In this essay, I will try to answer the above question. I am going to express my view on why I think the death penalty shouldn’t be abolished. I will also express my views on why capital punishment should be re-introduced in the United Kingdom. Capital punishment is the execution of convicted criminals committing offences regarded so heinous. There are five different ways of execution; lethal injection, electrocution, lethal gas, hanging and firing squad. The most commonly used methods today are lethal injection and the electric chair. If a person is lethally injected, he is first out to sleep with thiopental sodium, and then he is administered with potassium chloride, which will stop his heart. The criminal dies from respiratory and cardiac arrest while they are unconscious. As for the electric chair, there is an initial jolt of 2,300 volts, which lasts for 8 seconds, followed b a low-voltage jolt of 1,000 volts, which lasts for 22 seconds and finally a jolt of 2,300 volts for 8 seconds.
Capital punishment deters murder and is not retribution. If the purpose of the death penalty were retribution, then criminals would be executed in the way they murdered their victims. But the purpose of the death penalty is not to see how much pain is inflicted upon the criminal but to bring him to justice. Capital punishment deters murderers by inducing the fear of death into the mind of the killer. A person is less likely to do something bad if he knows that harm will come to him. Another way the death penalty deters murder is that once the killer is dead, he won’t be able to kill again. This, however, is not to say that the society which inflicts capital punishment commits murder. It is merely an act of bringing cold-blooded murderers to justice.
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There is evidence that the death penalty is increasing in popularity, and countries are beginning to find it more useful. A recent study by economist Stephen Layson at the North Carolina University shows that for every execution of a convicted murderer, 18 murders are deterred on an average. The study also showed that raising the number of death sentences by 1% would prevent 105 murders. It is evident by these statistics that the death penalty deters crime. Which world would you like to live in? A safe world or a world with lots of crime. Obviously, any human would choose to live in a safe world. However, consider life in countries where the death penalty is a way of executing convicted criminals. If we compare the crime rate of any one of these countries to a western country, there is a mass difference.
It proves the effect of the death penalty on how it deters crime. Criminals in these countries are afraid of committing petty crimes. It is because the death penalty has induced the fear of death into the ‘would-be’ killers. Therefore, I strongly feel that the death penalty truly deters crime. We all know that it is better to kill a murderer to save innocent lives than to allow the deaths of innocent people to save the life of a murderer. It is a fair trade to execute murderers to save innocent lives. If we save the innocent from the criminals, then capital punishment is justified. Many people will attack the concept of the death penalty. They will give emotional speeches about the convicted man/woman who might be executed. But they forget one crucial element while doing so. They forget about the thousands of victims who die every year at the hands of these evil murderers. Unfortunately, the death penalty is used so rarely that it isn’t as effective as possible. To serve its purpose, it must be adjusted and made more effective.
If the punishment fits the crime, it is morally just to go as far as suitable, even to the limit of death. The world needs a uniform standard for deciding who receives the death penalty by a jury. The death penalty should be helped to deter crime truly. I strongly feel towards using capital punishment for unspeakable crimes. It is a deterrent for criminal activity because of its severity and it will never allow a murderer to kill and destroy another family. The death penalty is not a problem if all the streets have been investigated and nothing is questionable. If a criminal performs a premeditated heinous murder, should he be put to death? And many murders are premeditated. Repeated offences and people who enjoy committing crimes do not deserve to walk our streets. I feel that we should all send a message to all the killers that taking the life of another human is wrong.
Capital punishment must be the standard by which every country abides. If we cannot join together and defeat crime, then it will take over us. We cannot sit back and then kill again. No longer must we humans live our lives in fear. Instead, we must come together and draw the line on crime. For a cold-blooded murderer, capital punishment is the only true justice. Finally, I would like to express why I think the death penalty should be re-introduced in the United Kingdom. Robert Matthews, a journalist, once wrote, ” Some people argue that the absence of the death penalty in England is the mark of a civilized society.” I’m afraid I have to disagree with this statement. Some things that happen on our streets and in people’s homes certainly do not constitute civilized behaviour.
These criminals do not care about the lives of those they have destroyed. They commit offences even on Christmas Eve. Surely that is uncivilized behaviour. Why would anyone destroy Christmas for another person, even when he himself celebrates it? The answer is that his behaviour is uncivilized. People like him are the ones that make this country uncivilized. I believe that the re-introduction of the death penalty would be the only possible solution to bring these uncivilized people to justice. It can never bring back the loved ones to the families that have lost them. It can never bring the innocent lives that have been taken in cold blood. But yes the death penalty can bring the uncivilized to justice. The death penalty will eventually bring peace and safety to our society.