In 1936 a scientist named Ruzika was the first ever to make a pure form of testosterone from cholesterol (steroid.com). It is then that steroids emerged as a performance-enhancing drug. I am pretty sure we all have preconceived ideas and notions about steroids and the people that use them. Today I would like to talk to you all about the fact and fiction of steroid usage. 1st I would like to talk about the History of steroids, 2nd the types of steroids, 3rd anabolic and androgenic effects, and 4th laws and regulations surrounding steroids. Now let’s get pumped and look at some history.
In 1936 a scientist named Ruzicka synthesized the compound testosterone from cholesterol, as did two other scientists, Butenandt and Hanisch (steroid.com). Testosterone was, of course, the first anabolic steroid ever created. In 1967, the International Olympic Council banned the use of anabolic steroids and by the mid-1970s most major sporting organizations had also banned them. In the 80s testosterone was a prescription drug.
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Media reports began to associate steroids with performance-enhancing efforts in the context of competitive sports. Steroids were decried as cheating to gain an unfair advantage. It then was proposed in the media that steroid abuse had trickled down to high school boys. In 1988 there was a Canadian sprinter named Ben Johnson who was stripped of his Olympic gold medal for testing positive for the Steroid Stanozol. Stanozol is an oral steroid, but what other types of steroids are there? Let’s take a look.
Types of steroids
There is two way to take steroids, either orally or by injection. In a seminar I listened to called Pumped, it was said in order for oral steroids to withstand the breakdown from the liver the drug is modified by alkylation beforehand. Alkylation is the addition of a carbon atom or atoms at the alpha position of the number 17 carbon atom. They are also known as C-17 steroids. C-17 steroids are alpha-alkylated steroids. The Liver is stressed by these types of steroids very heavily. Injectable steroids are usually injected into a muscle and not a vein.
Most injectables go through a process called esterification. Esterification is the addition of carboxylic acids to the 17-beta hydroxyl group of the testosterone molecule. These esters allow the testosterone to be released more gradually from the muscle. This is to maximize the anabolic effects and minimize potential adverse effects. Most steroid users will cycle their steroid use, Alternating periods of steroid and steroid free training. This allows the body to rid itself of steroids and begin normal testosterone production again.
Anabolic & Androgenic
Steroids are both anabolic and androgenic. The effect that bodybuilders and athletes are looking for is androgenic. Androgenic means to build muscle and strength. Anabolic steroids help synthesize steroids and also help retain nitrogen which also helps with tissue build up. All anabolic steroids are anabolic-androgenic steroids meaning all building steroids have adverse side affects (also known as androgenic effects).
As told by Rick Collins, some of the known adverse side affects are Testicular atrophy (diminishing size and functionality), sterility (temporary – only while steroids are in use, no known permanent cases of sterility), acne, baldness (steroids cause DHT receptors to be more sensitive, which in some cases can cause male pattern baldness), changes in cholesterol, hypertension (high blood pressure), and prostate complications (cancer or growth).
Current Laws and Regulations
In 1990 the government added steroids to the Schedule III list of federally controlled substances. Unlawful possession was punishable by up to one year in prison, Unlawful distribution by 5 years in prison. Unlawful distribution to anyone under 21 was punishable by 10 years for a first offence, and 30 years for a second. Then the government passed the steroid control act of 2004.
The act added many prohormone dietary supplements to the controlled substances list. Prohormones are precursors to testosterone in the body, as opposed to raw steroids being injected themselves. This act took effect on January 20th 2005. March 27, 2006 the government is now looking for new steroid guidelines. Steroids now punished with a 1:1 ratio with another schedule III drugs. This will increase punishments by 20 fold for injectables, and fifty fold for oral steroids. Looks like our government isn’t very favourable to steroids.
Now that you know about the history of steroids, how steroids are taken, what steroids do and don’t do, and what the law says, I hope you all have a much better understanding of steroids and what they do. I feel that steroids have great medical potential and I hope to see them widely used someday either for medical or personal use.
Attention Step: In 1936 a scientist named Ruzicka was the first ever to..
Thesis: Today I would like to talk to you all about the fact and fiction behind…
Preview: First – History, Second – Types of steroids, Third Anabolic and Androgenic affects, and fourth laws and regulations for steroids…
Transition: Now let’s get pumped and look at some history shall we.
Body I. History
B. Early Sports
1. International Olympic Council
2. Ben Johnson
Transition: What other types of steroids are there? Let’s take a look.
II. Types of steroids
2. Liver Damage
Transition: Now that we know how steroids are taken let’s examine the effects of these oral or injected steroids.
III. Anabolic & Androgenic Affects
1. Builds up muscle
a. Increases protein synthesis
b. Nitrogen Retention
2. Medical Capabilities
a. AIDS wasting
b. Burn victims
c. Low Libido
B. Androgenic Affects
1. Testicular atrophy
6. Prostate Complications.
Transition: As you can see there are many pros and cons for steroids. What does our government think?
IV. Laws and Regulations
1. Federal List of controlled substances
2. Possession – 1 year jail
3. Distribution – 5 years prison
4. Distribution to minors – 10 years 1st offence, 30 years for 2nd
1. Anabolic Steroid Control Act
a. Prohormones added as controlled substance
b. Took effect January 20th, 2006
C. March 27, 2006
1. New punishment guidelines.
a. Punished as a 1:1 ratio with much more serious subst.
b. 20 fold increase for injectables, fifty-fold for orals.
Review: Now that you know about the history, how steroids are taken, what steroids do and don’t do, and what the law says now I hope you have a much better understanding of steroids and the people who use them.
Ending Statement: I feel that steroids have great medical potential and I hope to see them widely used someday either for medical or personal use.
Collins, Rick. “Pumped: A truth enhancing seminar.” Drug Policy Alliance, New York. May 10th 2006
Anabolic Steroids. Unknown Author. No Posted Date. Steroid.com. October 20th, 2006 http://www.steroid.com/main.php
Collins, Rick. Legal Muscle. East Meadow: Legal Muscle Inc. 2002
Gallaway, Steve. The Steroid Bible. Honolulu: Belle Intl. 1997
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