Examine the Effectiveness of Situational Crime Prevention as a Means of Reducing the Impact of Crime on Society
The government is using situational crime prevention as a means of reducing the impact of crime on society. I am going to examine the effectiveness of SCP. Situational Crime Prevention departs from mainstream criminology. It focuses on the importance of the opportunity for crime to occur, the settings for crime, rather than upon those committing the crimes, preventing the occurrence of crime, rather than on detecting and punishing offenders.
According to Item A, situational crime prevention involves the immediate situation in which crime occurs to reduce its likelihood or seriousness. This involves coming up with theories that could be put into practice to reduce the attractiveness of a particular crime, such as using more CCTV and security guards in shops, having anti-climbing paint on walls, having a neighbourhood watch area, etc.
Prices start at $12
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Prices start at $12
One of the major crimes in society today is shoplifting, situational crime prevention as a means of reducing the impact on society today use blue inked tagged on clothing stores, this tags are put on clothes, and when someone is trying to come out of the shop without paying it usually will make a noise that way the shop assistants will know that the person hasn’t paid, or if they do try to come out of the shop there is a tag that is difficult to take off, even the person does manage to take off the tag it will leave a blue stain on the piece of clothing.
This has helped this type of crime reduction. However, there are still shops lifting on, and there are devices that people can have to take off the tag without any problems. In addition, most shops now have guards standing at the door to check for any mysterious behaviour in people, which they have the right to stop anyone if they think they could have shoplifted.
Burglary in one house is another form of crime, and it is still common now, even celebrities get burgled, situational crime prevention has thought of having neighbour watch areas, where people in the neighbourhood sign up to watch over their area to make sure that there is nothing suspicious is going on, and anything does go on gets reported, having the sign neighbour watch area has reduced burglary as well as other crimes such as littering and fights on the street. However, this still goes on.
Many neighbours fail to report such crimes because they are afraid of never lookout for any suspicions because they are not aware of the environment as they have other issues to worry about. Also, most burglars rob houses in the middle of the night when the neighbours are asleep.
We know by law prostitution is illegal and is classed as a criminal if convicted. Making it illegal is one way of preventing such crime; however, people are still doing this in most parts. Situational crime prevention has also allocated red areas, so at times polices will patrol in these areas, which they think prostitution is common. On the other hand, people say that they are not the suspect instead they are the victim. And should not be fined or jailed for being the victim, as most women or men get caught in this act because of money or family problems, there should be support for these people and more education.
In conclusion, situational crime prevention has helped reduce crime and make areas less attractive for the suspect, however, this does not stop crime altogether. The best crime prevention that most people agree with is CCTV cameras, as being caught on camera is solid evidence in court and suspects are less likely to do crime when there is a camera in view. However, having a CCTV camera violates people’s privacy and their freedom. The question of having CCTV cameras everywhere is up to debate. There is much situational crime prevention that has worked but as with everything else, there are also down points.