Throughout the course of history, especially in past wars, one can decipher a single point that led to the end of that event/war. All thought World War II had many events transpire which led to its completion, one of the most prominent and immediate effects which brought about the end of the war was the development of the Atomic Bomb. Developed through the research and funding of the Manhattan Project, the Atomic Bomb was used to cause Japan to surrender World War II and thereby effectively ending the war.
The Manhattan Project began on September 17, 1942, when Col. Leslie Richard Groves, Deputy Chief of Construction of the Us Army Corps of Engineers, received clearance to initiate such a project and then bought materials necessary to the project such as Uranium. To understand how such a weapon was created one must analyze many different people associated with it. Prior to even the start of WWII, President Franklin Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein and Leo Sizzled (the man who discovered the possibility of nuclear fission) which warned of a new field of physics in which “bombs of a powerful type” may be created. After consulting advisors and fearing the Germans beating us to creating the Atomic Bomb, Roosevelt decided to pursue the construction of the bomb with full speed and secrecy.
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Among the top researchers, many German immigrants, were Neils Bohr, Glen Seaborg, Richard Feynman, Enrico Fermi, and of course Robert Oppenheimer. Oppenheimer was one of the major players in the project and was involved with every step. Most of the work regarding the bomb was done in Los Alamos, New Mexico by some was done at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Univ. of California at Berkley, and some research done under the Chicago bears football stadium (almost blew up the city). Overall the production cost 20 billion dollars, money spent on Uranium, machinery, and employees. This money was well spent, as the research team developed the A-bomb and had it ready for disposal on July 16, 1945 (when they first tested it) and ultimately August 6, 1945, when the bomb was used on Japan.
In the end, I believe that the use of the atomic bomb and the decisions made during its development were like a double-edged sword. I believe that the Japanese would have surrendered before November 1, 1945, but that would have led to the loss of close to one million more American lives. Also, the Soviet Union would most likely not have had much influence in the Pacific after the war. Japan is an island with limited resources, and the naval blockades were strangling the nation. The atomic bomb might have prevented the immediate and extensive Soviet influence in the postwar Pacific, but we still witnessed several nations turn to communism and come under the control of the Soviet Union.
The research into the atomic bomb was necessary because Germany was doing the same. Germany, the major atomic threat, surrendered in May 1945. Because Japan did not have any atomic weapons, I do not believe it was necessary to use the bomb. The loss of innocent lives at Hiroshima and Nagasaki is wrong. Peace efforts were already underway with Japan and should have received full attention and given a chance before the bombs were dropped. Furthermore, the drop of the Atomic bomb led to the rise of the Cold War. That resulted in massive expenditures of resources by both nations and near annihilation.
Proponents of the bomb say it was necessary because of the distrust Americans felt for the Soviet Union. Due to the fact Russia and Germany wanted the Atomic Bomb, Winston Churchill can sum up American opinion when he said “it would never do good to have Germany or Russia to win a race for something that might be used for international blackmail”. Also, others say that it was not worth risking American lives in an Amphibious assault against the Japanese. On the other hand, moral values lead one to believe the killing of innocent Japanese was wrong and should not have been done.
They condemn President Truman for dropping the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Also, the results of the bomb, mainly the Cold War, are events that history could have done without. Whatever may be said, the fact remains that the Atomic Bomb was used on August 6, 1945, on Hiroshima, Japan killing 70,000 men, women and children. Another one would be dropped soon after on Nagasaki, killing 40,000 innocent people. The Manhattan Project led to the creation of one of the most horrible weapons of all time and whether we like it or not, World War II was in essence won by the minds of a few smart scientists and the power of one simple bomb.
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