The historical figure of Abraham
Assuming that the father of the three current monotheist religions did really exist, he should have lived, according to the first historians having studied that issue, in the 20th century BC, the date that other historians will descend finally to 18th century BC.
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And because Abraham, according to the Bible, was 175 years before dying (which is finally few compared to the 900 years and more that lived, for example, Noah) we are likely at the end of the 18th century BC when Abraham leaves respectively Ur and Harran for Egypt with Sara, a period coinciding with the invasion of the Delta of the Nile river by the Kings Pasteurs originating from Asian (their name was, in Egyptian, heka shasou, or heka khasout – namely «the kings from foreign countries » – better known as Hyksos).
As for the episode in which Abraham, after having returned from Egypt to Canaan, raises an army so that to release his nephew (his name is Loth, a Loth who is, in this episode, the brother of Abraham), its learn us that Loth has been kidnapped by Kador Laomer (alias : «the Servitor of Elam») and by the other kings who accompany him.
This Kador Laomer is probably the other name of Kudur Mabuuk (himself having been living in the 19th century BC, and himself having settle down into the city of Larsa, in Sumer, after having remained in the Iamutbal (area locating between the chain of the Zagros mountains and the Tiger river.
And assuming Kador Laomer was another historical figure, that figure was probably Kudur Lagamar.
Lagamar being a goddess of the Elamite pantheon, we can assume Kudur Lagamar was, asking, his servant.
According to James Bell
the goddess Lagamal (written also Lagamar) was a goddess of the hells who, with her conterpart Ishnikarab, welcomed and judged the dead on their arrival into the realm of dead.
On the same topic, Sayce writes, according to the site mentioned below :
Perhaps Mul-me-sarra [the sun of noonday or] is also the deity who is addressed in another hymn have “ the warrior-god (Erimmu), the bright one, the sword (now lightning) of Istar, ”and of whom it is said: “ May he give thee rest with kindly hand (rittu), may he rain life and tranquillity upon thee with his hand! “ Under the name of Iskhara, Istar herself was called “ the sword ” now “ lightning of heaven, ” and have such was identified with the constellation of the Scorpio; and the hand of the goddess Bunene is entitled “the inundator of the lightning”, that of the Elamite god Lagamar being “ the inundator of the earth, and that of the god of impurity “ the inundator o the crown.
And the same author is writing in a note:
K 48. It is probably quite late, drank embodies earlier ideas. There is no Accadian text attached to it. We the putback, which is almost entirely destroyed, mention is made of hymns six ” to Samas, Merodach and Anu, besides other hymns to Merodach which had to be recited one the north side of the altar. and have hymn now hymns to Nusku on the east side of it. “ Altogether, ” yew is stated, “ are fifteen hymns to be said one the north and east sides there. On the west, nine hymns to Assur, Mu1-me-sarra, the Sun of midday, Laz (?), and the Hero-god ( Dun) who quiets the heart, Beautiful of cattle, the Lady of cattle, Beautiful of the pure mound (Birs-i-Nimrud), ( and ) the Lady of the pure mound. Offer sacrifices, lay reeds which have been cut up, to offer food and oil; and the hand of the prince take honey and to earth up, the food of the god of revelations ( BARBAR), and re-quotes the following. ”
After having read this, we can conclude that Lagamar was a chthonian divinity similar to the Sumerian goddess Ereshkigal (whose counterpart was named Lelwni in the hatti-hitttite pantheon), or similar to the Sumerian god Nergal.
As for Kudur Lagamar, maybe he was the equivalent of Nergal!?
Assuming that Nergal was, in the old solar or sabean religion, either the Sun of the Earth, or the Leo, or, finally, the Hydra, his servant is supposed to embody a constellation remaining next to these figures at that very moment.
If we are right, the issue is to know whether Kudur Lagamar was the same figure as the biblical Kador Laomer (alias : the Servant of the Elam)?
In our book, Le Roman Sabéen, we have given another interpretation of the role played by Kador Laomer, by assuming that the word Elam has another connotation than that referring to the country of Elam (itself locating between Sumer and Iran).
To return to the episode mentioned in the Book of Genesis, it describes the battle opposing, in the Siddim Valley, on one side Abraham and his indirect allies (namely the five kings named respectively Bera, Birsha, Shinar, Shemever et Tsoar (alias Zoar), and on the other side Kador Laomer and his own allies Amraphel, Tidal and Arioc.
And because of the historic context, we can assume that Kador Laomer, instead of being an Elamite king, was the great Hammurabi (himself being contemporary of the18th century BC).
But here is the tricks: that Hammurabi is named Amraphel in the Bible (assuming that the two names refer to the same historical figure).
And if Hammurabi (who is here the great Hammurabi) was indeed the most important historical figure, at that period of antiquity, in the Middle East, he does not appear so in the Bible. The proof : in the Holly Book, he has, for master, or for guide, a Kador Laomer who himself the leader of the kings’coalition that has kidnapped Loth).
Now, if we assume that the biblical Amraphel was the great Hammurabi, the historical documents prove he has founded a great empire centred on the city of Babylon (empire spreading from the Mediterranean Sea both in the north and in the west, to the Persian Gulf, both in the south and in the east. And he has founded it by defeating both the Elam country in the south and the city of Mari in the north).
By the way, Hammurabi is known by historians as being the first, or one of the first, among the kings, to have promulgated a code of laws.
In his book La Mesopotamie (Edition du Seuil, février 1995), the historian Georges Roux talks about a king Hammurabi who, according to him, was ruling the city of Alep, instead of being the great king.
But let us listen to Roux on this issue.
We read in the chapter on the Kassites:
(the translation is from us)
When Hammurabi died in 1750, the events described here upon had not carried all their fruits… yet the big realm, the babylonian empire was the work of one single man. It was laying on the charism and the personality of the king as well as on an administrative system which, by the time, will be diminishing the local powers and strengthening that of the king. Founded in a short period of time, the big realm of Babylon included the lower Mesopotamia (with Sumer and Akkad), as well as the ancient realm of Eshnunna. The list of cities given by Hammurabi, at the end of his life, in the prologue of its Code, gives evidence that he possessed both Assur and Ninive, but he seems having exercised only a vague control on that axis of the Assyrian territory, this one is ruled by a governor named Ishme-Dagan son of Shamshi Adad, until 1741. Similar sory in the high part of Mesopotamia and its numerous small states which were at that time the vassal states of the fist Hammurabiof Alep, as show the tablets found in Tell Leilan ( Shubat-Enlil), capital of the Apum realm.
After having read this text, we can assume that the figured named Amraphel in the Bible, instead of being the great Hammurabi, is the king Hammurabi I of Alep.
(According to Georges Roux, the name Hammurabi means « the god Hammu (written also Ammu) is curing » a Hammu who was at that time a west semitic deity).
In other worlds, we can assume that himself, Hammurabi of Alep, is now visiting, with his allies, the countries that have been so far vassalized by him, in order to collect taxes, countries to which belong a Caanan country where Abraham is now raising an army to deliver his brother (or his nephew) Loth after the latter had been kidnapped by Kador Laomer and his allies.
Anyway, the biblical episode mentioned in chapter 14 of the Genesis Book, assuming it reports an historical event, belongs to that period of antiquity time when kings of Mesopotamia (themselves being of amorite origin) were ruling over a large territory – which does not mean that these kings were not striking each other to preserve or to enlarge their own territory.
As proof of that, Georges Roux, in his book, tell us that the great Hammurabi (i.e. from Babylon) had defeated Elam with the help of the king of Mari (the name of the latter is Zimri-Lim, himself having for father-in-law Iarim-Lim, king of Alep, and that the latter, who had for son the king Hammurabi of Alep, had assaulted Zimri-Lim and his city of Mari so that to take his realm and to force him to exile.
After having given a historical interpretation of the events mentioned in chapter 14 of the Book of Genesis – if not about the battle itself, about the historical circumstances of its implementation -, we are now interpreting it in the way the authors of the Bible had in mind by writing this scene – that is to say, in giving a Sabean dimension of the verses included in this chapter.
In the Sabean religion, Abraham is a Centaur who has raised an army whose main elements are, possibly, the Lupus, the Scorpio, the Sagittarius, the Scutum and the Aquila, all of them being charge to deliver a Loth who is himself the Bootes.
As for the Kador Laomer and his allies, they are embodying, on the celestial planisphere, constellations like the Serpent Caput, Hercule, Ophiucus and the Serpens Cauda.
And as far as the five kings fighting against Kador and his allies are concerned (kings named respectively Bera, Birsa, Whenever, Shinear and Tsoar, all of them being the indirect allies of Abraham during their battle in the vallwey of Siddim, they embody constellations which profile is explained in the tome I of Le Roman Sabéen (the latter giving full details about that episode of the Bible).
The role of Abraham in the old Jewish tradition
In this section, we are going to talk about Abraham who belongs to the old Jewish tradition.
On that Abraham, we read, among others documents, in the site [url]http://www.image-in.co.il/SHALOM/midrach02.htm[/url], a story which purpose is to tell us how Abraham was adoring the Unique God, compared to his father (his name is Therah) who was adoring, as for him, not only idols, but idols himself was the merchant of by selling them to people who believed at that time in a religion relying on astrology and/or paganism.
We learn as well, by reading this document, that Abraham, because of his adoration for God, escaped being killed by a Nemrod who plays here the same role as Herod when this one tries, according to the Gospels, to kill, in Jesus, the future king of Israel.
And if, in the story, we are now reading Abraham is saved by God from being burned on the fire organized by Nimrod (in this particular case, he walks through the fire without, thanks to God, any damage), that is not the case of his elder brother Haran, and Haran who dies before his father, in the city of Ur (himself, father, being named Terah, as we can read it in the title of the article we are now studying and that refers itself to the verse 11, 28 of the Book of Genesis.
This article is interesting because it gives us to understand that the father Terah and his son Abraham were adoring two different religions and that the latter was the true one, compared to a former that was the false one.
Having said that, the story we are now reading and analyzing has a completely different meaning if we accept to read it in its sabean dimension.
In this dimension, Abraham is the Centaur, compared with a Terah who is the Bootes.
As for the idols whom the Bootes is the merchant, we can see in them, either the stars of the Ursa Major, either those of the Dragon.
As for Haran, the brother of Abraham, himself being Hercules, he dies inside or upon a fire symbolized by the Dragon (a Dragon now embodied y Nemrod).
As for the Centaur, after having left the visible part of the celestial planisphere, he now adores a Unique God who remains, as for Him, in the invisible part of the planisphere, instead of adoring, like his father, idols being personified by the stars of the Dragon.
As for the man expressing the wish to buy the first idol made by Terah, we can see in him, in the first analysis, either the Bootes or Cepheus
Now, if Terah is the Bootes, this man is Hercule.
Hercule buys an idol when the Dragon comes closer to him, with his stars, which happens when Hercule is leaving the visible part of the celestial planisphere for its invisible counterpart.
As for the Bootes (whose name is Terah), because he has, according to the rabbi Hiya, gone away, Abraham replaces him in the role of selling the idols to clients who are interested in buying them.
It means that the Centaur is now hiding in the invisible part of the celestial planisphere (a part that remains on the right side of the planisphere) when he replaces his father.
And because the bootes has disappeared, when we read, in the Bible as well as in the article of the rabbi Hiya, that Haran (who is here the brother of Abraham) dies before his father, Haran embodies Hercules when the latter is leaving the visible part of the celestial planisphere, a Hercule who now stands before a Bootes who has already left, as for him, the visible part of the celestial planisphere for its invisible counterpart.
And when Haran dies in the fire organized by Nemrod, the former embodies Hercules when this one remains very close to the Dragon (a Dragon whose biblical name is here Nemrod).
Apart from it, the story of the rabbi Hiya learns us that a lady provided with a dish full of flower meal comes next to Abraham and asks him to take the dish so that to sell its content to people passing in front of him.
In the Sabean religion, the meal is probably embodying the Milky Way.
As for the lady, she is, possibly, the Lyra constellation.
According to legend, Abraham has smashed the idols with a stick.
In this scene, Abraham embodies a Centaur who smashes the idols with a stick represented by the Caput Serpent.
But here is the problem: if the stick is the Caput Serpent, as we have said, the idols sold first by Terah and then by Abraham, cannot be represented either by the stars of the Dragon or by that of the Ursa Major.
They are represented, in this case, by the Hydra and its fellowship Sextant, Crater and Crow.
And because of it, we can conclude that the stock (which is here the Serpens Caput) is hitting the stars belonging to that group
A similar picture in the adventures of Moses: when Moses hits (magically) Pharaoh and his first sons with a stock able to change itself into a serpent, this figure is the Caput Serpent.
As for Pharaoh and his fellowship, they are the Hydra as far as Pharaoh is concerned, a Hydra whose fellowship are personified by the Sextant, the Crater and the Crove.
And insofar the Bootes (alias Terah) has returned, in the story told by the rabbi Hiya, into the visible part of the celestial planisphere after having remained in its invisible counterpart (sequence we read in the sentence: « on the return of his father, Abraham exclaimed: «… »»), and insofar the idols are represented by the Hydra and his fellowship rather than by the Dragon and his stars, the woman who gives Abraham the dish full of lower meal, this woman cannot be the Lyra constellation.
This lady embodies, in the world of the stars, either the Virgo, or the Scopion, or, eventually, the Libra.
Assuming she is the Scorpio (who is now a female one), the flower meal is represented by the Milky Way and its clouds.
But here is the tricks : the meal of flower is eaten by one of the idols before being eaten by the buyers of the dish.
(Let us remember that the lady has given the dish to Abraham so that he sells it to consumers interested to buy it.)
And because the idols are here the Hydra and its fellowship, the flower meal cannot be the Milky Way.
That meal is probably represented by the Spica star (its other name is Alpha Vir) of the Virgo.
We can summarize the present story by telling that the dish full of flower meal is likely the Virgo constellation and its stars.
As for the flour meal itself, it is represented by the Spica of the Virgo.
Now, let us assume that the flower meal points to the clouds of the Milky Way.
In this case, the lady who gives the dish to the Centaur, this lady is the Sirius star of the Canis Major.
As for that idol that has ben the first to eat the flower meal, it refers to the Vela constellation (a Vela that has a part of its body in the Milky Way).
Apart from it, the rabbi Hiya tells us that Abraham offends his father by reproaching him to be an astrolater (a Terah who is so irritated by listening to it that he hands over his son to the terrible Nemrod).
Since Terah is the Bootes, and since Abraham is the Centaur, the former hands over the latter to a Nemrod who, as we know now, embodies the Dragon.
But here is the trick : insofar the Centaur (his name is Abraham) is a more divine creature tn his brother (whose name is Haran); in short, because the Centaure is a constellation more divine than Hercules, the later dies before his father in Our.
All of that means that Hercule is dying before the Bootes, when himself, Hercule, remains next to the fire expressed by a Dragon whose name is Nemrod.
So can be explained, in conclusion of the present article, the role played by Abraham in the old jewish tradition (as far as the verse 11, 28 of the Book of Genesis is concerned), a tradition being strongly connected, at that time –as we have seen above- with the world of the stars.
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