The main meaning of the novel is penetration into the “nature” of the Big Gatsby, and through it – into the meaning of the “American dream.” Gatsby is a man who made himself according to the recipes of American morality, and the possession of wealth is an integral component of the goal and meaning of his life. He has land, a villa, a car (a light limousine is a death machine, an expressive American symbol of the movement of dear life.) In fact, his property is described with wide free strokes.
His self-esteem depends little on the means by which it is obtained wealth. He is determined in the correctness of his own path, believes that he achieved everything through his work. The set of rules that govern teenager Jimmy Goetz is very reminiscent of Franklin’s will, the testament of the ancestors of the pilgrims, the founders of the American bourgeois state.
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The death of Gatsby does not occur through a collision with reality (he is in complete harmony with it!), But from destruction, collapse, devastation, since the replicated simplified “American dream”, which is reduced to wealth, is at odds with the idea of the ancestors of the pilgrims, cannot give happiness to a person who grew up on these ideals.
Wealth represents the fetish and the subject of this novel; it is depicted by the author in a complex manner. Beloved, the dream of Gatsby Daisy and her husband Tom Buchanan are involved in wealth from birth, they are its bearers and its “context.” Tom emerges from his tough, strong, ruthless body. Daisy is an exquisite work, grown on the wealth of a beautiful flower. It is not for nothing that “money is ringing” in her voice. Daisy is a distant relative, and Tom is a former classmate of Nick, they live in the fashionable district of Istegg, located just opposite Westegg (and this planometry is expressive – after all, the American West is traditionally considered a country of wild wealth, and the East is a region of cultivated prosperity).
Fitzgerald describes the Buchanans’ property in detail and leisurely: “It was a cheerful black and white structure in the southern colonial style overlooking the bay. sprinkled with crushed bricks, and flaming flower beds, as long as they reached the house as if they were running up the wall with a bright green grapevine … “.
The author in the novel “The Great Gatsby” is not so much describing the protagonist, but precisely the world to which he aspires, and, describing this world of wealth, he leads us to the idea that Gatsby is doomed to die from the very beginning! He went to this – he got it.
Gatsby’s greatest tragedy is his love for Daisy, the vain hope of taking possession of her. It is this love that pushes him on the path of enrichment, to those people who are the “heart” (albeit rotten) of the world of the wealthy.
There is no detailed portrait of the heroine in the novel. The author draws our attention only to the seduction of her voice. He emphasizes that there is a ringing of money in her voice. This is the embodiment of that beauty, poetry, mystery that surrounds wealth. Daisy organically absorbed and appropriated the power of money, became a symbol of beauty, happiness, which is personified by wealth. It is in this social role, which has become her nature, that she appears in the novel. This is the kind of wealth Gatsby has been striving for all his life.
No wonder in his memories Daisy exists only surrounded by things. In her house “Gatsby learned the secret of youth in captivity and under the protection of wealth, breathing in the fresh scent of clothes, which were so abundant – and under her was Daisy, bright as silver, prosperous and proud, infinitely far from the exhausting struggle of the poor.” This is what Jay Gatsby wants to assign as a reward for his love, as the highest meaning of his life.
Nevertheless, the “flower” that has grown in wealth does not “pull” the role of the greatest spiritual reward. She is not far off for her mental development (remember how she characterizes the man’s occupations that are difficult to understand for her: “Our Tom becomes a thinker. He reads various wise books with pre-long words”). She is fake in her few maternal manifestations, she is indifferent to everything that does not concern her personally.
Probably, once the young lady really loved the future hero, dressed in a military uniform, who was heart-rendingly in love with her, the future hero Lieutenant Gatsby, to whom she promised to wait for him, but could not keep that promise. The young woman is overwhelmed by the tremulous love of the mysterious rich man Gatsby.
Let us recall that unexpected “prose” that most of all struck her among the wealth of Gatsby: she sincerely burst into tears at the sight of those numerous of the highest quality shirts, when they were thrown in front of her by an enamoured challenger. She would be willing to respond to his feelings … but no more. she is unable to refuse marriage with Tom (although he does not hide his infidelities), she “loves him too,” and why? After all, this marriage absolutely suits both, it is a union of accomplices.
The episode of Gatsby’s funeral is one of the central ones in the novel. Daisy, not to mention the multitude of people who enjoyed Gatsby’s hospitality, did not give him the last honours. Only the narrator, sceptical and rational Nick Carraway, did not give up on the man who, it would seem, personified everything that he sincerely neglected. “Nick wanted to find someone for him. I wanted to go into the room where he was lying and assure him: “I’ll find you someone, Gatsby. Do not worry. Trust me, and I’ll find someone for you. ”
Nick knocks off his feet, looking for this next “someone” in the city, and already quite sincerely tells Gatsby’s father that they were the closest friends. New York, which is home to a huge number of people who knew Gatsby, is silent. All Carraway’s efforts are doomed to failure, although, as a hint, as the last request, it pounds in his brain: “Look, old man, you have to find me, someone. You have to take care of this. I cannot go through all this alone.” …
The tragedy of Gatsby is that he is torn between the belief in two conflicting myths at the same time that the incompatibility of desires is the cause of death – wealth and happiness are not identical, but the pragmatism and dreaminess of the American are indivisible.
The author brings us to an understanding of the Gatsby tragedy as a person that he created himself and relies only on himself. Absolute self-reliance is defeated at the social level. Gatsby seems to have taken it all into account. Striving to meet the requirements of society, he surrounds himself with luxurious things, orders clothes in Europe, tries to look enlightened, as evidenced by his excellent library and reminders in the necessary context about Oxford.
The hero monitors his appearance, communicates in a language that, in his opinion, meets the level of the higher world. Jay is very demanding of himself and as a man, showing extraordinary courage at the front. He made his dream come true – he created himself, the successful and mysterious Big Gatsby, which is so much talked about. And yet, despite the full implementation of all strong social regulations, Jay does not become a member of the New York upper world. Some laugh at him, others use his capabilities, others simply ignore his presence. In addition, as we know, the lifestyle of the rich Gatsby is only a means to get Daisy.
It is the same New York society that he does not care about. Even Nick admits that Gatsby used him. Such “hypocrisy” provokes an adequate reaction among the inhabitants of Long Island. Using Jay’s services, his guests spread the most amazing gossip without the least shame. And the mannered aristocrat Tom Buchanan does not consider it an obscenity to stop by to see him for something to drink, although they are even unfamiliar. For all of them, Gatsby is another upstart, whom they left at the first best opportunity as quickly as he lost them at the request of Daisy. Therefore, the scene of Jay’s funeral resembles a public mute rebuke to a person who did not play by their rules.
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