colonists.
The colonists were under the impression that their mother country respected their enemies more than they respected the colonists. The Americans were also furious at the British because the proclamation extended the Spanish land in the West. It allowed the French – Canadians the right to settle in the Ohio River Valley. The Americans thought that their involvement in the war would give them additional land but were furious when they were informed that they would not gain land. Still, instead, the land they believed was rightfully theirs would belong to Britain (Document A). the British, because they were land hoards, were not concerned with how the Proclamation of 1763 and the abandonment of the abandonment salutary neglect directly affected the colonists. They were only concerned with how it affected them, which exasperated the Americans. Thus, the beginning of the end of the French and Indian war was the beginning of a rivalry between a mother country and her child with hatred that would extend until the American Revolution.
Before the French and Indian War, respect and honor existed between England and America. During the war, George Washington requested to serve under English General Edward Braddock. He wrote a letter to England stating that working under the general would be a privilege (Document C). but when General Braddock got himself killed due to not listening to Washington and assuming that the French are gentlemen, Washington lost respect for the English army. This small dim-witted event helped the respect towards the two countries slowly fade. When the Proclamation Line was created, the British didn’t care about how it affected America. They saw it as a benefit for themselves and took advantage. This was a move that the British took towards the Americans as an act of disrespect.
England and its Parliament weren’t concerned with the financial problems of America when they created the Sugar, Currency, and Stamp Acts, which placed taxes on a variety of mundane items. Document F shows that the British Order in Council wasn’t bothered that America had no money and was financially disabled, but rather they saw it as again for themselves. Because respect towards each other was demolished, both countries did not care about how their actions affected them. People might say that the French and Indian War does not play a role in the American Revolution because the British had to do what they needed to flourish. But in reality, it was an imperial reorganization that played a major role in aiding the revolution.
Following the French and Indian War, Britain was on the verge of bankruptcy, and some of the home population were already rioting in opposition to chronically high taxes. George Grenville became prime minister in 1763. He made a fateful decision to impose taxes and administrative reforms on the American colonies rather than to seek voluntary financial contributions from the colonial assemblies, as had been done in the past. Prime Minister Grenville’s first mistake was to create the Sugar Act in 1764. This act taxed all cane products, such as sugar, molasses, textiles, coffee, wine, indigo, and even rum. The act put all of the companies and all of the businesses on a halt. The act affected other people and the Americans, such as the other countries that they trade with and the rum stiller. As a result, rum became more expensive than it was before. Within the same year, the British also introduced the Currency Act.
Before this act was put into place, Americans would trade and barter with tobacco or common household items. But with this act, forced the Americans to pay the British in gold and silver, which was scarce. This tight money policy created financial difficulties for many families in the colonies where gold and silver were in short supply, which was in nearly all colonies. Grenville then created the Stamp Act. The responsibility of the Stamp Act was to create taxes on legal documents, diplomas, almanacs, broadsides, newspapers and playing cards. The colonists became furious with this act because they could no longer do as they please. The British also passed this act without the consent of the Americans. The British Parliament refused to let America represent itself in parliament, which makes the Americans feel neglected. America’s immediate response to the Stamp Act was a boycott.
The news spread like wildfire around the states regarding the boycott (Document H). When the British realized that they weren’t gaining any money from this act, they decided to repeal it. The Americans were thrilled that the British repealed this act, but the tension between the two countries was still there. The French and Indian War, which occurred for nine years in Northern America and seven years in Europe, aided the American Revolution. The war served as an instigator for the American War. Over time, as a result of the war, the relations between the British and the Americans were altered, sensing a soon-to-be revolution. Unnecessary laws and acts were put into place that angered the Americans. As a result, the French and Indian War altered the relationship between the British and the Americans by the abandonment of salutary neglect, the loss of respect towards each other, and imperial reorganization.