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History Geography and Politics of Jamaica

Jamaica is one of the three islands in the Northern Caribbean forming the Greater Antilles. It’s the largest English-speaking country in the Caribbean Sea, stretching 146 miles from east to west. Lying 550 miles north of the Panama-Canal and 700 miles south of Miami.

In the northern part of Jamaica lays popular tourist resorts such as Montego Bay and Runaway Bay. Both Montego Bay and Runaway Bay has very fine coral beaches with crystal white sand. In this northern part of the island, there’s also large sugar- and citrus fruit plantages. On the western tip lays Negril, once a remote swampy but now all beachcombers paradise. The southern region of the island has a rugged coastline where big and majestic mountains crush sea weaves. The centre part of the island is to a bigger part of a mountain range. This central mountain which is dominated by the 2,200 meter Blue Mountain, divides the south coast from the north and stretches from Half Moon Bay to Portland.

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Christopher Columbus “discovered” Jamaica on his voyage to the “New World” on May the fifth, 1492, the island was colonised by the Spanish, and the natives were exterminated.

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The native settlers had long before Christopher Columbus discovered the country. These people wich were the Arawak Indians had sailed from the south in their dugout canoes about 650 AD.

The Arawaks had an estimated population of about 100,000 at their peak. They were brown-skinned, short and slightly built people with straight black hair, broad faces and wide flat noses. Today’s population of Jamaica is about 2,1 million and 625,000 live in Kingston, the capital city.

In 1655 the land was conquered by the Englishmen and came under the Britsh crown. The Englishmen imported loads of negro slaves to the country, hereby the country is mainly black. Jamaica’s independence from GB was on August 6, 1962, and land became an independent state and a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations, with the Queen of England as the titular head of state, or represented locally by the Governor-General. Jamaica has it’s own parliament with democratically elected representatives.


Since the turn of the century, sugar, banana, citrus and coffee have become the main crops for export and the source of income and work for thousands.

Beginning in the early 1950’s the mining of alumina and bauxite – the raw ore of Aluminium, have become one of the major incomes to the country, along with tourism and articulating.

Jamaica has a really good climate for tourists. It’s warm and sunny over the entire year and it only rains on average 195 mm/year. It has white and black sand beaches clear and cool rivers, health springs and beautifully green, rich nature.

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KINGSTON (625,000)

The largest city in the Caribbean, and also the capital of Jamaica. Kingston has one of the best natural harbours in the world and offers visitors attractions ranging from beaches to mountains.


The second biggest city in the country, which is the “tourist capital”. Montego has over 30 different hotels. In Montego, there are very different tourists attractions one of the most famous is the Safari Village.

The population is to the biggest part (95 %) black, these people are descendants of the African slaves that were brought here in the 14th and 15th century. There is also Asian minorities and some Europeans. The official language is English but most of the Jamaicans talks Creollanguage which is built on English. About 50 % of is counted to Christians, and it often features something from African cultures.

Rastafari’s are a typical Jamaican culture with religious worshipping and political ideas. Out of Rastafari’s came the Reagge, Bob Marley, and drug culture, all three things are very closely connected.

Today, Jamaica’s biggest social problems are the spread of drug use and the spreading of HIV.


Some internationally known Jamaicans are the great female athletes Merlene Ottey and Juliet Cuthbert. But Jamaica’s biggest legend is after all Bob Marley. He took the nation’s music from the innercity of Kingston out to all the worlds concert halls, and in the process, he made a name for himself, publicized Jamaica and gave the world a new culture, REAGGE.

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History Geography and Politics of Jamaica. (2021, Mar 08). Retrieved February 6, 2023, from