Lynn Peril writes a fascinating study of pink color and its historical connection to ideas and beliefs of femininity. Peril translates and defines Pink Think as a collection of specific ideas, beliefs, and approaches of how and when is feminine behavior considered proper. Throughout her book, Peril is pointing out various fundamental approaches and attitudes that are considered to be crucial for women’s achievements and accomplishments. Peril’s Pink Think also advocates how the greatest concern of femininity is related to women’s physical appearance (fashion and beauty) and their marriage (motherhood and housekeeper). Furthermore, Peril is demonstrating the evolution of femininity and the constant and intense impact of its norms and rules on women’s lives. Peril is interpreting the popularity of Pink Think since the early ’40s, all the way through the ’60s. She explains and simplifies it through various examples based on how women have to behave and look girly from an early age in order to create and secure an acceptable status and position in society.
Women have been told what to do since the beginning of time. “Pink Think” furthers that idea. This article by Lynn Peril explains what influences have impacted the way females act and think. Emotional appeal, the use of the theory pink think, and her use of specific examples from history all come together to establish her case that women have been expected to fit into a specific mold in order to be a successful woman in life. Every woman feels the need to fit in with society. By fitting in, the woman would get the perfect guy, be successful in life, and feel included. Lynn Peril shows how the attitude of Pink think made women feel the need to fit in. There were articles that showed the joys of housewifery. Women who read these articles felt that if they were a housewife and enjoyed the aspects of it written in the article, they fit in. It is a trait in women that all women want to fit in. We look in magazines and wish to look and dress like the models. This was what women thought about Pink think. It was the “in” way to act and think. Women who thought this way fit in and those who did no wanted to so that they could fit in.
Lynn Peril shows how Pink think made women want to fit in, and it worked. The theory of Pink Think is a set of ideas and attitudes about what constitutes proper female behavior. It was very popular from the 1940s to the 1970s. The theory of Pink think is the main argument of this essay. The cultural mindset of Pink think touched every female. The women read about it in articles, teens learned about it in their home economics textbooks, and little girls learned the feminine behaviors in games such as Miss. Popularity. With all the aspects of a woman’s life having some type of Pink think, it is no wonder women felt the need to fit into this mold. Pink think also told women that femininity was the only way to get and marry a man. And that was the only way to have a child, which was what women were supposed to do. Pink think also “made beauty, charm, and submissive behavior of mandatory importance to women of all ages in order to win a man’s attention and hold his interest after marriage. ” It made women believe the only thing to do in life was to please a man.
Pink think took over the way women act and thought in order to fit into what society thought a woman should be like. The use of specific examples in “Pink Think” helped Lynn Peril show that this theory influenced women at any stage of their life. Pink think influenced women from the way they put on their bathing suits to the choice of contraception. The example that had a real influence on me was the Miss America competition of 1961. Nancy Fleming’s answer to just kick both of her heals off and continue down the runway was a good one, but her answer that too many women were working and they should just be at home was shocking. Also, the fact that she won after that answer really surprised me. Fleming was putting women throughout the country down and saying they should just stay at home and have no place in the workforce. Women should have the choice to work or stay at home.
I do not think the role model for America should have told the world that women are overpowering men and her place is in the home. Peril’s use of several specific examples allows her to connect to different readers. By having several examples, Lynn Peril expands the audience that she affects. By using emotional appeal, the use of Pink think, and several specific examples Lynn Peril shows readers how women were influenced to act and think a certain way. Some of these attitudes are still looming around today. Just because Pink think was popular from 1940-1970, does not mean the idea does not show up today. Women are still expected to act and think a certain way. Lynn Peril showed how women were supposed to act back then, and it has changed in the present-day, but some ideas are still around.
When women are growing up, they either hope or are supposed to be ladylike. From the pink blanket for a newborn baby girl to the laced kerchief for an old woman, there exist standards that restrain female behavior and influence women’s lives as time goes on. Similarly, Lynn Peril argues that “Pink think is a set of ideas and attitudes about what constitutes proper female behavior” (281). In the selection “Pink Think,” which is selected from the introduction to Pink Think, Peril briefly introduces several instructions about female behavior for daily life and illustrates a few factoids of femininity when she was born.
By using some theories of Pink Think and several specific examples from history, the author establishes the case that a woman has been expected to fit into a specific mold in order to be a successful woman in life. Nevertheless, some people think that the stereotypes of the Pink Think have indeed changed and do not exist in today’s life because of the replacement of new stereotypes. However, through examining the role-play games for women, the female’s behavior between past and present, the pink toys for girls, and the first blanket for a newborn baby girl, the pink think still exists in today’s society. First of all, the “appropriate” color for girls in hospitals or other similar institutions indicates that the Pink Think still exists in current society.
In Lynn Peril’s Pink Think: Becoming A Woman in Many Uneasy Lessons, Peril depicts social conservatism as a key characteristic of society in the 1950s. Consumer capitalism and commercial advertisement not only helped perpetuate social conformity but also defined gender roles and expectations of both men and women. In this paper, I will argue that both the consumption and influence of social pressure helped create the structure of traditional and strict gender roles. Consumer Capitalism was an essential trademark of the 1950s. The devastation of World War II left America’s economy crippled and its individuals in despair. This fostered hope among Americans for social and economic recovery, giving rise to modernity and suburban growth in the 1950’s— both of which shaped the development of the American culture of the time. Women, as described in Peril’s Pink Think, played a special and active role in consumer capitalism.
Commercial advertisement, which was a new and advanced vehicle for social and economic growth, pressured and encouraged women to partake in consumer spending—making personal and social turmoil imminent and prevalent among women. Women were caught on the threshold between choosing society, with the perk of living comfortably yet restrained, or against the status quo, with the perk of living freely, yet, as an outcast. The onset of consumerism “symbolized their future roles as housewives, painting a very clear image of a woman of the 1950’s” . If a woman of the 1950s lived outside the boundaries of what constituted the ‘ideal woman’ of the 1950s, as Peril demonstrated in the book, the individual suffered consequences— jeopardizing her own title and status in American society.
The Cold War, which took place from the mid-1940s to the ’90s, instilled a deep-set fear of social instability among Americans across the nation. The fear of communism, otherwise known as the “The Second Red Scare”, forced individuals into conformity— bringing upon society shame and disgust towards any behavior that reflected any sort of non-conformity. Individuals placed great value on conformity as it helped bring some social stability and social order in the midst of the chaos that resulted from the war. Nonconformity included engagement in homosexual and interracial relationships, and, Pink Think illustrates, violating any social expectations of a man or woman of society— key elements that later came to shape the conservative era of the 1950s. Nonconformity, or the trespass of gender expectations in society, as demonstrated in Peril’s novel, dictated social behaviors among both men and women in America.
Another key characteristic of the 1950s was the Polio Epidemic. Polio, a fatal disease causing paralysis or even death, was contracted from the unsanitary conditions of urban cities— an area “[lacking] doctors or decent hospital facilities” . This caused many Americans to flee to housing areas, later known as the white suburbs. Migrating populations led to tremendous growth in suburban areas. The suburbs consisted mostly of white, middle-class American residents. This exclusive community over time led to the strict and rigid form of the “nuclear family” — a domestic ideal of the post-war era. The typical nuclear family lived in a house with a white picket fence along with an assigned role for every family member. Mothers, in particular, as described in Peril’s novel, were given the role of assuming domestic responsibilities and upholding domestic stability in the house. While the image of the perfect suburban wife was “efficient, patients, [and] always charming” , men on the other hand took on more business-oriented careers, arriving at a clean home with dinner awaiting them at the dining table. This intensified the social pressure and influence among women— laying the foundation for women to be objectified and undermined later in society.
American society in the 1950s placed great emphasis on commercial advertising and consumer spending. Consumer spending, helping to repair the economical damage of World War II, became the epitome of social status in society. The emergence of television helped catapult consumption throughout America, with many of these advertisements appealing to young women. As Peril describes in her book, the marketing campaigns placed social status and materialism on a pedestal—exposing women to the pressure of adopting and becoming the social norm. Commercial advertisement, a strategy used to broadcast what was considered normal and ‘the standard’ to American individuals, fed to the economic stimulation of monetary wealth. These advertisements taught women to feel ashamed of their natural beauty, thus influencing them to purchase their cosmetic products as a way of building confidence. “Advertisements suggested that there was nothing consumerism couldn’t solve, as if the only thing between heartbreak and happiness was the proper stemware of a set of monogrammed towels” .
Companies advertised their products to be an end-all and be-all solution to all their life problems. In reality, however, this belief only deepened female insecurity as it made them feel their standards are not up to par with society’s standards. Peril further describes society’s standards for women when she states that the advertisement of “Listerine played on a women’s fears of lonely spinsterhood… their advertising brought other anxieties into the picture as well. ‘You can look him quick when your Charm starts slipping’, began one 1955 ad” . This ad, exacerbating women’s already pre-existing insecurities, insinuates that her outer appearance plays a great factor in her love life and her ability to find a partner. This added tremendous pressure on women to uphold society’s expectations by maintaining a hyper-feminine image— a practice self-deprecating to women influenced under commercial advertising industries. Eric Schlosser, author of Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal, references the cynical truth of marketing that is also parallel in the food industry when he states, “A market is a tool, and a useful one. But the worship of this tool is a hollow faith.” .
Americans, who lived through the Cold War experienced, experienced a deep fear of social instability that even more so expanded the walls of conservatism in American society. Not only did Americans fear communism but, most importantly, nonconformity, or any behavior that deviated from their role in society. A key example of this, as Peril describes, is the social expectation of a woman’s duty to society. “If the little women didn’t shoulder her duty to bear children and maintain the home” Peril states, “the national economy was threatened” . Extreme statements as these encapsulated the magnitude of stress and pressure women experienced in the 1950s. If women did not abide by the social norms and expected role of the ‘ideal woman’, in the eyes of society, they have disrupted the very nature of humanity, betraying society’s fabricated image of womanhood—a dark contrast to the very ideals of conservatism.
In his novel Fast Food Nation, Schlosser states that the founders of food industries, such as McDonald’s, “cannot trust some people who are nonconformists… [they] will make conformists out of them in a hurry… the organization cannot trust the individual; the individual must trust the organization’” . Society, a product of the system, functions on uniformity. The system, however, which works to create social order, dampens the voices of its subject in the process— an act that unknowingly plummets American individuals into oblivion. This plays an influential role in an individual’s condemnation of nonconformity and subversive behavior— placing great power in the voice of the system while silencing those who are beneath it. Conservatism, however, manifested itself into a higher exercise of social power— the objectification of women in American society, or gender hierarchy. The idea of the nuclear family served as a pivotal point in the development of gender expectations because while it epitomized perfection and American success, it also showcased the ideal ‘relationship’, which Peril continues to describe is, in essence, male ego-driven. “Boys [enjoy] being with a popular girl because ‘in her company, they feel more manly, cleverer, or better’… Boys also brought out the femininity in girls.
The girl who is feminine wants the man to lead her… She likes being with a boy because he brings out these feelings in her’ (47). Much like Capitalism, traces of narcissism and superficiality inherent in consumer spending subconsciously play a role in the behavior of men as it determines who they choose as a partner. This practice undervalues women. Rather than finding value in one another, the individual found value in how the other could feed his ego—a feeling also provided by that of materialism. High selectivity and fierce competition, which encompasses the very ideology of capitalism in a similar way, fuels the social dynamic of men and women in society as well—all of which shapes the gender roles of men and women in society. In Fast Food Nation, Schlosser states, “The thing that’s been inhibiting long-form investigative reporting is fear— fear of being sued, of being unpopular, of being criticized by very powerful groups” (236). Just as Schlosser describes, the fear of failure and falling short of perfection, a principle of American Success, is also apparent within the fast food industry as well; desensitization, a byproduct of the system, is an infestation on both the individual and social level.
Both the fast-food industry and commercial advertisement, as illustrated in Pink Think and Fast Food Nation, are dominant forces in society. While both marketed large benefits to the individual, they also came at a great cost—consumer loyalty that not only cost deep pockets but also generated gender roles molded at the hands of society. Both commercial marketing and the fast food industry prove to play a double-edged sword in society such that it runs on profit, but would altogether be impossible without the social control and structure of gender roles and social norms—a success attributed to the conservative culture of American society. The key events of World War II, the Cold War, and the polio epidemic greatly contributed to the formation of American society in the 1950s. Capitalism during World War II glamorized the idea of American success through the social ladder of economic status. The idea of conformity so heavily emphasized during the Cold War solidified the roles both men and women played in society all the while instilling fear upon those showcasing behavior that violated their assigned roles; the fear of nonconformity and ostracism keeps the practice of Conservatism alive.
And lastly, the objectification of women exhibited during the polio epidemic results in society’s attempt to create structure and social order after the destruction and aftermath of the war. Both men and women of the 1950s fell into very strict roles shaped by the strong political, economic, demands of the time that very much still has a prolonging impact on American lives today. As evident in Pink Think and Fast Food Nation, the social structure of the 1950s remains evident in American culture today. Women continue to play a vital role in consumer consumption, as their desire to live up to society’s standards and expectations are largely shaped by society’s pressure to conform and please the male ego; the value of conformity continues to contradict healthy self-esteem and positive body image. In addition, men continue to take on careers in areas that business-oriented and still remain to be male-dominated until this day while women are still expected to play a subservient role towards men—a social structure that very much characterizes the gender roles and social expectations of American culture and its people today.
Example #5 – interesting ideas
Is this introduction of an essay any good? What do you think? This essay pretends to analyze how the big issues of the society can be caused by psychological damage, in the individual, created by behaviors, believing simple and slight acts, in the familiar environment. Before of the analyze the problem, is necessary to clarify that this article is established on the argument that got underway in “The Wall”, the largely based on the life of an integrant of Pink Floyd, the band. The topic will be expounded connecting the relations between family-individual and individual-society, having like a central point the human entity, all in the direction on the show: The family as a fundamental part of the society.
Answer. No, it is very awkward and disjointed. I get the strong sense that English is not your native language and that translating software may have been used for portions of it. I would reword it as follows: This essay will analyze how the big issues of society can be caused by psychological damage to individuals in the family environment, as exemplified in “The Wall”, which is largely based on the life of a member of the band “Pink Floyd”. It will connect the relationships between family and individual, and individual and society, with a focus on the family as a fundamental part of society.
I need a “think” like Lynn Peril?
We are writing a paper for English class and I need a think. Here are some examples. EX: Pink think-a girl is typically seen or thought of when someone says pink, girls typically wear pink and ruffles with curls in their hair. EX: Senior think-seniors have so much to worry bout, senior pics, scholarships, prom, graduation, senioritis. I need some Ideas….please anything is helpful. Thanks in advance.
Answer. We are not certain what you are asking here. If you give us examples of words you want us to make a connection with, you might get some responses. I can think of these: blue – boy, male, sand, ocean, and sky, doctor – most people still think male, senior – I think someone over 60. But if you repost with a few more ideas you might get more responses.
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