The long-term, underlying causes of World War I were nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and the defensive treaty alliances of both sides. Militarism is another name for the arms race. Great Britain and Germany were distrustful of one another and attempted to keep their military might as powerful as possible. Great Britain felt the development of German naval might was a threat to their empire. In addition, nationalism was developing in areas like the Balkans, which would lead to conflicts between the major powers.
Imperialism was the desire to expand one’s nation via colonies or control over other world areas. This also would lead to conflicts between the major powers. Once the “spark” of the assassination of the Archduke ignited the conflict in the Balkans, the alliance system would draw the major nations into the Great War. Superficial and more fundamental causes Nobody doubts that the ‘trigger’ or ‘spark’ was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife by the Serbian Black Hand terrorists in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914.
The real question is this: Why was this crisis not dealt with in a more conventional, much less destructive way? There had been several crises before in the decade before 1914, and those involving the major powers in Europe had been settled peacefully. So did something go wrong in handling the crisis, or did one or more of the countries involved exploit the situation to plunge Europe into war? (The view that somehow Europe stumbled into World War 1 by accident is generally not accepted by historians).
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It is at this point that controversy begins. The Austrian Response to the assassination. The Austrians delivered an “ultimatum” to Serbia, which was almost guaranteed to be turned down by Serbia. The Austrians had been looking for an excuse to declare war on Serbia, and when Serbia turned down the ultimatum, Bingo! WW1 started because of both long and short-term causes …such as Short Term: 1) In Sarajevo, in 1914, the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serb, Gavrilo Princip. 2) Two blank checks 3) Disputes over territory, especially Morocco and the Agadir crisis 4) The rise of Serbia, trouble in Bosnia-Herzegovina (a region heavily populated with Serbs) and Austria-Hungary’s suspicions of Serbia.
Long Term: 1) Turmoil in The Ottoman Empire, Balkan crisis 2) Germany’s twisted double-dealings: Weltpolitik 3) Imperialism 4) Nationalism 5) Expansionism 6) Intense competition & power struggles among the European nations. Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism & Nationalism. I believe the cause of WWI was ongoing tension in Europe and the middle east. As many others say, one spark was Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s assassination, but there were 4 MAIN causes. What I mean by this is… M- Militarism A- Alliances I- Imperialism N- Nationalism Militarism: The rise of military resources was a huge part.
People started to go into a total war where the whole country used all their resources to make guns, tanks, etc. Alliances: There were too many alliances. Every country was in to protect another, and the result of this was entangling Alliances. Imperialism: All of the countries were competing for land in other countries as they expanded their empires’ borders. Nationalism: Women started work. This was the tie between Militarism and Nationalism. Everyone was preparing for this war.
WWI was caused by nationalism. WWI was caused by nationalism. When the war was declared on Germany, people burst out on the street celebrating France, Britain etc. If the population did not support this war, the government might not have started this war! Actually, WWI was the result of a long string of events dating back to the 1890s. In short, many conflicts in the Balkans and the European superpowers making alliances were the main causes. Germany had a huge role in this. They fought for the independence of Morocco in an attempt to break the alliance between France and Britain. Germany also participated in an arms race.
Kaiser Willian II started building up a navy, trying to surpass the one of Britain. Since Britain was an island nation, it had a gigantic navy, and what Kaiser Willian II was attempting to do was no easy feat. Germany also noticed that many of its neighbours had many colonies overseas. It then decided that it wanted a piece of the action, but all the good colonies were taken by then. All this helped fuel the fire that was WWI. Imperialism, nationalism & alliances like the Triple Entente.
I think the causes of world war one were the long-term causes like imperialism and nationalism. I think the main causes were the alliances like the Triple Entente. The desire for power and empire, the Alliance system and the Naval Race. I think that the War was caused primarily by the long-term factors of the desire for power and empire, the Alliance system and the Naval Race. The assassination of Archduke Franz-Ferdinand was the “Final Straw” and gave Austria-Hungary an excuse to attack Serbia. The breakup of the Ottoman Empire in Eastern Europe & The loss of Alsace-Lorraine by France to Germany during the 1880s.
In Eastern Europe: The Ottoman Empire’s breakup in Eastern Europe led to the Slavic independence movements in areas such as Bulgaria, Romania, and Serbia. The Serbian-Austrian relations were especially tense as Austria had demanded an independent Albania, thus preventing Serbia from expanding into the Adriatic during the 1900s. This aggressive movement led to increased tension between Russia and Austria as Russia supported the independence movements of the Slavs. Turkey then supported Austria as she thought they would save her from breaking even more. In Western Europe: The loss of Alsace-Lorraine by France to Germany in 1871 led to much bad feeling between the two countries. The Kaiser’s self-proclaimed goal of making Germany “have a place in the sun” did nothing to ease tensions.
Instead, the military buildup in Germany, especially the expansion of the Navy, drove Britain, who was alarmed at the direct challenge posed by the German High Seas Fleet to the British Royal Navy, into an alliance with France. Thus, when World War I began, everything began falling into place: Austria and the Ottoman Empire declared war on Serbia, which caused… Russia and France declared war on both of them, which led to Germany declaring war on them. To invade France via the Schlieffen Plan (which called for the invasion of France via Belgium), Germany invaded Belgium, which was a direct violation of the neutral guarantee, which led to Great Britain’s declaring war on the Central Powers. The War was on.
The little spark that set it off…was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand of Austria. But the underlying causes were: Imperialism, the Balkan situation, the Alliance System, Nationalism, the social and economic discontent at home and militarism (the way the military pursued policies that were harmful to peace). So…the assassination triggered WW1… The assassination triggered WW1, but seriously Austria and Germany rejected a peace treaty proposed by Britain on July 26 of 1914. Instead of just trying to work things out between Austria and Serbia, they would rather risk a world war, that clearly shows that Austria and Germany wanted a cause for war, and that’s what the assassination served as, but it definitely didn’t cause WW1. The causes of WW1 are Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism & Nationalism.
The causes of WW1 are basically: Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism The assassination of Franz Ferdinand was not the cause of WW1 because the assassination alone would have never sparked a general war. It may have caused a local war, but it was definitely not the cause of a World war. On the other hand, the ultimatum that Austria-Hungary gave to Serbia caused major conflict, the blank check given to Austria-Hungary by Germany caused conflict, the rivalry in the alliances, the Balkan crisis, these factors all added up caused world war one, but not just a single event such as the assassination of Ferdinand.
There were a lot of causes and reasons for World War 1. There were many causes of World War One. These are just some of the important ones: 1. Britain and Germany were competing for the most powerful navy in the world, causing tension in Europe. 2. Many European countries were trying to get as many colonies in Africa as possible, so there was a lot of minor fighting. The result was that European countries weren’t very friendly towards each other. 3. The French didn’t trust the Germans because of a war that Germany won. 4. There was a new thing called nationalism. Countries felt that if there were a war, they’d win very easily. 5. Many countries wanted to be independent.
6. Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinated the heir to the Austrian throne (Archduke Franz Ferdinand). The assassination caused the war to be declared. Europe was a big tinderbox, and the assassination was the spark. The causes of WW 1 were many and varied, and they were viewed differently by different people. The causes of World War One (WW 1) were many and varied, and they are viewed differently by different people. The actual explosion that was WW 1 was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by “The Black Hand,” a Serbian nationalist group who wanted the Austrian rule gone.
This, and the numerous confusing alliances, all contributed to the outbreak of war, not to mention the “war climate” (suspicion, fear, and tension) because of the alliances. Once one empire declared war on another, its allies got drawn in when the opposing nations declared war on them, leading to the “great war” There were 7 causes of WW 1. There were seven causes of world war I. The first one is the Franco-Prussian war. During the Franco-Prussian war, France lost Alsace-Lorraine to Prussia (Germany). With the loss of their land, tension was created. The second cause was the alliance systems. When the triple entente and triple alliance were created, all countries were trying to build up a stronger power against each other. The third cause was the Balkan Powder Keg.
The Balkans were in an area that other countries wanted, but they believed that the countries would erupt in war if something happened there. The fourth cause of WWI was imperialism. All of the countries were fighting over land in Africa to increase their nationalism. Nationalism is the fifth cause of WWI. People had so much nationalism that when the war was announced, everyone was signing up to be included in it. This also led to the Arms race, which is the sixth cause. The Arms Race was where all of the countries were building up their military. No country wanted to be behind another country in militarism. Then the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand occurred, which was the last cause of WWI. When he was killed by a Serbian, the Balkans were outraged and sparked the war to start. By the time the Archduke was assassinated, the world was looking for an excuse to start the war.
ADDED: There is an eighth reason, which is of the utmost importance and which has already been stated above: >>>”Austria and Germany […] instead of just trying to work things out between Austria and Serbia they would rather risk a world war, that clearly shows that Austria and Germany wanted a cause for war and that’s what the assassination served as <<< According to the German historian Fritz Fischer, there is a wealth of documentary evidence that points an obvious, accusing finger at Germany. By “Germany,” he doesn’t, of course, mean all Germans, but the German General Staff.
If one examines the German and Austrian documents together, it becomes obvious that there were ‘hawks’ and ‘doves’ in Vienna. At one point, it looked as if the ‘doves’ were about to carry the day, and the consternation of the German General Staff knew no bounds. They used all their contacts and influence to make sure they got their ‘jolly little war.’ As a result, Austria-Hungary was put under immense pressure to escalate the crisis. This eighth reason is as important as the preceding seven put together.