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Comparing the Bible and the Rig-Veda

The Rig-Veda is a collection of hymns, which contain the mythology of the Hindu gods, and is considered to be one of the foundations of the Hindu religion. The Rig Veda was passed on orally for many generations. When they were written down, they were first written in Vedic, an early form of Sanskrit. Then around 300 B.C., the Vedas were written down in the form we have them today. The Rig Veda, Book of Genesis, and the Book of Psalms are all fundamental to the thought of each of the followers. Although the Rig Veda and The King James Version of the Bible are quite different, they have various quantity of similarities.

The first similarities between the two texts (The Book of Genesis and the Rig Veda) are the ideas of creationism. The two manuscripts both imply that earth was nothing before our creator. The documents use sensory detail to include that before the creations of earth everything was dark there was nothingness. “And the earth was without form and, void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep and the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.” (1:2 The Book of Genesis.) “The non-existent was not; the existent was not at that time. The atmosphere was not nor the heavens which are beyond. What was concealed? Where? In whose protection? Was it water? An unfathomable abyss?” (Creation hymn from the Rig Veda) Each insisting that earth would be formed and flourish under the power of its creator.

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A further comparison with the idea of creationism is water. In and around the same point in both texts water was created. In each ancient script, water was brought down from the heavens to earth through the rain. In the Rig Veda, the creator of rain is also the god of war and the sky. “The one who, having killed the serpent, released the seven rivers.” This piece from the Rig Veda is praising the god for making rain after a very long drought, which released streams and gave the people water. “And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” (1:6 in The Book of Genesis.) This shows how god wanted to create water for the earth. In the Bible God creates water that rains down and dries, he called the dry land the earth. Although the rain is forced upon the earth in a different way, there is still some similarity between the ways the earth acquired water

A further comparison between the two ancient texts is in the creation of the sun and moon. In the Rig Veda, there is a fire god who gives the earth daylight. Water was created in the Book of Genesis, “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light” Light was also created in the Rig Veda, “O Agni, you who gleam in the darkness, to you we come day by day, with devotion and bearing homage;” Thus showing the creation of light is constant with the Bible and the Rig Veda.

In the Book of Psalms, the people worship the Lord and although the Rig Veda consists of many Gods, both texts encourage worship to the creator. The difference with the worship is that the Rig Veda has many Gods that makeup one part of the earth, while the Bible has one God that creates all of the earth. The Rig Veda has gods such as Agni, Indra, and Purusa each with their own purpose. Also, the Bible implies that God can protect the Earth alone while the Rig Veda insists that all the Gods together can protect our home. Hence showing the relationship between the two religions and texts.

An additional comparison is in the real philosophy of the texts. The Rig Veda is based on Hindu religion; this entails many gods, sacrifices and worship. The Book of Psalms and the Book of Genesis are based on Christianity. Christianity is the devotion to one god and the beliefs of the Christians. Hinduism is the devotion to many gods and the beliefs of the Hindus. Each one includes devotion and beliefs thus meaning that as a religious base text the author is encouraging the reader to believe in the sayings of the text. Each of the texts could be used to persuade others to believe in these religions.

As you can see these two ancient texts, The Rig Veda and The Bible, are alike in many ways. Whether it is in creationism or in the philosophy of each text there are parts of each religion that appeal to its followers. Both writings are fundamental to their religion and to their cultures and in short, could be the basis of each religion. In conclusion, The Rig Veda, The Book of Psalms, and The Book of Genesis can be compared and contrasted in various ways.

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Comparing the Bible and the Rig-Veda. (2021, Feb 25). Retrieved August 2, 2021, from