These days sports are a big part of our lives. Although many sports are given more attention than others such as hockey, basketball, and soccer. These sports are usually shown on TV and can be played indoors and outdoors. One of the sports that we hardly ever hear or view is Gymnastics. Many people do not even consider gymnastics a sport. Gymnastics is the oldest sport and was first played in the Olympics. Even though people know about gymnastics, it isn’t as popular as it used to be when it first arrived. Gymnastics has been part of the games since ancient times. Ancient Romans used gymnastics as part of their military training. In the following paragraphs, I will be explaining the history and famous people, the types of competitions and the scoring and judging of gymnastics.
Firstly, gymnastics is the oldest sport that has been around for over 2 thousand years. This sport was first introduced for military training and later on recognized as a sport. It is one of the oldest games to be part of the Olympics. The sport traces its origin from Greece, to Roman ceremonies and to today’s modern days. It was introduced to the United States in the mid-1800s. In 1896 gymnastics came into the Olympics. The sport we all know and love was in its first scale debut. The World Championship gymnastics emerged in the early 1900s, and it is still held to this very day. In gymnastics, there are many people who accomplish above the line. Such as Mary Lou Retton, the first women to gain a gymnastic Gold medal in all of the United States. Another famous gymnast is Larissa Semyonovna Latynina, the first woman to win more Olympic titles than any sport.
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Secondly, there are five disciplines in Gymnastics. These disciplines are women’s pair, men’s pair, mixed pair, women’s trio, and men’s four. Each pair or group performs routines that include tumbling skills, partner balances, and tempo skills. Balance skills highlight the gymnast’s strength and flexibility through pyramids and static positions of the top. Tempo skills involve somersaulting and twisting with landings on the floor or catches by a bottom partner. Gymnastics events are separated into two groups, men’s and woman’s gymnastics. In the men’s gymnastics, the event includes floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars, high bar; while the woman’s event includes vault, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise. For each routine, the gymnast begins with less than a perfect score. For the women‘s team, the competitor starts with a 9.00 while men start with an 8.60. Judges make deductions for flaws in execution and for any missing requirements in the composition of the routine.
Lastly, at competitions, there are two judging panels which are the chair of the judge’s panel, two difficulty judges, three to four technical execution judges, and three to four artistic judges. The chair of the judge’s panel organizes and supervises the work of the judges on the panel. The difficulty judges, judge the difficulty of the competitor’s exercises.
The execution judges evaluate the exercises for technical faults, while the artistic judges evaluate the performances on structure & composition, choreography, presentation, and originality & creativity. The artistic mark is based out of 5.0 and the execution mark starts from a 10.0. Penalty marks are taken away from the final score if a gymnast isn’t able to meet partners height requirements, time faults, breakdowns, and tariff sheet violations. The judge may award bonus points up to 1.2. Gymnastics skills are divided into six levels of difficulty. Levels range from “A,” which is the easiest to “Super-E” the most difficult. Each routine must have at least 4 “A”, 3 “B” and 3 “C” difficulty parts.
In conclusion, gymnastics history goes back over two thousand years, what once used to be used as military training in Greece is now a worldwide sport. Famous gymnasts such as Mary Lou Retton and Larissa Semyonovna Latynina have accomplished gold medals and world titles. Gymnastics have five disciplines such as the women’s pair, men’s pair, mixed pair, women’s trio, and men’s four. There are 9 to 10 judges judging a competition. Each judge evaluates a different part of the competitions. These competitions are difficulty exercise, technical faults, and artistic exercises. Overall, Gymnastics is a competitive sport that requires physical strength, flexibility, and kinesthetic awareness.
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