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Andrew Jackson’s Presidency Bank War and IRA

The national bank was observed by Jackson to jeopardize economic stability and served as a monopoly on the country’s currency. Jackson explained his decision by vetoing of the bank renewal bill declaring that some of the powers and privileges possessed by the national bank are unauthorized by the Constitution. Jackson is a strict constructionist, and he views the bank as unconstitutional because it was not written in the constitution; similar views as Thomas Jefferson. His situation against the bank brought him a great deal of criticism from power quarters, especially within the judicial and legislative branches.

He was viewed to be a monarchical president, using presidential power only to veto against the bank liberally. He’s pushing the power of the executive branch to the limit without considering checks and balances that play into the constitution. First, he should’ve discussed within the cabinet and then releasing a veto to the bank. Yet, check and balances applied to his veto because the legislative branch can gather enough votes to override AJ’s veto.

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For me, Jackson shows courage and determination with his duty as a president. Even though he pushed the limit of the executive branch’s power, he shows that he has the determination to protect the citizen of America. His view of the 2nd bank as being unauthorized and monopolizing the country’s currency may be controversial. Yet, as a president, pronouncing and forceful is crucial of necessary. His intention was not to farm the American people, yet he’s concerned with the power that the bank has and therefore his action was intense and prompt. I fully agree with his actions, because the president needs to be courageous in making decisions.

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One devastating act that Jackson made is the Indian removal act. He forced native Americans (Cherokees) to move from their lands started with the state of Georgia westward. Thousands of people died; thus it’s called the trail of tears. This act was caused because of the friction happening between white people and Native Americans in Georgia.

The whites desire their land and possession in Georgia, reclaiming their land; but the Cherokee protested and took the case to the U.S. Supreme court. The court, led by John Marshall as Chief Justice favours the Cherokee, however, AJ forced the native Americans to give up their land. AJ did sacrifice thousands of native Americans, where they died during the migration westward.

Yet, he once again shows eagerness and decisive actions to protect American citizens. Seeing this as a controversial act, he did favour his own city so that the friction between whites and Native Americans wouldn’t explode.

He tried to create a sense of peace and safety for the white people, and I still support him even though this act killed thousands of native Americans.
Sparked by the Tariff of 1828, the Nullification Crisis happened in the early 1830s when South Carolina had the idea that a state did not have to follow federal law and could nullify the tariff law.

They felt that the tariff unfairly targeted the southern states. Jackson signed the Tariff of 1834 that taxed imported and exported goods, hurting the Southerners even more. Jackson responded to the nullification crisis by stating that any action by a state which opposed the enforcement of US laws would be treated as treason and he would send the army down to that state; hanging any man who opposes him. His response towards the nullification crisis was brilliant and destructive. Similar to George Washington in Whiskey Rebellion, he extends the power of the executive branch and protects his people.

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He presented himself as a strict and serious president, showing to everybody that the United States is based on the constitution and nullifying a law is not appropriate. Yet, he should have maintained rational thinking, instead, he became intense and caused the country to start to split in two: North and South. By trying to fix small problems, he created bigger ones.

Despite all AJ’s faults and horrible decisions, he’s a brilliant president with many accomplishments. He influenced the development and extension of the executive branch. Before Andrew Jackson’s presidency, the legislative branch would make the laws and the president would make the citizens obey them. Andrew did not like that set up and he felt that he was the leader of the whole nation. Since the people elected him to be the president, he should have a say in the laws being made. The Bank War was his greatest achievement.

He fought for the people, he backed up the people’s rights and the bank was corrupt. People believed that the bank was unconstitutional, not trusted and it monopolized the money’s currency. Jackson tried his hardest to abolish the Bank of United States along with his courageous traits. All in all, he pushed the limit of his power over the edge to benefit American people, steering America to a brighter future. He is no doubt a very determined man, with his stubbornness and courage; he totally impacted the United States in a positive way.

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Andrew Jackson's Presidency Bank War and IRA. (2021, Feb 17). Retrieved February 8, 2023, from